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Canon F1-N Brochure & Specs

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Canon New F-1

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  • Page 1 Canon New F-1...
  • Page 3: Film Advance Lever

    Film Advance Lever Film Speed Range The film advance lever has a 30° stand-off One of the widest ranges of any 35mm angle for readiness in action SLR, the ASA 6-6400 film speed photography. Contoured to fit the thumb provides plenty of latitude for for comfortable and efficient operation, push-processing films.
  • Page 4: Exposure Compensation

    Exposure Compensation The breech-lock mount is an exclusive feature which Exposure compensation up to +2EV is assures total interchangeability of all Canon lenses and possible for special creative effects. accessories. Lens change is effected in one swift motion. Calibrated in 1/3 EV increments, the dial is released by pressing the lock button.
  • Page 5: Shutter Speed Dial

    Eyepiece: Shutter Button/Self-timer Shutter The eyepiece shutter shuts out all The multifunctional shutter button extraneous light. A useful safeguard provides a meter reading when depressed when taking long exposures or with gently and releases the shutter when fully self-timed depressed. To activate the selftimer, turn or remote-control photography.
  • Page 6: Accessory Shoe

    Contoured Action Grip Exposure Lever The specially shaped battery compartment cover provides a firm action Traditionally located on the base, Canon grip for steadier shooting. Press the has relocated the film rewind lever on top release button underneath to remove the...
  • Page 7: Table Of Contents

    CONTENTS CONTENTS Contents 1 Attaching the Lens 2 Battery 2.1 Loading the Battery ......2.2 Checking the Battery .
  • Page 8 29 Shooting with Close-up Accessories 30 System Accessories 30.1 Canon AE Motor Drive FN ..... . 30.2 Canon AE Power Winder FN .
  • Page 9: Attaching The Lens

    1 ATTACHING THE LENS Attaching the Lens To remove the body cap, turn it counterclockwise until it stops and pull it off. To reattach, align the red dot on the cap with the camera’s red dot. Then lightly push the cap in and turn it fully clockwise. Turn the rear lens cap in the direction of the arrow until it stops and pull it off.
  • Page 10 1 ATTACHING THE LENS The following lenses cannot be mounted on the New Canon F-1: FL 19mm f/3.5 100mm f/3.5 FL 58mm f/1.2 100mm f/2 50mm f/1.8 FLP 38mm f/2.8 58mm f/1.2 Notes: Do not push the stop-down slide while advancing the film. Otherwise, it may be impossible to mount the lens.
  • Page 11: Battery

    2 BATTERY Battery Loading the Battery The action grip of the camera also serves as a battery chamber cover and therefore must be removed to load a battery. To do this, press the release button and lift up the grip. Use one of the batteries listed below or an equivalent of another brand: Lithium 6V Duracell PX 28L...
  • Page 12: Checking The Battery

    IMPORTANT The New Canon F- 1 can be used even if the battery fails simply by removing the exhausted battery from the camera. The mechanically controlled shutter speeds are 1/2000 to 1/125 sec., ”S” (1/90 sec.) and ”B” (bulb).
  • Page 13 2.2 Checking the Battery 2 BATTERY Try to make a habit of checking the battery at the followingtimes: After loading a new battery. If the shutter won’t function with the selftimer/lock lever on ”A.” Before and after making many long exposures at slow speeds other than ”B.” When you are using the camera at low temperatures.
  • Page 14: Shutter Release And Self-Timer/Lock Lever

    3 SHUTTER RELEASE AND SELF-TIMER/LOCK LEVER Shutter Release and Self-timer/Lock Lever The self-timer/lock lever of the camera has three settings. With the lever at ”A,” press the shutter button halfway to activate the meter. To release the shutter, gen- tly press the shutter button all the way down. When the level is at ”L,” the shutter button is locked.
  • Page 15 3 SHUTTER RELEASE AND SELF-TIMER/LOCK LEVER mirror for the next shutter release. The film must be advanced fully to the next frame or the shutter will not release.
  • Page 16: Holding The Camera

    4 HOLDING THE CAMERA Holding the Camera The best way to prevent image blur from camera movement is to hold the camera as steady as possible, with your left hand supporting the camera and lens. Lightly rest your right index finger on the shutter button, and the tip of your thumb on the film advance lever or on the body.
  • Page 17: Focusing

