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Asus WL-HDD2.5 User Manual

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(For 802.11g Wireless Clients)
User's Manual


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  • Page 1 ¨ WL-HDD2.5 (For 802.11g Wireless Clients) User’s Manual...
  • Page 2: About This Manual

    Preface About this Manual This manual helps you install, set up and configure the ASUS WL-HDD2.5. Please preserve this manual for ready reference and use it to familiarize yourself with the product. Copyright Information No part of this manual, including the products and software described in it, may be repro-...
  • Page 3: Regulatory Information

    FCC regulations. Reprinted from the Code of Federal Regulations #47, part 15.193, 1993. Washington DC: Office of the Federal Register, National Archives and Records Administration, U.S. Govern- ment Printing Office. ASUS 802.11g WL-HDD2.5...
  • Page 4 RF INTERFERENCE WARNING: This is a Class A product. In a domestic environment this product may cause radio frequency (RF) interference, in which case the user may be required to take adequate measures. This device is classified for use in a typical Class A domestic environment. ASUS 802.11g WL-HDD2.5...
  • Page 5 • The manufacturer is not responsible for any radio or television interference caused by unauthorized modification of this device, or the substitution of the connecting cables and equipment other than those specified Asus. It is the responsibility of the user to correct any interference caused by such unauthorized modification, substitution or attachment.
  • Page 6 Technical Support Support Fax: +1-502-933-8713 General Support: +1-502-995-0883 Notebook Support: +1-510-739-3777 x5110 Support E-mail: ASUS COMPUTER GmbH (Germany and Austria) Address: Harkortstr. 25, 40880 Ratingen, BRD, Germany General E-mail: (for marketing requests only) General Fax: +49-2102-9599-31 Web Site:
  • Page 7: Table Of Contents

    Range ... 6 Site Surveys ... 7 Roaming Between ASUS APs... 7 Roaming Guidelines ... 8 Chapter 2 Setting up the ASUS WL-HDD2.5... 9 Hardware Installation ... 9 Location Tips... 12 Making Connections... 13 AP Mode ... 13 Network Storage Mode ... 14 Connecting Power...
  • Page 8 Transferring Data from External Flash Memory ... 44 Auto-copy Function... 44 Locating the Copied Files on the Hard Disk Drive ... 45 Shutting down the ASUS WL-HDD2.5... 46 Chapter 3 Connecting to the Web Interface ... 47 Wired Ethernet Connection ... 47 Wireless Connection...
  • Page 9 Status and Log ... 69 Status... 70 Wireless... 71 DHCP Leases ... 71 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Specifications... 73 Chapter 6 Troubleshooting Appendix Index ASUS 802.11g WL-HDD2.5...
  • Page 11: Chapter 1 Introduction

    The large storage capacity of the hard disk and a high speed data transfer of 54 Mbps makes the ASUS WL-HDD2.5 a very useful tool to share music and video files. The ASUS WL-HDD2.5 also supports automatic copying of files from a flash memory disk to the hard disk.
  • Page 12: Features

    Features The ASUS WL-HDD2.5 has the following useful features: • 54 Mbps high speed WLAN access – Maximum available speed of 54 Mbps over the 2.4 GHz fre- quency band – Compatible with existing 802.11b WLAN environments – Auto fallback algorithm to select transmission rate •...
  • Page 13: System Requirements

    System Requirements To begin using the ASUS WL-HDD2.5, your system must have the following minimum requirements: • An Ethernet (10BaseT or 10/100BaseT) adapter for wired client • At least one 802.11g (54Mbps) or one 802.11b (11Mbps) wire- less adapter for wireless mobile clients •...
  • Page 14: Hardware Components

    Hardware Components This section gives you a tour of the different ports and status indica- tors of the ASUS WL-HDD2.5. Refer to this section when installing and operating your device. Ports and Buttons Connect the power adapter here. Insert a USB flash disk here.
  • Page 15: Status Indicators

    File system on the hard disk drive is inconsistent Data is being transferred with a speed of 10Mbps. Data is being transferred with a speed of 100Mbps. ASUS 802.11g WL-HDD2.5 USB LED POWER LED WLAN LED HDD LED 10Mbps Ethernet LED...
  • Page 16: Wireless Performance

