Polaris 600 IQ LX Owner's Manual

Polaris 2008 snowmobile owner's manual
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  • Page 2 Pantone 425C For your nearest Polaris dealer, call 1-800-POLARIS or visit www.polarisindustries.com Polaris Sales Inc., 2100 Hwy. 55, Medina, MN 55340 Phone 1-888-704-5290 Part No. 9921065 Rev 01 Printed in USA...
  • Page 3 Read, understand, and follow all of the instructions and safety precautions in this manual and on all product labels. Failure to follow the safety precautions could result in serious injury or death. The engine exhaust from this product contains chemicals known to the State of California to cause cancer, birth defects or other reproductive harm.
  • Page 4 Polaris enthusiasts. Be sure to visit us online at www.polarisindustries.com for the latest news, new product introduc- tions, upcoming events, career opportunities and more. Here at Polaris we proudly produce an exciting line of utility and recre- ational products. • Snowmobiles •...
  • Page 5 No liability can be accepted for omissions or inaccuracies. Any reprinting or reuse of the depictions and/or procedures contained within, whether whole or in part, is expressly prohibited. Printed in U.S.A. Owner's Manual P/N 9921065 2008 600/700 IQ / 600 IQ LX / 600 IQ Touring / 600/700 Switchback...
  • Page 6: Table Of Contents

    Polaris Products..... . . 130 Troubleshooting ..... . . 131 Warranty .
  • Page 8: Introduction

    INTRODUCTION Important Notes for Owners and Drivers After reading this manual, store it in the snowmobile for convenient ref- erence. It should remain with the snowmobile when the snowmobile is sold. Some of the illustrations and photos used in this manual are general rep- resentations.
  • Page 9: Preservation Of The Environment

    Polaris snowmobiles are engineered to conform to these SAE standards. Our muffler systems are designed to reduce noise levels and must not be altered or removed. The sound of your snowmobile may not be welcome to non-snowmobilers, so you have a responsibility to operate your snowmobile with concern for others.
  • Page 10: Vehicle Identification Numbers

    Remove the spare key and store it in a safe place. Your key can be duplicated only by mating a Polaris key blank with one of your existing keys, so if both keys are lost, the ignition switch must be replaced.
  • Page 11: Safety

    SAFETY Operator Safety The following signal words and symbols appear throughout this manual and on your vehicle. Your safety is involved when these words and sym- bols are used. Become familiar with their meanings before reading the manual. The safety alert symbol, on your vehicle or in this manual, alerts you to the potential for injury.
  • Page 12: Operator Safety

    Always check major and vital safety components before every ride. All Polaris snowmobiles are designed and tested to provide safe operation when used as directed. Failure of critical machine components may result from operation with any modifications, especially those that increase speed or power.
  • Page 13: Riding Position

    SAFETY Operator Safety Stay Clear of Track Your snowmobile is propelled by a revolving track that must be partially exposed for proper operation. Serious injuries may result if hands, feet, or clothing become entangled in the track. Be alert when riding, and remain properly seated to stay clear of the track.
  • Page 14: Riding Apparel

    Eye Protection Do not depend on eyeglasses or sunglasses for eye protection. When- ever riding a Polaris vehicle, always wear shatterproof goggles or use a shatterproof helmet face shield. Polaris recommends wearing approved Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) bearing markings such as VESC 8, V-8, Z87.1, or CE.
  • Page 15: Disabled Operators

    SAFETY Operator Safety Disabled Operators Safe operation of this rider-active vehicle requires good judgement and physical skills. Operators with cognitive or physical disabilities have an increased risk of loss of control, which could result in serious injury or death. Survival Preparation For your safety, always ride in a group of other snowmobilers.
  • Page 16: Rider Capacity

    A decal on the console of these models indicates single rider operation. Driving 2-Up - Some Polaris snowmobiles are designed for up to two riders. A decal on the hood of these models indicates that the vehicle is designed for one operator and one passenger only.
  • Page 17: Driver Awareness

    SAFETY Operator Safety Driver Awareness Slow down when traveling near poles, posts, or other obstacles. Be especially alert if you're snowmobiling after dark. Always be on the alert for wire fences. Single strands are especially dangerous, since there may be a great distance between posts.
  • Page 18 Operator Safety Avalanches Snowmobilers should always be properly trained and equipped before traveling in mountainous terrain: • Take an avalanche class • Travel with experienced people • Travel on designated trails • Make sure each person is equipped with a shovel, probe and avalanche beacon.
  • Page 19: Ice And Snow Build-Up

    SAFETY Operator Safety Ice and Snow Build-up Ice and snow build-up may interfere with the steering of your machine, result- ing in serious injury or death. Keep the underhood area free of snow and ice. Before driving, manually turn the skis to the left and right to be sure ice and snow are not interfering with full left and right steering.
  • Page 20: Driving Downhill

    Operator Safety Driving Downhill When riding downhill, shift your weight to the rear of the machine and reduce your speed to a minimum. Apply just enough throttle to keep the clutch engaged, allowing the engine's compression to help slow the machine and keep it from rolling freely downhill.
  • Page 21: Driving In Hilly Terrain

    SAFETY Operator Safety Driving in Hilly Terrain Climbing a hill or crossing the face of a slope may result in loss of balance and machine roll-over, causing serious injury or death. Use caution and good judgement when driving in hilly terrain. Use extra caution when operating in hilly terrain.
  • Page 22: Drive Belt

    SAFETY Operator Safety Drive Belt Do not operate the engine with the drive belt removed. Any servicing that requires operation without a belt must be performed by your dealer. Operation of the engine with the belt removed may result in injury or damage to the engine. Intake Silencer Do not operate the engine with the intake silencer or filter removed.
  • Page 23: Inadequate Snow Conditions

