Table of Contents 1. Safety Precautions and Warnings........1 2. General Information ............2 On-Board Diagnostics (OBD) II.......2 Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs) ......2 Location of the Data Link Connector (DLC)..3 OBD II Readiness Monitors ........4 OBD II Monitor Readiness Status ......5 OBD II Definitions.............6 3.
1. Safety Precautions and Warnings To prevent personal injury or damage to vehicles and/or the code reader, read this instruction manual first and observe the following safety precautions at a minimum whenever working on a vehicle: Always perform automotive testing in a safe environment. Wear safety eye protection that meets ANSI standards.
2. General Information 2.1 On-Board Diagnostics (OBD) II The first generation of On-Board Diagnostics (called OBD I) was developed by the California Air Resources Board (ARB) and implemented in 1988 to monitor some of the emission control components on vehicles. As technology evolved and the desire to improve the On-Board Diagnostic system increased, a new generation of On-Board Diagnostic system was developed.
DTC Example P 0 2 0 2 Systems B=Body Identifying specific C=Chassis malfunctioning P=Powertrain section of the U=Network systems Code Type Sub-systems 1= Fuel and Air Metering Generic (SAE): P0, P2, P34-P39 2= Fuel and Air Metering B0, B3 3= Ignition System or Engine Misfire C0, C3 4= Auxiliary Emission Controls U0, U3.
2.4 OBD II Readiness Monitors An important part of a vehicle’s OBD II system is the Readiness Monitors, which are indicators used to find out if all of the emissions components have been evaluated by the OBD II system. They are running periodic tests on specific systems and components to ensure that they are performing within allowable limits.
operated under specific conditions before the monitor is ready. These monitors are termed non-continuous monitors and are listed below: EGR System O2 Sensors Catalyst Evaporative System O2 Sensor Heater Secondary air Heated Catalyst A/C system 2.5 OBD II Monitor Readiness Status OBD II systems must indicate whether or not the vehicle’s PCM’s monitor system has completed testing on each component.
2.6 OBD II Definitions Powertrain Control Module (PCM) -- OBD II terminology for the on-board computer that controls engine and drive train. Malfunction Indicator Light (MIL) -- Malfunction Indicator Light (Service Engine Soon, Check Engine) is a term used for the light on the instrument panel.
Freeze Frame Data -- When an emissions related fault occurs, the OBD II system not only sets a code but also records a snapshot of the vehicle operating parameters to help in identifying the problem. This set of values is referred to as Freeze Frame Data and may include important engine parameters such as engine RPM, vehicle speed, air flow, engine load, fuel pressure, fuel trim value, engine coolant temperature, ignition timing advance, or closed loop status.
3. Using the Code Reader 3.1 Tool Description ① OBD II CONNECTOR -- Connects the code reader to the vehicle’s Data Link Connector (DLC). ② LCD DISPLAY -- Indicates test results. ③ ENTER/EXIT BUTTON -- Confirms a selection (or action) from a menu list, or returns to previous menu.
3.2 Specifications Display: Backlit, 128 x 64 pixel display Operating Temperature: 0 to 60°C (32 to 140 F°) Storage Temperature: -20 to 70°C (-4 to 158 F°) Power: 8 to 18 Volts provided via vehicle battery Dimensions: Length Width Height 110.3 mm (4.34”) 69.5 mm (2.74”) 20.2 mm (0.80”)
3.6 Product Setup The code reader allows you to make the following adjustments and settings: Language: Selects desired language. Unit of measure: Sets the unit of measure to English or Metric. Contrast adjustment: Adjusts the contrast of the LCD display. •...
Use SCROLL button to select the desired language and press ENTER/EXIT button to save your selection and return to previous menu. …………………Language…………………. English ► Français Español Unit of Measurement • Metric is the default measurement unit. From System Setup menu, use SCROLL button to select Unit of Measure and press ENTER/EXIT button.