    By default, the ASUS WL-HDD2.5 automatically adjusts the data rate to maintain a usable signal connection. Therefore, a client that is close to the ASUS WL-HDD2.5 may operate at higher speeds while a client that is on the fringe of coverage may operate at lower speeds.
  • Page 17: Site Surveys

    You can configure the data rates used by the ASUS WL-HDD2.5 to improve the performance. However, if you limit the range of data rates available to the ASUS WL-HDD2.5, you may reduce the effec- tive wireless range of the WLAN coverage.
  • Page 18: Roaming Guidelines

    WEP Key(s) to communicate. • ASUS APs’ cells must overlap to ensure that there are no gaps in coverage and to ensure that the roaming client will always have a connection available.
  • Page 19: Chapter 2 Getting Started

    2. Getting Started This chapter provides important information about installing and con- necting your ASUS WL-HDD2.5. Read these instructions carefully to set up your device correctly. Setting up the ASUS WL-HDD2.5 Refer to this section to learn about installing and configuring the ASUS WL-HDD2.5.
  • Page 20 3. Insert the hard drive into the slot. Make sure that the hard drive connecting pins and the connector are properly aligned for a sta- ble connection. 4. Insert the circuit board back inside the outer shell and replace the front cover. ASUS 802.11g WL-HDD2.5...
  • Page 21 5. Replace the screws. 6. Attach the external antenna for improved performance. ASUS 802.11g WL-HDD2.5...
  • Page 22: Location Tips

    Note: It is the responsibility of the installer and users of the ASUS WL-HDD2.5 to guarantee that the antenna is operated at least 20 centimeters from any person. This is necessary to ensure that the product is operated in accordance with the RF Guidelines for Human Exposure which have been adopted by the Federal Communications Commission.
  • Page 23: Making Connections

    AP Mode INTERNET In order to use the ASUS WL-HDD2.5 as an AP, it has to be con- nected to a network hub for Internet access. Attach one end of the RJ- 45 Ethernet cable to the ASUS WL-HDD2.5 and attach the other end to the RJ-45 port of a network hub, switch, router, or patch panel (rep- resented by the INTERNET connection in the illustration).
  • Page 24: Network Storage Mode

    Network Storage Mode INTERNET To use the ASUS WL-HDD2.5 as a WLAN storage device in an exist- ing network, no network cable connections to the device are required. The wireless network consisting of an AP and one or more wireless clients, uses the ASUS WL-HDD2.5 as a shared network hard drive.
  • Page 25: Connecting Power

    Using another power supply may damage the device. • To shut down the ASUS WL-HDD2.5, click the Shutdown but- ton on the web manager. This prevents damage to the hard disk. Unplug the power cord only after shutting down the device.
  • Page 26: Configuring The Wireless Client

    Configuring the Wireless Client TCP/IP Settings In order to access the shared hard disk drive of the ASUS WL- HDD2.5 or to use the device as an AP, you may need to configure the TCP/IP settings. The TCP/IP settings should be on the IP subnet of the ASUS WL-HDD2.5.
  • Page 27 1. Right-click the My Network Places icon on the Desktop of your PC and select Properties. 2. In the Network and Dialup Connections window displayed, right-click the Local Area Connection that you created and select Properties. ASUS 802.11g WL-HDD2.5...
  • Page 28 • Subnet Mask (same as the ASUS WL-HDD2.5) Note: The screens shown here are from a PC running Windows 2000. They may be slightly different for Windows XP. ASUS 802.11g WL-HDD2.5...
  • Page 29: Ssid Settings

    • The procedure described here may be slightly different for vari- ous wireless adapter utilities. Refer to the documentation for your wireless client (notebook or PDA) as well as that for the wireless adapter for specific instructions. ASUS 802.11g WL-HDD2.5...
  • Page 30: Using The Hard Disk Drive

