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Yamaha Portatone PSR-160 Owner's Manual

Yamaha portatone owner's manual
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  Summary of Contents for Yamaha Portatone PSR-160

  • Page 2: Special Message Section

    Yamaha. This product should be used only with the components supplied or; a cart, rack, or stand that is recommended by Yamaha. If a cart, etc., is used, please observe all safety markings and instructions that accompany the accessory product.
  • Page 3 SAVING USER DATA • Always save data to an external device such as the Yamaha MIDI data filer MDF3 frequently, in order to help prevent the loss of important data due to a malfunction or user operating error.
  • Page 4: Main Features

    DJ ... page 22 The DJ feature is an exciting new addition to the PSR-160, that puts a wealth of contemporary sounds and rhythms at your fingertips. Pressing the [DJ] button instantly calls up one of the special DJ songs (“DJ GAME”) and a DJ style, and provides the appropriate voice and sound effects to match.
  • Page 5: Table Of Contents

    Panel Controls and Terminals ... 6 Setting Up... 8 Power Requirements ...8 Turning On the Power...8 Accessory Jacks ...9 Quick Guide Step 1 Voices ... 10 Step 2 Songs... 12 Step 3 Auto Accompaniment ... 14 Step 4 Lesson ... 16 Getting Started —...
  • Page 6: Panel Controls And Terminals

    Panel Controls and Terminals Front Panel q Power switch ([STANDBY/ON]) w [MASTER VOLUME] dial This determines the overall volume of the PSR-160. e [Dict.] (DICTIONARY) button This calls up the Dictionary function (See page 41). r LESSON [L] (Left) and [R] (Right) buttons These call up the Lesson exercises for the correspond- ing hand (left or right) for the selected song.
  • Page 7 !4 [INTRO/ENDING] ([ REW]) button When the Style mode is selected, this is used to con- trol the Intro and Ending functions. (See page 45.) When the Song mode is selected, this is used to rewind during song playback. When song playback is stopped, it is used to reverse to specific measure num- bers in the song.
  • Page 8: Setting Up

    Connect one end of the adaptor to the DC IN 10-12V jack on the rear panel of your PSR-160, and the other end to a suitable electrical outlet.
  • Page 9: Accessory Jacks

    Connecting a Keyboard Amplifier or Stereo System • • • • • • • Though the PSR-160 is equipped with a built-in speaker system, you can also play it through an external amplifier/speaker system. First, make sure the PSR-160 and...
  • Page 10: Quick Guide

    Voices Step 1 Guide Playing the Piano Simply by pressing the [Piano] button, you can automatically reset the entire PSR-160 for piano play. Press the [Piano] button. Play the keyboard. Want to find out more? See page 20. Panel Voice List...
  • Page 11 Selecting and Playing Other Voices The PSR-160 has a total of 100 dynamic and realistic instrument voices. Let’s try a few of them out now... Press the [VOICE] button. GrandPno TEMPO Playing with the DJ Feature The exciting new DJ feature gives you a full variety of dance and DJ sounds — letting you create your own real-time mixes and groove along with various contemporary rhythms.
  • Page 12: Step 2 Songs

    Step 2 Guide Playing the Songs The PSR-160 is packed with 100 songs, including 5 special Demo songs. Playing the Demo songs Demo songs (001 - 005) showcase the sophisticated fea- tures and stunning sound of the PSR-160. Let’s play the Demo songs now, starting with 001...
  • Page 13 Changing the volume of the song This lets you adjust the volume balance between the song and your keyboard performance. Press the [OVERALL] button, until ACMP/SONG VOLUME is indicated by the dark arrow in the display. SONG VOL MEASURE Use the [+]/[-] buttons to adjust the song vol- ume.
  • Page 14: Step 3 Auto Accompaniment

    The powerful yet easy-to-use Auto Accompaniment features give you professional instrumental backing for your performances. Sim- ply play chords with your left hand — and the PSR-160 automati- cally produces appropriate bass, chord and rhythm backing. Use your right hand to play melodies, and you’ll sound like an entire band! •...
  • Page 15 Looking up Chords in the Dictionary The convenient Dictionary function teaches you how to play chords by showing you the individual notes. In the example below, we’ll learn how to play a GM7 chord... Keys for entering Keys for entering the chord type (C3 —...
  • Page 16: Step 4 Lesson

    Lesson 1 — Timing ..This lesson step lets you practice just the timing of the notes. Lesson 2 — Waiting ..In this lesson step, the PSR-160 waits for you to play the correct notes before continuing Lesson 3 —...
  • Page 17 Press the [TEMPO/TAP] button. Use the numeric keypad to set the desired MinusOne tempo. • The PSR-160 also has a convenient Tap Tempo function that allows you to “tap” a new tempo in real time. (See page 44.) BothHand Step 4 Lesson Grade Want to find out more? See page 39.
  • Page 18: Getting Started - Playing The Demo Songs

