Hitachi Relion 670 Series Applications Manual
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Relion 670 SERIES
Railway application RER670
Version 2.2 IEC
Application manual

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Summary of Contents for Hitachi Relion 670 Series

  • Page 1 Relion 670 SERIES Railway application RER670 Version 2.2 IEC Application manual...
  • Page 3 Document ID: 1MRK506375-UEN Issued: June 2023 Revision: N Product version: 2.2 © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 4 Copyright This document and parts thereof must not be reproduced or copied without written permission from Hitachi Energy, and the contents thereof must not be imparted to a third party, nor used for any unauthorized purpose. The software and hardware described in this document is furnished under a license and may be used or disclosed only in accordance with the terms of such license.
  • Page 5 This document has been carefully checked by Hitachi Energy, but deviations cannot be completely ruled out. In case any errors are detected, the reader is kindly requested to notify the manufacturer.
  • Page 6 Directive 2004/108/EC) and concerning electrical equipment for use within specified voltage limits (Low-voltage directive 2006/95/EC). This conformity is the result of tests conducted by Hitachi Energy in accordance with the product standard EN 60255-26 for the EMC directive, and with the product standards EN 60255-1 and EN 60255-27 for the low voltage directive.
  • Page 7: Table Of Contents

    4.2.2.2 Example 2........................47 4.2.2.3 Example 3........................48 4.2.2.4 Examples on how to connect, configure and set CT inputs for most commonly used CT connections....................49 Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 8 Elimination of zero sequence currents................. 76 6.2.4.3 Inrush restraint methods....................77 6.2.4.4 Overexcitation restraint method................... 77 6.2.4.5 Protections based on the directional criterion.............. 77 6.2.5 Setting examples.......................78 6.2.5.1 Application examples....................79 Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 9 Setting guidelines......................143 8.1.3.1 Meshed network without parallel line................. 144 Two-step directional phase overcurrent protection D2PTOC ........... 146 8.2.1 Function revision history....................146 8.2.2 Identification........................146 8.2.3 Application........................146 Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 10 8.9.4.1 Undervoltage seal-in....................177 8.9.5 Setting guidelines......................178 8.9.5.1 Explanation of the setting parameters................178 8.10 Tank overcurrent protection TPPIOC................179 8.10.1 Function revision history....................179 8.10.2 Identification........................179 Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 11 Setting guidelines......................193 11.2 Fuse failure supervision FRWSPVC................. 194 11.2.1 Identification........................194 11.2.2 Application........................194 11.2.3 Setting guidelines......................194 11.2.3.1 DeltaU and DeltaI detection..................195 11.2.3.2 Dead line detection....................195 Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 12 Permanent fault and reclosing unsuccessful signal........... 214 12.2.3.12 Lock-out initiation....................... 214 12.2.3.13 Thermal overload protection holding the auto recloser back........215 12.2.4 Setting guidelines......................215 12.2.4.1 Configuration......................215 12.2.4.2 Auto recloser settings....................219 Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 13 Signals in 1 1/2 breaker arrangement................ 256 12.4.7 Interlocking for busbar earthing switch BB_ES .............. 257 12.4.7.1 Application .........................257 12.4.7.2 Signals in single breaker arrangement...............257 12.4.7.3 Signals in double-breaker arrangement..............261 Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 14 12.11.2 Application........................273 12.11.3 Setting guidelines......................275 12.12 Transformer energizing control XENCPOW..............275 12.12.1 Identification........................275 12.12.2 Application........................275 12.12.3 Setting guidelines......................276 12.12.3.1 Setting examples......................277 Section 13 Scheme communication................279 Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 15 Application........................291 14.1.3.1 Tripping ........................291 14.1.3.2 Lock-out........................292 14.1.3.3 Example of directional data..................292 14.1.3.4 Blocking of the function block..................294 14.1.4 Setting guidelines......................294 14.1.4.1 Setting example......................295 Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 16 14.13.1 Identification........................306 14.13.2 Application........................307 14.13.3 Setting guidelines......................307 14.13.4 Setting example.......................307 14.14 Comparator for real inputs - REALCOMP................. 308 14.14.1 Function revision history....................308 14.14.2 Identification........................308 Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 17 Analog input signals....................331 15.6.4.4 Sub-function parameters....................331 15.6.4.5 Consideration......................332 15.7 Logical signal status report BINSTATREP................ 332 15.7.1 Identification........................333 15.7.2 Application........................333 15.7.3 Setting guidelines......................333 15.8 Limit counter L4UFCNT.....................333 Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 18 Function for energy calculation and demand handling ETPMMTR........353 16.2.1 Identification........................354 16.2.2 Application........................354 16.2.3 Setting guidelines......................354 Section 17 Ethernet-based communication............... 357 17.1 Access point........................357 17.1.1 Application........................357 Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 19 Functionality....................... 379 18.6.1.2 Design........................379 18.6.2 Settings........................... 381 18.6.2.1 Settings for RS485 and optical serial communication..........382 18.6.2.2 Settings from PCM600....................383 18.6.3 Function and information types..................384 Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 20 Setting guidelines......................402 21.7 Signal matrix for binary inputs SMBI................. 402 21.7.1 Application........................402 21.7.2 Setting guidelines......................402 21.8 Signal matrix for binary outputs SMBO ................403 21.8.1 Application........................403 Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 21 Sample specification of communication requirements for the protection and control terminals in digital telecommunication networks............... 420 22.6 IEC/UCA 61850-9-2LE Merging unit requirements ............421 Section 23 Glossary..................... 423 Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 23: Introduction

    IEDs to the project structure. The manual also recommends a sequence for the engineering of protection and control functions, as well as communication engineering for IEC 61850. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 24: Document Revision History

    T1PPDIF, DELVSPVC, REALCOMP and FNKEYMDx. Ordering section updated. 2019-05 2.2.3 PTP enhancements and corrections Document not released Document not released Document not released Table continues on next page Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 25: Related Documents

    Point list manual, DNP3 1MRK511397-UUS Accessories guide IEC: 1MRK514012-BEN Cyber security deployment guideline 1MRK511399-UEN Connection and Installation components 1MRK513003-BEN Test system, COMBITEST 1MRK512001-BEN Application guide, Communication set-up 1MRK505382-UEN Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 26: Document Symbols And Conventions

    Parameter names are shown in italics. For example, the function can be enabled and disabled with the Operation setting. • Each function block symbol shows the available input/output signal. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 27: Iec 61850 Edition 1, Edition 2, And Edition 2.1 Mapping

    ECRWPSCH ECRWPSCH EF2PTOC EF2LLN0 EF2PTRC EF2PTRC EF2RDIR EF2RDIR GEN2PHAR GEN2PHAR PH1PTOC PH1PTOC EFRWPIOC EFRWPIOC EFRWPIOC ETPMMTR ETPMMTR ETPMMTR FLTMMXU FLTMMXU FLTMMXU Table continues on next page Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 28 SSIMG SSIML SSIML SSIML SXCBR SXCBR SXCBR SXSWI SXSWI SXSWI T1PPDIF T1PPDIF T1PPHAR T1PPTRC TCLYLTC TCLYLTC TCLYLTC TCSLTC TCMYLTC TCMYLTC TCMYLTC Table continues on next page Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 29 VSGAPC WRNCALH WRNCALH WRNCALH XENCPOW XENCPOW ZCPSCH ZCPSCH ZCPSCH ZCRWPSCH ZCRWPSCH ZCRWPSCH ZGTPDIS ZGTLLN0 ZGPDIS ZGPDIS ZGPTRC ZGPTRC ZCVPSOF LLN0 ZRCPDIS ZRCPTRC ZRWPDIS PSRWPDIS ZRWPDIS ZRWPTRC Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 31: Application

    Merging Units (MU). Each MU has eight analogue channels, four current and four voltages. Conventional input transformer module and Merging Unit channels can be mixed freely in your application. RER670 can be ordered with the following functional packages: Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 32: Main Protection Functions

    T1PPDIF Transformer differential protection, two windings 2-A51 Impedance protection ZCVPSOF Automatic switch onto fault logic, voltage and current based 1-B60 1-B70 Table continues on next page Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 33: Back-Up Protection Functions

    1-H37 Table APC15 Control functionality for a single bay, max 15 objects (2CB), including interlocking (see 1-H38 Table QCBAY Bay control Table continues on next page Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 34 SRMEMORY, TIMERSET, XOR ANDQT, Configurable logic blocks Q/T (see Table 1-L01 INDCOMBSPQT, INDEXTSPQT, INVALIDQT, INVERTERQT, ORQT, PULSETIMERQT, RSMEMORYQT, SRMEMORYQT, TIMERSETQT, XORQT Table continues on next page Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 35 Generic communication function for single point indication, 16 inputs MVGAPC Generic communication function for measured values BINSTATREP Logical signal status report Table continues on next page Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 36 Function for energy calculation and demand handling Table 3: Total number of instances for basic configurable logic blocks Basic configurable logic block Total number of instances GATE PULSETIMER RSMEMORY SRMEMORY TIMERSET Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 37 BH_LINE_B DB_BUS_A DB_BUS_B DB_LINE ABC_LINE AB_TRAFO SCSWI Switch controller SXSWI Circuit switch QCRSV Reservation function block for apparatus control RESIN1 RESIN2 Table continues on next page Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 38 XORQT Table 7: Total number of instances for extended logic package Extended configurable logic block Total number of instances GATE PULSETIMER RSMEMORY SLGAPC SRMEMORY TIMERSET VSGAPC Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 39: Communication

