Husqvarna 55 Rancher Operator's Manual

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Oper ator's manual (EPA I)
55 Rancher
Please r ead the operator's manual carefully and make sure you
E E E E n n n n g g g g l l l l i i i i s s s s h h h h
understand the instructions before using the machine.


Table of Contents

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  • Page 1 Oper ator’s manual (EPA I) 55 Rancher Please r ead the operator’s manual carefully and make sure you E E E E n n n n g g g g l l l l i i i i s s s s h h h h...
  • Page 2: Key To Symbols

    KEY T O SYMBOLS Symbols on the mac hine: Refuelling. W ARNING! Chain saws can be dangerous! Careless or improper use can result in serious or fatal injury to the operator or Filing with oil and adjusting oil flow. others. Please read the operator’s manual carefully and make sure you understand the The chain brake must be engaged when the...
  • Page 3: Table Of Contents

    CONTENTS Contents KEY TO SYMBOLS Symbols on the machine: ..........Symbols in the operator’s manual: ....... CONTENTS Contents ..............INTR ODUCTION Dear customer! ............WHA T IS WHAT? What is what on the chain sa w? ........GENERAL SAFETY PRECA UTIONS Bef ore using a new chain saw ........
  • Page 4: Intr Oduction

    Dear customer! Cong ratulations on your choice to buy a Husqvarna product! Husqvarna is based on a tradition that dates back to 1689, when the Swedish King Karl XI ordered the construction of a factory on the banks of the Huskvarna River, for production of muskets. The location was logical, since water power was harnessed from the Huskvarna River to create the water-powered plant.
  • Page 5: Wha T Is What

    WHA T IS WHA T? What is what on the c hain saw? 1 Cylinder cover 15 Bar 2 Front handle 16 Bumper spike 3 Front hand guard 17 Chain catcher (Catches chain if it jumps or breaks.) 4 Starter 18 Clutch cover 5 Chain oil tank 19 Right hand guard (Protects right hand if chain breaks or...
  • Page 6: General Safety Preca Utions

    GENERAL SAFETY PRECA UTIONS Bef ore using a new chain saw Impor tant • Please read this manual carefully. IMPOR TANT! • Check that the cutting equipment is correctly fitted and adjusted. See instructions under the heading Assembly. The machine is only designed for cutting wood. •...
  • Page 7: Personal Protective Equipment

    GENERAL SAFETY PRECA UTIONS chain sa w usage if possible. Your dealer, forestry school or Generally clothes should be close-fitting without restricting your library can provide information about which training your freedom of movement. materials and courses are available. IMPOR TANT! Sparks can come from the muffler, the bar and chain or other sources.
  • Page 8 GENERAL SAFETY PRECA UTIONS • This movement activates a spring-loaded mechanism that • The way the chain brake is activated, either manually or tightens the brake band (C) around the engine drive automatically by the inertia release mechanism, depends system (D) (clutch drum). on the force of the kickback and the position of the chain saw in relation to the object that the kickback zone of the bar strikes.
  • Page 9 GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS Will my inetria activated chain brake Right hand guard always activate during kickback in the Apart from protecting your hand if the chain jumps or snaps, event of a kickback? the right hand guard stops branches and twigs from interfering with your grip on the rear handle.
  • Page 10: Cutting Equipment

    GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS Muffler • Keep the chain’s cutting teeth properly sharpened! Follow our instructions and use the recommended file The muffler is designed to keep noise levels to a minimum gauge. A damaged or badly sharpened chain increases and to direct exhaust fumes away from the user. the risk of accidents.
  • Page 11: Sharpening Your Chain And Adjusting Depth Gauge Setting

    General information on sharpening cutting teeth chain combinations recommended by Husqvarna. See instructions under the heading Technical Data for a list of • Never use a blunt chain. When the chain is blunt you have replacement bar and chain combinations we recommend.
  • Page 12: Tensioning The Chain

    GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS Sharpening cutting teeth Adjustment of depth gauge setting To sharpen cutting teeth you will need a round file and a file • The cutting teeth should be newly sharpened before gauge. See instructions under the heading Technical data for adjusting the depth gauge setting.
  • Page 13: Lubricating Cutting Equipment

    GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS • Raise the tip of the bar and stretch the chain by tightening Checking chain lubrication the chain tensioning screw using the combination • Check the chain lubrication each time you refuel. See spanner. Tighten the chain until it does not sag from the instructions under the heading Lubricating the bar tip underside of the bar.
  • Page 14 GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS Needle bearing lubrication • To prolong the life of the bar you should turn it over daily. Both versions of sprockets have a needle bearing on the drive shaft, which has to be greased regularly (once a week). CAUTION! Use only high quality bearing grease or engine oil.
  • Page 15: Assembly

    ASSEMBLY Fitting the bar and chain Tension the chain by turning the chain tensioning screw clockwise using the combination spanner. WARNING! Always wear gloves, when working with the chain, in order to protect your hands from injury. Check that the chain brake is in disengaged position by The chain is correctly tensioned when it does not sag from the moving the front hand guard towards the front handle.
  • Page 16: Fuel Handling

    Always start by filling half the amount of the gasoline to be Environment fuel used. Then add the entire amount of oil. Mix (shake) the HUSQVARNA recommends the use of alkylate fuel or fuel mixture. Add the remaining amount of gasoline. environment fuel for four-stroke engines blended with two- •...
  • Page 17: Fueling

    FUEL HANDLING Fueling • Never start the machine: 1 If you have spilt fuel or chain oil on the machine. Wipe off the spillage and allow remaining fuel to evaporate. 2 If you have spilt fuel on yourself or your clothes, change your clothes.
  • Page 18: Starting And Stopping

    STARTING AND STOPPING Starting and stopping Starting WARNING! Note the following before starting: Grip the front handle with your left hand. Hold the chain saw on the ground by placing your right foot through the rear Never start a chain saw unless the bar, chain handle.
  • Page 19: Starting And Stopping

    STARTING AND STOPPING Stopping • Never start a chain saw unless the bar, chain and all covers are fitted correctly. See instructions under the The engine is stopped by pushing the stop switch to the stop heading Assembly. Without a bar and chain attached to position.
  • Page 20: Working Techniques

    WORKING TECHNIQUES Before use: Basic safety rules 1 Look around you: • To ensure that people, animals or other things cannot affect your control of the machine. • To make sure that none of the above might come within reach of your saw or be injured by falling trees. 1 Check that the chain brake works correctly and is not damaged.
  • Page 21: General Rules

    WORKING TECHNIQUES If the pieces you intend to cut are small and light, they can jam in the saw chain and be thrown towards you. Even if this does not need to be a danger, you may be surprised and lose control of the saw. Never saw stacked logs or 6 Before moving your chain saw switch off the engine and branches without first separating them.
  • Page 22: Basic Cutting Technique

    WORKING TECHNIQUES Cutting with the bottom edge of the bar, i.e. from the top 3 Make sure the chain will not strike the ground or any other of the object downwards, is known as cutting with a pulling object during or after cutting. chain.
  • Page 23: Tree Felling Technique

    WORKING TECHNIQUES Cutting The log is supported at one end. There is a high risk that it will split. WARNING! Never attempt to cut logs while they are in a pile or when a couple of logs are lying together. Such procedures drastically increase the risk of kickback which can result in a serious or fatal injury.
  • Page 24 WORKING TECHNIQUES Felling direction Clearing the trunk and preparing your retreat The aim is to fell the tree in a position where you can limb and Delimb the stem up to shoulder height. It is safer to work from cross-cut the log as easily as possible. You want it to fall in a the top down and to have the tree between you and the saw.
  • Page 25 WORKING TECHNIQUES The directional cuts should run 1/4 of the diameter through When the felling cut and directional cut are complete the tree the trunk and the angle between the top cut and bottom cut should start to fall by itself or with the aid of a felling wedge or should be 45°.
  • Page 26: Freeing A Tree That Has Fallen Badly

    WORKING TECHNIQUES Freeing a tree that has fallen badly General advice: Position yourself so that you will be clear of the tree or branch Freeing a ”trapped tree” when the tension is released. It is very dangerous to remove a trapped tree and there is high accident risk.
  • Page 27: How To Avoid Kickback