    To stop playback, press the [START/STOP] button. Song number Current chord While the Demo song is playing... Many features of the PSR-160 can be used while the Demo songs are playing. These include: • Tempo (page 31) • Song volume (page 32) • Tuning (page 27) •...
  • Page 19: Panel Display Indications

    Panel Display Indications The PSR-160 features a large multi-function display that shows all important settings for the instrument. The section below briefly explains the various icons and indications in the display. Overall function bar indicator Chord q Indicator These bars indicate the operating condition of the...
  • Page 20: Portable Grand

    Portable Grand This convenient function lets you instantly call up the Grand Piano voice. Playing the Portable Grand Press the piano-shaped [Piano] button. Doing this automatically cancels any other mode or function, and resets the entire instrument for playing the special “Stereo Sampled Piano” Grand Piano voice. It automatically selects the Song mode, calling up song #006, “Für Elise”...
  • Page 21: Turn On The Metronome

    (see chart at right). Adjusting the Metronome Volume You can adjust the volume of the Metronome sound independently of the other PSR-160 sounds. The volume range is 000 - 127. Select the Metronome Volume function in the Overall menu.
  • Page 22: Playing The Dj

    This exciting feature lets you instantly call up a dynamic DJ voice, style and DJ GAME for play- ing contemporary dance music. Playing the DJ Press the [DJ] button. Doing this automatically resets the entire instrument for playing the spe- cially programmed DJ song and voice.
  • Page 23: Selecting And Playing Voices

    Selecting and Playing Voices The PSR-160 features 100 authentic voices that have been created with Yamaha’s sophisticated AWM (Advanced Wave Memory) tone generation system. Many of these voices also have spe- cial preset characteristics or embellishments. The voices are divided into various categories depending on their characteristics or the effects used.
  • Page 24 #011 turns vibrato on. The same applies to the Harmony, Attack and Wave voices (#012 - #017). • The PSR-160 is polyphonic up to a maximum of 16 notes. (Depending on the voice selected — such as split voices and dual voices —...
  • Page 25 There’s even a dynamic set of DJ voices (#098 - #099) that provides a wealth of exciting sounds for playing many of today’s popular music styles. The PSR-160 also features special Drum Kit voices — #088 (with Echo) and #100 — that let you play a variety of drum and percussion sounds from the keyboard.
  • Page 26: One Touch Setting

    Selecting and Playing Voices One Touch Setting The powerful One Touch Setting (OTS) feature lets you instantly and automati- cally call up an appropriate voice and other settings when you select a style or song. In other words, when One Touch Setting is active, selecting a desired style or song also automatically selects the best suited voice and Multi Pad bank.
  • Page 27: Transpose And Tuning

    It also determines the pitch of the songs and the Multi Pads. This allows you to easily match the pitch of the PSR-160 to other instruments or singers, or play in a different key without changing your fingering.
  • Page 28 Selecting and Playing Voices Tuning • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Tuning determines the fine pitch setting of both the main voice and the bass/chord accompaniment of the selected style.
  • Page 29: Selecting And Playing Songs

    The songs are generally for your listening enjoyment; however, you can also play along with them on the keyboard. The songs of the PSR-160 can also be used with the powerful Lesson feature (page 34), a convenient tool that makes learning songs fun and easy.
  • Page 30: Melody Voice Change

    Press the [START/STOP] button. Melody Voice Change The PSR-160 lets you play a melody on the keyboard along with each of the songs, either with the original melody voice or one of your own selection. The convenient Melody Voice Change feature takes this one step further — it lets you replace the original voice used for the melody of the song with the panel voice of your own selection.
  • Page 31: Changing The Tempo

    Use the numeric keypad to set the desired Tempo value, or use the [+]/[-] buttons to increase or decrease the value. The PSR-160 also has a convenient Tap Tempo function that allows you to “tap” a new tempo in real time. (See page 44.)
  • Page 32: Adjusting The Song Volume

    Selecting and Playing Songs Adjusting the Song Volume The playback volume of the song can be adjusted. This volume control affects only the song volume. The volume range is 000 - 127. Select the Song Volume function in the Overall menu. Press the [OVERALL] button, repeatedly if necessary, until “SONG VOL”...
  • Page 33: A-B Repeat

    A-B Repeat This useful function is ideal for practicing and learning purposes. It allows you to specify any phrase of a song (between point A and point B) and repeat it — while you play or practice along with it. While playing back a song, set point A (the start point).
  • Page 34: Song Lesson