    5 FOCUSING Focusing 1. Laser-matte screen 2. Microprism rangefinder 3. New split rangefinder 4. Overexposure warning mark 5. Meter Needle 6. Stopped-down metering/battery check index 7. Aperture needle 8. Underexposure warning mark twhen using f/1.4 lens) 9. Shutter speed display out of focus in focus...
  • Page 18 Note: The New Canon F- 1’s focusing screen, which makes precise focusing possible, also determines the metering sensitivity area. There are 13 types of focusing screens and three different metering areas optionally available to suit your particular focusing and metering requirements.
  • Page 19: Loading The Film

    6 LOADING THE FILM Loading the Film Pressing the safety stopper, pull up the rewind knob until the camera back pops open. Be sure to shield the film from direct sunlight while loading. Place the car- tridge in the film chamber as shown. Then push down the rewind knob, turning it until it drops into its normal position.
  • Page 20: Setting The Asa/Iso Film Speed

    The dial cannot be turned lower than ASA6 or higher than ASA6400. The table on the next page shows the ASA/ISO film speeds which can be set on the New Canon F-1. Figures in parentheses are intermediate speeds which are indicated by dots on the ASA/ISO dial.
  • Page 21: Frame Counter

    During multiple exposures, the frame counter advances each time you wind the advance lever. The New Canon F-1 will also accept bulk film loaded into standard cartridges. In this case. be sure to trim the leader as shown before loading it into the camera.
  • Page 22 8 FRAME COUNTER...
  • Page 23: Exposure

    9 EXPOSURE Exposure The amount of light that exposes a frame is determined by the aperture and shutter speed. The size of the aperture controls the amount of light allowed to reach the film, while the shutter speed controls how long the light strikes the film. For the same exposure, a change in shutter speed requires an equal and opposite change in aperture, and vice versa.
  • Page 24: Shutter

    The ” t ” setting is for synchronized flash photography at an X sync. speed of 1/90 sec. It is not necessary to set the shutter dial to ” t ” when using a dedicated Canon Speedlite; once the Speedlite’s pilot lamp glows, the camera automatically switches to 1/90 sec.
  • Page 25 To cancel shutter operation during a long exposure, press the battery check button. Mechanical Operation There are several shutter speeds available with the New Canon F-1 even if the bat- tery fails. In this case, remove the battery from the battery chamber. Shutter speeds from 1/2000 to 1/125 sec.
  • Page 26: How To Choose A Shutter Speed

    11 HOW TO CHOOSE A SHUTTER SPEED How to Choose a Shutter Speed The shutter controls exposure by the length of time it remains open. The basic function of shutter speed is to provide correct exposure, but you can also use it to control the expression of your subject’s motion and to control the effect of camera movement.
  • Page 27: Blurring The Subject's Motion

    11.2 Blurring the Subject’s Motion 11 HOW TO CHOOSE A SHUTTER SPEED 11.2 Blurring the Subject’s Motion Blurring part of the picture can give a convincing sense of action. To blur the sub- ject, simply set a shutter speed which is too slow to freeze its action. In this photo it was blurred at 1/15 sec.
  • Page 28: Aperture

    12 APERTURE Blurring part of the picture can heighten the sense of action. In most cases, how- ever, image blur is undesirable. To avoid blurred pictures from camera movement, choose a shutter speed of at least 1/60 sec. for handheld shooting with a standard lens.
  • Page 29 12 APERTURE The smaller the aperture, the wider the range of sharpness. This is illustrated by the picture above which was taken at f/22. Compare it with the photo to s right. This extended depth of field is especially good for such subjects as landscapes. The larger the aperture, the narrower the range of sharpness.
  • Page 30: Exposure Modes

    13.1 Full-aperture Metering With a Canon FD lens, metering is done with the lens at maximum aperture. This is called ”full-aperture metering.” The lens diaphragm does not close down until the shutter is released. Afterwards, it reopens automatically to the maximum aperture.
  • Page 31: Stopped-Down Metering

    13.2 Stopped-down Metering 13 EXPOSURE MODES [For this mode. the AE Power Winder FN or AE Motor Drive FN must be attached to the camera and the lens set to the ”A” mark.] 3. Aperture-priority AE Set the lens to the desired aperture and the camera automatically selects the proper shutter speed according to the lighting conditions.
  • Page 32: Meter Mode Selector

