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Yamaha Portatone PSR-410 Owner's Manual

Yamaha psr-410: user guide
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  Summary of Contents for Yamaha Portatone PSR-410

  • Page 3 Congratulations! You are the proud owner of a Yamaha PSR-410. Your PSR-410 is a high-qual- ity musical instrument that incorporates advanced Yamaha digital technology and many versatile features. In order to obtain maximum performance and enjoy- ment from your PSR-410, we urge you to read this Owner’s Manual thoroughly while trying out the various features described.
  • Page 4: Panel Controls

    Panel Controls | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |...
  • Page 5 The illustrations here are not available. & | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |...
  • Page 6: Taking Care Of Your Portatone

    If this occurs, move the instrument further away from the affected equipment. • The PSR-410 contains no user serviceable parts. Opening it or tampering with it in anyway can lead to irreparable damage and possibly electric shock.
  • Page 7 Preparation The illustrations here are not available. Your PSR-410 will run either from an optional power adaptor or batteries*. Follow the instructions below according to the power source you intend to use. For battery operation the PSR-410 requires six 1.5V SUM-1, “D” size, R-20 or equivalent batteries.
  • Page 8 HEADPHONES/AUX OUT jack. The HEAD- PHONES/AUX OUT jack can also be used to deliver the output of the PSR-410 to a keyboard amplifier, stereo sound system, mixing console or tape recorder. An optional Yamaha FC4 or FC5 footswitch can be plugged into the rear-panel SUSTAIN PEDAL jack.
  • Page 9: Listen To The Demo

    Listen to the Demo! The illustrations here are not available. | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Before playing the demo turn the power ON by pressing the POWER switch (the panel indicators and MULTI DISPLAY will light), and turn the MASTER VOLUME control up (clockwise) about a quarter-turn from its...
  • Page 10: Basic Editing Procedure

    LECT] button (its indicator will light). The number shown on the MULTI DISPLAY will be the current value of the selected parameter. The PSR-410 lets you edit parameters using three different methods. Use the one that best suits the parameter you have selected:...
  • Page 11 | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | The [ ] and [ ] buttons immediately to the right of the MULTI DIS- PLAY can be used to increment (increase by one) or decrement (decrease by one) the currently selected parameter.
  • Page 12 The unique ORCHESTRATION button group in the PSR-410’s VOICE control section lets you select and play from one to four “parts” at the same time using a variety of “orchestrations”. One of the PSR-410’s 128 voices is assigned to each part.
  • Page 13 | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |...
  • Page 14 Selecting & Playing the Voices You can assign any of the PSR-410’s 128 voices to each of the ORCHESTRATION parts, whether the part is currently ON or OFF. | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | You don’t need to do this if the [VOICE SELECT] indicator is already...
  • Page 15 You can individually set the volume of each orchestration part to set up the ideal balance between parts. You can individually shift the octave of each orchestration part up or down by up to two octaves. This makes it easy, for example, to lower the pitch of a bass voice to an appropriate octave without affecting the other parts in your orchestration.
  • Page 16 Selecting & Playing the Voices The PSR-410 delivers true stereo sound, and you can use this parameter to individually set the stereo (pan) position of each orchestration part to create a broad stereo image of your sound. | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Use the ORCHESTRATION [EDIT] button to select the part you want to edit.
  • Page 17 Auto Harmony is used with the PSR-410’s Auto Accompaniment feature except for Full fingering mode (see page 20). It automatically adds appropriate harmony notes to a single-note melody line you play on the key- board. You can choose from 10 different types of harmony that can be assigned to the right-hand orchestration parts.
  • Page 18 Selecting & Playing the Voices The PSR-410 has 8 different drum and percussion “kits” that can be played on the keyboard when the Key- board Percussion function is turned ON. The types of drum and percussion instruments played by the various keys when Keyboard Percussion function is selected are marked by symbols above the keys.
  • Page 19 Release the PITCH BEND wheel when you’ve set the required pitch bend range. If you have plugged an optional Yamaha FC4 or FC5 footswitch into the PSR-410’s rear-panel SUSTAIN PEDAL jack, the footswitch can be used as a damper pedal, controlling sustain. Press the pedal to sustain notes after...
  • Page 20: Overall Control

