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Polaris 500 IQ Shift Owner's Manual

Polaris 2010 snowmobile owner's manual.
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Chapters

Troubleshooting

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   Summary of Contents for Polaris 500 IQ Shift

  • Page 3

    Read, understand, and follow all of the instructions and safety precautions in this manual and on all product labels. Failure to follow the safety precautions could result in serious injury or death. The engine exhaust from this product contains chemicals known to the State of California to cause cancer, birth defects or other reproductive harm.

  • Page 4

    Polaris enthusiasts. Be sure to visit us online at www.polarisindustries.com for the latest news, new product introduc- tions, upcoming events, career opportunities and more. Here at Polaris we proudly produce an exciting line of utility and recre- ational products. • Snowmobiles •...

  • Page 5

    POLARIS and POLARIS THE WAY OUT are registered trademarks of Polaris Indus- tries Inc. Copyright 2009 Polaris Sales Inc. All information contained within this publication is based on the latest product information at the time of publication. Due to constant...

  • Page 6: Table Of Contents

    Polaris Products......98 Troubleshooting ......99 Warranty .

  • Page 7: Introduction

    Remove the spare key and store it in a safe place. Your key can be duplicated only by mating a Polaris key blank with one of your existing keys, so if both keys are lost, the ignition switch must be replaced.

  • Page 8: Preservation Of The Environment

    Polaris snowmobiles are engineered to conform to these SAE standards. Our muffler systems are designed to reduce noise levels and must not be altered or removed. The sound of your snowmobile may not be wel- come to non-snowmobilers, so you have a responsibility to operate your snowmobile with concern for others.

  • Page 9: Safety

    SAFETY Operator Safety The following signal words and symbols appear throughout this manual and on your vehicle. Your safety is involved when these words and sym- bols are used. Become familiar with their meanings before reading the manual. The safety alert symbol indicates a potential personal injury hazard. WARNING A WARNING indicates a hazardous situation which, if not avoided, may result in death or serious injury.

  • Page 10: Operator Safety

    Always check major and vital safety components before every ride. All Polaris snowmobiles are designed and tested to provide safe operation when used as directed. Failure of critical machine components may result from operation with any modifications, especially those that increase speed or power.

  • Page 11: Riding Position

    SAFETY Operator Safety Stay Clear of Track Your snowmobile is propelled by a revolving track that must be partially exposed for proper operation. WARNING! Serious injuries may result if hands, feet, or clothing become entangled in the track. Be alert when riding, and remain properly seated to stay clear of the track.

  • Page 12: Riding Apparel

    Eye Protection Do not depend on eyeglasses or sunglasses for eye protection. When- ever riding a Polaris vehicle, always wear shatterproof goggles or use a shatterproof helmet face shield. Polaris recommends wearing approved Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) bearing markings such as VESC...

  • Page 13: Survival Preparation

    SAFETY Operator Safety Survival Preparation For your safety, always ride in a group of other snowmobilers. Always tell someone where you're going and how long you expect to be gone. If it isn't possible to ride with others, and you must travel into remote areas, always carry survival equipment that's appropriate to the condi- tions you may encounter.

  • Page 14: Disabled Operators

    Rider Capacity Your Polaris snowmobile is designed for a single rider only. Do not carry a passenger. Excessive Speed WARNING! High speed driving, especially at night, could result in serious injury or death.

  • Page 15: Driver Awareness

    SAFETY Operator Safety Driver Awareness Slow down when traveling near poles, posts, or other obstacles. Be especially alert if you're snowmobiling after dark. Always be on the alert for wire fences. Single strands are especially dangerous, since there may be a great distance between posts.

  • Page 16

    Operator Safety Avalanches Snowmobilers should always be properly trained and equipped before traveling in mountainous terrain: • Take an avalanche class • Travel with experienced people • Travel on designated trails • Make sure each person is equipped with a shovel, probe and avalanche beacon.

  • Page 17: Ice And Snow Build-up

    SAFETY Operator Safety Ice and Snow Build-up WARNING! Ice and snow build-up may interfere with the steering of your machine, resulting in serious injury or death. Keep the underhood area free of snow and ice. Before driving, manually turn the skis to the left and right to be sure ice and snow are not interfering with full left and right steering.

  • Page 18: Driving Downhill

    SAFETY Operator Safety Driving Downhill When riding downhill, shift your weight to the rear of the machine and reduce your speed to a minimum. Apply just enough throttle to keep the clutch engaged, allowing the engine's compression to help slow the machine and keep it from rolling freely downhill.