    14 METER MODE SELECTOR Meter Mode Selector There are three ways to turn on the meter, each designed to suit particular metering requirements. To set a meter mode, simply turn the mode selector so that its index aligns with the desired setting. NORMAL The meter turns on only while the shutter button is pressed halfway (except for ”B”...
  • Page 33: Which Viewfinder Did You Purchase

    15 WHICH VIEWFINDER DID YOU PURCHASE? Which viewfinder did you purchase? Eye-Level Finder FN AE Finder FN...
  • Page 34: Eye-Level Finder Fn

    With the Eye-Level Finder FN, an aperture scale and the pre-set shutter speed are displayed to the right of the field of view. Focusing Screen FN-PE, which offers selective-area metering, is supplied with the New Canon F-1 Eye-Level Finder combination.
  • Page 35 16.1 Match-needle Metering 16 EYE-LEVEL FINDER FN 3. Place your subject so that it fills the rectangular area in the center of the viewfinder. This shaded portion is the light measuring area of the camera’s silicon photocell and is 12% of the field of view. 4.
  • Page 36 16 EYE-LEVEL FINDER FN 16.1 Match-needle Metering Overexpsoure warning zone Underexposure warning zone Underexposure Warning The position of the red underexposure warning mark is determined by the lens’ maximum aperture. If the meter needle points to the underexposure mark, choose a slower shutter speed until the needle moves away from the mark.
  • Page 37: Stopped-Down (Fixed-Index) Metering

    16.2 Stopped-down (Fixed-index) Metering 16 EYE-LEVEL FINDER FN 16.2 Stopped-down (Fixed-index) Metering 1. Turn the shutter dial to the desired speed. 2. Look into the viewfinder and focus the subject. 3. Unlock the stop-down slide. To do this, push it in and then release it; the slide will unlock and its red line can be seen.
  • Page 38: Ae Finder Fn

    Focusing Screen FN-AE, which provides center-weighted average metering, is sup- plied when the New Canon F-1 is purchased initially with an AE Finder FN. Aperture-priority AE 1. After attaching the AE Finder FN, set the shutter dial to ”A.” To do this, pull up the outer ring and turn the dial until ”A”...
  • Page 39 18 APERTURE-PRIORITY AE will not be displayed. In this case, first turn the shutter dial to ”2000,” then back to ”A.” Notes: Exposure information will not be displayed with a different finder attached and the shutter dial set on ”A.” With a New FD lens ”without chrome mount ring), the aperture is displayed adjacent to the shutter speed scale in the viewfinder.
  • Page 40: Stopped-Down Ae

    18 APERTURE-PRIORITY AE 18.1 Stopped-down AE If your eye will not be to the eyepiece the moment you release the shutter, close the eyepiece shutter by pushing the lever clockwise. This will prevent stray light from entering and adversely affecting the exposure. 18.1 Stopped-down AE 1.
  • Page 41: Match-Needle Metering

    18.2 Match-needle Metering 18 APERTURE-PRIORITY AE incorrect exposure correct exposure 18.2 Match-needle Metering To meter the subject manually, simply disengage the shutter dial from ”A.” The shutter speed scale will disappear, and the aperture scale and shutter speed display will appear to the right of the field of view. Then set the shutter speed and aperture in the usual manner, matching the meter and aperture needles in the viewfinder.
  • Page 42 Early Auto Bellows: The finder will touch the bellows’ rear standard as you rotate the camera, making vertical shots impossible. For details concerning modification of either accessory, please contact the nearest Canon authorized service facility.
  • Page 43: Shutter-Priority Ae

    Shutter-priority AE When the AE Power Winder FN or AE Motor Drive FN is attached to the New Canon F-1, a choice of shutter-priority AE or manual exposure is available according to the shooting situation and your personal preference. For shutter-priority AE, simply turn the lens’ aperture ring to the ”A” mark and turn the shutter dial to the desired speed.
  • Page 44 19 SHUTTER-PRIORITY AE the various exposure modes can be used. For aperture-priority AK, first disengage the lens’ aperture ring from the ”A” mark. Then set thg shutter dial to ”A,” and manually select an aperture. The camera will select the shutter speed automati- cally.
  • Page 45 19 SHUTTER-PRIORITY AE After removing the power winder or motor drive, do not forget to remove the lens’ aperture ring from the ”A” mark or the shutter will not release when you press the shutter button. Before attaching the finder or motor drive, wipe the contacts with a clean, dry cloth to prevent poor contact from dirt.
  • Page 46: Meter Coupling Range