    SAFETY Operator Safety Inadequate Snow Conditions Do not drive for prolonged periods on blacktop, gravel, or ice. Doing so could cause irreversible track damage and lead to serious injury. Since snow provides the only lubrication for the power slide suspension and, on liquid cooled models, cooling for the engine, adequate snow cover is a requirement for operation of your machine.
  • Page 24: Driving Responsibly

    Operator Safety Driving Responsibly Every snowmobile handles differently, and even the most docile condi- tions may become dangerous if operators drive improperly. If you're new to snowmobiling, acquaint yourself with the machine and with what it will and won't do under various conditions. Even seasoned driv- ers should spend some time getting the feel for a machine before attempting ambitious maneuvers.
  • Page 25 SAFETY Operator Safety Windchill/Temperature Charts The following information is provided to help you determine when tem- peratures become dangerous for riding. WINDCHILL CHART (_F) Wind Speed Calm Frostbite in >> 30 min. WINDCHILL CHART (_C) Wind Speed Calm -11 -14 -18 -22 -25 -29 -32 -36 -39 -43 -46 -50 -53 -57 -10 -13 -17 -21 -24 -28 -32 -36 -39 -43 -47 -50 -54 -58 -62 -11 -15 -19 -22 -26 -30 -34 -38 -42 -45 -49 -53 -57 -61 -65 -12 -16 -20 -24 -28 -32 -36 -39 -43 -47 -51 -55 -59 -63 -67...
  • Page 26: Clutch Cover Warning

    If any decal becomes illegible or comes off, contact your Polaris dealer to purchase a replacement. Replacement safety decals are provided by Polaris at no charge.
  • Page 27: Hot Surface Warning

    HOT SURFACE - DO NOT TOUCH Burn may result. Entire top of tunnel may be hot. Install only accessories specifically approved for this model by Polaris. Track Warning The track warning decal is at the rear of the tunnel: WARNING Stay clear of track.
  • Page 28: Safety Decals And Locations

    Safety Decals and Locations Reverse Warning The reverse warning decal is located on the console, either beside the steering post or below the windshield: WARNING Reverse operation, even at low speeds, can cause loss of control resulting in serious injury or death. To avoid loss of control, always: •...
  • Page 29 • To avoid serious injury or death, read and understand all warnings and the Owner's Manual before operation. If manual is missing, con- tact a Polaris dealer for a replacement. • This vehicle is capable of high speeds. Buried objects or uneven terrain can cause loss of control.
  • Page 30: Features

    600 IQ Touring Shown Not all models are equipped with all features shown. 1. Nosepan 2. Skis 3. Front Bumper (do not use for pulling or dragging the snow- mobile) 4. Hood 5. Headlight 6. Windshield 7. Handlebar 8. Mirrors (if equipped) 9.
  • Page 31: Features

    FEATURES Not all models are equipped with all features shown. 1. Fuel Filler Cap 2. RIDER SELECT 3. Ignition Switch 4. MFD Gauge 5. Engine Stop Switch 6. Throttle Control 7. Recoil Starter Handle 8. Hood Hold Down Straps 9. Console Storage 10.
  • Page 32: Features

    If your snowmobile has five adjustment positions, do not remove the RIDER SELECT lockout. Your Polaris snowmobile has been engineered for this range of adjustability. Removing this lockout and using RIDER SELECT posi- tion 6 or 7 will result in the handlebars and brake lever contacting other com- ponents and interfering with steering and braking.
  • Page 33: Features

    FEATURES RIDER SELECT Adjustable Steering System Attempting to adjust the handlebar position while the snowmobile is moving could result in loss of control and serious injury or death. Always stop the snowmobile before attempting to adjust the steering system. 1. Stop the snowmobile. 2.
  • Page 34: Features

    The maximum weight capacity for the cargo area is 30 lbs. (14 kg). Install only accessories specifically approved for this model by Polaris. Always secure cargo before operat- ing. Do not exceed the weight limit. Do not allow a passenger to sit on the seat back or the cargo area.
  • Page 35: Features

    FEATURES Backrest (Touring) The backrest is adjustable for either operator or passenger use. 1. Loosen the upper adjustment knobs to raise or lower the backrest. 2. Loosen the lower adjustment knobs to move the backrest forward for operator use or rearward for passenger use.
  • Page 36: Features

    In extreme conditions the DET sys- tem retards timing and holds it in a retarded state. If this occurs, replace the fuel with recommended fuel or see your Polaris dealer for service. Cause of DET Activation...
  • Page 37: Features

    FEATURES Instrumentation MFD Component Identification Item 1 Analog (if equipped) 2 Digital Gauge 3 CHECK ENGINE Indicator (carb models) 4 Low Oil Indicator 5 High Temp Indicator 6 Brake Indicator 7 Reverse Indicator 8 High Beam Indicator Digital Display Identification Item 1 RPM or Speed Altitude (if equipped)
  • Page 38: Features

    Instrumentation MFD Settings With the engine running, use the MFD Control Switch to set the MFD display to your preference. The rocker switch ( ) has a MODE but- ton (top) and a SET button (bottom). Standard vs. Metric The MFD will display either stan- dard or metric units of measurement.
  • Page 39: Features

    FEATURES Instrumentation MFD Digital Display Programs Press the MODE button to cycle through the three MFD programs: Per- formance, Engine and History. Each program will remain in the display until another is selected. NOTE: The analog will always display either MPH or engine RPM (whichever setting is selected) regardless of the display pro- gram being viewed.
  • Page 40: Features