  • Page 19: Driving In Hilly Terrain

    SAFETY Operator Safety Driving in Hilly Terrain WARNING! Climbing a hill or crossing the face of a slope may result in loss of balance and machine roll-over, causing serious injury or death. Use caution and good judgement when driving in hilly terrain. Use extra caution when operating in hilly terrain.

  • Page 20: Drive Belt

    SAFETY Operator Safety Drive Belt Do not operate the engine with the drive belt removed. Any servicing that requires operation without a belt must be performed by your dealer. Operation of the engine with the belt removed may result in injury or damage to the engine. Intake Silencer Do not operate the engine with the intake silencer or filter removed.

  • Page 21: Inadequate Snow Conditions

    SAFETY Operator Safety Inadequate Snow Conditions WARNING! Do not drive for prolonged periods on blacktop, gravel, or ice. Doing so could cause irreversible track damage and lead to serious injury. Since snow provides the only lubrication for the power slide suspension and, on liquid cooled models, cooling for the engine, adequate snow cover is a requirement for operation of your machine.

  • Page 22: Driving Responsibly

    Operator Safety Driving Responsibly Every snowmobile handles differently, and even the most docile condi- tions may become dangerous if operators drive improperly. If you're new to snowmobiling, acquaint yourself with the machine and with what it will and won't do under various conditions. Even seasoned driv- ers should spend some time getting the feel for a machine before attempting ambitious maneuvers.

  • Page 23

    SAFETY Operator Safety Windchill/Temperature Charts The following information is provided to help you determine when tem- peratures become dangerous for riding. WINDCHILL CHART (_F) Wind Speed Calm Frostbite in >> 30 min. WINDCHILL CHART (_C) Wind Speed Calm -11 -14 -18 -22 -25 -29 -32 -36 -39 -43 -46 -50 -53 -57 -10 -13 -17 -21 -24 -28 -32 -36 -39 -43 -47 -50 -54 -58 -62 -11 -15 -19 -22 -26 -30 -34 -38 -42 -45 -49 -53 -57 -61 -65 -12 -16 -20 -24 -28 -32 -36 -39 -43 -47 -51 -55 -59 -63 -67...

  • Page 24: Clutch Cover Warning

    If any decal becomes illegible or comes off, contact your Polaris dealer to purchase a replacement. Replacement safety decals are provided by Polaris at no charge.

  • Page 25: Track Warning

    SAFETY Safety Decals and Locations Track Warning The track warning decal is on the rear of the tunnel: Stay clear of track. Do not sit on seat back. Entanglement with the track or a fall from seat back may result in severe injury or death.

  • Page 26: Reverse Warning

    Safety Decals and Locations Reverse Warning The reverse warning decal is located on the upper console: WARNING Reverse operation, even at low speeds, can cause loss of control resulting in serious injury or death. To avoid loss of control, always: •...

  • Page 27: Safety Decals And Locations

    • To avoid serious injury or death, read and understand all warnings and the Owner's Manual before operation. If manual is missing, con- tact a Polaris dealer for a replacement. • This vehicle is capable of high speeds. Buried objects or uneven terrain can cause loss of control.

  • Page 28: Features

    FEATURES 1. Hood 2. Headlight 3. Windshield 4. Handlebar 5. Seat 6. Taillights 7. Rear Bumper 8. Snow Flap 9. Console Storage Compartment (if equipped) 10. Suspension 11. Track 12. Skis 13. Nosepan 14. Front Bumper (do not use for pulling or dragging the snowmobile)

  • Page 29

    FEATURES 1. Fuel Filler Cap/Dipstick 2. Recoil Starter Handle 3. Reverse Indicator 4. Headlight Adjuster 5. Speedometer 6. Engine Stop Switch 7. Choke Lever 8. Ignition Switch 9. Brake Lever 10. Parking Brake 11. Handlebar Grip Warmer Switch 12. Thumbwarmer Switch 13.

  • Page 30: Fuel Valve

    Fuel Valve The fuel valve is located under the hood. Turn the fuel valve off when- ever the snowmobile is stored or parked. 1. Turn the valve clockwise to turn off the fuel supply. 2. Turn the valve counter-clock- wise to turn on the fuel supply. Adjustable Headlights Adjust the headlight beam by moving the adjuster to the left or right.

  • Page 31: The Perfect Fit

    THE PERFECT FIT Front Suspension Adjustments Independent Front Suspension (IFS) Break in the suspension for about 150 miles (240 km) before making any fine-tuning adjustments. Settings will vary from rider to rider, depending on rider weight, vehicle speed, riding style, and trail conditions. We recommend starting with factory settings and then customizing each adjustment individually to suit rider preference.

