Move Control Register
register is in use, and the data is to be moved into a 24-bit destination, the value stored
in the destination is limited to a maximum positive or negative saturation constant to min-
imize truncation error. If the data is to be moved into a 16-bit destination and the accu-
mulator extension register is in use, the value is limited to a maximum positive or
negative saturation constant whose LS 16 bits are then stored in the 16-bit destination
register. Limiting does not occur if an individual 24-bit accumulator register (A1, A0, B1,
or B0) is specified as a source operand instead of the full 56-bit accumulator (A or B).
This limiting feature allows block floating-point operations to be performed with error
detection since the L bit in the condition code register is latched.
When a 56-bit accumulator (A or B) is specified as a destination operand, any 24-bit
source data to be moved into that accumulator is automatically extended to 56 bits by
sign extending the MS bit of the source operand (bit 23) and appending the source oper-
and with 24 LS zeros. Whenever a 16-bit source operand is to be moved into a 24-bit
destination, the 16-bit value is stored in the LS 16 bits of the 24-bit destination, and the
MS 8 bits of that destination are zeroed. Similarly, whenever a 16-bit source operand is
to be moved into a 56-bit accumulator, the 16-bit value is moved into the LS 16 bits of the
MSP portion of the accumulator (A1 or B1), the MS 8 bits of the MSP portion of that
accumulator are zeroed, and the resulting 24-bit value is extended to 56 bits by sign
extending the MS bit and appending the result with 24 LS zeros. Note that for 24-bit
source operands both the automatic sign-extension and zeroing features may be dis-
abled by specifying the destination register to be one of the individual 24-bit accumulator
registers (A1 or B1).
Note: Due to instruction pipelining, if an AGU register (Mn, Nn, or Rn) is directly changed
with this instruction, the new contents may not be available for use until the second fol-
lowing instruction. See the restrictions discussed in A.9.6 - R, N, and M Register Restric-
tions on page A-page 310.
Restrictions: The following restrictions represent very unusual operations which proba-
bly would never be used but are listed only for completeness.
A MOVEC instruction used within a DO loop which specifies SSH as the source oper-
and or LA, LC, SR, SP, SSH, or SSL as the destination operand cannot begin at the
address LA – 2, LA – 1, or LA within that DO loop.
INSTRUCTION SET DETAILS
A - 207