    Using the Hard Disk Drive Now that you have installed the ASUS WL-HDD2.5 and connected it as required, you are ready to start using the hard drive as a network storage device as described in the following sections. Accessing the Hard Disk Drive...
  • Page 31 2. Double-click Entire Network. 3. Click Search for computers to start searching for the ASUS WL- HDD2.5. ASUS 802.11g WL-HDD2.5...
  • Page 32 4. The search window opens. Type the device name or SSID (WL- HDD) in the search field. Then click Search Now. 5. The search results pane shows the Wl-hdd icon. Double-click the icon to view the contents of the hard disk. ASUS 802.11g WL-HDD2.5...
  • Page 33 If you have a DHCP server in your network, the DHCP server assigns IP addresses automatically to the device as well as to all the wireless clients. The default IP address of the ASUS WL- HDD2.5 is no longer applicable. The IP address assigned by the DHCP server is displayed on the login window when you double- click the Configuration.html file icon to configure the settings.
  • Page 34: Locating The Device Manually

    Locating the Device Manually Follow this procedure to search for the ASUS WL-HDD2.5 manually by browsing the contents of the entire network: 1. Open Windows Explorer. Then click the My Network Places icon. 2. Double-click Entire Network. ASUS 802.11g WL-HDD2.5...
  • Page 35 Note: If the WL-HDD folder contents displays only the configura- tion folder and not the hard disk partitions, this may be because the hard disk drive is not formatted. See “Formatting the Hard Disk” on page 31 to learn how to format the disk. ASUS 802.11g WL-HDD2.5...
  • Page 36: Using The Asus Utility

    Using the ASUS Utility We recommend that you install the ASUS utility provided on the soft- ware CD included in your package. The utility enables you to search for the device and connect to the device to access the hard drive and configure the settings.
  • Page 37 3. The utility displays the ASUS WL-HDD2.5 and other available wireless devices in the device list. Select the ASUS WL-HDD2.5 and click Configure to access the device. 4. The ASUS WL-HDD2.5 web manager opens. Click Disk share to view the contents of the hard disk. ASUS 802.11g WL-HDD2.5...
  • Page 38: Using Internet Explorer

    Disk” on page 31 to learn how to format the disk. Using Internet Explorer To access the hard disk drive of the ASUS WL-HDD2.5 from a wire- less client using Internet Explorer, do the following: 1. Open the WLAN adapter utility installed on your wireless client and scan for all available networks within range of your wireless adapter.
  • Page 39 Note: The default IP address of the device is not applicable if there is a DHCP server in the network. The DHCP server assigns IP addresses to the ASUS WL-HDD2.5 as well as to all the wireless clients in the network. To find the IP address of the ASUS WL-HDD2.5, click the Configuration.hml file and the...
  • Page 40 4. The ASUS WL-HDD2.5 web manager opens. Click Disk share to view the contents of the hard disk. The hard disk shows the configuration folder and the partitions (part1, part2, etc.) on the hard disk drive. The access permissions for the hard disk drive can be set using the configuration utility described in Chapter 3 (see “Shared Nodes”...
  • Page 41: Hard Drive Pre-Scan Function

    Hard Drive Pre-scan Function When the ASUS WL-HDD2.5 is first turned on, it performs a pre- scan of the hard disk drive to ensure that it is functioning correctly and does not have any corrupt data. If the hard drive is not working, has not been formatted, or has been corrupted, a message is displayed on the screen asking you to format the hard disk.
  • Page 42 5. After formatting is completed, you are asked to restart the system. Click Save&Restart to restart the system. 6. The browser window displays the status while the ASUS WL- HDD2.5 restarts. Wait till the screen is refreshed before using the system.
  • Page 43 Note: If you view the disk status using the software configuration tool and if the disk is corrupted (see “Status” on page 70), the fol- lowing information is displayed. ASUS 802.11g WL-HDD2.5...
  • Page 44: Setting Up Permissions

    This is a useful feature so as to limit the data that is put on the network storage. 1. Open the ASUS WL-HDD2.5 web manager as described in “Using Internet Explorer” on page 28. Then click Settings to con- figure the settings.
  • Page 45: Editing The User List

    Editing the User List The user list is a list of people who are allowed to access to the ASUS WL-HDD2.5. You can add users and their passwords to the list and you can also specify how many users are allowed simultaneous access to the hard drive for optimum performance.
  • Page 46: Editing The Shared Nodes List