  • Page 32: Shock Spring Preload

    Front Suspension Adjustments Shock Spring Preload Increasing spring preload will increase ski-to-ground pressure. Decreasing spring preload will decrease ski-to-ground pres- sure. When adjusting, be sure the springs on both the left and right sides of the machine are at the same adjustment. To change front shock spring preload, grasp the spring and rotate it.

  • Page 33: Rear Suspension Adjustments

    Refer to the suspension setup label on your snowmobile, or see your Polaris dealer for initial suspension setup information. Additional adjustments can be made after initial setup. Make adjustments to one area at a time so you can evaluate the change. For further assistance, see...

  • Page 34: Suspension Performance Tips

    Bogie wheel kits are available from your dealer. • Polaris offers track kits for improved flotation in deep snow. See your dealer for assistance. Tip: Keep the suspension pivot points lubricated. This will reduce moisture and rust build-up and ensure proper function of the suspension components.

  • Page 35

    THE PERFECT FIT Rear Suspension Adjustments Initial Spring Preload Setting (Sag Method) To set up the rear suspension torsion spring preload, measure the distance between the ground and rear bumper. This is measurement X. Take the first measurement with no rider and with the rear suspension at full extension.

  • Page 36: Torsion Spring Preload

    IQ Rear Suspension Adjustments Torsion Spring Preload To adjust rear torsion spring preload, rotate the three-position cam using the engine spark plug tool. Adjustment is easiest when the cam is rotated from low to medium, and then to high. Rotating directly from low to high will require significantly more effort.

  • Page 37: Suspension Coupling

    IQ Rear Suspension Adjustments Suspension Coupling On all Polaris snowmobile rear suspensions, there are two torque arms that control the movement of the rail beam. Prior to the advent of sus- pension coupling, these torque arms could move independently of each other.

  • Page 38

    THE PERFECT FIT IQ Rear Suspension Adjustments Suspension Coupling Rear To Front Coupling and the Rear Rear Scissor Stop (RRSS) The rear rear scissor stop (RRSS) couples the movement of the rear torque arm with the front torque arm and limits the amount of indepen- dent movement between the rear torque and the front torque arm.

  • Page 39: Weight Transfer During Acceleration

    THE PERFECT FIT IQ Rear Suspension Adjustments Weight Transfer During Acceleration The preferred method for controlling weight transfer during acceleration is by adjusting the rear rear scissor stop (RRSS). The factory setting is the best for most trail riding conditions. To decrease weight transfer under acceleration (for improved corner- ing), rotate the RRSS to a higher...

  • Page 40: Traction Products

    See your dealer for assistance. Accessories Polaris offers a wide range of accessories for your snowmobile to help make each ride more enjoyable. Use only Polaris parts and accessories on your Polaris snowmobile. Use of unapproved parts and accessories may result in: •...

  • Page 41: Handlebar Position

    THE PERFECT FIT Handlebar Adjustments When making handlebar adjustments, always be sure the handlebars, brake lever and throttle lever operate smoothly and do not contact the fuel tank, windshield or any other part of the vehicle when the handle- bars are turned fully to the left or right. Handlebar Position Follow these steps to adjust handlebar position.

  • Page 42: Handlebar Adjustments

    THE PERFECT FIT Handlebar Adjustments Handlebar Angle Follow these steps to adjust handlebar angle at the handlebar block. 1. Remove the handlebar cover. 2. Loosen the four upper adjuster block bolts. 3. Adjust the handlebar to the desired angle. 4. Torque the bolts to 15-17 ft. lbs. (20-23 Nm). 5.

  • Page 43: Pre-ride Inspections

    PRE-RIDE INSPECTIONS Pre-Ride Checklist Inspect all items on the checklist for proper operation or condition before each use of the snowmobile. Procedures are outlined on the ref- erenced pages. Look for a checkmark (n) on the referenced pages to locate the pre-ride inspection items. Drive Belt Condition Steering System Recoil Rope...

  • Page 44: Before Starting The Engine

    PRE-RIDE INSPECTIONS Before Starting the Engine WARNING! Worn, damaged, or malfunctioning components may cause serious injury or death. Before starting the engine, check all components to be sure of proper operation. Read and Understand Your Owner's Manual Read the Owner's Manual completely and refer to it often. The manual is your guide to safe and enjoyable snowmobiling experience.

  • Page 45: Brake Lever Travel

    PRE-RIDE INSPECTIONS Before Starting the Engine n Brakes Always check the following items for proper operation before starting the engine. Brake Lever Travel Squeeze the brake lever. It should move no closer to the (1.3 cm) handgrip than 1/2I (1.3 cm). A smaller distance indicates low brake fluid level or air in the hydraulic system.