    Overall Control The illustrations here are not available. This function lets you set the split point (the key that separates the left-hand and right-hand orchestration parts) to any key on the keyboard. | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | To set the split point for the left- and right-hand orchestration parts, make sure that the [AUTO ACCOMP] indicator is off before proceeding.
  • Page 21 The PSR-410 [TRANSPOSE] button makes it possible to shift the pitch of the PSR-410 up or down in semi- tone intervals up to a maximum of 12 semitones (one octave). Transposing the pitch of the PSR-410 keyboard makes it easier to play in difficult key signatures, and you can easily match the pitch of the keyboard to the range of a singer or other instrumentalist.
  • Page 22: Auto Accompaniment

    The illustrations here are not available. Any of the PSR-410’s 80 accompaniment styles can be selected via the normal editing procedure. This can be done either before or during accompaniment playback. See page 49 for descriptions of all 80 styles.
  • Page 23 The PSR-410 has 5 Auto Accompaniment fingering modes, selected via the [FINGERING] button. | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | To set the Auto Accompaniment split point, first turn Auto Accompani- ment ON —...
  • Page 24 The Chord 1 mode is ideal if you already know how to play chords on a keyboard, since it allows you to supply your own chords for the Auto Ac- companiment feature. The PSR-410 will accept the following chord types:...
  • Page 25 Simultaneously press the root key and both a white and black key to its left. This is a combination of the Single and Chord 1 modes. In this mode the PSR-410 automatically discriminates between Single and Chord 1 mode fingerings and generates the appropriate accompaniment.
  • Page 26 Chords played in the Auto Accompaniment section of the keyboard are also detected and played by the PSR-410 Auto Accompaniment system when the accompaniment is stopped (except for Full fingering mode). In this case the bass note and chord voices are selected automatically.
  • Page 27 The PSR-410 provides a range of accompaniment “sections” — introduction, fill-ins, variations on the main pattern, ending — that you can select to control the “flow” of the accompaniment to achieve the desired musical results. Accompaniment start/stop and sections are controlled by the ACCOMPANIMENT CONTROL buttons.
  • Page 28 | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Any of the PSR-410 accompaniment patterns can be started with an ap- propriate introduction by pressing the [INTRO] button and then the [START/STOP] button.
  • Page 29 While the VOICE control section [VOL] button can be used to set the volume levels of the orchestration parts, the [ACCOMP VOLUME] button can be used to adjust the volume of the selected accompaniment in relation to the voices. | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | An accompaniment in progress can be stopped immediately by pressing the [START/STOP] button or the [SYNC-START/STOP] button.
  • Page 30 | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | The PSR-410 Auto Accompaniment system includes eight TRACK buttons which allow you to control the accompaniment ar- rangement in real time.
  • Page 31 To make the TRACK buttons even more versatile, the PSR-410 features a REVOICE function that lets you individually change the voices and several related VOICE section parameters assigned to each track. The param- eters that can be changed using the REVOICE function are as follows:...
  • Page 32: One Touch Setting

    One Touch Setting The One Touch Setting function recalls the following settings: | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | You can, of course, create your original setting by editing the One Touch Setting data, and store it into the Registration Memory.
  • Page 33: Registration Memory