Contrast Adjustment From System Setup menu, use SCROLL button to select Contrast, and press ENTER/EXIT button. …………….System Setup………… ……. 1) Language 2) Unit of Measure ►3) Contrast 4) Exit From Contrast menu, use SCROLL button to adjust contrast. …………….…..Contrast …………………. Contrast （35%）...
3.7 Vehicle Coverage ITEM 98568 OBDII/EOBD Code Reader is specially designed to work with all OBD II compliant vehicles, including those equipped with the next-generation protocol -- Control Area Network (CAN). It is required by EPA that all 1996 and newer vehicles (cars and light trucks) sold in the United States must be OBD II compliant and this includes all Domestic, Asian and European vehicles.
4. OBD II Diagnostics When more than one vehicle control module is detected by the scan tool, you will be prompted to select the module where the data may be retrieved. The most often to be selected are the Powertrain Control Module [PCM] and Transmission Control Module [TCM].
……………. System Status…………… … Codes Found Monitors N/A Monitors OK Monitors INC 4.1 Reading Codes Use SCROLL button to select Read Codes from Diagnostic Menu and press ENTER/EXIT button....Diagnostic Menu..► 1) Read Codes 2) Erase Codes 3) View Freeze Frame 4) I/M Readiness If more than one module is detected, you will be prompted to select a module before test.
The control module number, sequence of the DTCs, total number of codes detected and type of codes (Generic or Manufacturer specific, Stored or Pending codes) will be observed on the upper right hand corner of the display. If more than one DTC is found, use SCROLL button, as necessary, until all the codes have been shown up.
...Diagnostic Menu.... 1) Read Codes ► 2) Erase Codes 3) Freeze Frame 4) I/M Readiness 2) A warning message comes up asking for your confirmation....Erase Codes....Erase trouble codes! Are you sure? 3) If you want to proceed with erasing the codes, press ENTER/EXIT button to erase.
....Diagnostic Menu..1) Read Codes 2) Erase Codes ► 3) View Freeze Frame 4) I/M Readiness If more than one module is detected, you will be prompted to select a module before test. …………….Control Module………… …. ► Engine Module $A4 Exit Use SCROLL button to select a module and press ENTER/EXIT button.
The number “x/x” to the upper right corner of the screen indicates total number of screens the retrieved freeze frame covers and sequence of currently displayed data. If there is no freeze frame data available, an advisory message “No Freeze Frame Data Stored!” shows on the display.
....Diagnostic Menu... 1) Read Codes 2) Erase Codes 3) View Freeze Frame ► 4) I/M Readiness If more than one module is detected, you will be prompted to select a module before test. …………..Control Module………… ….. ► Engine Module $A4 Exit Use the SCROLL button to select a module, and press ENTER/EXIT button.
4) Use SCROLL button to view the status of the MIL light (“ON” or “OFF) and the following monitors: Misfire monitor -- Misfire monitor Fuel System Mon -- Fuel System Monitor Comp. Component -- Comprehensive Components Monitor - EGR System Monitor Oxygen Sens Mon -- O2 Sensors Monitor Catalyst Mon Catalyst Monitor...
4.5 Viewing Vehicle Information The Vehicle Info. function enables retrieval of the Vehicle Identification (VIN), Calibration ID(s), Calibration Verification Nos. (CVNs) and In-use Performance Tracking on 2000 and newer vehicles that support Mode 9. 1) Use SCROLL button to select Vehicle Info. from Diagnostic Menu and press ENTER/EXIT button.
Use SCROLL button to select a module, and press ENTER/EXIT button. 3) Wait a few seconds while the code reader reads vehicle information. … Vehicle Info. Reading Info… - Please Wait - 4) From Vehicle Info. menu, use SCROLL button to select an available items to view and press ENTER/EXIT button.
....Diagnostic Menu..5) Vehicle Info. ► 6) Exit A warning message comes up asking your confirmation. …………… … Exit Test…………………... Exit OBDII Test! Are you sure? If you do want to exit OBDII test, press ENTER/EXIT button. If you do not want to exit, use SCROLL button the select and press ENTER/EXIT button to return.