    FEATURES Instrumentation MFD Digital Display Programs Trip Settings Trip 1 and Trip 2 are odometers used to check fuel mileage or to keep track of distance traveled. 1. To reset a trip odometer to zero, enter the Trip 1 or Trip 2 display. 2.
  • Page 41: Features

    FEATURES Instrumentation MFD Digital Display Programs Performance Program Clock Setting 1. While in the CLOCK display, press and hold the SET button for five seconds. 2. When the hour starts flashing press the SET switch once to advance one hour, or press and hold the SET button to advance the hour once every 0.2 seconds.
  • Page 42: Features

    FEATURES Instrumentation MFD Digital Display Programs Engine Program The Engine Program automatically displays the engine coolant tempera- ture, engine hours, electrical system voltage level and fuel level (if equipped). On machines equipped with altimeter sensor and ambient air temperature sensors, altitude and ambient air temperature will display as additional screens in the engine program.
  • Page 43: Features

    FEATURES Instrumentation MFD Digital Display Programs Engine Program Altitude (if equipped) The rider can calibrate the altimeter for current atmospheric conditions. Altimeter accuracy will be +/-300 ft. (91 m) after adjustment. NOTE: Press and hold the MODE switch for ten seconds to switch between stan- dard and metric units of measure- ment.
  • Page 44: Features

    Instrumentation MFD Digital Display Programs History Program The History Program automatically displays electrical system voltage level and fuel level (if equipped). While in the History mode, press the SET button to view maximum vehicle speed, maximum engine rpm or the current service interval set- ting.
  • Page 45: Features

    FEATURES Instrumentation MFD Digital Display Programs Service Interval Reminder The gauge logs the number of engine hours between service reminders. When the logged hours reaches the designated service interval (set by the user), the gauge provides a reminder that service is due. "SErVCE" will flash in the odometer area and "ENG"...
  • Page 46: Features

    Instrumentation MFD Battery Replacement (models with clocks) If the clock function of the MFD isn't working properly, replace the battery. Replacement batteries are available from your dealer. 1. Remove the plenum from the under- side of the hood. 2. Locate the black battery compart- ment.
  • Page 47: Gauge Cleaning

    FEATURES Instrumentation MFD Battery Replacement (models with clocks) 6. Install a new battery with fingers only. 7. Seal the end of the battery compartment using high strength double- sided tape between the two compartment halves or high strength single-sided tape around the outside of the compartment. 8.
  • Page 48: The Perfect Fit

    THE PERFECT FIT Front Suspension Adjustments Independent Front Suspension (IFS) Break in the suspension for about 150 miles (240 km) before making any fine-tuning adjustments. Settings will vary from rider to rider, depending on rider weight, vehicle speed, riding style, and trail conditions. We recommend starting with factory settings and then customizing each adjustment individually to suit rider preference.
  • Page 49: Front Suspension Adjustments

    THE PERFECT FIT Front Suspension Adjustments Shock Spring Preload Increasing spring preload will increase ski-to-ground pressure. Decreasing spring preload will decrease ski-to-ground pres- sure. When adjusting, be sure the springs on both the left and right sides of the machine are at the same adjustment. To change front shock spring preload, grasp the spring and rotate it.
  • Page 50: Shock Valving

    Shocks contain high-pressure nitrogen gas. Use extreme cau- tion when handling high-pressure service equipment. We recommend that this work be performed by a Polaris dealer. THE PERFECT FIT WARNING...
  • Page 51: Rear Suspension Adjustments

    Refer to the suspension setup label on your snowmobile, or see your Polaris dealer for initial suspension setup information. Additional adjustments can be made after initial setup. Make adjustments to one area at a time so you can evaluate the change. For further assistance, see...
  • Page 52: Suspension Performance Tips

    Bogie wheel kits are available from your dealer. • Polaris offers track kits for improved flotation in deep snow. See your dealer for assistance. NOTE: Keep the suspension pivot points lubricated. This will reduce moisture and rust build-up and ensure proper function of the suspension components.
  • Page 53 THE PERFECT FIT IQ & Switchback Rear Suspension Adjustments Initial Spring Preload Setting (Sag Method) To set up the rear suspension tor- sion spring preload, measure the distance between the ground and rear bumper. This is measurement Take the first measurement with no rider and with the rear suspension at full extension.
  • Page 54 IQ & Switchback Rear Suspension Adjustments Initial Spring Preload Setting (Sag Method) To determine sag, commonly referred to as ride-in, subtract measure- ment Y from X (sag=X-Y). If the measured sag is incorrect, adjust the FRA position and/or rear torsion spring preload. Suspension Recommended Sag IQ (121) 4-5 inches (10-13 cm)
  • Page 55: Torsion Spring Preload

    THE PERFECT FIT IQ & Switchback Rear Suspension Adjustments Torsion Spring Preload To adjust rear torsion spring preload, rotate the three-position cam using the engine spark plug tool. Adjustment is easiest when the cam is rotated from low to medium, and then to high. Rotating directly from low to high will require significantly more effort.
  • Page 56 IQ & Switchback Rear Suspension Adjustments Limiter Strap Position (Ski Pressure) Ski pressure is set at the factory to deliver the optimum balance between ride and handling. If a rider prefers more ski pressure for improved steering performance, adjustments can be made to the front limiter straps.
  • Page 57 THE PERFECT FIT IQ & Switchback Rear Suspension Adjustments Rear Shock Compression Damping (Premium Shocks) Turn the adjustment knob on the shock reservoir to make adjustments to the compression damping. Positions are labeled on the shock. When adjusting, we recommend that you turn the adjuster slightly, then test ride.
  • Page 58: Suspension Coupling