  • Page 46: Parking Brake Lever Lock

    Before Starting the Engine n Parking Brake Lever Lock Use the parking brake lever lock only when you want the machine to remain stationary; for example, when parked on an incline for a period of five minutes or less. 1. Brake Lever 2.

  • Page 47: Steering System

    PRE-RIDE INSPECTIONS Before Starting the Engine n Steering System Before driving, manually turn the skis to the left and right to be sure ice and snow are not interfering with full left and right steering. If difficulty is encountered, remove ice and snow build-up that may be obstructing the steering linkage.

  • Page 48: Hood Latches

    Recoil Rope Inspect the recoil rope and handle for excessive wear, and make sure the knot securing the rope inside the handle is secure. If excessive wear is found, see your Polaris dealer for replacement.

  • Page 49: Ignition Switch

    PRE-RIDE INSPECTIONS Start the Engine and Check Before starting the engine, always refer to all safety warnings pertaining to snowmobile operation. Never start your snowmobile without check- ing all components to be sure of proper operation. See Before Starting the Engine beginning on page 41. Engine Stop Switch Check the auxiliary shut-off switch for proper operation.

  • Page 50: Operation

    Starting the Engine NOTICE: Engaging the starter when the engine is running WILL result in serious engine damage, especially if the transmission is in reverse. Never engage the starter when the engine is running. 1. Turn the fuel valve on. See page 27.

  • Page 51: Engine Break-in

    Premix the first tank of fuel with one pint of Polaris injection oil for each five gal- lons of fuel. This, in addition to the lubrication supplied by the injection system, will assure proper engine break-in.

  • Page 52: Oil Injection System

    Engine lubrication comes from oil added to the fuel and oil injection systems. Polaris recommends the use of Polaris Premium (Blue) or VES II 2-cycle oil for this engine. See page 98 for the part numbers of Polaris products. Never mix brands of oil. Serious chemical reactions can cause injection system blockage, resulting in serious engine damage.

  • Page 53: Track Warm-up

    OPERATION Track Warm-Up WARNING! A loose track or flying debris could cause serious injury or death. Stand clear of the front of the machine and the moving track. Never hold the snowmobile up or stand behind it while warming up the track. Do not use excessive throttle during warm-up or when the track is free-hanging.

  • Page 54

    Fuel WARNING Gasoline is highly flammable and explosive under certain conditions. • Always exercise extreme caution whenever handling gasoline. • Always refuel outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. • Always turn off the engine before refueling. • Do not overfill the tank. Do not fill the tank neck. •...

  • Page 55: Fuel System Deicers

    OPERATION Fuel Your Polaris engine is designed to run on 87 octane non-oxygenated or 89 octane oxygenated pump gasoline. There's a great deal of variability in the quality of the 87 octane gasoline available across the country, so we encourage the use of premium fuel when possible. Do not use fuel containing more than 10% ethanol (including E85).

  • Page 56: Low Oil Indicator Light

    Always maintain a visible level of oil in the tank. If oil is not visible, continued operation may cause serious engine damage. See page 49 for oil recommendations. The Polaris oil cap on the oil bottle is vented to allow proper oil flow. See your Polaris dealer for recommended replacement parts. OPERATION...

  • Page 57

    Either condition may be caused by improper carburetor adjustment. WARNING! Improper carburetor adjustments may result in operator safety hazards as well as serious engine damage. Always have your Polaris dealer perform any carburetor adjustments.

  • Page 58: Jetting Guidelines

    Carburetion Jetting Guidelines Changes in altitude and temperature affect air density, which is the amount of oxygen available for combustion. In low elevations and cold temperatures, the air has more oxygen. In higher elevations and higher temperatures, the air is less dense. The carburetors are calibrated for an altitude of 0-2000 ft.

  • Page 59: Engine Stop Switch

    OPERATION Engine Stop Switch Push down on the engine stop switch ( ) to ground out the ignition and stop the engine quickly. Pull the switch up to the ON position to allow restart- ing. Throttle Safety Switch The throttle safety switch is designed to stop the engine whenever all pressure is removed from the throttle lever and the throttle cable or valves do not return to the normal closed position.

  • Page 60: Throttle Lever

    When these switches are disconnected, the ignition key switch must be used to shut off the engine. DO NOT continue to operate the machine with the throttle safety switch disconnected. Return the machine to an authorized Polaris dealer for service as soon as possible. OPERATION...

