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Polaris 550 Transport Owner's Manual

Polaris 2009 snowmobile owner's manual.
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  • Page 3

    Read, understand, and follow all of the instructions and safety precautions in this manual and on all product labels. Failure to follow the safety precautions could result in serious injury or death. The engine exhaust from this product contains chemicals known to the State of California to cause cancer, birth defects or other reproductive harm.

  • Page 4

    Polaris enthusiasts. Be sure to visit us online at for the latest news, new product introduc- tions, upcoming events, career opportunities and more. Here at Polaris we proudly produce an exciting line of utility and recre- ational products. • Snowmobiles •...

  • Page 5

    POLARIS and POLARIS THE WAY OUT are registered trademarks of Polaris Indus- tries Inc. Copyright 2008 Polaris Sales Inc. All information contained within this publication is based on the latest product information at the time of publication. Due to constant...

  • Page 6: Table Of Contents

    Polaris Products..... . . 113 Troubleshooting ..... . . 114 Warranty .

  • Page 7: Introduction, Vehicle Identification Numbers

    Remove the spare key and store it in a safe place. Your key can be duplicated only by mating a Polaris key blank with one of your existing keys, so if both keys are lost, the ignition switch must be replaced.

  • Page 8: Preservation Of The Environment, Air Pollution

    Polaris snowmobiles are engineered to conform to these SAE standards. Our muffler systems are designed to reduce noise levels and must not be altered or removed. The sound of your snowmobile may not be welcome to non-snowmobilers, so you have a responsibility to operate your snowmobile with concern for others.

  • Page 9: Safety

    Operator Safety The following signal words and symbols appear throughout this manual and on your vehicle. Your safety is involved when these words and sym- bols are used. Become familiar with their meanings before reading the manual. The safety alert symbol, on your vehicle or in this manual, alerts you to the potential for injury.

  • Page 10: Operator Safety

    Always check major and vital safety components before every ride. All Polaris snowmobiles are designed and tested to provide safe operation when used as directed. Failure of critical machine components may result from operation with any modifications, especially those that increase speed or power.

  • Page 11

    Operator Safety Stay Clear of Track Your snowmobile is propelled by a revolving track that must be partially exposed for proper operation. Serious injuries may result if hands, feet, or clothing become entangled in the track. Be alert when riding, and remain properly seated to stay clear of the track.

  • Page 12: Riding Apparel

    Eye Protection Do not depend on eyeglasses or sunglasses for eye protection. When- ever riding a Polaris vehicle, always wear shatterproof goggles or use a shatterproof helmet face shield. Polaris recommends wearing approved Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) bearing markings such as VESC 8, V-8, Z87.1, or CE.

  • Page 13: Riding Position, Survival Preparation

    Operator Safety Riding Position Operating a snowmobile requires skill and balance for proper control. Rider positions may vary with experience and the features available on some snowmobiles, but under many conditions, the proper position is to be seated with both feet on the running boards and both hands on the handlebar grips for proper throttle, brake and steering control.

  • Page 14: Disabled Operators, Cargo Overload, Rider Capacity

    A decal on the console of these models indicates single rider operation. Driving 2-Up - Some Polaris snowmobiles are designed for up to two riders. A decal on the hood of these models indicates that the vehicle is designed for one operator and one passenger only.

  • Page 15: Excessive Speed

    Excessive Speed High speed driving, especially at night, could result in serious injury or death. Always reduce speed when driving at night or in inclement weather. Always observe all laws governing snowmobile operation and speed limits. Always be alert and pay attention to the trail ahead. Multiplying speed (MPH) by 1.5 will equal the approximate number of feet per sec- ond your machine travels.

  • Page 16: Driver Awareness

    SAFETY Operator Safety Driver Awareness Slow down when traveling near poles, posts, or other obstacles. Be especially alert if you're snowmobiling after dark. Always be on the alert for wire fences. Single strands are especially dangerous, since there may be a great distance between posts.

  • Page 17

    Operator Safety Avalanches Snowmobilers should always be properly trained and equipped before traveling in mountainous terrain: • Take an avalanche class • Travel with experienced people • Travel on designated trails • Make sure each person is equipped with a shovel, probe and avalanche beacon.

  • Page 18: Ice And Snow Build-up, Driving On Slippery Surfaces

    Operator Safety Ice and Snow Build-up Ice and snow build-up may interfere with the steering of your machine, result- ing in serious injury or death. Keep the underhood area free of snow and ice. Before driving, manually turn the skis to the left and right to be sure ice and snow are not interfering with full left and right steering.

  • Page 19: Driving Downhill

    SAFETY Operator Safety Driving Downhill When riding downhill, shift your weight to the rear of the machine and reduce your speed to a minimum. Apply just enough throttle to keep the clutch engaged, allowing the engine's compression to help slow the machine and keep it from rolling freely downhill.

  • Page 20: Drive Belt, Driving In Hilly Terrain, Intake Silencer

    Operator Safety Driving in Hilly Terrain Climbing a hill or crossing the face of a slope may result in loss of balance and machine roll-over, causing serious injury or death. Use caution and good judgement when driving in hilly terrain. Use extra caution when operating in hilly terrain.

