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Measurement Of Powers; Measurement Of Voltages And Use Of Pt - Mitsubishi Electric FR-B-750 to 75K Instruction Manual

Fr-b-750 to 75k (200v class), fr-b-750 to 110k (400v class).
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6.2.1

Measurement of powers

Using an electro-dynamometer type meter, measure the power in both the input and output sides of the inverter
using the two- or three-wattmeter method. As the current is liable to be imbalanced especially in the input side, it is
recommended to use the three-wattmeter method.
Examples of measured value differences produced by different measuring meters are shown below.
An error will be produced by difference between measuring instruments, e.g. power calculation type and two- or
three-wattmeter type three-phase wattmeter. When a CT is used in the current measuring side or when the meter
contains a PT on the voltage measurement side, an error will also be produced due to the frequency characteristics
of the CT and PT.
[Measurement conditions]
Constant-torque (100%) load, constant-power at 60Hz
or more.
3.7kW, 4-pole motor, value indicated in 3-wattmeter
method is 100%.
%
120
100
3-wattmeter method (Electro-dynamometer type)
80
2-wattmeter method (Electro-dynamometer type)
Clip AC power meter
(For balanced three-phase load)
60
Clamp-on wattmeter
(Hall device power arithmetic type)
0
20
40
60
80 100 120Hz
Example of measuring inverter input power
6.2.2

Measurement of voltages and use of PT

(1) Inverter input side
As the input side voltage has a sine wave and it is extremely small in distortion, accurate measurement can be
made with an ordinary AC meter.
(2) Inverter output side
Since the output side voltage has a PWM-controlled rectangular wave, always use a rectifier type voltmeter. A
needle type tester can not be used to measure the output side voltage as it indicates a value much greater than the
actual value. A moving-iron type meter indicates an effective value which includes harmonics and therefore the
value is larger than that of the fundamental wave. The value monitored on the operation panel is the inverter-
controlled voltage itself. Hence, that value is accurate and it is recommended to monitor values (provide analog
output) using the operation panel.
(3) PT
No PT can be used in the output side of the inverter. Use a direct-reading meter. (A PT can be used in the input side
of the inverter.)
Measurement of main circuit voltages,
[Measurement conditions]
Constant-torque (100%) load, constant-power at 60Hz
or more.
3.7kW, 4-pole motor, value indicated in 3-wattmeter
method is 100%.
%
120
100
3-wattmeter method (Electro-dynamometer type)
80
2-wattmeter method (Electro-dynamometer type)
Clip AC power meter
(For balanced three-phase load)
60
Clamp-on wattmeter
(Hall device power arithmetic type)
0
20
40
60
80 100 120Hz
Example of measuring inverter output power
currents and powers
293
6

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