    IQ & Switchback Rear Suspension Adjustments Suspension Coupling On all Polaris snowmobile rear suspensions, there are two torque arms that control the movement of the rail beam. Prior to the advent of sus- pension coupling, these torque arms could move independently of each other.
  • Page 59 THE PERFECT FIT IQ & Switchback Rear Suspension Adjustments Rear To Front Coupling and the Rear Rear Scissor Stop (RRSS) The rear rear scissor stop (RRSS) couples the movement of the rear torque arm with the front torque arm and limits the amount of indepen- dent movement between the rear torque and the front torque arm.
  • Page 60: Weight Transfer During Acceleration

    IQ & Switchback Rear Suspension Adjustments Weight Transfer During Acceleration The preferred method for control- ling weight transfer during accel- eration is by adjusting the rear rear scissor stop (RRSS). The factory setting is the best for most trail riding conditions. To decrease weight transfer under acceleration (for improved corner- ing), rotate the RRSS to a higher...
  • Page 61 THE PERFECT FIT FAST M-10 Rear Suspension Adjustments The M-10 suspension has been designed to be very sensitive to rider weight. Changes in rider weight of 25 lbs. (11 kg) or more might require appropriate changes in settings. The following information has been compiled to assist you in tuning your M-10 suspension to its maximum potential and achieve the best possible ride.
  • Page 62 FAST M-10 Rear Suspension Adjustments Static Sag and Ride Height Settings 1. To check sag, raise the rear bumper until the suspension is fully extended (the rear shock will not extend any further). Measure the distance from the ground to the bottom of the bumper (dimension X) as shown in the illustration.
  • Page 63 THE PERFECT FIT FAST M-10 Rear Suspension Adjustments M-10 Static Sag and Ride Height Settings FRA Position The FRA setting is the primary rear suspension adjustment. It will have the most effect on the rear suspension performance. To adjust the FRA: 1.
  • Page 64 If FRA position alone does not allow the setup of the proper amount of sag, the center retainer of the rear track shock can be replaced with optional retainers to adjust the preload and change the sag. See your Polaris dealer for assistance. Retainer Insert Retainer Part Number...
  • Page 65 THE PERFECT FIT FAST M-10 Rear Suspension Adjustments Ski Pressure Ski pressure is set at the factory to deliver the optimum balance between ride and handling. If a rider prefers more ski pressure for improved steering performance, adjustments can be made to the front limiter strap and front arm mount.
  • Page 66 FAST M-10 Rear Suspension Adjustments Ski Pressure NOTE: By design, the BIASED COUPLE design of the M-10 suspen- sion displaces the rear arm as the front arm is compressed. This means that when you raise the front limiter strap, at some point you will collapse the rear suspension arm, which will affect SAG height and reduce rear suspension travel.
  • Page 67: Handlebar Adjustments

    THE PERFECT FIT Handlebar Adjustments Use the RIDER SELECT feature to adjust handlebar position. See page 29. Use the following steps to adjust handlebar angle at the handlebar block. 1. Remove the handlebar cover to expose the handlebar and the four adjuster block bolts.
  • Page 68 Accessories Polaris offers a wide range of accessories for your snowmobile to help make each ride more enjoyable. Use only Polaris parts and accessories on your Polaris snowmobile. Use of unapproved parts and accessories may result in: • Non-compliance with government/industry requirements •...
  • Page 69: Traction Products

    Before equipping your machine with traction products, be aware of the laws in your area pertaining to the use of traction products. Use only Polaris traction products on your snowmobile. Track warran- ties are void if track damage or failure results from improper or exces- sive stud installation or the use of non-Polaris traction products.
  • Page 70: Wear Strips

    Traction Products nCarbide Skags A skag is a replaceable bar attached to the underside of the ski to assist in turning the snowmobile and to prevent ski wear caused by contact with roads and other bare terrain. Use carbide skags with studded tracks to help maintain proper vehicle steering and control.
  • Page 71: Pre-Ride Inspections

    PRE-RIDE INSPECTIONS Pre-Ride Checklist Inspect all items on the checklist for proper operation or condition before each use of the snowmobile. Procedures are outlined on the refer- enced pages. Look for a checkmark (n) on the referenced pages to locate the pre-ride inspection items. Drive Belt Condition Steering System Recoil Rope...
  • Page 72: Before Starting The Engine

    Before Starting the Engine Before starting the engine, always refer to all safety warnings pertaining to snowmobile operation. Never start the engine without checking all vehicle components to be sure of proper operation. Operating the vehicle with worn, damaged, or malfunctioning components could result in serious injury or death.
  • Page 73: Brake Lever Travel

    PRE-RIDE INSPECTIONS Before Starting the Engine n Brakes Always check the following items for proper operation before starting the engine. Brake Lever Travel Squeeze the brake lever. It should move no closer to the handgrip than 1/2I (1.3 cm). A smaller distance indicates low brake fluid level or air in the hydraulic system.
  • Page 74: Parking Brake Lever Lock

    Before Starting the Engine n Parking Brake Lever Lock Use the parking brake lever lock only when you want the machine to remain stationary; for example, when parked on an incline for a period of five minutes or less. 1. Brake Lever 2.
  • Page 75 PRE-RIDE INSPECTIONS Before Starting the Engine n Steering System Ice and snow build-up may interfere with the steering of your machine, result- ing in serious injury or death. Keep the underhood area free of snow and ice. Before driving, manually turn the skis to the left and right to be sure ice and snow are not interfering with full left and right steering.
  • Page 76: Recoil Rope

    Recoil Rope Inspect the recoil rope and handle for excessive wear, and make sure the knot securing the rope inside the handle is secure. If excessive wear is found, see your Polaris dealer for replacement.
  • Page 77: Start The Engine And Check