    Editing the Shared Nodes List The shared nodes list is a list of all the folders and partitions on the ASUS WL-HDD2.5 showing the sharing and writing permissions for each node. You can specify which folder or partition is shared and which can be written to.
  • Page 47 Write check boxes to enable sharing and writing to the folder. Click Apply to apply the changes to the access rights to the folder. 8. Click Apply to apply the changes or Finish to save the changes and restart the device. ASUS 802.11g WL-HDD2.5...
  • Page 48: Applying The Permissions

    Net- work Neighborhood Mode option to apply the permissions. Scroll to select Apply rules in shared node list from the field and click Finish to save the changes and restart the system. ASUS 802.11g WL-HDD2.5...
  • Page 49: Sharing Files

    To share files from the ASUS WL-HDD2.5 that has been set up as your network storage drive, do the following: 1.
  • Page 50 To download files from the ASUS WL-HDD2.5: Locate the files that you wish to download and then copy them to your local drive as needed. Note that you can only access folders that have been shared by the administrator; see “Editing the Shared Nodes List”...
  • Page 51 Select Copy from the context menu. 4. Using Windows Explorer, navigate to the location on your local drive where you want to download the selected file. Right-click to view the context menu and select Paste to download the music file. ASUS 802.11g WL-HDD2.5...
  • Page 52 To directly play media files from the ASUS WL-HDD2.5: You can also play back a music, video or other media file directly from the ASUS WL-HDD2.5 without downloading it to your local drive. The client treats the media file as a shared network file and opens it using the appropriate application.
  • Page 53 3. Select the music file that you want to play and double-click it to start playing it with the default application (in this case, Windows Media Player). Alternatively, for Windows media files, click the Play button in the left pane to start playback. ASUS 802.11g WL-HDD2.5...
  • Page 54: Transferring Data From External Flash Memory

    Auto-copy Function To transfer data automatically from the flash memory, connect the USB flash memory disk to the USB port of the ASUS WL-HDD2.5. Alternatively, to transfer the contents of other types of flash memory cards such as CF, SD, MMC, and so on, insert the card into an exter- nal card reader (not supplied) and connect it to the USB port using a USB cable.
  • Page 55: Locating The Copied Files On The Hard Disk Drive

    – part1 – is used first. All the data is copied as long as there is free space in the first partition. • If you remove the flash disk from the ASUS WL-HDD2.5 and insert it again, the data is copied again to the hard disk in a new folder with the folder name incremented by 1.
  • Page 56: Shutting Down The Asus Wl-Hdd2.5

    Shutting down the ASUS WL-HDD2.5 Use the web manager tool to shut down the ASUS WL-HDD2.5 after using it to prevent damage to the hard disk and loss of data. To shut down the system, do the following: 1. Click Shutdown in the web manager window.
  • Page 57: Chapter 3 Software Configuration

    3. Software Configuration The ASUS WL-HDD2.5 can be configured to meet various usage sce- narios. Some of the factory default settings may suit your usage; how- ever, others may need to be changed. Configuring the ASUS WL-HDD2.5 is done through a web browser.
  • Page 58: Configuring The Asus Wl-Hdd2.5

    After logging in, the Wireless Hard Drive home page opens. Links to the various parameters that can be adjusted are shown in the left panel. Click a link to configure the ASUS WL-HDD2.5 as desired. Click Restore to clear the changes you have made and restore the pre- vious settings.
  • Page 59: Interface

    SSID: The SSID is an identification string of up to 32 ASCII charac- ters unique to every AP. The SSID is also referred to as the “ESSID” or “Extended Service Set ID.” By default, the SSID is set to ASUS 802.11g WL-HDD2.5...
  • Page 60 “WL-HDD”. All the wireless clients in the vicinity must have the same SSID in order to use the ASUS WL-HDD2.5. This field is also used as the device name when you are looking for the ASUS WL-HDD2.5 through the Windows Network Neighborhood function.
  • Page 61 128 bits (104 + 24). Some vendors refer to this level of WEP as 104 bits and others refer to this as 128 bits. ASUS WLAN products use the term 128 bits when referring to this higher level of encryption.
  • Page 62 WEP Key: At most four WEP keys can be set. A WEP key is either 10 or 26 hexadecimal digits (0~9, a~f, and A~F) based on whether you select 64 bit or 128 bit in the WEP pull-down menu. The ASUS WL-HDD2.5 and ALL of its wireless clients MUST have the same default key.
  • Page 63: Bridge