    With an FD 50mm f/1.4 lens and ISO 100/21 (ASA 100/21 DIN) film, the New Canon F-1’s built-in exposure meter couples within a range of EV.- 1 (4 sec. at f/1.4) to EV 20 (1/2000 sec. at f/22). In aperture-priority AE or stoppeddown AE, the coupling range is EV-1 to EV 19 (1/1000 sec.
  • Page 47: Metering Sensitivity Areas

    21 METERING SENSITIVITY AREAS Metering Sensitivity Areas With the New Canon F-1, a special optical element in each focusing screen de- termines the metering sensitivity area. Thus the metering area can be changed, according to the sub ect you are shooting and the lens in use, simply by replacing the focusing screen.
  • Page 48 21 METERING SENSITIVITY AREAS 3. Spot Metering Spot metering is ideal for subjects which require carefully-aimed, precise measure- ment. Since the metering area is 3% of the field of view, you can select a small, exact area from the overall scene. It is especially advantageous for metering inac- cessible subjects and when shooting with a telephoto lens.
  • Page 49 21 METERING SENSITIVITY AREAS...
  • Page 50: Exposure Compensation

    22 EXPOSURE COMPENSATION Exposure Compensation With center-weighted average metering, the camera’s meter reads the average bright- ness of the subjects in a scene, with special emphasis placed on those in the center. Certa n lighting conditions, however, may necessitate exposure correction. If there is bright light, such as the sun or a window, behind the subject, the meter may be influenced by that light and your subject will be underexposed.
  • Page 51 22 EXPOSURE COMPENSATION 1. Manual Exposure After setting the desired shutter speed, turn the aperture ring until the aperture needle aligns with the meter needle. You can now over- or underexpose the subject in one-half f/stop increments simply by turning the aperture ring to a larger or smaller aperture.
  • Page 52 22 EXPOSURE COMPENSATION 2. Exposure Compensation Dial The exposure compensation dial allows you to make exposure corrections in incre- ments as small as 1/3 f/stop. To ma1te a correction, simply turn the dial, while pressing the lock release button, until the desired correction aligns with the index.
  • Page 53 22 EXPOSURE COMPENSATION The whole numbers are for increasing exposure while the fractions are for reducing exposure. The numbers ”2” and ”1/2” are equivalent to one f/stop (or one step of the shutter dial), while ”4” and ”1/4” are equivalent to two f/stops (or two steps of the shutter dial).
  • Page 54 22 EXPOSURE COMPENSATION Note When it is difficult to determine exactly how much correction to make, bracket the exposure. using any of the three methods. 4. ”Pushing” the ISO Rating There may be occasions when, due to insufficient lighting, you are forced to use undesirably slow shutter speeds.
  • Page 55: Rewinding The Film

    23 REWINDING THE FILM Rewinding the Film When you have reached the end of the film, the film advance lever will stop before the end of its stroke. 1. Turn the rewind lever in the direction of the arrow and push it down until it locks.
  • Page 56 23 REWINDING THE FILM Notes If you are not sure the rewind lever is engaged, or if you have accidentally engaged it, gently press the shutter button and the lever will pop back up. The frame counter does not count backwards as you rewind the film. The frame counter will return to ”S”...
  • Page 57: Depth Of Field

    24 DEPTH OF FIELD Depth of Field There are two ways to check depth of field. One is by using the depth-of-field scale on the lens. This is a scale of f/stops repeated on each side of the distance index. 1.
  • Page 58 24 DEPTH OF FIELD You can check depth of field visually in the following way: Focus the subject. Then press the shutter button halfway and note to hich f/stop the meter needle points in the viewfinder. Turn the lens’ aperture ring to that f/stop. Push in and then release the stop-down slide so that it unlocks and you can see its red line.
  • Page 59: Self-Timer

