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Table of Contents

5.4.2 Toner Density Control

The toner density must be kept constant to attain stable printing image. To keep the toner density
constant, the toner should be dispensed exactly by the quantity consumed for the printing. This system
is the PCDC. However, the system with only the PCDC generates a difference from target toner
density, thus requiring the system to correct this error. This is the toner density control by the
AUTOMATIC DENSITY CONTROL SENSOR. These two control systems are altogether called the
toner density control.
1)
PCDC (Pixel Count Dispense Control)
The toner quantity consumed in the developing process is calculated by counting the video signals
entered to the PRINT HEAD. The video signal counting is made by the charging and discharging of
the capacitor in the CR circuit arranged in parallel to the video signal line. The consumed toner
quantity is calculated by the toner dispense time. The Toner Motor in the TONER DISPENSER
ASSEMBLY is driven by the amount of calculated toner dispense time to supply the toner into the
developer.
2)
ADC (Auto Density Control)
The patches of respective colors (yellow, magenta, cyan, and black) for the toner density control are
generated under specified potential condition, and transferred on the BTR. The AUTOMATIC
DENSITY CONTROL SENSOR measures this density. The measured value is compared with
reference value, and if the toner density is low, the toner dispense quantity is increased at the next
printing, or if the toner density is high, the toner dispense quantity is reduced at the next printing.
The toner dispense quantity is calculated by the toner dispense time. This calculation is made for
each color.
ADC is made after the completion of printing, if either of the following conditions is satisfied:
- When cumulative print count after the power on exceeds 25
- When a cleaning cycle is executed during continuous printing
3)
Example of toner dispensation
The Toner Motor revolves for the duration of the specified time per 1-time dispensation. The toner
dispense time in 1) and 2) above is calculated with the number of revolutions of Toner Motor. In the
following description, this is called the dispense count.
The dispense count calculated by the ADC is cancelled in the subsequent 8 prints.
If 16 dispense counts were calculated as a lack of toner by the ADC, the toner is dispensed
additionally to the dispense count calculated by the PCDC by 2 counts (16/8=2) in the subsequent 8
prints.
Or, if 16 dispense counts were calculated as an excess of toner by the ADC, the toner is dispensed
by subtracting from the dispense count calculated by the PCDC in the subsequent 8 prints. If the
excess amount cannot be subtracted in 8 prints, the remainder is subtracted in 9 and subsequent
prints.
Total dispense counts
Correction amount by ADC +16
Dispense counts by PCDC
Correction amount by ADC -8
Total dispense counts
4
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2
Even allotment in first 8 prints
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6 – 48
Chapter 6 Principles of Operation
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engine principle0044FA

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Table of Contents

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