  • Page 61

    OPERATION Electronic Reverse (PERCt) Electronic reverse will activate only if the engine RPM is below 4000. If your machine is running at an altitude of over 6000 feet, adjust the igni- tion setting as described on page 59. Always make sure the vehicle is stopped and the engine is running at idle before shifting to reverse Tip: The engine will activate a misfire mode and begin to stutter after 45 sec- onds in reverse.

  • Page 62: Altitude Setting

    Electronic Reverse (PERCt) Engaging Reverse 1. Stop the snowmobile and leave the engine idling. 2. Make sure the area behind your vehicle is clear. 3. Push the yellow reverse button on the left-hand control for one sec- ond, then release. The engine will automatically reduce RPM and start a reverse rotation.

  • Page 63

    OPERATION Towing Do not use the front bumper to pull or drag the snowmobile. The front bumper is not designed for this type of use and may detach from the vehicle if force is applied. For your safety, do not attempt to use a tow hitch until you've read the following warnings and understand the proper hitch functions.

  • Page 64: Maintenance

    Please read the Snowmobile Engine Emissions Limited Warranty, and read the maintenance section of your owner's manual. You are responsi- ble for ensuring that the specified maintenance is performed. Polaris recommends that you contact an authorized Polaris dealer to perform...

  • Page 65

    If you're not familiar with safe service or adjustment procedures and the use of tools, or if you don't feel comfort- able performing these tasks yourself, contact an authorized Polaris dealer for service. NOTICE: Hot components can cause damage to plastic. Always make sure the exhaust system and engine have cooled before tipping the snowmo- bile on its side for service or inspection.

  • Page 66

    The following chart is a guide based on average riding conditions. You may need to increase frequency based on riding conditions. When inspection reveals the need for replacement parts, always use genuine Polaris parts, available from your Polaris dealer. Item Clutch Alignment Offset...

  • Page 67: Taillight/brakelight/headlight

    MAINTENANCE Periodic Maintenance Interval Table Item Hose Routing Hose Condition Fluid Leaks Brake Pads Brake Disc Parking Brake Brake System Brake Fluid Pilot Air Screws Carburetor (synchronize) Idle RPM Throttle Lever Oil Pump Lever (synchronize) Throttle Cable Choke Cable Choke Vent Lines Fuel Lines Fuel Filter...

  • Page 68: Suspension Mounting Bolts

    Periodic Maintenance Interval Table Item Ski Toe Alignment Suspension Mounting Bolts Steering Fasteners Rear Suspension Fas- teners Suspension Shock Oil Cooling System Drive Shaft Bearing Jackshaft Bearings Skags (Wear Bars) Ski Saddle/Spindle Bolts Steering Arm(s) Drive Chain Tension Hood Latches Rear Wheel Idler Bolts Idler Bolt Jam Nut Rear Suspension Pivot...

  • Page 69: Front Suspension

    The front suspension does not require lubrication. Rear Suspension Lubricate the suspension pivot shafts with Polaris Premium All Season Grease at 500 miles (800 km) initially, every 1000 miles (1600 km) after that, and before off-season storage each year. Lack of lubrication will adversely affect your ride and the life of the suspension.

  • Page 70: Throttle Cable

    MAINTENANCE Lubrication Driveshaft Bearing Inject grease into the fitting on the speedometer sensor housing until grease purges from the seal on the inside of the tunnel. This should take approximately two pumps. Do not use more than four pumps. Throttle Cable Lubricate the throttle cable lightly with grease or oil.

  • Page 71: Chaincase Oil

    500 miles (800 km), then every 1000 miles (1600 km) or seasonally. Polaris recommends the use of Polaris Synthetic Chaincase Lube. See page 98 for the part numbers of Polaris products. Oil Check 1. Position the vehicle on a level sur- face.

  • Page 72: Oil Change

    Lubrication Chaincase Oil Oil Change 1. Position the vehicle on a level surface. 2. Remove the drain plug (4) and drain the oil into a drain pan. Allow the oil to drain completely. 3. Clean off all metal shavings from the plug.

  • Page 73: Spark Plugs

    MAINTENANCE Spark Plugs It’s very important to use the correct spark plug for your machine. A spark plug with a heat range too high will cause engine damage. A spark plug with a heat range too low will cause excessive fouling and engine malfunctioning.

  • Page 74: Spark Plug Condition

    MAINTENANCE Spark Plugs Spark Plug Condition Normal Plug The normal insulator tip is gray, tan or light brown. There will be few combustion deposits. The electrodes are not burned or eroded. This indicates the proper type and heat range for the engine and the service. The tip should not be white.