    PRE-RIDE INSPECTIONS Start the Engine and Check Before starting the engine, always refer to all safety warnings pertaining to snowmobile operation. Never engage the starter when the engine is running. Never start the engine without checking all vehicle components to be sure of proper operation. See Before Starting the Engine beginning on page 69.
  • Page 78: Operation

    Starting the Engine Engaging the starter when the engine is running WILL result in serious engine damage, especially if the transmission is in reverse. Never engage the starter when the engine is running. 1. Turn the key to the ON position. 2.
  • Page 79: Engine Break-In

    Premix the first tank of fuel with one pint of Polaris injection oil for each five gal- lons of fuel. This, in addition to the lubrication supplied by the injection system, will assure proper engine break-in.
  • Page 80: Oil Injection System

    This snowmobile is equipped with a variable exhaust system (VES). Engine lubrication comes from oil added to the fuel and oil injection systems. Polaris recommends the use of VES II 2 Cycle Oil for this engine. See page 130 for the part numbers of Polaris products.
  • Page 81: Track Warm-Up

    OPERATION Track Warm-Up A loose track or flying debris could cause serious injury or death. Stand clear of the front of the machine and the moving track. Never hold the snowmobile up or stand behind it while warming up the track. Do not use excessive throt- tle during warm-up or when the track is free-hanging.
  • Page 82 Fuel Gasoline is highly flammable and explosive under certain conditions. • Always exercise extreme caution whenever handling gasoline. • Always refuel outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. • Always turn off the engine before refueling. • Do not overfill the tank. Do not fill the tank neck. •...
  • Page 83: Fuel System Deicers

    OPERATION Fuel For peak performance, Polaris recommends the use of 91 octane or higher fuel. Although 87 octane fuel is usable, some engine perfor- mance will be lost and fuel economy will decrease. Do not use lower than 87 octane fuel. Do not use fuel containing more than 10% ethanol (including E85).
  • Page 84: Low Oil Indicator Light

    Always maintain a visible level of oil in the tank. If oil is not visible, continued operation may cause serious engine damage. See page 77 for oil recommendations. The Polaris oil cap on the oil bottle is vented to allow proper oil flow. See your Polaris dealer for recommended replacement parts. CAUTION...
  • Page 85: Engine Stop Switch

    OPERATION Engine Stop Switch Push down on the engine stop switch ( ) to ground out the ignition and stop the engine quickly. Pull the switch up to the ON position to allow restarting. Throttle Safety Switch The throttle safety switch is designed to stop the engine whenever all pressure is removed from the throttle lever and the throttle cable or valves do not return to the normal closed position.
  • Page 86: Throttle Lever

    When these switches are disconnected, the ignition key switch must be used to shut off the engine. DO NOT continue to operate the machine with the throttle safety switch disconnected. Return the machine to an authorized Polaris dealer for service as soon as possible. WARNING OPERATION...
  • Page 87: Emergency Stopping

    OPERATION Emergency Stopping The following chart lists methods for stopping the snowmobile in the event of an emergency. See page 82 for more information about the engine stop switch and throttle safety switch. SYSTEM Ignition Switch Brake Engine Stop Switch Throttle Safety Switch Tether Switch (Option) WHAT IT DOES...
  • Page 88 Electronic Reverse (PERCt) Electronic reverse will activate only if the engine RPM is below 4000. Improper reverse operation, even at low speeds, may cause loss of control, resulting in serious injury or death. Damage will occur to the chaincase or transmission if shifting is attempted when the engine is operating above idle speed.
  • Page 89 OPERATION Engaging Reverse 1. Stop the snowmobile and leave the engine idling. 2. Make sure the area behind your vehicle is clear. 3. Push the yellow reverse button on the left-hand control for one sec- ond, then release. The engine will automatically reduce RPM and start a reverse rotation.
  • Page 90: Daily Storage

    Daily Storage At the end of each ride, park the snowmo- bile on a level surface and support it at the rear with an appropriate track stand. The track should be suspended approximately 4I (10 cm) off the ground. Remove the key and cover the machine. Towing Do not use the front bumper to pull or drag the snowmobile.
  • Page 91: Maintenance

    MAINTENANCE Emission Control Information Any qualified repair shop or qualified person may maintain, replace, or repair the emission control devices or systems on your snowmobile. Emission Control Label Your snowmobile is equipped at the time of sale with an emission con- trol information (ECI) label and a factory-installed emissions informa- tion hangtag.
  • Page 92: Emission Control Information

    The speci- fied maintenance for the fuel filter is recommended additional emission- related maintenance. Polaris recommends that you contact an authorized Polaris dealer to perform any service that may be necessary.
  • Page 93 If you're not familiar with safe service or adjustment procedures and the use of tools, or if you don't feel comfort- able performing these tasks yourself, contact an authorized Polaris dealer for service. Hot components can cause damage to plastic. Always make sure the exhaust system and engine have cooled before tipping the snowmobile on its side for service or inspection.
  • Page 94: Item See Page

    The following chart is a guide based on average riding conditions. You may need to increase frequency based on riding conditions. When inspection reveals the need for replacement parts, always use genuine Polaris parts, available from your Polaris dealer. Item Clutch Alignment Offset...
  • Page 95: Ignition Switch

    MAINTENANCE Periodic Maintenance Interval Table Item Hose Routing Hose Condition Fluid Leaks Brake Pads Brake Disc Parking Brakes Brake System Brake Fluid Idle RPM Throttle Lever Oil Pump Lever (synchronize) Throttle Cable Throttle Position Sensor Fuel Lines Fuel Filter Oil Filter Oil Lines Air Box Auxiliary Shut-Off...
  • Page 96: Suspension Mounting Bolts