  • Page 21: Clutch Guard, Cold Weather Drive-away

    SAFETY Operator Safety Clutch Guard Do not operate the engine with the clutch guard removed. The clutch guard is designed to protect the operator from metal parts if the clutch should fail. Although the chance of failure is extremely remote, don't defeat the purpose of the safety guard by removing it. Clutches Do not attempt to service the clutches.

  • Page 22: Inadequate Snow Conditions

    They are normally left open and are located on the front upper and lower hood openings. If operating in deep snow or in extreme cold conditions (below -20_ F), Polaris recommends closing the upper hood closure. Do not drive for prolonged periods on blacktop, gravel, or ice. Doing so could cause irreversible track damage and lead to serious injury.

  • Page 23: Driving Responsibly

    Operator Safety Driving Responsibly Every snowmobile handles differently, and even the most docile condi- tions may become dangerous if operators drive improperly. If you're new to snowmobiling, acquaint yourself with the machine and with what it will and won't do under various conditions. Even seasoned driv- ers should spend some time getting the feel for a machine before attempting ambitious maneuvers.

  • Page 24

    Operator Safety Windchill/Temperature Charts The following information is provided to help you determine when tem- peratures become dangerous for riding. WINDCHILL CHART (_F) Wind Speed Calm Frostbite in >> 30 min. WINDCHILL CHART (_C) Wind Speed Calm -10 -13 -17 -21 -24 -28 -32 -36 -39 -43 -47 -50 -54 -58 -62 -11 -15 -19 -22 -26 -30 -34 -38 -42 -45 -49 -53 -57 -61 -65 -12 -16 -20 -24 -28 -32 -36 -39 -43 -47 -51 -55 -59 -63 -67 -13 -17 -21 -25 -29 -33 -37 -41 -45 -49 -53 -57 -61 -65 -69...

  • Page 25: Clutch Cover Warning, Air Box Warning

    If any decal becomes illegible or comes off, contact your Polaris dealer to purchase a replacement. Replacement safety decals are provided by Polaris at no charge.

  • Page 26: Passenger Warning

    Entanglement with the track or a fall from seat back can result in severe injury or death. Passenger Warning Polaris touring models are designed for the operator and one passenger. For more infor- mation on operating with a pas- senger, see page 11.

  • Page 27: Safety Decals And Locations

    Safety Decals and Locations Electronic Reverse Warning Polaris snowmobiles equipped with electronic reverse have a reverse warning decal on the lower dash: WARNING Reverse operation, even at low speeds, can cause loss of con- trol resulting in serious injury or death. To avoid loss of con- trol, always: •...

  • Page 28: Operation Warning

    • To avoid serious injury or death, read and understand all warnings and the Owner's Manual before operation. If manual is missing, con- tact a Polaris dealer for a replacement. • This vehicle is capable of high speeds. Buried objects or uneven terrain can cause loss of control.

  • Page 29: Features

    FEATURES Some Polaris snowmobiles are equipped with special features. Operat- ing controls and special feature controls are illustrated on this page. Not all models come with all special features. See your Owner's Manual Supplement. General Representation 1. Fuel Filler Cap 2.

  • Page 30

    FEATURES Trail Touring Shown 1. Front Bumper (do not use for pulling or dragging the snowmobile) 2. Hood 3. Headlight 4. Windshield 5. Handlebar 6. Operator Seat 7. Passenger Grab Handle 8. Passenger Seat 9. Passenger Backrest 10. Suspension 11. Track 12.

  • Page 31

    FEATURES Backrest The backrest is adjustable for either operator or passenger use. 1. Loosen the upper adjustment knobs to raise or lower the backrest. 2. Loosen the lower adjustment knobs to move the backrest forward for operator use or rearward for passenger use. 3.

  • Page 32: The Perfect Fit, Ifs Components

    THE PERFECT FIT Front Suspension Adjustments Independent Front Suspension (IFS) Break in the suspension for about 150 miles (240 km) before making any fine-tuning adjustments. Settings will vary from rider to rider, depending on rider weight, vehicle speed, riding style, and trail conditions. We recommend starting with factory settings and then customizing each adjustment individually to suit rider preference.

  • Page 33: Shock Components

    The front springs can be changed if spring preload alone isn't sufficient and further adjustment is desired to control suspen- sion stiffness. See your Polaris dealer for more information. 1. Retainer 2. Shock Rod 3. Jounce Bumper 4. Body 5. Threaded Spring Pre-...

  • Page 34: Front Suspension Adjustments, Spring Preload, Front Springs

    For models without externally adjustable or revalvable shocks, the front springs can be changed if spring preload alone isn't sufficient and fur- ther adjustment is desired to control suspension stiffness. See your Polaris dealer for more information. THE PERFECT FIT CAUTION...

  • Page 35: Rear Suspension Adjustments

    A suspension set up for trail riding would bot- tom out harshly on a snowcross course. See your Polaris dealer for initial suspension setup information. Addi- tional adjustments can be made after initial setup. Make adjustments to one area at a time so you can evaluate the change.