    The Lesson feature provides an exceptionally fun and easy-to-use way to learn how to read music and play the keyboard. All of the 100 songs of the PSR-160 can be used with these edu- cational features. Lesson lets you practice the left- and right-hand parts of each song inde- pendently, step by step, until you’ve mastered them and are ready to practice with both hands...
  • Page 35 39). After a short pause, the Lesson begins again automati- cally. Press the [START/STOP] button to stop the Lesson. The PSR-160 exits from the Lesson feature automatically when the [START/ STOP] button is pressed. Lesson 2 Lesson 3...
  • Page 36: Lesson 1 - Timing

    In Lesson 1, simply play one note repeatedly in time with the music. Regarding chords and the use of the left hand, the PSR-160 actually has two different types of songs: 1) songs with normal left-hand chords, and 2) songs in which the left hand plays arpeggios or melodic figures in combination...
  • Page 37: Lesson 2 - Waiting

    Lesson 2 — Waiting In this lesson step, the PSR-160 waits for you to play the correct notes before con- tinuing playback of the song. This lets you practice reading the music at your own pace. The notes to be played are shown in the display, one after another, as you play them correctly.
  • Page 38: Lesson 4 - Both Hands

    Song Lesson Play the appropriate part with the song. After the lead-in, the song starts automatically, and the appropriate notes appear in the display. In Lesson 3, listen carefully to the un-muted part, and play the muted part yourself. Lesson 4 — Both Hands Lesson 4 is a “Minus One”...
  • Page 39: Grade

    Four grades are assigned, depending on your performance: “OK,” “Good,” “Very Good,” and “Excellent.” When the Talking function (page 40) is on, the PSR-160 also “announces” your grade. Select the Grade function. Press the [OVERALL] button, repeatedly if necessary, until “GRADE”...
  • Page 40: Talking

    Talking This feature “talks” to you through the speakers, “announcing” the Grade comments as well as the titles of the Lesson steps and the names of certain functions. Select the Talking function. Press the left Overall button, repeatedly if necessary, until “TALKING” appears in the display.
  • Page 41: Dictionary

    Dictionary The Dictionary feature is essentially a built-in “chord book” that shows you the individual notes of chords. It is ideal when you know the name of a certain chord and want to quickly learn how to play it. Press the [Dict.] button. Specify the root of the chord.
  • Page 42: Selecting And Playing Styles

    “ACMP” in green above the keyboard, at F#2) is for the auto accompaniment function. The PSR-160 also features the convenient Dictionary function. Dictionary provides you with a built-in “chord encyclopedia” that teaches you how to play any chord you specify by showing you the appropriate notes in the display.
  • Page 43: Playing The Accompaniment

    Playing the Accompaniment When the Style mode is active, the panel buttons below the function as style con- trols. Pressing this button alter- nately enables and can- cels the bass and chord accompaniment. Pressing this button alter- nately enables and cancels the Sync Start function.
  • Page 44 TAP] button twice at the desired tempo. Using Sync Start The PSR-160 also has a Sync Start function that allows you to start the rhythm/accompaniment by simply pressing a key on the keyboard. To use Sync Start, first press the [SYNC START] button (the handclap icon flashes to indicate Sync Start stand-by), then press any key in the ACMP section of the keyboard (or any key when accompaniment is off).
  • Page 45 Starting with an section First, press the [MAIN/AUTO FILL] button, repeatedly if necessary, to select which section (A or B) is to follow the Intro. Next, press the [INTRO/ENDING] button to set the Intro to standby. INTRO≥A TEMPO Using Sync Start with an Intro section First, press the [MAIN/AUTO FILL] button, repeatedly if necessary, to select which section (A or B) is to follow the Intro.
  • Page 46: Changing The Tempo

    Selecting and Playing Styles Stop the style. You can do this in one of three ways: Pressing the [START/STOP] button The rhythm/accompaniment stops playing immediately. Using an Ending section Press the [INTRO/ENDING] button. The style stops after the Ending sec- tion is finished.
  • Page 47: Adjusting The Accompaniment Volume

    About the Fill-in Patterns If you press the [MAIN/AUTO FILL] button before beat 4... beat If you press the [MAIN/AUTO FILL] button here, after beat 4... Adjusting the Accompaniment Volume The playback volume of the accompaniment can be adjusted. This volume con- trol affects only the style volume.
  • Page 48: Using Auto Accompaniment - Multi Fingering

    Finger you can simply play a one-, two- or three-finger chord indication (see Sin- gle Finger Chords below). The Fingered technique is that of conventionally play- ing all the notes of the chord. Whichever method you use, the PSR-160 “understands” what chord you indicate and then automatically generates the accompaniment.
  • Page 49 • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • What is a Chord? • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • The simple answer: Three or more notes played simultaneously is a chord.
  • Page 50: The Intervals Of The Scale