    25 SELF-TIMER Self-timer First make sure the film is advanced to the next frame. Turn the self-timer/lock lever to ”S.” Focus the subject and take a meter reading. Do not set the shutter dial to ”B” because the self-timer will not function on this setting. Press the shutter button.
  • Page 60 25 SELF-TIMER If you have started the self-timer and wish to cancel its operation, press the battery check button. Eyepiece Shutter If your eye will not be to the eyepiece during shutter release, close the eyepiece shutter to prevent stray light from entering and causing underexposure. This is particularly important in self-timer AE photography, and also applies to remote control and night photography.
  • Page 61 25 SELF-TIMER...
  • Page 62: Multiple Exposures

    26 MULTIPLE EXPOSURES Multiple Exposures The New F-1’s provision for multiple exposures allows you to easily make two or more exposures on the same frame for creative effect.
  • Page 63 26 MULTIPLE EXPOSURES 1. First advance the film to the next frame. 2. Then take up any film slack. To do this, unfold the rewind crank and gently turn it in the direction of the arrow until it stops. 3. Focus, compose your subject and take the picture. 4.
  • Page 64 26 MULTIPLE EXPOSURES Note Multiple exposures are also possible when the AE Power Winder FN or AE Motor Drive FN is attached to the camera. To release the shuter, use either of the two shutter buttons of the power drive. To return to normal shooting, cap the lens and take a blank shot using the camera’s shutter button.
  • Page 65: Exposure In Multiple Exposures

    27 EXPOSURE IN MULTIPLE EXPOSURES Exposure in Multiple Exposures Generally, the first exposure of a series should be of a relatively dark subject so that the image in the next exposure will show up clearly. For best results, it is advisable to decrease the exposure for each shot.
  • Page 66: Flash Photography

    28 FLASH PHOTOGRAPHY Flash Photography 28.1 AE Flash Photography with Speedlites 011A, 133A, 155A, 166A, 177A, 188A, 199A, 533G and 577G. Once the Speedlite is attached to the camera and its pilot lamp is glowing, the camera switches automatically to the X sync speed of l/90 sec. provided the shutter dial is not on ”B.”...
  • Page 67: Slow-Sync Flash Photography

    28.2 Slow-sync Flash Photography 28 FLASH PHOTOGRAPHY point to the right of 1/60 sec. Set the same aperture on the lens as that set on the Speedlite. With the power winder or motor drive attached and the lens’ aperture ring set to the ”A’...
  • Page 68: General Flash Photography

    CAUTION It is recommended to use a Canon flash unit on this camera. Using a flash or flash accessory of another make may cause the camera to work improperly or even possi- bly damage the camera itself. If you use a non-Canon flash. turn off the unit before YoU attach it to or remove it from the camera’s hot shoe.
  • Page 69 28.3 General Flash Photography 28 FLASH PHOTOGRAPHY Infrared Index Mark Infrared light has longer wavelengths which focus on a plane slightly behind that of ordinary visible light. It is necessary, therefore, to slightly adjust the focus of the lens when using blackand-white infrared film. The infrared index mark engraved on the lens is used for this purpose.
  • Page 70: Shooting With Close-Up Accessories

    29 SHOOTING WITH CLOSE-UP ACCESSORIES Shooting with Close-up Accessories...
  • Page 71 29 SHOOTING WITH CLOSE-UP ACCESSORIES...
  • Page 72 M Extension Tubes or Bellows M, between the camera and a NON-FD lens, follow the steps for stopped-down metering. Turn the A-M ring of an FL lens to ”M” for taking the shot (not necessary if Canon Macro Auto Ring and Double Cable Release are used).
  • Page 73 29 SHOOTING WITH CLOSE-UP ACCESSORIES Manual Diaphragm Control FD Lenses without Chrome Mount Ring except for FD Macro Lenses 1. Insert the slot of the accessory manual diaphragm adapter over the tip of the automatic aperture lever at the rear of the lens. Push the lever counterclock- wise and lower the adapter into the groove.
  • Page 74 29 SHOOTING WITH CLOSE-UP ACCESSORIES automatic aperture lever fully counterclockwise, then push the lock lever to ”L”. Be sure to reset the automatic aperture lever to its normal position before mounting the lens directly on the camera. In the case of a lens with a lock lever, switch it back to the position of the white dot.
  • Page 75 29 SHOOTING WITH CLOSE-UP ACCESSORIES...
  • Page 76: System Accessories