  • Page 36: Suspension Performance Tips, Track Tension

    Bogie wheel kits are available from your dealer. • Polaris offers track kits for improved flotation in deep snow. See your dealer for assistance. NOTE: Keep the suspension pivot points lubricated. This will reduce moisture and rust build-up and ensure proper function of the suspension components.

  • Page 37

    THE PERFECT FIT EDGE 136 Rear Suspension Adjustments Initial Spring Preload Setting (Sag Method) To set up the EDGE rear suspension torsion spring preload, measure the distance between the ground and rear bumper. This is measurement Take the first measurement with no rider and with the rear suspension at full extension.

  • Page 38

    THE PERFECT FIT EDGE 136 Rear Suspension Adjustments Rear Spring Tension To adjust rear torsion spring tension, rotate the three-position cam using the engine spark plug tool. Different rate torsion springs are available if a firmer ride is desired. See your dealer for more information. The following information is provided only as a guideline to be used for initial suspension set-up.

  • Page 39

    THE PERFECT FIT EDGE 136 Rear Suspension Adjustments Indy Select Rear Shock Some snowmobiles are equipped with the Indy Select rear shock, which allows for adjustments to the compression valving. Locate the adjust- ment screw near the base of the shock. In half-turn increments, turn the screw clockwise to increase compression valving and stiffen the ride, or counterclockwise to reduce compression and soften the ride.

  • Page 40: Suspension Coupling

    Contact your dealer for more information. Suspension Coupling On all Polaris snowmobile rear suspensions, there are two torque arms that control the movement of the rail beam. Prior to the advent of sus- pension coupling, these torque arms could move independently of each other.

  • Page 41

    THE PERFECT FIT EDGE 136 Rear Suspension Adjustments Suspension Coupling Rear To Front Coupling and the Rear Rear Scissor Stop (RRSS) The rear rear scissor stop (RRSS) couples the movement of the rear torque arm with the front torque arm and limits the amount of indepen- dent movement between the rear torque and the front torque arm.

  • Page 42: Weight Transfer During Acceleration

    EDGE 136 Rear Suspension Adjustments Weight Transfer During Acceleration The preferred method for controlling weight transfer during acceleration is by adjusting the rear rear scissor stop (RRSS). The factory setting is the best for most trail riding condi- tions. To decrease weight transfer under acceleration (for improved corner- ing), rotate the RRSS to a higher position.

  • Page 43: Handlebar Adjustment

    Handlebar Adjustment Follow these steps to adjust handlebar angle at the handlebar block. 1. Remove the handlebar cover to expose the handlebar and the four adjuster block bolts. 2. Using a 7/16-inch wrench, loosen the four nuts on the bottom of the adjuster block (turn the handlebar either left or right for access to the rear nuts).

  • Page 44: Traction Products

    Use only Polaris traction products on your snowmobile. Track warran- ties are void if track damage or failure results from improper or exces- sive stud installation or the use of non-Polaris traction products.

  • Page 45

    Traction Products nCarbide Skags A skag is a replaceable bar attached to the underside of the ski to assist in turning the snowmobile and to prevent ski wear caused by contact with roads and other bare terrain. Use carbide skags with studded tracks to help maintain proper vehicle steering and control.

  • Page 46: Wear Strips

    Traction Products Wear Strips To avoid excessive tunnel wear, tunnel wear strips must be installed whenever track studding is used. See your dealer for more information. Wear strips are designed for a specific stud length. See your dealer's studding chart for recommended traction accessories. Components (viewed from rear of track) 1.

  • Page 47

    Accessories Polaris offers a wide range of accessories for your snowmobile to help make each ride more enjoyable. Use only Polaris parts and accessories on your Polaris snowmobile. Use of unapproved parts and accessories may result in: • Non-compliance with government/industry requirements •...

  • Page 48: Pre-ride Inspections

    Pre-Ride Checklist Inspect all items on the checklist for proper operation or condition before each use of the snowmobile. Procedures are outlined on the refer- enced pages. Look for a checkmark (n) on the referenced pages to locate the pre-ride inspection items. Drive Belt Condition Steering System Recoil Rope...

  • Page 49: Before Starting The Engine

    PRE-RIDE INSPECTIONS Before Starting the Engine Before starting the engine, always refer to all safety warnings pertaining to snowmobile operation. Never start the engine without checking all vehicle components to be sure of proper operation. Operating the vehicle with worn, damaged, or malfunctioning components coule result in serious injury or death.

  • Page 50: Hydraulic Brakes

    Before Starting the Engine n Hydraulic Brakes Always check the following items for proper operation before starting the engine. Brake Lever Travel Squeeze the brake lever. It should move no closer to the handgrip than 1/2I (1.3 cm). A smaller distance indicates low brake fluid level or air in the hydraulic system.

  • Page 51: Parking Brake Lever Lock

    PRE-RIDE INSPECTIONS Before Starting the Engine n Parking Brake Lever Lock Your snowmobile may have a parking brake lever lock located over the brake lever. Use the brake lever lock only when you want the machine to remain sta- tionary; for example, when parked on an incline for a period of five minutes or less.

  • Page 52: Steering System

    Before Starting the Engine n Steering System Ice and snow build-up may interfere with the steering of your machine, result- ing in serious injury or death. Keep the underhood area free of snow and ice. Before driving, manually turn the skis to the left and right to be sure ice and snow are not interfering with full left and right steering.