    Selecting and Playing Styles • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Writing Chord Names • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Knowing how to read and write chord names is an easy yet invaluable skill.
  • Page 51: Multi Pads

    These convenient pads let you instantly trigger various musical and rhythmic phrases as you play the PSR-160. There are a total of 40 different sounds or phrases (10 banks, with four pad sounds for each bank). The phrases play back at the same speed as the Tempo setting, and they also change harmonically along with the accompaniment chords (both in the Style and Song modes).
  • Page 52: Midi

    For two MIDI instruments to communicate, they must be connected by MIDI cables. In a basic example, the MIDI IN and MIDI OUT terminals of the PSR-160 could be connected to the MIDI OUT and MIDI IN terminals of a sequencer, allowing you to record and play back performance data from the PSR-160.
  • Page 53: Troubleshooting

    Make sure that the Accompaniment Volume (page 47) is set to an appropriate lev- The PSR-160 is polyphonic up to a maximum of 16 notes. If a style or song is playing back at the same time a Multi Pad is played, some notes/sounds of the Multi Pad may be omitted (or “stolen”) from the accompaniment or song.
  • Page 54: Voice List

    Voice List The following voices can be selected when the Voice mode is active, or when the Voice Change function is on. They can also be selected by a connected MIDI device; the corresponding bank select messages are: MSB = 00H, LSB = 70H.
  • Page 55 The following voices cannot be directly selected from the panel controls; they are special voices programmed into the songs of the PSR-160 and are selected automatically in song playback. However, they can be selected by a connected MIDI device; the corresponding bank select messages are: MSB = 00H, LSB = 00H.
  • Page 56: Drum Kit List

    Drum Kit List • Each percussion voice uses one note. • The MIDI Note # and Note are actually one octave lower than listed. For example, the “Bass Drum 2” (Note# 36/Note C1) corresponds to (Note# 24/Note C0). • Voices with the same Alternate Note Number (*1 … 2) cannot be played simultaneously.
  • Page 57: Style List & Multi Pads

    Style List & Multi pads Style List Style Name Style Name 8BEAT 8Beat Pop Euro Techno 8Beat Uptempo Funky Trip Hop 8Beat Standard Pop Reggae 8Beat Shuffle Acid House Folkrock Shakin' Pop Rock Crystal Pop 8Beat Rock Ballad 8Beat Medium 16Beat Rock Ballad 16BEAT Hard Rock...
  • Page 58: Midi Implementation Chart

    MIDI Implementation Chart YAMAHA [ PSR-160 ] Model PSR-160 Function... Basic Default Channel Changed Default Mode Messages Altered Note Number : True voice ************** Velocity Note ON Note OFF After Key's Touch Ch's Pitch Bend 0,32 o 10 o 6,38 x...
  • Page 59 *3 For program change values, refer to the voice list. Program change and other like channel messages received will not affect the PSR-160 panel settings or what is being played on the keyboard. *4 < GM System on > F0H,7EH,7FH, 09H, 01H, F7H All data is restored to the default values.
  • Page 60: Specifications

    L-2L, L-2C * Specifications and descriptions in this owner’s manual are for information purposes only. Yamaha Corp. reserves the right to change or modify prod- ucts or specifications at any time without prior notice. Since specifications, equipment or options may not be the same in every locale, please check...
  • Page 61: Index

    Index Misc. +/- buttons...24 A-B Repeat ...33 AC adaptor...8 accessory jacks ...9 Accompaniment Volume ...47 auto accompaniment...48 batteries...8 beat display...31 Both hand...34 chord names...50 chord type ...41 chords ...49 chords, Fingered ...48 chords, Single Finger...48 DEMO button ...18 Dictionary ...41 display indications ...19 DJ...22 DJ Voice Chart ...25...
  • Page 62: Limited Warranty

    PSR SERIES OF PORTATONE ELECTRONIC KEYBOARDS If during the first 90 days that immediately follows the purchase date, your new Yamaha product covered by this warranty is found to have a defect in material and/or workmanship, Yamaha and/or its authorized representative will repair such defect without charge for parts or labor.
  • Page 63 For details of products, please contact your nearest Yamaha or the authorized distributor listed below. Pour plus de détails sur les produits, veuillez-vous adresser à Yamaha ou au distributeur le plus proche de vous figurant dans la liste suivante. NORTH AMERICA CANADA Yamaha Canada Music Ltd.
  • Page 64 M.D.G., EMI Division, Yamaha Corporation © 2000 Yamaha Corporation V540070 00?PO???.?-01A0 Printed in Malaysia...

This manual is also suitable for:

Portatone psr-170