Using the brakes correctly under adverse conditions is the
hardest – and yet the most critical - skill to master for a rider.
Braking is one of the most difficult and dangerous moments
when riding a two wheeled vehicle: the possibility of falling
or having an accident during this difficult moment is
statistically higher than any other moment. A locked front
wheel leads to loss of traction and stability, resulting in loss
The Anti-Lock Brake System (ABS) has been developed to
enable riders to use the vehicles braking force to the fullest
possible amount in emergency braking or under poor
pavement or adverse weather conditions.
ABS uses hydraulics and electronics to limit pressure in the
brake circuit when a special sensor mounted to the wheel
signals the electronic control unit that the wheel is about to
This avoids wheel lockup and preserves traction. Pressure is
raised back up immediately and the control unit keeps
controlling the brake until the risk of a lockup disappears.
Normally, the rider will perceive ABS operation as a harder
feel or a pulsation of the brake lever and pedal.
The front and rear brakes use separate control systems,
meaning that they operate independently. Likewise, the ABS
is not an integral braking system and does not control both
the front and rear brake at the same time.
If desired, the system can be deactivated from the
dashboard, using the "ABS disabling function".
Use both the brake lever and the brake pedal for
Using only one of the brakes will give you less braking
power. Never use the brake controls harshly or suddenly as
you may lock the wheels and lose control of the motorcycle.
When riding in the rain or on slippery surfaces, braking
capacity is significantly reduced. Always use the brakes very
gently and carefully when riding under these conditions. Any
sudden manoeuvres may lead to loss of control. When
tackling long, high-gradient downhill road tracts, shift down
gears to use engine braking. Apply one brake at a time and
use brakes sparingly. Keeping the brakes applied
continuously causes the friction material to overheat and
dangerously reduces braking effectiveness. Underinflated or
overinflated tyres reduce braking efficiency, handling
accuracy and stability in a bend.