  • Page 75: Oil Filter

    1000 miles (1600 km). Tip: The direction of the arrows indicates the direction of flow through the fil- ter. Fuel Pump All fuel pump service must be performed by an authorized Polaris dealer. Do not attempt to service the fuel pump.

  • Page 76: Cooling System

    Fuel Filter/Fuel Lines See your Polaris dealer for replacement of the under-tank fuel filter every 1000 miles (or annually). Inspect the fuel lines regularly for signs of deterioration or damage. Always check fuel line condition after periods of storage. Normal dete- rioration from weather and fuel compounds may occur.

  • Page 77: Carburetor Adjustments

    It's your dealer's responsibility to make sure the correct main jet is installed. NOTICE: Operating the snowmobile with incorrect jetting can result in serious engine damage. Have your Polaris dealer perform all carburetor adjustments to ensure all adjustments are done correctly. Carburetor Adjustments The frequency at which the carburetors are synchronized or balanced is important.

  • Page 78: Cleaning Procedure

    Carburetor Water/Sediment Trap Most Polaris snowmobiles contain patented carburetor bowl water/sedi- ment traps located at the bottom of each carburetor. The trap, consisting of a hose with a plug, should be drained about every 1000 miles (1600 km) and inspected for contamination.

  • Page 79: Drive Chain Tension

    MAINTENANCE Drive Chain Tension Check drive chain tension weekly and before each long trip. To obtain correct chain tension: 1. Rotate the driven clutch counter- clockwise to move all chain slack to the tensioner side. Lock the brake lever lock, or have an assistant hold the brake lever firmly.

  • Page 80: Brake Components

    3. Brake Pad Material (Replace when thickness is less than 1/16I/1.5 mm). Excessive Lever Travel Hydraulic brakes are self- adjusting, but if excessive brake pad clearance develops, bring the machine to an autho- rized Polaris dealer for inspec- tion and adjustment. MAINTENANCE...

  • Page 81: Brake Fluid

    Replace brake fluid at least every two years with Polaris DOT 4 high temperature brake fluid. See page 98 for the part numbers of Polaris products.

  • Page 82: Bleeding The Hydraulic Brake System

    Brakes Bleeding the Hydraulic Brake System Air in the hydraulic brake system will cause spongy brake lever action. Bleed the system before operating the snowmobile. WARNING! Operating the vehicle with a spongy brake lever can result in loss of brakes, which could cause an accident and lead to serious injury or death. Never operate the vehicle with a spongy-feeling brake lever.

  • Page 83: Headlight Bulb Removal

    MAINTENANCE Lights Do not touch a halogen bulb with bare fingers. Oil from skin leaves a residue, causing a hot spot that will shorten the life of the lamp. If fin- gers do touch the bulb, clean it with an alcohol-moistened towel. Headlight Bulb Removal 1.

  • Page 84

    MAINTENANCE Lights Taillight/Brakelight Replacement 1. Remove the screws securing the taillight lens. Remove the lens. 2. Push the bulb inward and turn it counterclockwise to remove it. 3. Install a new bulb. Push the bulb inward and turn it clockwise to secure it.

  • Page 85: Clutch System

    Polaris dealer. Any unauthorized modifications to clutches, such as adding or removing weights, will void the warranty. The bushings in the weights and rollers of Polaris clutches are made of a material that may be damaged if lubricated. Do not lubricate clutch bushings.

  • Page 86: Drive Belt Condition

    Clutch System n Drive Belt Condition Periodically check the condition and tension of the drive belt, and always carry a spare. Inspect the belt for signs of excessive wear: frayed edges, missing cogs, cracks and excessive looseness. Replace the belt if any of these conditions exist.

  • Page 87: Drive Belt Installation

    Drive Belt Belt width and length must match the center distance of the clutches and sheave width of the drive clutch. Polaris recommends the use of O.E.M. belts. Other belts may match the dimensions, but can drastically change the shift pattern, resulting in poor performance.

  • Page 88: Drive Belt Deflection

    Clutch System n Drive Belt Deflection Measure belt deflection with both clutches at rest and in their full neutral position. Place a straight edge (1) on the belt and apply downward pressure while measuring at point 2. This measurement should be 1 1/4I (3.2 cm).

  • Page 89: Track Inspection

    MAINTENANCE Track Maintenance Track Inspection WARNING! Broken track rods can cause a rotating track to come off the machine, which could cause serious injury or death. Never operate with a damaged track. Never rotate a damaged track under power. 1. Using a hoist, safely lift and support the rear of the snow- mobile off the ground.