    Periodic Maintenance Interval Table Item Ski Toe Alignment Suspension Mounting Bolts Steering Fasteners Rear Suspension Fas- teners Suspension Shock Oil Cooling Fins and Shroud Drive Shaft Bearing Jackshaft Bearings Skags (Wear Bars) Ski Saddle/Spindle Bolts Drive Chain Tension Hood Latches Rear Wheel Idler Bolts Idler Bolt Jam Nut Rear Suspension Pivot...
  • Page 97: Rear Suspension

    MAINTENANCE Lubrication Rear Suspension Lubricate the suspension pivot shafts with Polaris Premium All Season Grease at the intervals outlined in the Periodic Maintenance Table beginning on page 90 and before seasonal storage. When operating in heavy, wet snow conditions, lubricate every 500 miles (800 km).
  • Page 98 MAINTENANCE Lubrication Rear Suspension M-10 128 Rear Suspension M-10 136 Rear Suspension...
  • Page 99: Throttle Cable

    MAINTENANCE Lubrication Driveshaft Bearing Inject grease into the fitting on the speedometer sensor housing until grease purges from the seal on the inside of the tunnel. This should take approximately two pumps. Do not use more than four pumps. Throttle Cable Lubricate the throttle cable lightly with grease or oil.
  • Page 100: Chaincase Oil

    500 miles (800 km), then every 1000 miles (1600 km) or seasonally. Polaris recommends the use of Polaris Synthetic Chaincase Lube. See page 130 for the part numbers of Polaris products. Oil Check 1. Position the vehicle on a level sur- face.
  • Page 101 MAINTENANCE Lubrication Chaincase Oil Oil Change 1. Position the vehicle on a level surface. 2. Remove the drain plug (4) and drain the oil into a drain pan. Allow the oil to drain completely. 3. Clean off all metal shavings from the plug.
  • Page 102: Spark Plugs

    Spark Plugs A new engine can cause temporary spark plug fouling due to the preser- vative added during the assembly process. Avoid prolonged idle speeds, which cause plug fouling and carbonization. Refer to your Owner's Manual Supplement for the specific spark plug to be used in your machine.
  • Page 103: Spark Plug Condition

    MAINTENANCE Spark Plug Condition Spark plug condition is indicative of engine operation. The spark plug firing end condition should be read after the engine has been warmed up and the vehicle has been driven at higher speeds. Immediately check the spark plug for correct color.
  • Page 104: Oil Filter

    Spark Plug Removal and Replacement 1. Remove the spark plug cap. 2. Using the special wrench provided in the tool pouch, rotate the spark plug counterclockwise to remove. 3. Reverse the procedure for spark plug installation. 4. Torque to 18-22 ft. lbs. (24-30 Nm). 5.
  • Page 105: Intake Filters

    All fuel pump service must be performed by an authorized Polaris dealer. Do not attempt to service the fuel pump. Fuel Filter/Fuel Lines See your Polaris dealer for replacement of the fuel filter every 1000 miles (or annually). Inspect the fuel lines regularly for signs of deterioration or damage.
  • Page 106: Cooling System

    Please see your Polaris dealer. When adding or changing coolant, Polaris recommends using Premium 60/40 anti-freeze coolant, which is already premixed and ready to use. Do not dilute with water. Never exceed a 60% antifreeze/40% water mixture.
  • Page 107: Flushing The Cooling System

    This service must be performed when the engine is cold. Ask your Polaris dealer to check the coolant when he performs the fall tune-up on your snowmobile.
  • Page 108: Bleeding The Cooling System

    Cooling System Bleeding the Cooling System Steam and hot liquids will cause serious burns to your skin. Never bleed the cooling system or remove the pressure cap when the engine is warm or hot. Use of a non-standard pressure cap will not allow the recovery system to function properly.
  • Page 109: Exhaust System

    MAINTENANCE Exhaust System Check the exhaust system for wear or damage at approximately 2000 miles (3200 km). Always allow the engine and exhaust system to cool completely before inspecting. Hot exhaust system parts can cause serious burns. Allow adequate time for the exhaust system to cool.
  • Page 110: Drive Chain Tension

    Drive Chain Tension Check drive chain tension weekly and before each long trip. To obtain correct chain tension: 1. Rotate the driven clutch counter- clockwise to move all chain slack to the tensioner side. Lock the brake lever lock, or have an assistant hold the brake lever firmly.
  • Page 111: Brake Components

    3. Brake Pad Material (Replace when thickness is less than 1/16I/1.5 mm). Excessive Lever Travel Hydraulic brakes are self- adjusting, but if excessive brake pad clearance develops, bring the machine to an autho- rized Polaris dealer for inspec- tion and adjustment. WARNING...
  • Page 112: Brake Fluid

    If the fluid is sufficient, the sight glass will be black. If the sight glass is any color other than black, add brake fluid. Replace brake fluid at least every two years with Polaris DOT 4 high temperature brake fluid. See page 130 for the part numbers of Polaris products.
  • Page 113: Bleeding The Hydraulic Brake System

    MAINTENANCE Brakes Bleeding the Hydraulic Brake System Air in the hydraulic brake system will cause spongy brake lever action. Bleed the system before operating the snowmobile. Operating the vehicle with a spongy brake lever can result in loss of brakes, which could cause an accident and lead to serious injury or death.
  • Page 114: Headlight Bulb Removal

    Lights NOTE: Do not touch a halogen bulb with bare fingers. Oil from skin leaves a residue, causing a hot spot that will shorten the life of the lamp. If fingers do touch the bulb, clean it with an alcohol- moistened towel.
  • Page 115 MAINTENANCE Lights Taillight/Brakelight Replacement IQ LX 1. Open the rear storage compartment. 2. Reach into the compartment and locate the socket assembly above the door opening. 3. Turn the socket counterclockwise 1/4 turn. 4. Carefully pull the socket assembly away from the taillight. 5.
  • Page 116: Clutch System