  • Page 53: Hood Latches, Recoil Rope

    Recoil Rope Inspect the recoil rope and handle for excessive wear, and make sure the knot securing the rope inside the handle is secure. If excessive wear is found, see your Polaris dealer for replacement.

  • Page 54: Start The Engine And Check

    Start the Engine and Check Engine Stop Switch Check the auxiliary shut-off switch for proper operation. Push the switch down to stop the engine. Pull it up to allow restarting. Ignition Switch Make sure the engine stops when the ignition switch is turned to OFF. Lighting Check the headlight (high and low beam), taillight, and brake light.

  • Page 55: Operation, Starting The Engine

    OPERATION Starting the Engine Engaging the starter when the engine is running WILL result in serious engine damage, especially if the transmission is in reverse. Never engage the starter when the engine is running. 1. Turn the fuel valve on. See page 57.

  • Page 56

    Premix the first tank of fuel with one pint of Polaris injection oil for each five gal- lons of fuel. This, in addition to the lubrication supplied by the injection system, will assure proper engine break-in.

  • Page 57: Oil Injection System, Oil Recommendations

    This snowmobile is equipped with a variable exhaust system (VES). Engine lubrication comes from oil added to the fuel and oil injection systems. Polaris recommends the use of VES II 2 Cycle Oil for this engine. See page 113 for the part numbers of Polaris products.

  • Page 58

    Track Warm-Up A loose track or flying debris could cause serious injury or death. Stand clear of the front of the machine and the moving track. Never hold the snowmobile up or stand behind it while warming up the track. Do not use excessive throt- tle during warm-up or when the track is free-hanging.

  • Page 59: Slide Rail And Track Cooling

    OPERATION Slide Rail and Track Cooling Inadequate cooling and lubrication will lead to overheating of the slide rail and track, resulting in premature wear and failure. Reduce speeds and fre- quently drive into fresh snow to allow adequate cooling and polishing of the slide rail and track surfaces.

  • Page 60: Fuel Valve, Fuel Recommendations

    ON to turn the fuel supply on. Fuel Recommendations Your Polaris engine is designed to run on 87 octane non-oxygenated or 89 octane oxygenated pump gasoline. There's a great deal of variability in the quality of the 87 octane gasoline available across the country, so we encourage the use of premium fuel when possible.

  • Page 61: Fuel System Deicers

    RES. Fuel System Deicers If you use non-oxygenated fuel, Polaris recommends the regular use of isopropyl-based fuel system deicer. Add one to two ounces per gallon (8-16 ml per liter) of gasoline to prevent engine damage resulting from fuel system icing and lean fuel mixtures.

  • Page 62: Low Oil Indicator Light

    When the oil reaches the low level mark, add one U.S. quart of recommended oil. See page 54 for oil recommenda- tions. NOTE: The Polaris oil cap on the oil bottle is vented to allow proper oil flow. See your Polaris dealer for recommended replacement parts.

  • Page 63

    Either condition may be caused by improper carburetor adjustment. Improper carburetor adjustments may result in operator safety hazards as well as serious engine damage. Always have your Polaris dealer perform any carburetor adjustments. WARNING...

  • Page 64: Jetting Guidelines

    Carburetion Jetting Guidelines Changes in altitude and temperature affect air density, which is the amount of oxygen available for combustion. In low elevations and cold temperatures, the air has more oxygen. In higher elevations and higher temperatures, the air is less dense. The carburetors are calibrated for an altitude of 0-2000 ft.

  • Page 65: Engine Stop Switch

    Engine Stop Switch Push down on the engine stop switch ( ) to ground out the ignition and stop the engine quickly. Pull the switch up to the ON position to allow restarting. Throttle Safety Switch The throttle safety switch is designed to stop the engine whenever all pressure is removed from the throttle lever and the throttle cable or valves do not return to the normal closed position.

  • Page 66: Throttle Lever

    When these switches are disconnected, the ignition key switch must be used to shut off the engine. DO NOT continue to operate the machine with the throttle safety switch disconnected. Return the machine to an authorized Polaris dealer for service as soon as possible. WARNING OPERATION...

  • Page 67: Emergency Stopping

    Emergency Stopping The following chart lists methods for stopping the snowmobile in the event of an emergency. See page 62 for more information about the engine stop switch and throttle safety switch. SYSTEM Ignition Switch Brake Choke Engine Stop Switch Throttle Safety Switch Tether Switch (if available) WHAT IT DOES...

  • Page 68: Reverse Operation

    Reverse Operation Electronic Reverse (PERCt) Electronic reverse will activate only if the engine RPM is below 4000. If your machine is running at an altitude of over 6000 feet, adjust the igni- tion setting as described on page 67. Always make sure the vehicle is stopped and the engine is running at idle before shifting to reverse.

  • Page 69

    OPERATION Reverse Operation Electronic Reverse (PERCt) Engaging Reverse 1. Stop the snowmobile and leave the engine idling. 2. Make sure the area behind your vehicle is clear. 3. Push the yellow reverse but- ton ( ) on the left-hand con- trol for one second, then release.

