| Authentication Commands
Set the Optional Parameters – Set other optional parameters, including the
authentication timeout, the number of retries, and the server key size.
Enable SSH Service – Use the
on the switch.
Authentication – One of the following authentication methods is employed:
Password Authentication (for SSH v1.5 or V2 Clients)
The client sends its password to the server.
The switch compares the client's password to those stored in memory.
If a match is found, the connection is allowed.
To use SSH with only password authentication, the host public key must still
be given to the client, either during initial connection or manually entered into the
known host file. However, you do not need to configure the client's keys.
Public Key Authentication – When an SSH client attempts to contact the switch,
the SSH server uses the host key pair to negotiate a session key and encryption
method. Only clients that have a private key corresponding to the public keys
stored on the switch can access it. The following exchanges take place during
Authenticating SSH v1.5 Clients
The client sends its RSA public key to the switch.
The switch compares the client's public key to those stored in
If a match is found, the switch uses its secret key to generate a
random 256-bit string as a challenge, encrypts this string with the
user's public key, and sends it to the client.
The client uses its private key to decrypt the challenge string,
computes the MD5 checksum, and sends the checksum back to the
The switch compares the checksum sent from the client against that
computed for the original string it sent. If the two check sums match,
this means that the client's private key corresponds to an authorized
public key, and the client is authenticated.
Authenticating SSH v2 Clients
The client first queries the switch to determine if DSA public key
authentication using a preferred algorithm is acceptable.
If the specified algorithm is supported by the switch, it notifies the
client to proceed with the authentication process. Otherwise, it
rejects the request.
The client sends a signature generated using the private key to the
ip ssh server
command to enable the SSH server
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