    Polaris dealer. Any unauthorized modifications to clutches, such as adding or removing weights, will void the warranty. The bushings in the weights and rollers of Polaris clutches are made of a material that may be damaged if lubricated. Do not lubricate clutch bushings.
  • Page 117 MAINTENANCE Clutch System n Drive Belt Condition Periodically check the condition and tension of the drive belt, and always carry a spare. Inspect the belt for signs of excessive wear: frayed edges, missing cogs, cracks and excessive looseness. Replace the belt if any of these conditions exist.
  • Page 118: Drive Belt Deflection

    Clutch System n Drive Belt Deflection Measure belt deflection with both clutches at rest and in their full neutral position. Place a straight edge (1) on the belt and apply downward pressure while measuring at point 2. This measurement should be 1 1/4I (3.2 cm).
  • Page 119: Drive Belt Removal

    MAINTENANCE Clutch System Drive Belt Removal Do not attempt to remove the drive belt after operating in reverse. The snow- mobile must be stopped after forward motion to prevent damage to compo- nents during belt removal. Rotate the driven clutch counterclockwise 1/4 turn by hand to ensure forward engagement before attempting to remove the belt.
  • Page 120: Torque Stop

    Clutch System Drive Belt Installation 1. Drop the drive belt over the drive clutch and pull back the slack. NOTE: To ensure satisfactory belt life, install belts so they operate in the same direction of rotation by positioning the identifica- tion numbers so that you can read them.
  • Page 121: Track Inspection

    MAINTENANCE Fall Tune-Up For maximum performance, arrange for a fall service tune-up with your Polaris dealer. His experienced and trained service technician will keep your machine in peak operating condition. Track Maintenance Track Inspection Broken track rods can cause a rotating track to come off the machine, which could cause serious injury or death.
  • Page 122: Track Lubrication

    Track Maintenance Track Lubrication Operating with insufficient lubrication between the rail slide and track guide clips can cause track failure, loss of vehicle control and loss of braking ability, which can result in serious injury or death. Avoid operating for extended peri- ods on ice and other surfaces that have little or no snow for lubrication.
  • Page 123: Track Tension

    MAINTENANCE Track Maintenance Moving parts can cut and crush body parts. When performing the checks and adjustments recommended on the following pages, stay clear of all moving parts. Never perform track measurement or adjustments with the engine run- ning. Track Tension Track adjustment is critical for proper handling.
  • Page 124 Track Maintenance Track Tension 4. Check for specified slack between the wear surface of the track clip and the plastic slider. Refer to the Track Tension Data Chart on page 120. If the track needs adjustment: 5. Loosen the rear idler shaft bolt. 6.
  • Page 125: Track Alignment/Condition

    MAINTENANCE Track Maintenance n Track Alignment Periodically check that the track is centered and running evenly on the slide rails. Misalignment will cause excessive wear to the track and slide rail. 1. Safely support the rear of the machine with the track off the ground. 2.
  • Page 126: Steering System

    MAINTENANCE Steering System Steering Inspection and Adjustment Each week, or before a long ride, check all steering system fasteners and tighten if necessary.
  • Page 127: Ski Alignment

    Improper ski alignment or adjustment may cause loss of steering control, resulting in serious injury or death. Do not attempt to change the ski align- ment or camber adjustment. See your Polaris dealer. With the handlebars in a straight ahead position, and with vehicle weight compressing the suspension, measure from the straight edge of the skis at the center of the ski mounting bolt.
  • Page 128: Ski Skags

    Steering System n Ski Skags Worn skis and/or skags will adversely affect handling. Loss of vehicle control may result, causing serious injury or death. See your dealer's studding chart for recommended skags. If you install longer or more aggressive carbide skags than the original equipment, it may also be necessary to add track studs to maintain proper vehicle control while turning on hard-packed snow or ice.
  • Page 129: Rail Slide Wear

    MAINTENANCE Steering System n Rail Slide Wear Measure slide thickness at several points along the rail. Have your dealer replace the slide when it's worn down to the top of the wear limit indicator groove ( ). Do not operate the snowmobile if slide thickness measures less than 7/16I (1.1 cm).
  • Page 130: Cleaning And Preservation

    Extended Storage Off-season or extended storage of your snowmobile requires preventive measures to aid against deterioration and to prolong the useful life of many components. See page 130 for the part numbers of Polaris prod- ucts. Cleaning and Preservation Proper storage starts with cleaning, washing, and waxing the hood, chassis, and plastic parts.
  • Page 131: Clutch And Drive System

    MAINTENANCE Extended Storage Bearings Grease the jackshaft and drive shaft clutch side bearings with Polaris Premium All-Season Grease or a similar high quality grease to prevent corrosion. Clutch and Drive System Remove the drive belt and store in a cool dry location. Do not lubricate clutch components, except the driven clutch shaft bushing as outlined in the Master Repair Manual.
  • Page 132: Electrical Connections

    MAINTENANCE Extended Storage Electrical Connections Replace worn or frayed electrical wire and connectors. Be sure wiring harness is properly secured away from sharp edges, steering linkage, moving parts, and hot exhaust parts. Transporting the Snowmobile Whenever the snowmobile is transported: 1.
  • Page 133: Polaris Products