  • Page 70: Altitude Setting

    Reverse Operation Electronic Reverse (PERCt) Disengaging Reverse 1. Stop the snowmobile and leave the engine idling. Engaging the starter when the engine is running WILL result in serious engine damage, especially if the transmission is in reverse. Never engage the starter when the engine is running. 2.

  • Page 71: Daily Storage

    OPERATION Daily Storage At the end of each ride, park the snow- mobile on a level surface and support it at the rear with an appropriate track stand. The track should be suspended approximately 4I (10 cm) off the ground. Remove the key and cover the machine.

  • Page 72

    Towing Do not use the front bumper to pull or drag the snowmobile. The front bumper is not designed for this type of use and may detach from the vehicle if force is applied. For your safety, do not attempt to use a tow hitch until you've read the following warnings and understand the proper hitch functions.

  • Page 73: Maintenance, Emission Control Information

    MAINTENANCE Emission Control Information Any qualified repair shop or qualified person may maintain, replace, or repair the emission control devices or systems on your snowmobile. Emission Control Label Your snowmobile is equipped at the time of sale with an emission con- trol information (ECI) label and a factory-installed emissions informa- tion hangtag.

  • Page 74

    Please read the Snowmobile Engine Emissions Limited Warranty, and read the maintenance section of your owner's manual. You are responsi- ble for ensuring that the specified maintenance is performed. Polaris recommends that you contact an authorized Polaris dealer to perform...

  • Page 75

    If you're not familiar with safe service or adjustment procedures and the use of tools, or if you don't feel comfort- able performing these tasks yourself, contact an authorized Polaris dealer for service. Hot components can cause damage to plastic. Always make sure the exhaust system and engine have cooled before tipping the snowmobile on its side for service or inspection.

  • Page 76

    The following chart is a guide based on average riding conditions. You may need to increase frequency based on riding conditions. When inspection reveals the need for replacement parts, always use genuine Polaris parts, available from your Polaris dealer. Item Clutch Alignment Offset...

  • Page 77

    Periodic Maintenance Interval Table Item Hose Routing Hose Condition Fluid Leaks Brake Pads Brake Disc Parking Brakes Brake System Brake Fluid Pilot Air Screws Carburetor (synchronize) Idle RPM Throttle Lever Oil Pump Lever (synchronize) Throttle Cable Choke Cable Choke Vent Lines Fuel Lines Oil Lines Air Box...

  • Page 78

    Periodic Maintenance Interval Table Item Ski Toe Alignment Suspension Mounting Bolts Steering Fasteners Rear Suspension Fas- teners Suspension Shock Oil Cooling Fins and Shroud Drive Shaft Bearing Jackshaft Bearings Skags (Wear Bars) Ski Saddle/Spindle Bolts Ski Pivots Ski Spindle Steering Arm(s) Upper / Lower Steering Post Support Bracket Drive Chain Tension...

  • Page 79

    All-Season Grease at 500 miles (800 km) and annually or every 1000 miles (1600 km) thereafter. A grease gun kit, complete with grease and adaptors, is available to lubricate all fittings on Polaris snowmo- biles. See page 113 for the part numbers of Polaris products.

  • Page 80: Throttle Cable

    MAINTENANCE Lubrication EDGE 136 Rear Suspension Driveshaft Bearing Inject grease into the fitting on the speed- ometer sensor housing until grease purges from the seal on the inside of the tunnel. This should take approximately two pumps. Do not use more than four pumps. Throttle Cable Lubricate the throttle cable lightly with grease or oil.

  • Page 81: Chaincase Oil

    Maintain the oil level between the “safe” marks on the dipstick. Clean the magnetic plug on the dipstick whenever checking or changing oil. Polaris recommends the use of Polaris Synthetic Chaincase Lube. See page 113 for the part numbers of Polaris products.

  • Page 82: Spark Plugs

    Spark Plugs A new engine can cause temporary spark plug fouling due to the preser- vative added during the assembly process. Avoid prolonged idle speeds, which cause plug fouling and carbonization. Refer to your Owner's Manual Supplement for the specific spark plug to be used in your machine.

  • Page 83

    Spark Plugs Normal Plug The normal insulator tip is gray, tan or light brown. There will be few combustion deposits. The electrodes are not burned or eroded. This indi- cates the proper type and heat range for the engine and the service. NOTE: The tip should not be white.

  • Page 84: Intake Filters

    Intake Filters Operating the snowmobile with the intake filters removed may cause carbu- retor icing. The result will be poor fuel economy or carburetor malfunction. Always reinstall the intake filters before operating the snowmobile. The intake foam filter ( ) limits snow ingestion into the intake system. When operating in loose powder snow, check the top of the foam filter periodically to remove any accumulation of snow.

  • Page 85: Oil Filter

    Fuel Filter/Fuel Lines The fuel filter is located inside the fuel tank. This component requires no maintenance. Inspect the fuel lines regularly for signs of deterioration or damage. Always check fuel line condition after periods of storage. Normal dete- rioration from weather and fuel compounds may occur. Replace worn or damaged fuel lines promptly.

