Leakage currents and countermeasures
Due to the static capacitance existing in the inverter I/O wiring and motor, leakage
currents flow through them. Since their values depend on the static capacitance, carrier
frequency, etc., take the following measures.
(1) To-earth (ground) leakage currents
Leakage currents may flow not only into the inverter's own line but also into the other
lines through the earth (ground) cable, etc. These leakage currents may operate earth
(ground) leakage circuit breakers and earth (ground) leakage relays unnecessarily.
! ! ! ! Countermeasures
• If the carrier frequency setting is high, decrease the carrier frequency (Pr. 72) of the
Note that motor noise increases. Selection of Soft-PWM (Pr. 240) will make it
• By using earth (ground) leakage circuit breakers designed for harmonic and surge
suppression in the inverter's own line and other line, operation can be performed
with the carrier frequency kept high (with low noise).
! ! ! ! To-earth (ground) leakage current
• Note that a long wiring length will increase leakage currents. Decrease the carrier
frequency of the inverter to reduce leakage currents.
• Higher motor capacity leads to larger leakage currents. The leakage currents of the
400V class are higher than those of the 200V class.
(2) Line-to-line leakage currents
Harmonics of leakage currents flowing in static capacities between the inverter output
cables may operate the external thermal relay unnecessarily.
Line-to-line leakage current path
INSTALLATION AND WIRING
Line static capacitances