    Registration Memory The illustrations here are not available. | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | The panel settings listed above can be stored to any one of the four REGISTRATION MEMORY buttons by press- ing the button —...
  • Page 34 ACCOMP track and one MELODY track. Each PAGE MEMORY holds a different song, so the PSR-410 can retain up to 4 complete songs in memory, and these can be selected and played back simply by selecting the appropriate PAGE MEMORY.
  • Page 35 The SONG MEMORY ACCOMP track records the following operations and data: | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | If necessary, press the [PAGE #] button to select the PAGE MEMORY number to which you want to record.
  • Page 36 Record Functions | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Recording will begin as soon as you play a chord on the Auto Accompa- niment section of the keyboard.
  • Page 37 The SONG MEMORY MELODY track records the following operations and data: | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Select the voice you want to record with (the R1 and R2 voices can be used), and set the voice effects and other parameters as required.
  • Page 38 Record Functions | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | If necessary, press the [PAGE #] button to select the PAGE MEMORY number containing the song you want to play back.
  • Page 39 You can start SONG MEMORY recording or playback from any specified measure, as long as the specified measure is within the range of measures that has already been recorded: | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Press the SONG [RESET] button to go directly to the first measure of the song and turn ON all tracks that contain data.
  • Page 40 Record Functions The PSR-410 MULTI PADS can be used to record short rhythmic or melodic sequences, percussion fill-ins, or single percussion sounds that can be played at any time simply by pressing the appropriate pad. Pads [1] and [2] play back exactly as recorded, while pads [3] and [4] are “CHORD MATCH” types which are automatically trans- posed to match chords played using the PSR-410 Auto-accompaniment feature.
  • Page 41 MULTI PADS [3] and [4] are “CHORD MATCH” types, and the data they contain will be automatically transposed to match chords played using the PSR-410 Auto Accompaniment feature. MULTI PAD playback can be terminated by pressing the MULTI PADS [STOP] button.
  • Page 42 Press the appropriate track or pad button while holding the [CLEAR] button. The ARE YOU SURE? indicator will light and the PSR-410 will ask “Are you sure?” Press the [YES] button if you want to go ahead with the clear operation, thus erasing the selected track or pad.
  • Page 43 Page Memory The illustrations here are not available. | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Press the [PAGE #] button once and the current page number will ap- pear on the MULTI DISPLAY.
  • Page 44 The PSR-410 MIDI IN connector receives MIDI data from an external MIDI device which can be used to control the PSR-410. The MIDI OUT connector transmits MIDI data generated by the PSR-410 (e.g. note and velocity data produced by playing the keyboard).
  • Page 45 MIDI bulk dump operations allow large amounts of MIDI data to be transmitted from one device to another. The entire contents of the currently selected PSR-410 PAGE MEMORY (MULTI PADS, SONG MEMORY, REGISTRATION MEMORY) can be dumped to a second PSR-410 or to a bulk storage device such as a MIDI data recorder or MIDI computer.
  • Page 46 MIDI The PSR-410 will automatically receive bulk dump data from another PSR-410 or MIDI data storage de- vice as long as the MIDI OUT terminal of the external device is properly connected to the MIDI IN connector of the PSR-410, and PSR-410 MIDI reception is enabled.
  • Page 47 The [RECEIVE CH/CL/COM] button is used to specify the reception mode for each of the 16 MIDI channels, the internal or external clock mode, and MIDI start/stop command reception mode. The PSR-410 allows any of five reception modes to be individually assigned to MIDI channels 1 through 16. The five modes are: RX OFF: Reception disabled.
  • Page 48 PSR-410’s time-based functions (Auto Accompaniment, SONG MEMORY, etc.) are controlled by its own inter- nal clock, the speed of which is set by the PSR-410 [TEMPO] button. When MIDI clock reception is enabled, however, all timing is controlled by an external MIDI clock signal received via the PSR-410 MIDI IN terminal (the PSR-410 [TEMPO] setting has no effect).
  • Page 49 The PSR-410 allows any of the 16 MIDI transmit channels to be assigned to the R ORCHESTRATION voices. The R ORCHESTRATION voices can be set to transmit on any of the 16 MIDI channels as follows: | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Press the [TRANSMIT CH] button to set the R voice transmit channel.
  • Page 50 The PSR-410 can play up to 28 individual notes at the same time (i.e. it has a maximum “polyphony” of 28). This number includes all voices used: dual, split, auto accompaniment, song memory, and multi pads. If the maximum polyphony of the PSR-410 is exceeded, the excess notes will be truncated (they will not sound).
  • Page 51 | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |...
  • Page 52 | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |...
  • Page 53 All PSR-410 page memory settings are retained in memory even when the power switch is turned OFF as long as the PSR-410 is powered by batteries or an AC adapter. You can, however, restore the factory default set- tings for all four page memories or a single specified page memory by following the procedures outlined below.
  • Page 54 | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |...
  • Page 55 Something not working as it should? In many cases what appears to be a malfunction can be traced to a sim- ple error that can be remedied immediately. Before assuming that your PSR-410 is faulty, please check the fol- lowing points.
  • Page 56 | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |...
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  • Page 61 * Specifications subject to change without notice. | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |...

This manual is also suitable for:

Psr-410