FIGURE 4-3. RANGE SELECTOR
When the Range selector is set to any of the vernier positions
the resistors used in the fixed positions are switched out and
replaced by a new set of components. The heart of the vernier
circuitry is the variable potentiometer R-108 and the voltage
When the range selector is set to the first
vernier range, the input signal is applied directly to R-108 and
R-110, and passed through the wiper to the balance circuit.
The other four positions use R-107 or R-106 to attenuate the
signal. In the last two positions the signal from the wiper of R-
R-112, and R-113.
4-11. INPUT FILTER (See Figure 4-4.) The input filter is
composed of 3 RC sections. It is a low pass filter providing a
minimum of 20 db attenuation of 60 Hz and a cutoff of 18 db
per octave above 60 Hz to insure smooth plotting from signals
containing extraneous noise. Filter components in the Y axis
are capacitors C-103, C-104, and C-105, with resistors R-114,
R-115, and R-116. The insertion of a filter of this type in each
axis of a two-axis recorder can cause phase shift relative to the
other axis. Since this phase shift can vary from unit to unit
(depending upon component tolerances). R-114 is a variable
resistor that is factory adjusted to equalize the phase shift
between axes. A slight phase shift, however, will be noted
when changing from range to range and when using the range
This phase shift may become very
pronounced on the 1 mv/inch (0.4 mv/cm) range if the input
source impedance is extremely large or extremely small.
Diodes CR-101 and CR-102 are protective devices used to
minimize the possibility of component damage due to an over-
voltage at the input terminals.
4-12. ZERO CIRCUIT (See Figure 4-5.) The zero circuit is
composed of R-123 and R-120.
permits the electrical zero to be placed ±1 full scale from
normal zero. Resistor R-120 limits the voltage that is applied
to the Photochopper and Balance Circuit.
The potentiometer R-123
4-13. SLIDEWIRE CIRCUIT (See Figure 4-6.) The Slidewire
Circuit provides the electrical feedback to the Photochopper
and Balance Circuit from the pen carriage or carriage arm.
Resistors R-126 and R-125 are calibration resistors for the
feedback element (slidewire) R-124. Capacitor C-108 passes
unwanted spurious wiper noise to circuit common. Resistor
R-121 limits the voltage applied to the Photochopper and
4-14. DAMPING NETWORK (See Figure 4-6).
lead network (C-107 and R-122) draws a charging current
FIGURE 4-4. INPUT FILTER
FIGURE 4-5. ZERO CIRCUIT
FIGURE 4-6. SLIDEWIRE AND DAMPING CIRCUIT