    30.1 Canon AE Motor Drive FN The AE Motor Drive FN is designed as an integral part of the New Canon F-1 system. Attached tq the camera, this accessory redefines the meaning of automatic in motorized SLR photography by providing you with automatic film winding and...
  • Page 77: Canon Ae Power Winder Fn

    30.2 Canon AE Power Winder FN Designed to increase the versatility of the New Canon F- 1, the AE Power Winder FN advances the film automatically in single-frame or continuous shooting at a maximum two frames per second. In addition, it converts the camera to shutter- priority AK.
  • Page 78: Canon Film Chamber Fn-100

    The Film Chamber FN-100 is one of tt e system accessories designed for the New Canon F-1. Used in conjunction. the AE Motor Drive FN and film chamber provide continuous or singleframe shooting capability of up to 100 frames, as well as shutter- priority AK.
  • Page 79: Canon Data Back Fn

    The Canon Data Back FN is a data-recording accessory designed for use with the New Canon F-1. In addiSion to the year, month, and day, the letters A to G in both upper and lower case and Roman numerals I to X may be imprinted in up to six characters on the film.
  • Page 80: Canon Wireless Controller

    30 SYSTEM ACCESSORIES 30.5 Canon Wireless Controller LC-1 30.5 Canon Wireless Controller LC-1 This remote control device uses infrared light to control cameras from a distance. The LC-1 is particularly useful in sports and wildlife photography, news coverage and numerous other fields. The Wireless Controller consists of a transmitter and a...
  • Page 81: Specification

    35mm single-lens reflex (SLR) camera Format: 24 x 36mm Interchangeable Lenses: Canon FD (for fullaperture metering) and Canon FL, R and non-FD (for stopped-down metering) series lenses. Standard Lenses: FD 50mm f/1.2L, FD 50mm f/1.2, FD 50mm f/1.4 and FD 50mm f/1.8 Lens Mount: Canon breech-lock mount.
  • Page 82 31 SPECIFICATION Eyepiece Shutter: Built-in. Keeps out extraneous light during self-timer and remote control operation. Dioptric Adjustment: Built-in eyepiece adjusted to standard -1 diopter. Focusing Screen: Standard split-image/microprism rangefinder. Twelve other types of interchangeable screens are optionally available. Light Metering System: Through-the-lens (TTL) metering by silicon photocell (SPC).
  • Page 83 31 SPECIFICATION Mechanical Shutter By removing battery from battery Operation: chamber. Only mechanically controlled speeds can be used. Mirror: Instant-return type with shock-absorbing mechanism. ISO Film Speed Scale: ISO 6-6400. Shutter Dial: 1/2000 to 8 sec., ”A” (for aperture-priority AE or stopped-down AE with AE Finder FN), ”B”...
  • Page 84 1/30 sec. or slower. Direct contact at accessory shoe for hot-shoe flash. Threaded PC socket (JIS-B type) for cord-type flash or multiple flash photography. Accessory shoe has contact for normal automatic flash and special contact for AE flash with specified Canon Speedlites.
  • Page 85 31 SPECIFICATION Automatic Flash: New Canon Auto Tuning System (New CATS) with specified Canon Speedlites. Shutter speed is automatically set to 1/90 sec. with shutter dial at any setting except B. Meter needle indicates auto working aperture in the viewfinder as soon as Speedlite’s pilot lamp glows.
  • Page 86 31 SPECIFICATION Other Safety Camera will not function when power level Devices: is insufficient or when lens’ aperture ring is set to ”A” and the power winder or motor drive is not attached. Film winding impossible while shutter is in operation. Dimensions: 146.7 x 48.3 x 96.6 mm (5-3/4”...
  • Page 87: Caring For Your Camera

    Clean it especially well after you use it in an area with excessive dust or saltwater spray. If you accidentally drop it in water, it may be irreparable but take it immediately to an authorized Canon service facility for inspection.
  • Page 88 32 CARING FOR YOUR CAMERA To clean the lens surfaces, use only a blower brush, cleaning fluid and tissue made specially for cleaning camera lenses. Carefully follow the lens’ instruc- tions. Using the Camera at Very Low Temperatures When you use the New F-1 in cold conditions, try to protect it from outside air and avoid extreme temperature changes.

This manual is also suitable for:

F1