    Service tracking IEC 62439-3 Parallel redundancy protocol 1-P23 IEC 62439-3 High-availability seamless redundancy 1-P24 RSTP IEC 62439-3 Rapid spanning tree protocol 1-P25 Table continues on next page Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 40 Receive binary status from remote LDCM, 2Mbit LDCM2M_313 LDCM2M_323 Scheme communication ZCPSCH Scheme communication logic for distance or overcurrent protection 1-B60 1-B70 Table continues on next page Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 41: Basic Ied Functions

    SPACOMMMAP SPA communication mapping SPATD Date and time via SPA protocol BCSCONF Basic communication system GBASVAL Global base values for settings Table continues on next page Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 42 General LED indication part for LHMI OPENCLOSE_LED LHMI LEDs for open and close keys GRP1_LED1– Basic part for CP HW LED indication module GRP1_LED15 GRP2_LED1– GRP2_LED15 GRP3_LED1– GRP3_LED15 Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 43: Configuration

    On request, ABB is available to support the configuration work, either directly or to do the design checking. Example configurations are given in following sections as a guide what can be achieved using RER670. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 44: Description Of Configuration - Transformer Protection Application In Compensated Networks

    Control Control Control S CSWI S XSWI S XCBR Q CRSV IEC17000009-1-en.vsdx IEC17000009 V1 EN-US Figure 2: Configuration diagram for transformer protection application in compensated networks Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 45: Description Of Configuration - Transformer Protection Application In Solidly Earthed Networks

    S XCBR S XCBR Q CRSV Q CRSV Q CRSV IEC17000010-2-en.vsdx IEC17000010-2-en.vsdx IEC17000010 V2 EN-US Figure 3: Configuration diagram for transformer protection application in solidly earthed networks Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 46: Description Of Configuration - Line Protection Application In Compensated Networks

    S XCBR S XCBR Q CRSV Q CRSV Q CRSV IEC17000011-2-en.vsdx IEC17000011-2-en.vsdx IEC17000011 V2 EN-US Figure 4: Configuration diagram for line protection application in compensated networks Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 47: Description Of Configuration - Line Protection Application In Solidly Earthed Networks

    S XCBR S XCBR Q CRSV Q CRSV Q CRSV IEC17000012-2-en.vsdx IEC17000012-2-en.vsdx IEC17000012 V2 EN-US Figure 5: Configuration diagram for line protection application in solidly earthed networks Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 48: Description Of Configuration - Single-Phase Catenary Protection

    S XSWI S XCBR S XCBR Q CRSV Q CRSV S CILO S CILO Q CBAY Q CBAY IEC20000129-1-en.vsdx IEC20000129 V1 EN-US Figure 6: Single-phase Catenary protection Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 49: Description Of Configuration - At Catenary Protection

    S XSWI S XCBR S XCBR Q CRSV Q CRSV S CILO S CILO Q CBAY Q CBAY IEC20000130-1-en.vsdx IEC20000130 V1 EN-US Figure 7: AT Catenary protection Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 51: Analog Inputs

    For a TRM with 7 current and 5 voltage inputs the first VT channel is 8. The setting PhaseAngleRef=8 shall be used if the phase reference voltage is connected to that channel. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 52: Setting Of Current Channels

    The following examples show the principle. 4.2.2.1 Example 1 SEMOD55055-23 v6 Two IEDs used for protection of two objects. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 53: Example 2

    Forward. This means that the protection is looking towards the line. 4.2.2.2 Example 2 SEMOD55055-29 v7 Two IEDs used for protection of two objects and sharing a CT. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 54: Example 3

    Correct setting is Correct setting is "ToObject" "ToObject" IEC05000461 V2 EN-US Figure 11: Example how to set CTStarPoint parameters in the IED Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 55: Examples On How To Connect, Configure And Set Ct Inputs For Most Commonly Used Ct Connections