  • Page 86: Carburetor Adjustments

    It's your dealer's responsibility to make sure the correct main jet is installed. Operating the snowmobile with incorrect jetting can result in serious engine damage. Have your Polaris dealer perform all carburetor adjustments to ensure all adjustments are done correctly. Carburetor Adjustments The frequency at which the carburetors are synchronized or balanced is important.

  • Page 87: Water/sediment Trap Service

    Carburetor Water/Sediment Trap Service Most Polaris snowmobiles contain patented carburetor bowl water/sedi- ment traps located at the bottom of each carburetor. The trap, consisting of a hose with a plug, should be drained at least every 2000 miles (3200 km) and inspected for contamination.

  • Page 88: Exhaust System, Drive Chain Tension

    Exhaust System Check the exhaust system for wear or damage at approximately 2000 miles (3200 km). To inspect, allow the engine and exhaust system to cool completely. Open the hood and inspect the muffler and pipes for cracks or damage. Check for weak or missing retaining springs or damper/support grommets.

  • Page 89: Brake Components

    Always replace brake pads when the brake pad material becomes thinner than the backing plate (approximately 1/16 Excessive Lever Travel Hydraulic brakes are self-adjusting, but if excessive brake pad clearance develops, bring the machine to an authorized Polaris dealer for inspec- tion and adjustment. Brake Components 1. Brake Caliper 2.

  • Page 90: Brake Fluid

    Add the recommended brake fluid to bring the level up to the top of the fluid level mark on the inside of the reservoir. Replace brake fluid at least every two years with Polaris DOT 4 high temperature brake fluid. See page 113 for the part numbers of Polaris products.

  • Page 91: Bleeding The Hydraulic Brake System

    MAINTENANCE Brakes Bleeding the Hydraulic Brake System Air in the hydraulic brake system will cause spongy brake lever action. Bleed the system before operating the snowmobile. Operating the vehicle with a spongy brake lever can result in loss of brakes, which could cause an accident and lead to serious injury or death.

  • Page 92: Headlight Adjustment

    Lights Headlight Adjustment The headlight may be adjusted for vertical aim using the following pro- cedure. 1. Place the snowmobile on a level surface with the headlight approxi- mately 25 feet (7.6 m) from a wall. 2. Measure the distance from the floor to the center of the headlight and make a mark on the wall.

  • Page 93: Headlight Bulb Replacement

    MAINTENANCE Lights NOTE: Do not touch a halogen bulb with bare fingers. Oil from skin leaves a residue, causing a hot spot that will shorten the life of the lamp. If fingers do touch the bulb, clean it with an alcohol- moistened towel.

  • Page 94: Drive Belt Condition, Clutch Alignment Offset, Clutch Center Distance

    Polaris dealer. Any unauthorized modifications to clutches, such as adding or removing weights, will void the warranty. The bushings in the weights and rollers of Polaris clutches are made of a material that may be damaged if lubricated. Do not lubricate clutch bushings.

  • Page 95: Drive Belt Removal

    MAINTENANCE Clutch System Drive Belt Removal Do not attempt to remove the drive belt after operating in reverse. The snow- mobile must be stopped after forward motion to prevent damage to compo- nents during belt removal. 1. Stop the engine after operating in a forward motion. 2.

  • Page 96: Drive Belt Installation

    Clutch System Drive Belt Installation 1. Drop the drive belt over the drive clutch and pull back the slack. NOTE: To ensure satisfactory belt life, install belts so they operate in the same direction of rota- tion by positioning the identification numbers so that you can read them.

  • Page 97: Drive Belt Deflection, Drive Belt Adjustment

    MAINTENANCE Clutch System n Drive Belt Deflection Measure belt deflection with both clutches at rest and in their full neutral position. Place a straight edge (1) on the belt and apply downward pressure while measuring at point 2. This measurement should be 1 1/4 inches (3.2 cm).

  • Page 98: Clutch System, Torque Stop, Reverse Maintenance

    Clutch System Torque Stop If your snowmobile is equipped with an engine torque stop, periodi- cally check torque stop clearance. With clutches in proper alignment, the torque stop clearance should be .010I-.030I (.25-.75 mm) from the engine case. Adjust if necessary, and lock the jam nut.

  • Page 99: Tool Kit, Chain Tension

    Maintain the proper chain tension as outlined on page 85. Fall Tune-Up For maximum performance, arrange for a fall service tune-up with your Polaris dealer. His experienced and trained service technician will keep your machine in peak operating condition. Tool Kit A tool kit is included with each machine for emergency and routine maintenance.

  • Page 100: Track Inspection, Track Lubrication

    Track Track Inspection Broken track rods can cause a rotating track to come off the machine, which could cause serious injury or death. Never operate with a damaged track. Never rotate a damaged track under power. 1. Using a hoist, safely lift and support the rear of the snow- mobile off the ground.

  • Page 101

    MAINTENANCE Track Moving parts can cut and crush body parts. When performing the checks and adjustments recommended on the following pages, stay clear of all moving parts. Never perform track measurement or adjustments with the engine run- ning. Track Tension Track adjustment is critical for proper handling.

