Numerical Solution For Stiff First-order Ode - HP 50g User Manual

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Numerical solution for stiff first-order ODE

Consider the ODE: dy/dt = -100y+100t+101, subject to the initial condition
y(0) = 1.
Exact solution
This equation can be written as dy/dt + 100 y = 100 t + 101, and solved
using an integrating factor, IF(t) = exp(100t), as follows (RPN mode, with CAS
set to Exact mode):
'(100*t+101)*EXP(100*t)' ` 't' ` RISCH
The result is
'(t+1)*EXP(100*t)'.
Next, we add an integration constant, by using: 'C' `+
Then, we divide by FI(x), by using: 'EXP(100*t)' `/.
100t
The result is: '
', i.e., y(t) = 1+ t +C e
. Use of
((t+1)*EXP(100*t)+C)/EXP(100*t)
0
the initial condition y(0) = 1, results in 1 = 1 + 0 + C e
, or C = 0, the
particular solution being y(t) = 1+t.
Numerical solution
If we attempt a direct numerical solution of the original equation dy/dt = -
100y+100t+101, using the calculator's own numerical solver, we find that the
calculator takes longer to produce a solution that in the previous first-order
example. To check this out, set your differential equation numerical solver (‚
Ï˜ @@@OK@@@) to:
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