    In the SMAI function block, you have to set if the SMAI block is measuring current or voltage. This is done with the parameter: AnalogInputType: Current/Voltage. The ConnectionType: phase -phase/phase-earth and GlobalBaseSel. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 56 IED as well. For correct terminal designations, see the connection diagrams valid for the delivered IED. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 57 GRPL1 and GRPL2. If GRP2N is connected, the data reflects the measured value of GRP2N. Another alternative is to have the star point of the two-phase CT set as shown in Figure 15: Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 58 IEC16000138 V1 EN-US Figure 16: Star connected two-phase CT set with its star point away from the protected object and the residual/neutral current connected to the IED Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 59 IED as well. For correct terminal designations, see the connection diagrams valid for the delivered IED. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 60 This will effectively make the protection scheme less sensitive; however, such measures are necessary in order to avoid possible problems with loss of the measurement accuracy in the IED. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 61 VT has typically one of the following values: • 100 V • 110 V The IED fully supports all of these values and most of them will be shown in the following examples. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 62 VT. 132 / 2  132 / 110 110 / 2 (Equation 2) IECEQUATION16055 V1 EN-US Table continues on next page Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 63 IED as well. SMAI2 BLOCK AI2P ^GRP2L1 ^GRP2L2 ^GRP2L1L2 +2Uo ^GRP2N IEC16000152-1-en.vsdx IEC16000152 V1 EN-US Figure 20: Residually connected VT in two-phase power system Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 64 An example on how to configure the IED analogue inputs for HV, two-phase railway power system, including AT-catenary railway supply system is shown in Figure 21. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 65 An example on how to configure the IED analogue inputs for such installation is shown in Figure 22. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 66 GUID-09488ED6-BABD-4BCE-B4F2-F5539100308E v1 An example on how to configure the IED analogue inputs for single-phase railway supply systems or BT-catenary railway supply systems is shown in Figure 23. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 67 Directional and non-directional earth fault overcurrent protections and residual overvoltage protection shall not be used in such installations. All other backup protection and measurement functions can be used. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 69 The LHMI of the IED contains the following elements • Keypad • Display (LCD) • LED indicators • Communication port for PCM600 The LHMI is used for setting, monitoring and controlling. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 70 Each function button has a LED indication that can be used as a feedback signal for the function button control action. The LED is connected to the required signal with PCM600. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 71 The LEDs are lit according to priority, with red being the highest and green the lowest priority. For example, if on one panel there is an indication that requires the green LED to be lit, and on Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 72 The keypad also contains programmable push-buttons that can be configured either as menu shortcut or control buttons. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 73 RJ-45 communication port 1...5 Function button Close Open Escape Left Down Right Enter Remote/Local Uplink LED Not in use Multipage Menu Clear Help Communication port Programmable indication LEDs Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 74 The trip indication is latching and must be reset via communication, LHMI or binary input on the LEDGEN component. To open the reset menu on the LHMI, press Flashing/blinking Configuration mode. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 75 The green uplink LED on the left is lit when the cable is successfully connected to the port. • The yellow LED is not used; it is always off. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 76 Do not connect the IED front port to a LAN. Connect only a single local PC with PCM600 to the front port. It is only intended for temporary use, such as commissioning and testing. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 77 A restricted earth fault protection is the fastest and the most sensitive protection, a power transformer winding can have and will detect faults such as: Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 78 To make the restricted earth fault protection REFPDIF operate correctly, the main CTs are always supposed to be star -connected. The main CT's neutral (star) formation can be positioned in either Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 79 GlobalBaseSel. For function operation, the neutral current must be larger than half of this value. A recommended setting is 30% of power transformer-winding rated current for a solidly earthed winding. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 80 The differential protection should never operate on faults outside the protective zone. A transformer differential protection compares the current flowing into the transformer with the current leaving the transformer. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 81 The overall operating characteristic of the transformer differential protection is shown in Figure 32: Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 82 To avoid unwanted trips for external earth faults, zero sequence currents should be subtracted on the side of the protected railway power transformer where they can flow during external earth faults. Eliminating the zero sequence component is necessary when: Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 83 (for example, a fault involving the iron core). This feature should always be used when protecting a railway power transformer (by setting DirDiffEn = On). Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 84 PhSelW1 = (IL1-IL2)/2 PhSelW2 = IL2 InvW2Curr = Yes Base current The base current is calculated for each side (winding 1 and winding 2) of the power transformer: Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 85 IEC15000170-3-en.vsdx IEC15000170 V3 EN-US Figure 34: Transformer connection – example 1 Base current calculation:   1000    Base (Equation 6) IECEQUATION058 V1 EN-US Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 86 2 side towards the T1PPDIF function. Zero-sequence current removal is not necessary in this arrangement. The phase selection settings for the first instance of the T1PPDIF function shall be: Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 87 To calculate the zero sequence current reduction for U and V phases, see connection example 1. The phase selection settings for the first instance of the T1PPDIF function shall be: PhSelW1=(L1-L2)/2 Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 88 To calculate zero sequence current reduction for U, V, R and S phases, see connection example 1. The phase selection settings for the first instance of the T1PPDIF function shall be: Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 89 CT (on the low-voltage side) to the IED for protection of a railway power transformer (shown in Figure 33) using the T1PPDIF function. For the correct terminal designations, see the connection diagrams valid for the delivered IED. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 90 Inside the IED, only the ratio of the first two parameters is used. The third parameter (CTStarPoint = ToObject) causes no change on the measured currents. In other words, currents are already measured towards the protected object. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 91 Figure 40: CT wiring, pre-processing blocks and T1PPDIF connections for the proposed Solution 2 This solution is similar to Solution 1. The only differences are the following: Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 92 InvW2Curr = Yes The sequence of the HV currents is swapped by wiring towards the IED. LV current is connected as phase L2 on the preprocessing function block. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 93 When the voltage transformers are situated on the bus side, the automatic switch onto fault detection based on dead-line detection is not possible. In such cases the switch onto fault logic is activated using the binary input BC. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 94 A nondirectional output signal should be used from an overreaching zone. The selection of the Impedance mode gives increased security. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 95 2-phase power networks. The SystemEarthing setting is provided in order to have the distance protection function suitable for a specific type of earthing system. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 96 Increase of the healthy phase voltage together with slow tripping increases the risk a second fault in a healthy phase and the second fault can occur at any location. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 97 Figure 42. The time delay to detect cross country fault is normally (0.1 - 0.15)s. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 98 RLd is the resistive reach within the load impedance area measured in Ohm/Phase is the maximum exporting power is the minimum phase-to-phase voltage for which P can occur 0.8 is security factor. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 99 ArgNegRes: The angle for blinder in the second quadrant. The default setting is 120 deg and it should not be changed unless system studies show the necessity. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 100 To set the time delay to trip for phase-to-phase faults in zone 1. The default setting is 0.0s. Zone 2 GUID-DD64B7C1-6337-4AC5-995C-8C068E1E379D v4 OpZ2: For the Off/On operation of zone 2 and it is set to Off by default. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 101 OpZ3: For the Off/On operation of zone 3 and it is set to Off by default. DirModeZ3: To set the zone 3 direction mode. It can be set to Non-directional, Forward and Reverse. The Forward direction mode is set by default. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 102 Generally, this setting is not needed for zone 4. The default setting is Off. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 103 2 or zone 3 reach settings. X1RvZ5: To set the reverse positive sequence impedance reach of zone 5 in Ohm/p. It may be set identical to X1FwZ5. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 104 XEoverXLZ6: To set the earth return compensation factor for reactance of zone 6. It provides zero sequence compensation for phase-to-earth faults. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 105 The recommended setting is 4.0% IB. ModeI0StRel: To release the L1E and L2E / L1L2 distance measuring loops using the residual overcurrent start. The default setting is L1E & L2E. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 106 An additional time delay to trip phase L2 if the phase preference is set to trip phase L2 in zone 5. The default setting is 0.0 s. OpModet6L2: For Off/On operation of the t6L2 timer if phase preference is selected. The default setting is Off. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 107 The default values given should be validated for each application and adopt the appropriate setting values. The parameters for ZRWPDIS are set via the local HMI or PCM600. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 108 OpDirEnd2: To select the direction mode of the end timer 2. It can be set to Non-directional, Forward and Reverse. It is recommended to set this as Non-directional. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 109 LCModeZ1: To enable/disable the adaptive load compensation mode of zone 1. It avoids overreaching of the zone in to the next section in case of resistive fault due to remote end feed. The default setting is Off. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 110 Impact of the mutual coupling should be considered for the double circuit lines. X1RvZ2: To set the reverse positive sequence impedance reach of zone 2 in Ohm/p. It may be set identical to X1FwZ2. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 111 XEoverXLZ3: To set the earth return compensation factor for reactance of zone 3. It provides zero sequence compensation for phase-to-earth faults. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 112 It should cover apparent phase-to-earth bus fault resistance allowing for multiple infeed from other circuits. Therefore, it should be set identical to zone 3 resistive reach setting. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 113 RFPPRvZ5: To cover the zone 5 fault resistive reach in Ohm/p for phase-to-phase faults in reverse direction. It may be set identical to zone 1 setting. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 114 OpModetPEZ6: To set the Off/On operation of the phase-to-earth timer of zone 6. The default setting is Off. tPEZ6: To set the time delay to trip for phase-to-earth faults in zone 6. It should be set to 0.0 s. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 115 ZRWPDIS. The default values given should be validated for each application and adopt the appropriate setting values. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 116 To set time delay for the first stage remote backup (end timer 1). The setting should allow the farthest zone to operate. The default setting is 2.5 s. OpModetEnd2: To select the operation On or Off of the end timer 2. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 117 LCModeZ1: To enable/disable the adaptive load compensation mode of zone 1. It avoids overreaching of the zone in to the next section in case of resistive fault due to remote end feed. The default setting is Off. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 118 Impact of the mutual coupling should be considered for the double circuit lines. X1RvZ2: To set the reverse positive sequence impedance reach of zone 2 in Ohm/p. It may be set identical to X1FwZ2. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 119 XEoverXLZ3: To set the earth return compensation factor for reactance of zone 3. It provides zero sequence compensation for phase-to-earth faults. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 120 It should cover apparent phase-to-earth bus fault resistance allowing for multiple infeed from other circuits. Therefore, it should be set identical to zone 3 resistive reach setting. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 121 RFPPRvZ5: To cover the zone 5 fault resistive reach in Ohm/p for phase-to-phase faults in reverse direction. It may be set identical to zone 1 setting. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 122 OpModetPEZ6: To set the Off/On operation of the phase-to-earth timer of zone 6. The default setting is Off. tPEZ6: To set the time delay to trip for phase-to-earth faults in zone 6. It should be set to 0.0 s. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 123 Minimum operating voltage 90% of rated voltage PT Ratio 110 kV/110 V CT Ratio 600/1 A Line length A-B 50 km Table continues on next page Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 124 0.7 s plus additional delays provided. Set this to the default 2.5 s. OpModetEnd2: To select the operation On/Off of the second stage timer tEnd2. Set this to On. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 125        (Equation 19) IECEQUATION15052 V1 EN-US Therefore, set this to 0.28. XEoverXLZ1: It provides zero sequence compensation for phase-to-earth faults. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 126        (Equation 21) IECEQUATION15052 V1 EN-US Therefore, set this to 0.28. XEoverXLZ2: It provides zero sequence compensation for phase-to-earth faults. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 127    (Equation 24) IECEQUATION15053 V1 EN-US Therefore, set this to 0.83. RFPEFwZ3: This may be set identical to setting RFPEFwZ2 which is 40.13 Ohm. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 128 An additional time delay to trip L2 in compensated earthing. If the start signal continues to be active, trip is given after expiration tPEZx plus tGL2. Set this to 0.6s. dUOverdt: Set this to 100V/s. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 129 System Earthing: To select the type of system earthing. Select the Compensated. LineAng: Set it to 50 deg. IMinOpPE: To select the minimum operating current for the phase-to-earth loops. Set this to 10% IB. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 130 Therefore, set this to 80% of the setting RLd resistive reach of the starter. The setting RLd being 62.7 Ohm, the RFPEStart can be set to 0.8 x 62.7 = 50.16 Ohm. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 131 XEoverXLZ1: It provides zero sequence compensation for phase-to-earth faults.                    (Equation 29) IECEQUATION15053 V1 EN-US Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 132        (Equation 30) IECEQUATION15052 V1 EN-US Therefore, set this to 0.28. XEoverXLZ2: It provides zero sequence compensation for phase-to-earth faults. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 133 XEoverXLZ3: To provide zero sequence compensation for phase-to-earth faults.                    (Equation 33) IECEQUATION15053 V1 EN-US Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 134 GUID-842A1324-9661-428A-A94B-B387031AA522 v2 Function description IEC 61850 IEC 60617 identification ANSI/IEEE C37.2 identification device number Distance protection for railway ZRCPDIS catenary, quadrilateral Z< characteristic IEC17000092 V1 EN-US Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 135 ArgLd: To set the load angle, that determines the load impedance area of load discrimination characteristic. Set the parameter to the maximum possible load angle at a maximum possible load. The default value is set at 30 degrees. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 136 The following settings in primary ohms are calculated/available. Zone 1 settings: Forward X = 7.00 Ω primary Forward RF = 18.00 Ω primary Reverse RF = 22.00 Ω primary Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 137 ArgNegRes 115 degrees Leave to default value ArgDir 15 degrees Leave to default value Zone 1 settings Parameter name Value Comment Table continues on next page Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 138 As per calculated value for zone 3 From settings in Table 17, the IED will operate as shown in Figure 46. Note that, all values are given in primary ohms. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 139 This is achieved by shifting the characteristic to an offset from the R-axis. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 140 Two zones of the ZRCPDIS function can be used for the WPC application. The PCM600 ACT logic of this function with sample settings in PST is shown in Figure Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 141 WPC application. The resultant characteristic of the WPC trip signal is shown in Figure Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 142 All of the above blocking/enabling can be made settable using GATE function blocks. In such cases, a special screen can be engineered on the local HMI in order to provide an overview of which blocking is enabled and active. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 143 ZGTPDIS is generally used as backup protection for faults on the transformer and the associated transmission lines. These transformers can be classified in two basic categories: • 2-phase to 2-phase Interconnecting transformers • 2-phase to 1-phase Interconnecting transformers Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 144 The quadrilateral characteristic limits the resistive reach and helps to avoid incorrect operations due to load encroachment. All three zones have the same characteristic angle which can be adjusted using ImpCharAng setting. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 145 Operation: For underimpedance protection Off/On. ImpCharAng: To set the common characteristic angle for all three zones of underimpedance element. ImpCharAng should match the associated transformer impedance angle. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 146 20% for all fault conditions. Z3Rev: To set the zone 3 reverse positive sequence impedance reach in ohm/p. This may be set identical to Z2Rev. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 147 Figure can be easily achieved. To achieve such application, a simple configuration logic and appropriate setting in the PCM600 tool shall be done. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 148 Section 7 1MRK506375-UEN Rev. N Impedance protection Wrong Phase Coupling IEC16000116-1-en.vsdx IEC16000116 V1 EN-US Figure 52: Wrong phase coupling protection Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 149 Common base IED values for primary current (IBase), primary voltage (UBase) and primary power (SBase) are set in the global base values for settings function GBASVAL. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 150 Figure 54. In order to get the maximum through fault current, the minimum value for Z and the maximum value for have to be considered. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 151 IED has to clear, I in Figure 55. Fault IEC09000024-1-en.vsd IEC09000024 V1 EN-US Figure 55: Fault current: I >>= × IBase (Equation 38) EQUATION1147 V3 EN-US Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 152 This is mostly the case when no fault current can be fed from the protected object itself. In order to achieve both selectivity and fast fault clearance, the directional function can be necessary. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 153 Operation: For two-step directional phase overcurrent protection Off/On. CurrentInput: To select the type of energizing quantity (i.e. phasor) for current and will be used as operating quantity for operation of both overcurrent steps. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 154 LowVolt: To set low-voltage level in % of UBase for the direction detection. If measure voltage is below this set level, the setting ActLowVoltx (where x = 1 & 2) decides the function behavior. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 155 Table 20. Table 20: Inverse time characteristics Curve name IEC Normal Inverse IEC Very Inverse IEC Extremely Inverse IEC Definite Time ASEA RI type Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 156 StartCurr2: To set operate phase current level for step 2 given in % of IBase. tDef2: Definite time delay for step 2. Note that the value set is the time between activation of the start and the trip outputs. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 157 I . In this calculation the operational state with low source impedance Z and high source impedance Z should be used. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 158 EQUATION285 V3 EN-US In case of parallel lines with zero sequence mutual coupling a fault on the parallel line, as shown in Figure 60, should be calculated. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 159 Two step residual overcurrent protection EF2PTOC GUID-9E7DA007-48BA-4A87-974C-3AAFD5E336D1 v3 8.4.1 Function revision history GUID-E9710D3B-A55F-4CF1-8BF6-65CD9640A673 v2 Document Product History revision revision 2.2.1 2.2.1 2.2.2 2.2.3 2.2.3 2.2.4 2.2.4 Table continues on next page Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 160 To enable optimal co-ordination all overcurrent protections, to be co-ordinated against each other, should have the same time characteristic. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 161 These time delays can vary significantly between different protective equipment. The following time delays can be estimated: Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 162 AngleRCA: Relay characteristic angle given in degree. This angle is defined as shown in Figure 62. The angle is defined positive when the residual current lags the reference voltage (Upol = -2U Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 163 2 harmonic restrain signal. The setting is given in % of the fundamental frequency residual current. Sensitive directional residual overcurrent and power protection SDEPSDE SEMOD171436-1 v4 Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 164 Therefore, better possibility to detect earth faults. In addition, in low impedance earthed networks, the inverse time characteristic gives better time-selectivity in case of high zero- resistive fault currents. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 165 The fault current, in the fault point, can be calculated as:    phase   (Equation 44) IECEQUATION16030 V1 EN-US Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 166 The series impedances in the system can no longer be neglected. The system with a single phase to earth fault can be described as in Figure 64. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 167 IECEQUATION16098 V1 EN-US The residual power, measured by the sensitive earth fault protections in A and B will be:   (Equation 51) IECEQUATION16099 V1 EN-US Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 168 With OpMode set to 2I0cosfi the current component in the direction equal to the characteristic angleRCADir has the maximum sensitivity. The characteristic for RCADir is equal to 0° is shown in Figure 65. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 169 INDir> and the residual current angle is within the sector RCADir ± ROADir. The characteristic for this OpMode when RCADir = 0° and ROADir = 80° is shown in Figure 67. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 170 % of IBase. The setting should be based on calculation of the active or capacitive earth fault current at required sensitivity of the protection. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 171 IEC Long Time Inverse IEC Definite Time User Programmable ASEA RI RXIDG (logarithmic) See chapter “Inverse time characteristics” in Technical Manual for the description of different characteristics Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 172 If the temperature of the protected object reaches a set alarm level AlarmTemp, a signal ALARM can be given to the operator. This enables actions in the power system to be taken before dangerous Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 173 Trip signal pulse length. SensAvailable: Indication for external temperature sensor availability. DefaultAmbTemp: Default ambient temperature used when external ambient temperature sensor is set to off or invalid. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 174 The signal is released when the estimated temperature is below the set value. This temperature value should be chosen below the alarm temperature. Breaker failure protection CCRWRBRF IP14514-1 v6 Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 175 Contact means retrip is done when circuit breaker is closed (breaker position is used). No CBPos Check means retrip is done without any check of breaker position. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 176 It is often required that the total fault clearance time shall be less than a given critical time. This time is often dependent of the ability of the power system to maintain transient stability in case of a fault close to a power plant. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 177 IPh> FollowStart Always external START be given if external current is above set external START START is present level *) disappears Table continues on next page Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 178 CBCLDLx input has START is present input has logical logical value zero or logical value one value one and external START external START is disappears present Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 179 *) or external level than I>BlkCBPos or START disappears CBCLDLx input has logical value one when current is smaller than I>BlkCBPos Table continues on next page Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 180 Overcurrent protection with binary release (BRPTOC) is a simple, non-directional two-phase overcurrent protection function with definite time delay. A single step is available within the function. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 181 8.9.1 Function revision history GUID-9B72080E-B886-4138-B8BC-CCB99C289C87 v2 Document Product History revision revision 2.2.1 2.2.1 2.2.1 2.2.1 2.2.4 2.2.4 2.2.5 2.2.6 2.2.6 New function introduced in RER670 2.2.6 Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 182 GlobalBaseSel defines the particular Global Base Values Group where the base quantities of the function are set. In that Global Base Values Group, these quantities shall be set as given in the following table: Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 183 To ensure a proper reset, the function is blocked two seconds after the trip signal is issued. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 184 EnBlkLowV: This parameter enables the internal block of the undervoltage stage for low voltage condition; the voltage level is defined by the parameter BlkLowVolt. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 185 Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 186 R the tank as explained in Figure 71. IN>>> IEC15000106-2-en.vsdx IEC15000106 V2 EN-US Figure 71: Behaviour of ground fault protection during an external fault Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 187 GBASVAL setting. GlobalBaseSel: Selects the global base value group used by the function to define (IBase). I>>>: Instantaneous peak current start value in % of IBase. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 189 Malfunctioning of a voltage regulator or wrong settings under manual control (symmetrical voltage decrease). Overload (symmetrical voltage decrease). Short circuits, often as phase-to-earth faults (unsymmetrical voltage decrease). Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 190 U2RWPTUV measures selectively phase-to-earth voltages, or phase-to-phase voltage chosen by the setting ConnType. The function will operate if the voltage Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 191 Refer to the section "Configuration example 3" to know how SMAI function blocks shall be configured for such installations. Two step overvoltage protection O2RWPTOV GUID-42CCBD71-1D8E-44A1-97D4-2391342FB76E v2 Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 192 In many cases, it is a useful function in circuits for local or remote automation processes in the power system. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 193 UBase is used. Therefore, always set UBase as rated primary phase-to-phase voltage of the protected object. This means operation for phase-to-earth voltage over: and operation for phase-to-phase voltage over: > × (%) UBase(kV) (Equation 66) EQUATION1993 V1 EN-US Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 194 9.3.1 Identification SEMOD54295-2 v6 Function description IEC 61850 IEC 60617 ANSI/IEEE C37.2 identification identification device number Two step residual overvoltage protection ROV2PTOV 2(U0>) IEC15000108 V1 EN-US Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 195 The IED is fed from a single voltage transformer connected to the neutral point of a power transformer in the power system. In this connection the protection is fed by the voltage UN=U Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 196 TRIP signal is issued. However, START signal is set and maintained as long as the measured quantity for operation is above the set start level of step. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 197 The UBase value should be set as a primary phase- to-phase value. Some applications and related setting guidelines for the frequency level are given below: Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 198 The load shedding is then performed firstly in areas with low voltage magnitude, which normally are the most problematic areas, where the load shedding also is most efficient. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 199 IMinOp: It must be set as a minimum to twice the residual current in the supervised CT circuits under normal service conditions and rated primary current. Ip>Block: It is normally set at 150% to block the function during transient conditions. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 200 (SBase) are set in the global base values for settings function GBASVAL. GlobalBaseSel: To select GBASVAL function for reference of base values. Operation: For fuse failure supervision Off/On. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 201 This information, for example, can be used in IED configuration logic to enable higher distance protection zones for catenary applications. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 202 All the other supervision modes like RMS/DFT Mag or Angle requires minimum one cycle for delta detection and can be used for time delay functions. 11.3.4 Setting guidelines GUID-9356F1C8-9EBA-43E3-8445-CB74E12BC57E v3 Operation: To enable/disable the delta supervision function. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 203 For time delayed functions, other modes can be used. Current based function can be used for load supervision also in DFT Mag based delta mode. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 204 • Thermal heat content (ɸ) • Energy The change over time of these quantities with respect to the old value can be supervised with this function. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 205 Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 207 The reference voltage can be phase-neutral L1, L2 or positive sequence. By setting the phases used for SESRSYN, with the settings SelPhaseBus and SelPhaseLine, a compensation has to be made Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 208 In steady conditions, a bigger phase angle difference can be allowed as this is sometimes the case in a long and loaded parallel power line. For this application Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 209 The line between CB A and CB B is energized (DLLB) from substation 1 via the circuit breaker A and energization of station 2 is done by CB B energization check device for that breaker DBLL. (or Both). Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 210 HMI, through selector switch function block, but alternatively there can for example, be a physical selector switch on the front of the panel which is connected to a binary to integer function block (B16I). Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 211 Control If the PSTO input is used, connected to the Local-Remote switch on the local HMI, the choice can also be from the station HMI system, typically Hitachi Energy Microscada through IEC 61850–8–1 communication. The connection example for selection of the manual energizing mode is shown in figure 75. Selected names are just examples but note that the symbol on the local HMI can only show the active position of the virtual selector.
  • Page 212 SelPhaseBus Configuration parameters for selecting the measuring phase of the voltage for busbar, which can be a single-phase (phase-neutral) or a positive sequence voltage. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 213 4-5 seconds. Higher values should be avoided as the two networks normally are regulated to nominal frequency independent of each other, so the frequency difference shall be small. FreqRateChange The maximum allowed rate of change for the frequency. CloseAngleMax Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 214 FreqDiffA setting is used. A typical value for FreqDiffM can be10 mHz, and a typical value for FreqDiffA can be 100-200 mHz. PhaseDiffM and PhaseDiffA Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 215 The parameters must therefore be set carefully to avoid overlapping. UMaxEnerg Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 216 Line service can then be resumed by automatic reclosing of the line breakers. The dead time selected should be long enough to ensure a high probability of arc de-ionization and successful reclosing. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 217 HSAR, or a longer delay, DAR. The second and following reclosing shots have a rather long delay. When multiple shots are used the dead time must harmonize with the breaker duty- cycle capacity. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 218 A number of conditions need to be fulfilled for the start to be accepted and a new auto reclosing cycle to be started. They are linked to dedicated inputs. The inputs are: Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 219 Should a new trip occur during this time, it is treated as a continuation of the first fault. The reclaim timer is started when the circuit breaker closing command is given. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 220 An example of lock-out logic. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 221 Auto recloser function parameters are set via the local HMI or Parameter Setting Tool (PST). Parameter Setting Tool is a part of PCM600. Recommendations for input signals M12399-7 v10 Please see Figure and default factory configuration for examples. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 222 OR-gate can be used to combine the number of start sources. If StartByCBOpen is used, the circuit breaker open condition shall also be connected to the START input. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 223 COUNTT1, COUNTT2, COUNTT3, COUNTT4 and COUNTT5 Indicates the number of auto reclosing shots made for respective shot. COUNTAR Indicates the total number of auto reclosing shots made. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 224 Also ABORTED output will be activated. UNSUCCL Indicates unsuccessful reclosing. Connection and setting examples Figure shows an example of how to connect the auto recloser. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 225 A typical setting of tLongStartInh could be close to the auto reclosing dead time. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 226 The auto recloser will reset and enter “inactive” status if a new start is given during the final reclaim time. The auto reclosing sequence is considered unsuccessful and the UNSUCCL output is activated. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 227 The complete apparatus control function is not included in this product, and the information below is included for understanding of the principle for the use of QCBAY, LOCREM, LOCREMCTRL and SXCBR. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 228 Circuit breaker SXCBR • Circuit switch SXSWI • Bay control QCBAY • Bay reserve QCRSV • Reservation input RESIN • Local remote LOCREM • Local remote control LOCREMCTRL Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 229 The extension of the signal flow and the usage of the GOOSE communication are shown in Figure IEC 61850 en05000116.vsd IEC05000116 V2 EN-US Figure 82: Signal flow between apparatus control function blocks when all functions are situated within the IED Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 230 If the requested command is accepted by the authority control, the value will change. Otherwise the attribute blocked-by-switching-hierarchy is set in the cause signal. If the PSTO value is changed during a command, then the command is aborted. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 231 QCBAY also provides blocking functions that can be distributed to different apparatuses within the bay. There are two different blocking alternatives: • Blocking of update of positions • Blocking of commands Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 232 The switch controller is not dependent on the type of switching device SXCBR or SXSWI. The switch controller represents the content of the SCSWI logical node (according to IEC 61850) with mandatory functionality. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 233 Figure 86). The data to GOOSEXLNRCV is used when using process bus and MU. Signals from MU are sent via GOOSE over the process bus. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 234 All the information from the XLNPROXY to the SCSWI about command following status, causes for failed command and selection status is transferred in the output XPOS. The other outputs may be Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 235 When information is needed from other bays, it is exchanged over the station bus between the distributed IEDs. The problem that arises, even at a high speed of communication, is a Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 236 Figure 88. This solution is realized with external auxiliary relays and extra binary inputs and outputs in each IED, but without use of function blocks QCRSV and RESIN. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 237 The Reservation (QCRSV) deals with the reservation function. • The Protection trip logic (SMPPTRC) connects the "trip" outputs of one or more protection functions to a common "trip" to be transmitted to SXCBR. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 238 SCSWI Open/Close Process (Disconnector) (Switching control) Control) Open/Close Position IEC05000120-3-EN.vsdx IEC05000120 V3 EN-US Figure 90: Example overview of the interactions between functions in a typical bay Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 239 Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 240 The SwitchType setting controls the evaluation of the operating capability. If SwitchType is set to Circuit Breaker, the input OPCAP is interpreted as a breaker operating capability, otherwise it is interpreted as a switch operating capability. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 241 This means that switch interlock, because of device alarms, is not included in this section. Disconnectors and earthing switches have a limited switching capacity. Disconnectors may therefore only operate: Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 242 The interlocking for line bay (ABC_LINE) function is used for a line connected to a double busbar arrangement with a transfer busbar according to figure 92. The function can also be used for a Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 243 The switch status for QB7 is valid. EXDU_BPB No transmission error from the bay that contains the above information. For bay n, these conditions are valid: Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 244 VP_BC_27 The switch status of BC_27 is valid. EXDU_BC No transmission error from any bus-coupler bay (BC). These signals from each bus-coupler bay (ABC_BC) are needed: Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 245 The switch status of bus-section coupler BS is valid. EXDU_BS No transmission error from the bay that contains the above information. For a line bay in section 1, these conditions are valid: Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 246 In the functional block diagram, 0 and 1 are designated 0=FALSE and 1=TRUE: • QB7_OP = 1 • QB7_CL = 0 • QC71_OP = 1 • QC71_CL = 0 Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 247 WA1 (A) WA2 (B) WA7 (C) QB20 en04000514.vsd IEC04000514 V1 EN-US Figure 96: Switchyard layout ABC_BC Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 248 If the busbar is divided by bus-section disconnectors into bus-sections, the signals BBTR are connected in parallel - if both bus-section disconnectors are closed. So for the basic project-specific logic for BBTR above, add this logic: Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 249 Signals to a bus-coupler bay in section 1 from any bays in each section For a bus-coupler bay in section 2, the same conditions as above are valid by changing section 1 to section 2 and vice versa. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 250 The switch status of bus-section coupler BS is valid. EXDU_BS No transmission error from the bay containing the above information. For a bus-coupler bay in section 1, these conditions are valid: Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 251 QC21_CL = 0 • BC_12_CL = 0 • VP_BC_12 = 1 • BBTR_OP = 1 • VP_BBTR = 1 12.4.4 Interlocking for transformer bay AB_TRAFO IP14149-1 v2 Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 252 Busbars divided by bus-section disconnectors (circuit breakers) The project-specific logic for input signals concerning bus-coupler are the same as the specific logic for the line bay (ABC_LINE): Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 253 WA2 (A2) en04000516.vsd A1A2_BS IEC04000516 V1 EN-US Figure 104: Switchyard layout A1A2_BS M15111-4 v3 The signals from other bays connected to the module A1A2_BS are described below. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 254 No transmission error from the bay that contains the above information. For a bus-section circuit breaker between A1 and A2 section busbars, these conditions are valid: Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 255 Signals from any bays for a bus-section circuit breaker between sections A1 and For a bus-section circuit breaker between B1 and B2 section busbars, these conditions are valid: Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 256 QA1 open circuit breaker is not used or the state for BBTR is set to open. That is, no busbar transfer is in progress in this bus-section: • BBTR_OP = 1 • VP_BBTR = 1 12.4.6 Interlocking for bus-section disconnector A1A2_DC IP14159-1 v2 Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 257 No transmission error from any bay that contains the above information. These signals from each line bay (ABC_LINE), each transformer bay (AB_TRAFO), and each bus- coupler bay (ABC_BC) are needed: Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 258 Figure 110: Signals from any bays in section A1 to a bus-section disconnector For a bus-section disconnector, these conditions from the A2 busbar section are valid: Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 259 Figure 112: Signals from any bays in section B1 to a bus-section disconnector For a bus-section disconnector, these conditions from the B2 busbar section are valid: Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 260 The switch status of all disconnectors on bus-section 2 is valid. EXDU_BB No transmission error from double-breaker bay (DB) that contains the above information. These signals from each double-breaker bay (DB_BUS) are needed: Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 261 Figure 116: Signals from double-breaker bays in section A2 to a bus-section disconnector For a bus-section disconnector, these conditions from the B1 busbar section are valid: Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 262 IEC04000503 V1 EN-US Figure 119: Busbars divided by bus-section disconnectors (circuit breakers) The project-specific logic is the same as for the logic for the double-breaker configuration. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 263 No transmission error from any bay containing the above information. These signals from each line bay (ABC_LINE), each transformer bay (AB_TRAFO), and each bus- coupler bay (ABC_BC) are needed: Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 264 No transmission error from the bay BS (bus-section coupler bay) that contains the above information. For a busbar earthing switch, these conditions from the A1 busbar section are valid: Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 265 Signals from any bays in section A2 to a busbar earthing switch in the same section For a busbar earthing switch, these conditions from the B1 busbar section are valid: Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 266 Signals from any bays in section B2 to a busbar earthing switch in the same section For a busbar earthing switch on bypass busbar C, these conditions are valid: Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 267 B are used. The same type of module (A1A2_DC) is used for different busbars, that is, for both bus-section disconnectors A1A2_DC and B1B2_DC. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 268 The interlocking for a double busbar double circuit breaker bay including DB_BUS_A, DB_BUS_B and DB_LINE functions are used for a line connected to a double busbar arrangement according to figure 129. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 269 The interlocking for 1 1/2 breaker diameter (BH_CONN, BH_LINE_A, BH_LINE_B) functions are used for lines connected to a 1 1/2 breaker diameter according to figure 130. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 270 QB9_OP = VOLT_OFF • QB9_CL = VOLT_ON If there is no voltage supervision, then set the corresponding inputs as follows: • VOLT_OFF = 1 • VOLT_ON = 0 Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 271 Via the Signal Matrix tool in PCM600, the contacts on the binary input card are then directly connected to the • inputs B1 – B6 on TCMYLTC function • or inputs B1 – B32 on TCLYLTC function. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 272 The truth table (see table 30) shows the conversion for Binary, Binary Coded Decimal, and Gray coded signals. Table 30: Binary, BCD and Gray conversion IEC06000522 V1 EN-US Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 273 The measurement of the tap changer position via MIM module is based on the principle that the specified mA input signal range (usually 4-20 mA) is divided into N intervals corresponding to the Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 274 TCMYLTC and TCLYLTC Setting group SEMOD171501-157 v3 General Operation: Switching the TCMYLTC or TCLYLTC function On/Off. IBase: Base current in primary Ampere for the HV-side of the transformer. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 275 StopAtExtremes: Sets the behavior of the switch at the end positions – if set to Disabled, when pressing UP while on first position, the switch will jump to the last position; when pressing DOWN at Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 276 Also, being accessible on the single line diagram (SLD), this function block has two control modes (settable through CtlModel): Dir Norm and SBO Enh. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 277 SEMOD55398-5 v5 The function does not have any parameters available in the local HMI or PCM600. 12.9 Single point generic control 8 signals SPC8GAPC SEMOD176448-1 v3 Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 278 To operate an AUTOBITS output point, send a control-code of latch-On, latch-Off, pulse-On, pulse-Off, Trip or Close. The remaining parameters are regarded as Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 279 An open breaker operation is performed in a similar way but without the synchro-check condition. This function is only used for SPA and LON communication. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 280 Function n SINGLECMD Function n CMDOUTy OUTy en04000207.vsd IEC04000207 V2 EN-US Figure 133: Application example showing a logic diagram for control of built-in functions Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 281 12.12.2 Application GUID-11110C3C-33A3-4B36-9D85-F112334B29D1 v2 The transformer core may become saturated due to an abrupt change in the voltage applied to it. This may be caused by: Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 282 The controlled close operation of a transformer from the XENCPOW function is based on the voltage waveform and circuit breaker operating time. The voltage waveform is traced using the input signal Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 283 Refer to the transformer manufacturer’s operating requirements for the UHighLimit and ULowLimit settings. Refer to the transformer circuit breaker manufacturer’s operating requirements for the tBreaker and tPulse settings. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 285 Inadequate speed or dependability can cause spurious tripping for external faults. Inadequate security can cause delayed tripping for internal faults. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 286 (CS) resets before the overreaching zone has started at the remote terminal. To assure a sufficient Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 287 Set the tSendMin to zero in this case. There is no need to delay the trip at receipt of the signal, so set the timer tCoord to zero. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 288 The parameters for the scheme communication logic function are set via the local HMI or PCM600. Configure the zones used for the CS send and for scheme communication tripping by using the ACT configuration tool. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 289 M13869-62 v5 Set Operation = On Set SchemeType = Intertrip Set tCoord = 50 ms (10 ms + maximal transmission time) Table continues on next page Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 290 B2 at B side. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 291 Common base IED values for the primary current (IBase), primary voltage (UBase) and primary power (SBase) are set in global base values for settings function GBASVAL. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 292 13.3.1 Function revision history GUID-F53CEDFF-DD1E-4FC2-A8AF-85DD40DBF71B v2 Document Product History revision revision 2.2.1 2.2.2 2.2.2 2.2.2 2.2.3 2.2.3 2.2.3 2.2.4 2.2.4 2.2.4 Table continues on next page Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 293 Set the tSecurity to 35 ms. 13.3.4 Setting guidelines M13920-4 v7 The parameters for the scheme communication logic for residual overcurrent protection function are set via the local HMI or PCM600. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 294 IED at B2. IEC9900043-2.vsd IEC99000043 V3 EN-US Figure 141: Current distribution for a fault close to B side when all breakers are closed Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 295 A minimum tDelayRev setting of 40 ms is recommended. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 296 The recommended minimum setting is two times the false zero-sequence voltage during normal service conditions. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 297 TRIN to combine the different function outputs to this input. Connect the output TRIP to the binary outputs on the IO board. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 298 Example of directional data GUID-08AC09AB-2B2F-4095-B06E-1171CF225869 v4 An example how to connect the directional data from different application functions to the trip function is given below, see Figure 146: Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 299 TRIP activation, for example, if the TRIP signal of PHPIOC is connected to the TRINALL signal of the SMPPTRC function. The functionality is shown in Figure 147. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 300 The following trip parameters can be set to regulate tripping. Operation: Sets the mode of operation. Off switches the tripping off. The normal selection is On. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 301 Setting Description Default value Operation Operation Off/On GlobalBaseSel Selection of one of the Global Base Value groups IP>> Operate phase current level in % of IBase Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 302 Reported fault data on occurrence of trip event from PHPIOC function GUID-99E2A09C-305C-4EFC-BAA3-02B7F3D4C11C V1 EN-US Figure 150: Connection diagram of PHPIOC and SMPPTRC functions for Invalid Data Reporting Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 303 0.150 seconds in order to obtain satisfactory minimum duration of the trip pulse to the circuit breaker trip coils. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 304 WRNCALH output signal WARNING and the physical outputs allows the user to adapt the warning signal to physical tripping outputs according to the specific application needs. 14.4.1.2 Setting guidelines GUID-B08F2636-33DA-4937-92EB-1A8AC0909AB4 v2 Operation On or Off Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 305 For controllable gates, settable timers and SR flip-flops with memory, the setting parameters are accessible via the local HMI or via the PST tool. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 306 The Fixed signals function (FXDSIGN) has nine pre-set (fixed) output signals that can be used in the configuration of an IED, either for forcing the unused inputs in other function blocks to a certain level/ Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 307 Boolean 16 to Integer conversion B16I SEMOD175715-1 v1 14.8.1 Identification SEMOD175721-2 v2 Function description IEC 61850 IEC 60617 ANSI/IEEE C37.2 identification identification device number Boolean 16 to integer conversion B16I Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 308 65535. 65535 is the highest boolean value that can be converted to an integer by the B16I function block. 14.9 Boolean to integer conversion with logical node representation, 16 bit BTIGAPC SEMOD175753-1 v4 Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 309 65535. 65535 is the highest boolean value that can be converted to an integer by the BTIGAPC function block. 14.10 Integer to Boolean 16 conversion IB16 SEMOD158367-1 v2 Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 310 The sum of the numbers in column “Value when activated” when all INx (where 1≤x≤16) are active that is=1; is 65535. 65535 is the highest boolean value that can be converted to an integer by the IB16 function block. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 311 The sum of the numbers in column “Value when activated” when all OUTx (1≤x≤16) are active equals 65535. This is the highest integer that can be converted by the ITBGAPC function block. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 312 Comparator for integer inputs - INTCOMP 14.13.1 Identification GUID-5992B0F2-FC1B-4838-9BAB-2D2542BB264D v1 Function description IEC 61850 IEC 60617 ANSI/IEEE C37.2 identification identification device number Comparison of integer values INTCOMP Int<=> Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 313 Similarly for signed comparison between input and setting Set the EnaAbs = Signed Set the RefSource = Set Value SetValue shall be set between -2000000000 to 2000000000 Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 314 RefPrefix: To set the unit of the reference value for comparison when setting RefSource is selected as SetValue. It has 5 unit selections and they are Milli, Unity, Kilo, Mega and Giga. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 315 INPUT and REF. Then the settings should be adjusted as below, EnaAbs = Absolute RefSource = Input REF EqualBandHigh = 5.0 % of reference value EqualBandLow = 5.0 % of reference value. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 317 Measurements CVMMXN IEC15000112 V1 EN-US Phase current measurement CMMXU IEC15000116 V1 EN-US Phase-phase voltage measurement VMMXU IEC15000117 V1 EN-US Table continues on next page Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 318 The RMS measurement is often required for railway power systems which are typically polluted by harmonics. The measurement function CVMMXN is located under: Main menu /Measurement /Monitoring / Service values /CVMMXN Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 319 I1 is handled by IL1ZeroDb in CMMXU, and so on. Example of CVMMXN operation Outputs seen on the local HMI under Main menu/Measurements /Monitoring/ Servicevalues(P_Q) /CVMMXN(P_Q): Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 320 It can be set as RMS, if true RMS value over one cycle is required. The following general settings can be set for the Phase-phase voltage measurement (VMMXU): Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 321 (example). The first phase will be used as reference channel and compared with the curve for calculation of factors. The factors will then be used for all related channels. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 322 The actual reported values from the IED are dependent on the logic configuration made in PCM600. Measurement function application for a 110kV OHL SEMOD54481-12 v11 Single line diagram for this application is given in figure 158: Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 323 Zero point clamping in 0.001% of 1000 Set zero point clamping to 0,66 MW that is, 1% of range 66 MW Table continues on next page Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 324 The power P&Q measurement is needed towards busbar (not towards IED, as default). Proper inversion of current should be done in SMAI block for the current channels in order to get correct Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 325 2.2.5 2.2.6 2.2.6 15.2.2 Identification GUID-AD96C26E-C3E5-4B21-9ED6-12E540954AC3 v5 Function description IEC 61850 IEC 60617 ANSI/IEEE C37.2 identification identification device number Insulation gas monitoring function SSIMG Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 326 Liquid medium supervision SSIML GUID-37669E94-4830-4C96-8A67-09600F847F23 v4 15.3.1 Function revision history GUID-751C8C78-891D-423B-825A-0774D0B6C658 v3 Document Product History revision revision 2.2.1 2.2.1 2.2.2 2.2.3 2.2.3 2.2.4 Table continues on next page Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 327 For the temperature lockout indication to reset after a set time delay in s. tResetTempAlm: For the temperature alarm indication to reset after a set time delay in s. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 328 Circuit breaker manufacturers provide the number of make-break operations possible at various interrupted currents. An example is shown in figure 160. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 329 Therefore, it is necessary to accurately estimate the erosion of the contacts and condition of interrupters using cumulative summation of I . The factor "y" depends on the type of Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 330 Setting procedure on the IED GUID-4E895FEA-74BF-4B11-A239-0574F8FF5188 v6 The parameters for breaker monitoring (SSCBR) can be set via the local HMI or Protection and Control Manager (PCM600). Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 331 AccmAbrClcMod: Accumulated contact abrasion calculation mode. OpTmDelay: Time delay between change of status of trip output and start of main contact separation. 15.5 Event function EVENT IP14590-1 v2 Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 332 It is important to set the time interval for cyclic events in an optimized way to minimize the load on the station bus. 15.6 Disturbance report DRPRDRE IP14584-1 v2 Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 333 Disturbance report function is characterized by great flexibility as far as configuration, starting conditions, recording times, and storage capacity are concerned. Thus, disturbance report is not Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 334 (AxRADR), which is used by Fault locator (FL) after estimation by Trip Value Recorder (TVR). Disturbance report function acquires information from both AxRADR and BxRBDR. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 335 The operation of Disturbance report function DRPRDRE has to be set On or Off. If Off is selected, note that no disturbance report is registered, and none sub-function will operate (the only general parameter that influences Event list (EL)). Operation = Off: Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 336 (PostFaultrecT or TimeLimit) period is terminated. If a new trig occurs during the post-fault period and lasts longer than the proceeding recording a new complete recording will be started. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 337 IndicationMaN: Indication mask for binary input N. If set (Show), a status change of that particular input, will be fetched and shown in the disturbance summary on local HMI. If not set (Hide), status change will not be indicated. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 338 Remember that values of parameters set elsewhere are linked to the information on a report. Such parameters are, for example, station and object identifiers, CT and VT ratios. 15.7 Logical signal status report BINSTATREP GUID-E7A2DB38-DD96-4296-B3D5-EB7FBE77CE07 v2 Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 339 The limit counter provides four independent limits to be checked against the accumulated counted value. The four limit reach indication outputs can be utilized to initiate proceeding actions. The output indicators remain high until the reset of the function. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 340 > tWarning. The limit for the overflow supervision is fixed at 99999.9 hours. The setting tAddToTime is a user settable time parameter in hours. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 341 Fault location algorithms for a single line will thus not meet accuracy requirements in railway supply system. This can be explained by considering an example of transmission line with 3 sections as shown in the Figure 163: Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 342 The calculated distance-to-fault is stored together with the recorded disturbances. Information can be read on the local HMI or uploaded to PCM600. Is also available on the station bus according to IEC 61850-8-1. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 343 Thus, interference with the communication systems reduces. Example of classical single phase feeding with booster transformer is shown in Figure 166. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 344 PHSELL2 should be connected to FALSE. The line section details required to provide is the loop impedance (LineLengthx, R1Lx, and X1Lx, where x is section number). Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 345 Recalculate the fault location by changing the fault type information. Figure indicates the recalculate menu available in the LHMI. IEC17000218-1-en.vsdx IEC17000218 V1 EN-US Figure 169: Recalculate menu in LHMI Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 346 RWRFLO function should set for the NrOfSections. Since number of transmission line sections is three, the NrOfSections should also be set to three (3). Table provides the system line specifications for three transmission lines. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 347 XEOverXL3 = The positive sequence reactance. REOverRL3 should be set as 0.219. Traction AT based supply system (SystemType = TractionAT) Refer to Figure and the line parameters shown in Table 42. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 348 Voltage distortion appears to have a little effect on operation of nonlinear loads connected, either phase-to-phase or phase-to- Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 349 Common base IED values for primary current (IBase) is set in the global base values for settings function GBASVAL. GlobalBaseSel: To select GBASVAL function for reference of base values. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 350 It defines the alarm time limit for the calculated eighth harmonic distortion which is applied after the warning signal pickup and depends on its sustainability. WrnLimit9thHD: It defines the warning limit for the calculated ninth harmonic distortion. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 351 AC system, that will result in harmonic voltage distortion of the power supply system. Traction power supply system creates power quality problems to the corresponding grid, which can cause: Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 352 WrnLimit4thHD: It defines the warning limit for the calculated fourth harmonic distortion. According to standard IEEE 519-2014, harmonic voltage distortions on power system 161 kV and above is limited to 1.0% for each individual harmonic. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 353 GUID-B976D374-CB18-441E-9A12-D4B351D6BF7F v1 15.13.1 Function revision history GUID-0AA99E78-0C76-48B5-AA00-8E3201C0D263 v2 Document Product History revision revision 2.2.1 2.2.1 2.2.2 2.2.3 2.2.3 2.2.3 2.2.4 2.2.4 Table continues on next page Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 354 Fundamental DFT voltage magnitude and angle of individual phases at the instant of triggering (FLTULxMAG/FLTULxANG) Figure 171 shows the maximum peak and RMS current calculation during a trip event. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 355 TRIGFLTUI. PostTrig: To set the number of power system cycles to be considered for fault event data window after the positive edge of binary input TRIGFLTUI. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 356 1000 A System Frequency 16.7 Hz VT ratio 100 kV/100V CT ratio 1000/1A IEC21000000246 V1 EN-US Figure 172: Current and voltage signals in the considered system Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 357 The instantaneous phase overcurrent protection function (PHPIOC) has operated, and with the setting parameter IP>> value set as 400, trip signal becomes active at 4.434 s. This trip signal is Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 358 The reference for the angle outputs can be set by DFTReference setting parameter in SMAI function. In this example, the fundamental DFT angle of phase L1 voltage is considered as the reference for the angle outputs. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 359 16.2 Function for energy calculation and demand handling ETPMMTR SEMOD153638-1 v2 Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 360 50 kV and 3000 A. After that the accumulation will start on zero again. 16.2.3 Setting guidelines SEMOD175556-4 v7 The parameters are set via the local HMI or PCM600. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 361 For the advanced user there are a number of settings for direction, zero clamping, max limit, and so on. Normally, the default values are suitable for these parameters. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 363 The protocols are not activated/deactivated in ECT, only filtered for the specific access point. For information on how to activate the individual communication protocols, see the communication protocol chapters. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 364 If the user sets an IP address and Subnet mask that violates subnetting rules, then the following pop- up will be shown before the user tries to save the changes. GUID-CEE770E3-3664-4243-9CAE-E0CEB19AFE9B V1 EN-US Figure 176: Error User Options Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 365 Parallel Redundancy Protocol (PRP) and High-availability Seamless Redundancy (HSR) provides redundant communication over station bus running the available communication protocols. The redundant communication uses two Ethernet ports. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 366 HSR. The settings for the next access point will be hidden and PhyPortB will show the second port information. Redundant communication is activated after a common write to IED is done. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 367 When configuring RER670 for 9-2LE streams in a 16.7Hz system, the IED shall be set to 16.7Hz and the MU to 50Hz (4kHz sampling). Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 368 Operation for the route can be set to On/Off by checking and unchecking the check-box in the operation column. Gateway specifies the address of the gateway. Destination specifies the destination. Destination subnet mask specifies the subnetwork mask of the destination. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 369 IEC 61850–8–1 configuration. IEC 61850–8–1 specifies only the interface to the substation LAN. The LAN itself is left to the system integrator. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 370 18.2.2 Setting guidelines SEMOD55317-5 v7 There are two settings related to the IEC 61850–8–1 protocol: Operation: User can set IEC 61850 communication to On or Off. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 371 Function block type Data Type GOOSEBINRCV 16 single point GOOSEINTLKRCV 2 single points 16 double points GOOSEDPRCV Double point GOOSEINTRCV Integer Table continues on next page Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 372 The process bus physical layout can be arranged in several ways, described in Annex B of the standard, depending on what are the needs for sampled data in a substation. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 373 The electronic part of a non-conventional measuring transducer (like a Rogowski coil or a capacitive divider) can represent a MU by itself as long as it can send sampled data over process bus. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 374 SMAI function blocks exist in different cycle times, and all the SMAI blocks that receive SV streams from the merging units must have the block input signal configured in the same way to get the correct behavior. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 375 Binary signals over LDCM are transmitted as valid and processed normally even when analog signals are transmitted as invalid due to loss of communication or loss of time synchronization. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 376 IED to be synchronized via PPS,IRIG-B or PTP. It is also possible to use an internal GPS receiver in the IED (if the external clock is using GPS). Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 377 IED • MUSYNCH signal on the MUx function block monitors the synchronization flag smpSynch in the datastream and IED hardware time synchronization. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 378 Setting example when MU is the synchronizing source Settings on the local HMI under Main menu/Configuration/Time/Synchronization/ TIMESYNCHGEN:1/IEC61850-9-2: • HwSyncSrc: set to PPS as generated by the MU (Hitachi Energy MU) • SyncLostMode : set to Block to block protection functions if time synchronization is lost •...