  • Page 102

    Track Track Tension 4. Check for specified slack between the wear surface of the track clip and the plastic slider. Refer to the Track Tension Data Chart on page If the track needs adjustment: 5. Loosen the rear idler shaft bolts. 6.

  • Page 103: Track Alignment

    Track n Track Alignment Periodically check that the track is centered and running evenly on the slide rails. Misalignment will cause excessive wear to the track and slide rail. 1. Safely support the rear of the machine with the track off the ground. 2.

  • Page 104: Rail Slide Wear

    MAINTENANCE Steering System n Rail Slide Wear For ease of inspection, all Polaris rail slides have a Minimum wear limit indicator groove Thickness to indicate the minimum permissible slide thickness. Replace the rail slides if they are worn to the top of the groove at any point along their length.

  • Page 105: Ski Alignment

    Improper ski alignment or adjustment may cause loss of steering control, resulting in serious injury or death. Do not attempt to change the ski align- ment or camber adjustment. See your Polaris dealer. With the handlebars in a straight ahead position, and with vehicle weight compressing the suspension, measure from the straight edge of the skis at the center of the ski mounting bolt.

  • Page 106: Ski Skags

    Steering System n Ski Skags Worn skis and/or skags will adversely affect handling. Loss of vehicle control may result, causing serious injury or death. See your dealer's studding chart for recommended skags. If you install longer or more aggressive carbide skags than the original equipment, it may also be necessary to add track studs to maintain proper vehicle control while turning on hard-packed snow or ice.

  • Page 107: Battery Fluid, Battery Connections

    Battery Battery Fluid A poorly maintained battery will deteriorate rapidly. Check the battery fluid level often. Maintain the fluid level between the upper and lower level marks. Battery electrolyte is poisonous. It contains acid! Serious burns can result from contact with the skin, eyes, or clothing. If contact occurs, seek immedi- ate medical attention.

  • Page 108: Battery Removal

    Battery Battery Removal Improperly connecting or disconnecting battery cables can result in an explo- sion and cause serious injury or death. When removing the battery, always disconnect the negative (black) cable first. When reinstalling the battery, always connect the negative (black) cable last. 1.

  • Page 109: Battery Installation

    MAINTENANCE Battery Battery Installation Batteries contain gases that can explode. If the battery vent tube is pinched or kinked, battery gases could accumulate. Whenever removing or installing the battery, disconnect the negative (black) cable first and reinstall the nega- tive cable last to avoid the possibility of explosion. Battery electrolyte contains acid.

  • Page 110: Battery Storage

    Battery Battery Storage When your snowmobile is placed in storage for one month or more: • Remove the battery. • Charge it to the proper level. • Store it in a cool dry place. • Check and/or charge monthly. Before using the battery, take it to your dealer for testing and recharging. Batteries may freeze if not fully charged, resulting in cell damage.

  • Page 111: Pre-ride Suspension Inspection

    MAINTENANCE Pre-Ride Suspension Inspection Loose nuts and bolts can reduce your snowmobile's reliability and cause needless repairs and down time. Before beginning any snowmobile trip, a visual inspection will uncover potential problems. Check the follow- ing items on a weekly basis or before any long trip: Check suspension mounting bolts for tightness.

  • Page 112: Cleaning And Preservation, Controls And Linkage

    Extended Storage Off-season or extended storage of your snowmobile requires preventive measures to aid against deterioration and to prolong the useful life of many components. See page 113 for the part numbers of Polaris prod- ucts. Cleaning and Preservation Proper storage starts with cleaning, washing, and waxing the hood, chassis, and plastic parts.

  • Page 113: Clutch And Drive System

    Remove the drive belt and store in a cool dry location. To prevent oxida- tion on the clutch sheaves, lubricate the sheave faces of the drive and driven clutches with a light coat of oil or Polaris Cable Lubricant. NOTE: After storage, always use acetone or alcohol to remove the oil before reinstalling the drive belt.

  • Page 114: Engine And Carburetor Protection

    (BDC), the lowest position in the cylinder. On twin cyl- inder models, the opposite piston will be up. 5. Pour approximately two ounces of Polaris injector oil into the spark plug hole. 6. Wait one to two minutes and perform steps 3-5 on remaining cylin- ders.

  • Page 115: Electrical Connections, Transporting The Snowmobile

    MAINTENANCE Extended Storage Electrical Connections Separate electrical connector blocks and clean corrosive build-up from connectors. Lubricate or pack connector blocks with dielectric grease and re-connect. Replace worn or frayed electrical wire and connectors. Be sure wiring harness is properly secured away from sharp edges, steering linkage, moving parts, and hot exhaust parts.

  • Page 116: Polaris Products

    Carbon Clean Plus (12 oz.) 2870652 Fuel Stabilizer (16 oz.) 2872189 DOT 4 Brake Fluid (12 oz.) 2872893 Engine Degreaser (12 oz.) 2870505 Isopropyl 2872889 Brake and Clutch Cleaner 2872890 Carb and Throttle Body Cleaner POLARIS PRODUCTS Description Engine Lubricants Chaincase Lubricants Additives/Miscellaneous...