    WPA Re-key Timer: This field specifies the time interval after which the WPA group key is changed in seconds. 0 means no periodic key-change is required. Bridge ASUS 802.11g WL-HDD2.5...
  • Page 64 APs through a wireless connection. Choose an AP mode and configure the WDS settings as follows: AP Mode: AP Mode configures the ASUS WL-HDD2.5 for a spe- cific purpose. By default, the device is set to serve as an Access Point (AP only) where a wireless mobile client can connect wirelessly to a wired Ethernet network.
  • Page 65: Access Control

    Access Control For additional security, the ASUS WL-HDD2.5 has the ability to only associate with or not associate with wireless mobile clients that have their MAC address specified in this menu. The Access Control menu enables you to block the access from certain wireless stations or to bypass access from certain wireless stations.
  • Page 66: Advanced

    MAC Access Mode. Advanced The Advanced menu allows you to set up additional settings for the ASUS WL-HDD2.5. However, it is recommended that you use the default values for correct operation. Fragmentation Threshold (256~2346): Fragmentation is used to divide 802.11 frames into smaller pieces (fragments) that are sent sep- arately to the destination.
  • Page 67 The default value (100 milliseconds) is recommended. Enable Frame Bursting? This field allows you to enable frame-bursting mode to improve performance with wireless clients that also support frame bursting. ASUS 802.11g WL-HDD2.5...
  • Page 68: Client Mode

    Become an AP if no AP can be connected? Click Yes to enable the ASUS WL-HDD2.5 to be an Access Point in a wireless network, if no other AP is detected. Client Mode: Select Disabled if you do not want to connect to other APs in the network.
  • Page 69 Profile List: Use this option to add the SSIDs of other APs in the WLAN, to which the ASUS WL-HDD2.5 connects. Type the SSID of the AP under the SSID field, then click Add to add it to the Profile List.
  • Page 70 Choose Open System or Shared Key depending on the AP’s encryp- tion system. The authentication method for the AP should be the same as that chosen for the ASUS WL-HDD2.5 (see “Authentication Method” on page 50). Encryption Method: Select WEP - 64 bits or WEP - 128 bits for the encryption method to protect your data by encrypting it.
  • Page 71: Ip Config

    Get IP Automatically: Select Yes (default) or No to get an IP address automatically from a DHCP server. If you select Yes, this means that the ASUS WL-HDD2.5 will send out a DHCP request during bootup. If you have a DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) server on the network, set this option so that the ASUS WL-HDD2.5 can receive an automatic IP address and...
  • Page 72: Dhcp Server

    DHCP server The ASUS WL-HDD2.5 is set up to be a DHCP server by default. This enables it to support up to 254 IP addresses on the WLAN. The IP address for a wireless client can be designated by the network administrator or can be assigned by the ASUS WL-HDD2.5 automat-...
  • Page 73: Storage Setting

    Click the Storage Setting option on the left panel to display its submenus. The Storage Set- ting menus enable you to configure the various parameters of the hard disk drive that is shared on the WLAN. Refer to the following sections for more details. ASUS 802.11g WL-HDD2.5...
  • Page 74: Shared Nodes

    Shared Nodes ASUS 802.11g WL-HDD2.5...
  • Page 75 The Shared Nodes menu page enables you to set the sharing rights and privileges for the shared partitions on the hard disk drive of the ASUS WL-HDD2.5. The following options are available: Network Neighborhood Mode: Select the default setting of Share all partitions on disk to enable sharing of all partitions on the disk.
  • Page 76: Disk Tool

    • The hard disk is formatted using Linux partitions (EXT2). It can- not be connected directly to a Windows system without refor- matting. Reformatting will erase all your data. Note: We recommend that you format the hard disk at least once before using it. ASUS 802.11g WL-HDD2.5...
  • Page 77: System Setting

    ASUS WL-HDD2.5. You can change the password, upgrade the firmware from a file provided by Asus, or restore the device to its default factory settings using this set of menus. Change Password The Change Password menu allows you to change the system pass- word of the ASUS WL-HDD2.5.
  • Page 78: Firmware Upgrade

