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Refrigerant Oil - Mitsubishi Electric PURY-HP72 Service Handbook

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[1-2 Handling and Characteristics of Piping Materials, Refrigerant, and Refrigerant Oil ]
1-2-5

Refrigerant Oil

1. Refrigerating machine oil in the HFC refrigerant system
HFC type refrigerants use a refrigerating machine oil different from that used in the R22 system.
Note that the ester oil used in the system has properties that are different from commercially available ester oil.
Refrigerant
R22
R407C
R410A
2. Effects of contaminants
Refrigerating machine oil used in the HFC system must be handled with special care to keep contaminants out.
The table below shows the effect of contaminants in the refrigerating machine oil on the refrigeration cycle.
3. The effects of contaminants in the refrigerating machine oil on the refrigeration cycle.
Cause
Water infiltration
Air infiltration
Dust, dirt
Infiltration of
contaminants
Mineral oil
etc.
*1. Contaminants is defined as moisture, air, processing oil, dust/dirt, wrong types of refrigerant, and refrigerating machine oil.
HWE13080
Refrigerating machine oil
Mineral oil
Ester oil
Ester oil
*1
Symptoms
Frozen expansion valve
and capillary tubes
Sludge formation and ad-
hesion
Hydrolysis
Acid generation
Oxidization
Oil degradation
Oxidization
Adhesion to expansion valve and capillary
tubes
Infiltration of contaminants into the com-
pressor
Sludge formation and adhesion
Oil degradation
Effects on the refrigerant cycle
Clogged expansion valve and capillary tubes
Poor cooling performance
Compressor overheat
Motor insulation failure
Burnt motor
Coppering of the orbiting scroll
Lock
Burn-in on the orbiting scroll
Clogged expansion valve, capillary tubes, and
drier
Poor cooling performance
Compressor overheat
Burn-in on the orbiting scroll
Clogged expansion valve and capillary tubes
Poor cooling performance
Compressor overheat
Burn-in on the orbiting scroll
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