  • Page 379 No time synchronization This example is not valid when GPS time is used for differential protection, when PTP is enabled or when the PMU report is used. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 380 IED as per the IEC 61850-7-3 standard. This component can be used during the ACT monitoring to get the particular channel quality of the Merging Unit. Figure depicts the usage of the quality expander block in ACT. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 381 SLM card should be ordered for the IEDs. The fiber optic LON bus is implemented using either glass core or plastic core fiber optic cables. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 382 The communication speed of the LON bus is set to the default of 1.25 Mbit/s. This can be changed by LNT. 18.4.2 MULTICMDRCV and MULTICMDSND SEMOD119881-1 v3 Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 383 Remote monitoring Substation LAN IEC05000715-4-en.vsd IEC05000715 V4 EN-US Figure 193: SPA communication structure for a remote monitoring system via a substation LAN, WAN and utility LAN Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 384 Refer to technical data to determine the rated communication speed for the selected communication interfaces. The IED does not adapt its speed to the actual communication conditions because the communication speed is set on the local HMI. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 385 103, Companion standard for the informative interface of protection equipment. 18.6.1.2 Design M17109-41 v1 General M17109-43 v2 The protocol implementation consists of the following functions: Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 386 FUNCTION TYPE parameter for each block in the private range, and the INFORMATION NUMBER parameter for each input signal. • Supervision indications in monitor direction Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 387 A1RADR to A4RADR. The eight first ones belong to the public range and the remaining ones to the private range. 18.6.2 Settings M17109-116 v1 Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 388 • CycMeasRepTime: See I103MEAS function block for more information. • EventRepMode: Defines the mode for how events are reported. The event buffer size is 5000 events. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 389 Table 49: Channels on disturbance recorder sent with a given ACC DRA#-Input IEC 60870-5-103 meaning Private range Private range Private range Table continues on next page Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 390 RED 192 Compatible range RET 176 Compatible range REB 207 Private range REG 150 Private range REQ 245 Private range RER 152 Private range RES 118 Private range Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 391 DNP3 Communication protocol 18.7.1 Application GUID-EF1F0C38-9FF6-4683-8B10-AAA372D42185 v1 For more information on the application and setting guidelines for the DNP3 communication protocol refer to the DNP3 Communication protocol manual. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 393 LDCM in analog mode shall be used with caution. Important to know when connecting LDCM to SMAI function block with 3 or 8 ms cycle time. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 394 197. The distance to be covered with this solution is up to typical 3km (SR), 80km (MR) and 110km (LR). Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 395 This setting does not apply to two-end communication. Blocked IED does not use data from the LDCM Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 396 An optical budget calculation should be made for the actual case. For medium range LDCM and long range LDCM the recommendation is to use the LowPower setting to minimize the power consumption and keep the heat dissipation at minimum. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 397 Repair splices 0.25 dB 0.25 dB 0.4 dB 0.6 dB Fiber margin for aging 0.2 dB 0.3 dB 0.8 dB 1.2 dB Table continues on next page Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 398 CompRange should be set such that the maximum through-fault current falls within this range. Therefore, CompRange should be set to nearest value >/= √2* Maximum through-fault current. When Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 399 1MRK506375-UEN Rev. N Section 19 Remote communication the CompRange is set below the maximum through-fault current, it can create false differential current during external fault. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 401 PC with PCM600 installed and by using the Event Monitoring Tool. The PC can either be connected to the front port, or to the port at the back of the IED. 20.3 Change lock CHNGLCK GUID-B48775D0-ACF0-49C6-A7F6-69AF37F1C68F v1 Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 402 CHNGLCK input, that logic must be designed so that it cannot permanently issue a logical one to the CHNGLCK input. If such a situation would occur in spite of these precautions, then please contact the local Hitachi Energy representative for remedial action.
  • Page 403 LinkStatus indicates the Ethernet link status for the front port 20.4.2 Setting guidelines GUID-CE3344E8-539B-47E0-9C19-8239988BDBCF v3 The function does not have any parameters available in the local HMI or PCM600. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 405 ProductionDate • IEDProdType Figure 199: IED summary This information is very helpful when interacting with Hitachi Energy product support (for example during repair and maintenance). 21.2.2 Factory defined settings M11789-39 v11 The factory defined settings are very useful for identifying a specific version and very helpful in the case of maintenance, repair, interchanging IEDs between different Substation Automation Systems and upgrading.
  • Page 406 21.3.3 Setting guidelines SEMOD113223-4 v2 There are no settable parameters for the measured values expander block function. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 407 The rated system frequency and phase rotation direction are set under Main menu /Configuration / Power system / Primary Values in the local HMI and PCM600 parameter setting tree. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 408 Application Configuration tool. These names will define SMBI function in the Signal Matrix tool. The user defined name for the input or output signal will also appear on the respective output or input signal. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 409 TESTMODE are described in Communication protocol manual, IEC 61850 Edition 1 and Edition 2. There is no setting in PCM600 via PST for the TESTMODE function block. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 410 The block status of a component is shown on the LHMI as the Blk output under the same path as for Beh: Main menu/Test/Function status/Function group /Function block descriptive name/LN name/Outputs. If the Blk output is not shown, the component cannot be blocked. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 411 1us accuracy on three levels or when using an HSR, 15 IEDs can be connected in a ring without losing a single microsecond in accuracy. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 412 The PTP VLAN tag does not need to be the same on all access points in one IED. It is possible to mix as long as they are the same for all devices on each subnet. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 413 If either PMU or LDCM in GPS-mode is used, that is, the hardware and software clocks are connected to each other, HwSyncSrc is not used and other means to synchronize the merging unit to Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 414 45 ms, and this will continue for up to 10 minutes. To avoid this, configure PTP (IEEE 1588) to On for the access point where the merging unit is configured. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 415 So far remanence factors of maximum 80% have been considered when CT requirements have been decided for Hitachi Energy IEDs. Even in the future this level of remanent flux probably will be the maximum level that will be considered when decided the CT requirements.
  • Page 416 VHR type CTs (i.e. with new material) to be used together with Hitachi Energy protection IEDs. However, this may result in unacceptably big CT cores, which can be difficult to manufacture and fit in available space.
  • Page 417 The current error of the current transformer can limit the possibility to use a very sensitive setting of a sensitive residual overcurrent protection. If a very sensitive setting of this function will be used it is Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 418 The characteristic of the non remanence type CT (TPZ) is not well defined as far as the phase angle error is concerned. If no explicit recommendation is given for a specific function we therefore recommend contacting Hitachi Energy to confirm that the non remanence type can be used.
  • Page 419 = 3 for primary time constant Tp > 100 and £ 400 ms k = 4 for primary time constant Tp £ 50 ms k = 5 for primary time constant Tp > 50 and £ 150 ms Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 420 In this case Equation is the only necessary requirement. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 421 If the directional overcurrent function is used the CTs must have a rated equivalent limiting secondary e.m.f. E that is larger than or equal to the required rated equivalent limiting secondary e.m.f. E alreq below: Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 422 The burden of a REx670 current input channel (VA). S =0.020 VA / channel for IR = 1 A and S 0.150 VA / channel for IR = 5 A Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 423 Maximum primary fundamental frequency two-phase fault current that passes the CTs and the power transformer (A). The resistance of the single secondary wire and additional load (Ω). Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 424 80 % of the E . Therefore, the CTs according to class PX, PXR, X and TPS must have a rated knee point e.m.f. E that fulfills the following: knee Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 425 6.503 of the standard. CVTs according to all classes can be used. The protection IED has effective filters for these transients, which gives secure and correct operation with CVTs. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 426 • Buffer memory <250 μs, <100 μs asymmetric difference • Format.G 704 frame, structured etc.Format. • No CRC-check Synchronization in PDH systems connected to SDH systems Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 427 In principle the accuracy of the current and voltage transformers, together with the merging unit, shall have the same quality as direct input of currents and voltages. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 429 Nations-sponsored standards body within the International Telecommunications Union. CAN carrier module CCVT Capacitive Coupled Voltage Transformer Class C Protection Current Transformer class as per IEEE/ ANSI CMPPS Combined megapulses per second Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 430 Dynamic random access memory Disturbance report handler Digital signal processor Direct transfer trip scheme Ethernet configuration tool EHV network Extra high voltage network Electronic Industries Association Electromagnetic compatibility Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 431 IEC 60870-5-103 Communication standard for protection equipment. A serial master/slave protocol for point-to-point communication IEC 61850 Substation automation communication standard Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 432 Local detection device Light-emitting diode LON network tool Local operating network Miniature circuit breaker Mezzanine carrier module Milli-ampere module Main processing module MVAL Value of measurement Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 433 A balanced serial interface for the transmission of digital data in point-to- point connections RS485 Serial link according to EIA standard RS485 Real-time clock Remote terminal unit Substation Automation Select-before-operate Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 434 TPZ, TPY, TPX, TPS Current transformer class according to IEC Transformer Module. This module transforms currents and voltages taken from the process into levels suitable for further signal processing. Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 435 Three times zero-sequence current.Often referred to as the residual or the earth-fault current Three times the zero sequence voltage. Often referred to as the residual voltage or the neutral point voltage Railway application RER670 Application manual © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...
  • Page 438 Hitachi Energy Sweden AB Grid Automation Products SE-721 59 Västerås, Sweden Phone +46 (0) 10 738 00 00 https://hitachienergy.com/protection-control Scan this QR code to visit our website © 2017 - 2023 Hitachi Energy. All rights reserved...

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