    POLARIS PRODUCTS Part No. 2870791 Fogging Oil (12 oz. Aerosol) 2871098 Premium 2-Cycle Engine Oil (qt.) 2871097 Premium 2-Cycle Engine Oil (gal.) 2871240 Premium 2-Cycle Engine Oil (2.5 gal.) 2871721 Premium Gold Synthetic 2-Cycle Engine Oil (qt.) 2871722 Premium Gold Synthetic 2-Cycle Engine Oil (gal.) 2872347 Premium Gold Synthetic 2-Cycle Engine Oil (2.5 gal.)
  • Page 134: Troubleshooting

    Engine Troubleshooting Unless you have experience and training in two-cycle engine repair, see your dealer if technical problems arise. Problem Probable Cause Solution Erratic engine oper- Drive clutch binding ating RPM during Driven clutch mal- acceleration or load function variations Harsh drive clutch Drive belt worn or engagement...
  • Page 135 TROUBLESHOOTING Engine Troubleshooting Problem Probable Cause Solution Noise in drive sys- Broken drive clutch components Bearing failure/ chaincase, jackshaft, or front drive shaft Drive belt surface flat spots Drive chain loose Drive chain worn, sprocket teeth bro- Poor low RPM per- Worn drive belt formance Excessive belt/...
  • Page 136 Engine Troubleshooting Problem Probable Cause Solution Engine turns but fails Faulty ignition to start No fuel to engine Poor engine com- pression Engine lacks power Fouled or defective spark plug(s) Fuel filter (loss of high RPM power) Incorrect clutching Engine continually Faulty plug(s) backfires Fuel System...
  • Page 137 TROUBLESHOOTING IQ/Switchback Suspension Troubleshooting Problem Solution Rear suspension bot- • Adjust torsion spring preload to achieve proper static sag toms too easily • Change torsion spring to stiffer optional spring (see your • Revalve rear track shock (see your dealer). Rides too stiff in rear •...
  • Page 138 M-10 Suspension Troubleshooting Problem Solution Rear suspension bot- • Increase FRA position (see page 60). toms too easily • Install appropriate optional center retainer on rear track • Increase front track shock coil spring preload. • Revalve rear track shock (see your dealer). •...
  • Page 139: Drive Belt Troubleshooting

    TROUBLESHOOTING Drive Belt Troubleshooting Causes Driving at low RPM Insufficient warm-up Towing at low RPM Riding with high RPM and slow speed (8000 RPM/10 MPH) Ice and snow build-up between track and tunnel Poor engine performance Loading machines onto trailers Clutch malfunction Slow, easy clutch engage- ment...
  • Page 140: Warranty

    Your dealer receives frequent updates on changes, modifications and tips on snowmobile maintenance, which may supersede information con- tained in this manual. Your dealer is also familiar with Polaris policies and pro- cedures and will be happy to assist you.
  • Page 141 Polaris warranty will provide all dealerships with a monthly updated list of all stolen units to further monitor thefts. Polaris warranty will aid in notifying the proper owner when a unit is recovered.
  • Page 142: Limited Warranty

    WARRANTY Limited Warranty Polaris Sales Inc., 2100 Highway 55, Medina, MN 55340, provides a ONE YEAR LIM- ITED WARRANTY on all components of the Polaris snowmobile against defects in material or workmanship. This warranty covers the parts and labor charges for repair or replacement of defective parts that are covered by this warranty.
  • Page 143: Engine Oil

    How to Obtain Warranty Service If your snowmobile requires warranty service, you must take it to a Polaris dealer autho- rized to repair Polaris snowmobiles. When requesting warranty service you must present your copy of the Warranty Registration form to the dealer. (The cost of transportation to and from the dealer is YOUR responsibility).
  • Page 144 In order to qualify for warranty, the product must have been properly set up and tested by a Polaris Dealer (if applicable). Failure of any dealer to perform the required vehicle Pre-Delivery Inspection, perform all applicable service bulletins and have the consumer sign the PDI form prior to delivery may void the warranty.
  • Page 145 • Failures caused due to improper adjustments. • Failure due to unauthorized service. • Failures due to lack of service as required in the owner's manual or Polaris updates. This includes off-season storage as listed in the owner's manual. • Failure due to use of unauthorized parts or modifications.
  • Page 146 If Purchased From A Private Party: If you purchase a Polaris product from a private citizen outside of the country in which the vehicle was originally purchased, all warranty coverage will be denied.
  • Page 147 Protection Agency regulations applicable to snowmobile emissions under 40 CFR1051, 1065 and 1068 at the time of sale to the ultimate purchaser. Polaris warrants that the engine is free from defects in materials and workmanship that may keep it from meeting these regulations.
  • Page 148 Any qualified repair shop or qualified person may maintain, replace, or repair the emission control devices or systems on your snowmobile. Polaris recom- mends that you contact an authorized Polaris dealer to perform any service that may be necessary.
  • Page 149: Maintenance Log

    MAINTENANCE LOG Present this section of your manual to your dealer each time your snow- mobile is serviced. This will provide you and future owners with an accurate log of maintenance and services performed on the snowmobile. DATE MILES TECHNICIAN (KM) 150 mi.
  • Page 150 MAINTENANCE LOG DATE MILES TECHNICIAN SERVICE PERFORMED / COMMENTS (KM)
  • Page 151 MAINTENANCE LOG DATE MILES TECHNICIAN SERVICE PERFORMED / COMMENTS (KM)
  • Page 152: Index

    Accessories ....65 Adjustable Headlights... . 31 Adjustable Steering System ..29-30 Air Pollution .
  • Page 153 INDEX Ice and Snow Build-up ..16 IFS ......45 IFS Adjustment Options .
  • Page 154 Suspension Adjustments IQ/Switchback ..50-57 M-10 ....58-63 Rear ....50-63 Suspension Coupling, IQ .