    Product ID and the current Flash Code (Firmware) ver- sion installed in the device under Firmware Version. Periodically, a new flash code is available for the ASUS 802.11g APs on ASUS’s Web site. Click Browse to specify the location of the new firmware file provided by the manufacturer.
  • Page 79: Factory Default

    Factory Default Use this menu to restore the ASUS WL-HDD2.5 to its default factory settings. Click the Restore button to clear all settings and restore the factory defaults. The device reboots after this function. Note: You can also clear all settings and restore factory default values by pressing and holding down the Reset button for 5 sec- onds.
  • Page 80: Status

    The Status submenu displays the following settings: System Time: This field displays the current system time of the ASUS WL-HDD2.5. Click Sync to synchronize the system with that of your wireless client. Disk: The disk properties of the hard disk drive are displayed in this part of the menu page.
  • Page 81: Wireless

    DHCP Leases The DHCP Leases log file shows a list of devices (clients) that access the ASUS WL-HDD2.5 when DHCP is enabled. The MAC address of each device, along with its IP address and lease time are displayed in this log file.
  • Page 82: Troubleshooting

    Refer to the following tips to resolve any problems that you may encounter when using the ASUS WL-HDD2.5. 1. The ASUS WL-HDD2.5 cannot be found using the Search for computer technique. – Use the Device Discovery tool of the wireless utility on your wireless client to search for the WL-HDD.
  • Page 83: Appendix

    802.11b: 1, 2, 5.5, 11 Mbps Ethernet and 802.3 with maximum bit rate 10/ 100 Mbps and auto cross-over function (MDI/MDI-X) 1 x RJ-45 for 10/100BaseT 2 (One internal inverted-F PCB antenna and one external dipole antenna) Reverse-SMA antenna connector ASUS 802.11g WL-HDD2.5...
  • Page 84 • Time zone and current time • DHCP and static IP • Auto IP • Shared • Password setting • Read or Read and Write • Reboot • Shutdown • Format • Scan disk • Firmware upgrade ASUS 802.11g WL-HDD2.5...
  • Page 85 Supported disk size Supported file size System tool Supported USB flash ASUS 802.11g WL-HDD2.5 FAT, FAT32, NTFS (read-only), EXT2, EXT3 Less than 40GB Less than 2GB • File system check for EXT2 only • Format and partition for EXT2 only USB flash identified as USB mass storage.
  • Page 86: Index

    Access Right page 37 accessing data 2 accessing hard disk drive 20–30 behind DHCP server 23 locating manually 24 searching 20 using ASUS utility 26 using Internet Explorer 28 Ad Hoc option 60 Advanced page 56–57 AES 51 passphrase 51...
  • Page 87 FTP Mode field 65 hard disk drive 1 accessing 2, 20–30 contents, of 23, 25, 28, 30 corrupt 33 formatting 31 installing 9–11 ASUS 802.11g WL-HDD2.5 ASUS utility, using 26 behind DHCP server 23 Internet Explorer, using manually, locating 24 searching 20...
  • Page 88 LED 5 Ethernet 5 HDD 5 POWER 5, 15 USB 5, 44 WLAN 5 locating, manually ASUS WL-HDD2.5 24 location tips 6, 12 antenna mounting 12 placement 12 MAC Access Mode field 55 Maximum Login User field 65 modes AP 2, 13...
  • Page 89 Profile List 59 public wireless folder 1 real time clock 2 Region field 49 Remote Bridge List 54 resetting ASUS WL-HDD2.5 4 RJ-45 Ethernet cable 3, 4, 13 roaming 7 guidelines 8 RTS Threshold field 57 searching for ASUS WL-HDD2.5 20 setting up ASUS WL-HDD2.5 9–15...
  • Page 90 47 wireless local area network 2 Wireless menu 48–60 54g Mode field 50 Access Control List 56 Access Control page 55–56 Advanced page 56–57 Allow anonymous field 54 AP Mode field 54 Authentication Method ASUS 802.11g WL-HDD2.5 field 50...
  • Page 91 WDS only 54 WEP Key field 52 WPA Re-key Timer field 53 Wireless page 71 WLAN, see wireless local area network WL-HDD, see ASUS WL- HDD2.5 Work Group field 65 WPA 2 WPA Re-key Timer field 53 WPA-SK 50 ASUS 802.11g WL-HDD2.5...