  • Page 117: Troubleshooting

    Engine Troubleshooting Unless you have experience and training in two-cycle engine repair, see your dealer if technical problems arise. Problem Erratic engine oper- ating RPM during acceleration or load variations Harsh drive clutch engagement Drive belt turns over Machine fails to move Probable Cause Solution Drive clutch binding...

  • Page 118

    Engine Troubleshooting Problem Probable Cause Solution Noise in drive sys- Broken drive clutch components Bearing failure/ chaincase, jackshaft, or front drive shaft Drive belt surface flat spots Drive chain loose Drive chain worn, sprocket teeth bro- Poor low RPM per- Worn drive belt formance Excessive belt/...

  • Page 119

    • Make sure fuel tank contains fuel. • Ice may be in fuel line, filter or pump. Add isopropyl alcohol to fuel system. On the standard Polaris carburetor, the choke will not function with the throttle depressed. See second item under Probable Cause" of Engine Contin- ually Backfires".

  • Page 120

    EDGE 136 Suspension Problem Rear suspension bottoms too easily Rides too stiff in rear Machine darts from side to side Front end pushes Steering is heavy Too much weight transfer under acceleration Not enough weight trans- fer under acceleration Solution •...

  • Page 121: Drive Belt Troubleshooting

    TROUBLESHOOTING Drive Belt Troubleshooting Causes Driving at low RPM Insufficient warm-up Towing at low RPM Riding with high RPM and slow speed (8000 RPM/10 MPH) Ice and snow build-up between track and tunnel Poor engine performance Loading machines onto trailers Clutch malfunction Slow, easy clutch engage- ment...

  • Page 122: Warranty

    Your dealer receives frequent updates on changes, modifications and tips on snowmobile maintenance, which may supersede information con- tained in this manual. Your dealer is also familiar with Polaris policies and pro- cedures and will be happy to assist you.

  • Page 123

    Polaris warranty will provide all dealerships with a monthly updated list of all stolen units to further monitor thefts. Polaris warranty will aid in notifying the proper owner when a unit is recovered.

  • Page 124

    WARRANTY Limited Warranty Polaris Sales Inc., 2100 Highway 55, Medina, MN 55340, provides a ONE YEAR LIM- ITED WARRANTY on all components of the Polaris snowmobile against defects in material or workmanship. This warranty covers the parts and labor charges for repair or replacement of defective parts that are covered by this warranty.

  • Page 125: Engine Oil

    How to Obtain Warranty Service If your snowmobile requires warranty service, you must take it to a Polaris dealer autho- rized to repair Polaris snowmobiles. When requesting warranty service you must present your copy of the Warranty Registration form to the dealer. (The cost of transportation to and from the dealer is YOUR responsibility).

  • Page 126

    In order to qualify for warranty, the product must have been properly set up and tested by a Polaris Dealer (if applicable). Failure of any dealer to perform the required vehicle Pre-Delivery Inspection, perform all applicable service bulletins and have the consumer sign the PDI form prior to delivery may void the warranty.

  • Page 127

    Polaris snowmobile dealers in North America and is transfer- able 120 days after the original purchase date, free of charge, through any Polaris snow- mobile dealer. Coverage on Snow Check units is automatic. Although you do not receive a warranty card, your dealership should have printed a copy of the warranty reg- istration form.

  • Page 128

    • Failures caused due to improper adjustments. • Failure due to unauthorized service. • Failures due to lack of service as required in the owner's manual or Polaris updates. This includes off-season storage as listed in the owner's manual. • Failure due to use of unauthorized parts or modifications.

  • Page 129

    This policy does not apply to vehicles that have received authorization for export from Polaris Industries. Dealers may not give authorization for export. You should consult an authorized dealer to determine this vehicle's warranty or service bulletin coverage if you have any questions.

  • Page 130

    If Purchased From A Private Party: If you purchase a Polaris product from a private citizen outside of the country in which the vehicle was originally purchased, all warranty coverage will be denied.

  • Page 131

    This snowmobile engine emissions limited warranty is in addition to the Polaris standard limited warranty for snowmobiles. Polaris Industries Inc. warrants that at the time it is first purchased, this emissions- certified snowmobile engine is designed, built and equipped so it conforms with U.S.

  • Page 132

    Polaris dealer to perform any service that may be necessary for your snow- mobile. Polaris also recommends that you use only Pure Polaris parts. It is a potential violation of the Clean Air Act if a part supplied by an aftermarket parts manufacturer reduces the effectiveness of the vehicle's emission controls.

  • Page 133: Maintenance Log

    MAINTENANCE LOG Present this section of your manual to your dealer each time your snow- mobile is serviced. This will provide you and future owners with an accurate log of maintenance and services performed on the snowmobile. DATE MILES (KM) 150 mi.

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  • Page 137: Index

    INDEX Accessories ....44 Air Box Warning ....22 Air Pollution .

  • Page 138: Table Of Contents

    Passenger Warning ....23 Polaris Products ....113 Preload, Front Shock Spring..31 Pre-Ride Checklist .

  • Page 139: Table Of Contents

    INDEX Steering Inspection/Adjustment. . . 101 Steering Lubrication ... . 76 Steering System ..49, 101-103 Stopping, Emergency... . 64 Storage, Daily .

This manual also for:

550 transport 2009, Trail touring 2009

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