    WORKING TECHNIQUES How to avoid kickback Limbing WARNING! A majority of kickback accidents WARNING! Kickback can happen very occur during limbing. Do not use the suddenly and violently; kicking the chain kickback zone of the guide bar. Be extremely saw, bar and chain back at the user. If this cautious and avoid contacting the log, other happens when the chain is moving it can limbs or objects with the nose of the guide...
  • Page 28: Maintenance

    Now start the machine according to the starting instructions and let it warm up for 10 minutes. CAUTION! If the chain rotates while idling the T-screw Your Husqvarna product has been designed and must be turned anti-clockwise until the chain stops. manufactured to specifications that reduce harmful •...
  • Page 29: Checking, Maintaining And Servicing Chain Saw Safety Equipment

    MAINTENANCE Correctly adjusted carburetor Checking the inertia brake release When the carburetor is correctly adjusted the machine accelerates without hesitation and the machine 4-cycles a little at max. speed. It is also important that the chain does not With the engine turned off, hold the chain saw over a stump rotate at idle.
  • Page 30: Right Hand Guard

    MAINTENANCE Throttle lock Right hand guard Check that the right hand guard is not damaged and that • Make sure the throttle control is locked at the idle setting there are no visible defects, such as cracks. when the throttle lock is released. •...
  • Page 31: Muffler

    MAINTENANCE Muffler Starter WARNING! When the recoil spring is wound up in the starter housing it is under tension Never use a machine that has a faulty muffler. and can, if handled carelessly, pop out and cause personal injury. Care must be exercised when replacing the return spring or the starter cord.
  • Page 32: Air Filter

    A damaged air filter must always be replaced. A HUSQVARNA chain saw can be equipped with different types of air filters according to working conditions, weather, season, etc. Contact your dealer for advice.
  • Page 33: Lubricating The Bar Tip Sprocket

    MAINTENANCE Cooling system that the electrode gap is 0.5 mm (0,020"). The spark plug should be replaced after about a month in operation or earlier if necessary. To keep the working temperature as low as possible the machine is equipped with a cooling system. The cooling system consists of: 1 Air intake on the starter.
  • Page 34: Winter Use

    MAINTENANCE Winter use Running problems can occur when using the machine in the cold and snowy conditions caused by: • Too low engine temperature. • Icing of the air filter and carburetor. Special measures are therefore often required: • Partly mask the air inlet on the starter to increase the working temperature of the engine.
  • Page 35: Maintenance Schedule

    MAINTENANCE Maintenance schedule The following is a list of the maintenance that must be performed on the machine. Most of the items are described in the Maintenance section. Daily maintenance Weekly maintenance Monthly maintenance Check the brake band on the chain brake On chain saws without a catalytic for wear.
  • Page 36: Technical Data

    Recommended original and replacement bar and chain combinations Following is a list of recommended cutting equipment for the Husqvarna chain saw model 55 Rancher. The combinations of power head, bar and chain have been investigated in accordance with the kickback and vibration requirements of ANSI B 175.1–2000.
  • Page 37: Bar And Chain Combinations

    Chain saw model Husqvarna 55 Rancher met the kickback performance requirements of ANSI B 175.1-2000 when tested with the combinations of bars and saw chains listed below. The saw chain Husqvarna H30 is also classified as a low kickback saw outlined in ANSI B 175.1-2000.
  • Page 38: Federal Emission Control Warranty Statement

    REPAIR OR REPLACEMENT OF PARTS Repair or OBLIGATIONS replacement of any warranted part will be performed at no charge to the owner at an approved Husqvarna Forest & The EPA (The US Environmental Protection Agency), Garden servicing dealer. If you have any questions regarding Environment Canada and Husqvarna Forest &...
  • Page 39: American Standard Safety Precautions

    AMERICAN STANDARD SAFETY PRECAUTIONS Safety precautions for chain saw Other safety precautions users WARNING! Do not operate a chain saw with (ANSI B 175.1-2000 Annex C) one hand! Serious injury to the operator, helpers, bystanders or any combination of Kickback safety precautions these persons may result from one-handed operation.
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