  • Page 90: Track Lubrication

    Track Maintenance Track Lubrication WARNING! Operating with insufficient lubrication between the rail slide and track guide clips can cause track failure, loss of vehicle control and loss of braking ability, which can result in serious injury or death. Avoid operating for extended periods on ice and other surfaces that have little or no snow for lubrication.

  • Page 91: Track Tension

    MAINTENANCE Track Maintenance WARNING! Moving parts can cut and crush body parts. When performing the checks and adjustments recommended on the following pages, stay clear of all moving parts. Never perform track measurement or adjustments with the engine running. Track Tension Track adjustment is critical for proper handling.

  • Page 92

    Track Maintenance Track Tension 4. Check for specified slack between the wear surface of the track clip and the plastic slider. Refer to the Track Tension Data Chart on page If the track needs adjustment: 5. Loosen the rear idler shaft bolt. 6.

  • Page 93: Track Alignment/condition

    MAINTENANCE Track Maintenance n Track Alignment Periodically check that the track is centered and running evenly on the slide rails. Misalignment will cause excessive wear to the track and slide rail. 1. Safely support the rear of the machine with the track off the ground. 2.

  • Page 94: Steering Inspection And Adjustment

    MAINTENANCE Steering System Steering Inspection and Adjustment Each week, or before a long ride, check all steering system fasteners and tighten if necessary.

  • Page 95: Ski Alignment

    WARNING! Improper ski alignment or adjustment may cause loss of steering control, resulting in serious injury or death. Do not attempt to change the ski alignment or camber adjustment. See your Polaris dealer. With the handlebars in a straight ahead position, and with vehicle weight compressing the suspension, measure from the straight edge of the skis at the center of the ski mounting bolt.

  • Page 96: Ski Skags

    Steering System n Ski Skags See your dealer's studding chart for recommended skags. If you install longer or more aggressive carbide skags than the original equipment, it may also be necessary to add track studs to maintain proper vehicle con- trol while turning on hard-packed snow or ice.

  • Page 97: Rail Slide Condition

    MAINTENANCE Steering System n Rail Slide Wear Measure slide thickness at several points along the rail. Have your dealer replace the slide when it's worn down to the top of the wear limit indicator groove ( ). Do not operate the snowmobile if slide thickness measures less than 7/16I (1.1 cm).

  • Page 98: Cleaning And Preservation

    Off-season or extended storage of your snowmobile requires preventive measures to aid against deterioration and to prolong the useful life of many components. See page 98 for the part numbers of Polaris products. Cleaning and Preservation Proper storage starts with cleaning, washing, and waxing the hood, chassis, and plastic parts.

  • Page 99: Clutch And Drive System

    MAINTENANCE Extended Storage Bearings Grease the jackshaft and drive shaft clutch side bearings with Polaris Premium All-Season Grease or a similar high quality grease to prevent corrosion. Clutch and Drive System Remove the drive belt and store in a cool dry location. Do not lubricate clutch components, except the driven clutch shaft bushing as outlined in the Master Repair Manual.

  • Page 100: Electrical Connections

    Extended Storage Electrical Connections Replace worn or frayed electrical wire and connectors. Be sure wiring harness is properly secured away from sharp edges, steering linkage, moving parts, and hot exhaust parts. Track and Suspension Moderate track tension should be maintained during summer storage.

  • Page 101: Polaris Products

    POLARIS PRODUCTS Part No. 2870791 Fogging Oil (12 oz./355 ml Aerosol) 2875035 Premium Synthetic Blend (Blue) 2-Cycle Oil (qt./.95 l) 2875036 Premium Synthetic Blend (Blue) 2-Cycle Oil (gal./3.8 l) 2875037 Premium Synthetic Blend (Blue) 2-Cycle Oil (2.5 gal./9.5 l) 2874438 VES II Synthetic 2-Cycle Oil (qt./.95 l)

  • Page 102: Troubleshooting

    Engine Troubleshooting Unless you have experience and training in two-cycle engine repair, see your dealer if technical problems arise. Problem Probable Cause Solution Erratic engine oper- Drive clutch binding ating RPM during acceleration or load variations Driven clutch mal- function Harsh drive clutch Drive belt worn or engagement...

  • Page 103

    TROUBLESHOOTING Engine Troubleshooting Problem Probable Cause Solution Noise in drive sys- Broken drive clutch components Bearing failure/ chaincase, jackshaft, or front drive shaft Drive belt surface flat spots Drive chain loose Drive chain worn, sprocket teeth bro- Poor low RPM per- Worn drive belt formance Excessive belt/...

  • Page 104

    • Make sure fuel tank contains fuel. • Ice may be in fuel line, filter or pump. Add isopropyl alcohol to fuel system. On the standard Polaris car- buretor, the choke will not function with the throttle depressed. See sec- ond item under Probable Cause"...

  • Page 105

    TROUBLESHOOTING IQ Suspension Troubleshooting Problem Solution Rear suspension bot- • Adjust torsion spring preload to achieve proper static sag toms too easily • Change torsion spring to stiffer optional spring (see your • Revalve rear track shock (see your dealer). Rides too stiff in rear •...

  • Page 106: Drive Belt Troubleshooting

    Drive Belt Troubleshooting Causes Driving at low RPM Insufficient warm-up Towing at low RPM Riding with high RPM and slow speed (8000 RPM/10 MPH) Ice and snow build-up between track and tunnel Poor engine performance Loading machines onto trailers Clutch malfunction Slow, easy clutch engage- ment TROUBLESHOOTING...

  • Page 107: Warranty

    Service and Warranty Information Obtaining Service and Warranty Assistance Read and understand the service data and the Polaris warranty information con- tained in this manual. Contact your Polaris dealer for replacement parts, ser- vice or warranty. Your dealer receives frequent updates on changes, modifications and tips on snowmobile maintenance, which may supersede information contained in this manual.

  • Page 108

    2. Polaris warranty will provide all dealerships with a monthly updated list of all stolen units to further monitor thefts. 3. Polaris warranty will aid in notifying the proper owner when a unit is recovered. WARRANTY...

  • Page 109: Limited Warranty

    WARRANTY Limited Warranty Polaris Sales Inc., 2100 Highway 55, Medina, MN 55340, provides a ONE YEAR LIM- ITED WARRANTY on all components of the Polaris snowmobile against defects in material or workmanship. This warranty covers the parts and labor charges for repair or replacement of defective parts that are covered by this warranty.

  • Page 110: Engine Oil

    How to Obtain Warranty Service If your snowmobile requires warranty service, you must take it to a Polaris dealer autho- rized to repair Polaris snowmobiles. When requesting warranty service you must present your copy of the Warranty Registration form to the dealer. (The cost of transpor- tation to and from the dealer is YOUR responsibility).

  • Page 111

    In order to qualify for warranty, the product must have been properly set up and tested by a Polaris Dealer (if applicable). Failure of any dealer to perform the required vehicle Pre-Delivery Inspection, perform all applicable service bulletins and have the consumer sign the PDI form prior to delivery may void the warranty.

  • Page 112

    • Failures caused due to improper adjustments. • Failure due to unauthorized service. • Failures due to lack of service as required in the owner's manual or Polaris updates. This includes off-season storage as listed in the owner's manual. • Failure due to use of unauthorized parts or modifications.

  • Page 113

    If Purchased From A Private Party: If you purchase a Polaris product from a private citizen outside of the country in which the vehicle was originally purchased, all warranty coverage will be denied.

  • Page 114

    This emissions limited warranty is in addition to the Polaris standard limited warranty for your vehicle. Polaris Industries Inc. warrants that at the time it is first purchased, this emissions-certified vehicle is designed, built and equipped so it conforms with applica- ble U.S.

  • Page 115

    Polaris dealer to perform any service that may be necessary for your vehicle. Polaris also recommends that you use only Pure Polaris parts. It is a potential violation of the Clean Air Act if a part supplied by an aftermarket parts manufacturer reduces the effectiveness of the vehicle's emission controls.

  • Page 116: Maintenance Log

    Present this section of your manual to your dealer each time your snow- mobile is serviced. This will provide you and future owners with an accurate log of maintenance and services performed on the snowmobile. DATE MILES TECHNICIAN (KM) 150 mi. (240 km) 500 mi.

  • Page 117

    MAINTENANCE LOG DATE MILES TECHNICIAN SERVICE PERFORMED / COMMENTS (KM)

  • Page 118

    MAINTENANCE LOG DATE MILES TECHNICIAN SERVICE PERFORMED / COMMENTS (KM)

  • Page 119: Index

    INDEX Accessories ....37 Adjustable Headlights ... 27 Air Pollution ....5 Altitude Setting .

  • Page 120

    Park Brake Lever Lock ... 43 Polaris Products ....98 Preload, IFS Shock Spring ..29 Pre-Ride Checklist .

  • Page 121

    INDEX Taillight/Brakelight Replacement . . 81 Throttle Cable ....67 Throttle Lever ....41, 57 Throttle Safety Switch .

This manual also for:

550 iq shift, 550 iq shift 2010

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