Figure 2.1 – Basic Standby Electric System
EMERGENCY CIRCUIT ISOLATION
This prevents overloading the generator by keeping
electrical loads below the wattage/amperage capacity
of the generator. If the generator is powering only crit-
ical loads, within the wattage/amperage capacity, dur-
ing utility power outages, consider using the emer-
gency circuit isolation method.
Critical electrical loads are grouped together and
wired into a separate "Emergency Distribution
Panel." Load circuits powered by that panel are with-
in the wattage/amperage capacity of the generator set.
When this method is used, it is difficult to overload
the generator. The transfer switch must meet the fol-
• It must have an ampere rating equal to the total
amperage rating of the emergency distribution
• Have it installed between the building's main dis-
tribution panel and the emergency distribution
TOTAL CIRCUIT ISOLATION
When a generator capable of powering all electrical
loads in the circuit is to be installed, use the "Total
Circuit Isolation Method." It is possible for the gener-
ator to be overloaded when this isolation method is
employed. The following apply to the transfer switch
in this type of system.
• Ampere rating of the transfer switch must equal
the ampere rating of the normal incoming utility
• The transfer switch is installed between the utility
service entrance and the building distribution
Power Systems, Inc.
Section 2 — Installation
QUIETSOURCE™ Liquid-cooled 30 kW Generators
GROUNDING THE GENERATOR
The National Electrical Code requires the frame and
external electrically conductive parts of this equip-
ment to be properly connected to an approved earth
ground and/or grounding rods. For that purpose, a
GROUND LUG (Figure 2.2) is provided on the gener-
ator mounting base. Consult a qualified electrician
for grounding requirements in the area. Grounding
procedures must meet local regulations.
Do not connect the ground wire to any pipe
that carries a flammable or explosive substance
– FIRE or an EXPLOSION may result.
Proper grounding helps protect personnel against
electrical shock in the event of a ground fault condi-
tion in the generator or in connected electrical
devices. In addition, grounding helps dissipate static
electricity that often builds up in ungrounded
Figure 2.2 – Generator Grounding Lug (typical)
GENERATOR AC NEUTRAL
Generac uses an UNGROUNDED AC neutral.
Grounding is recommended only at the main service
entrance. If the neutral wire is grounded and one of
the phase loads becomes grounded, the excessive
current opens the load circuit breaker or collapses
the generator field. The actual result depends on the
electrical characteristics of the particular installed
TRANSFER SWITCH SIGNAL
2.9.1 PRE-PACKAGED ATS
If the generator is to be installed with a pre-packaged
transfer switch, it is necessary to connect the control
wires to the generator and set position two of the
four-position dip switch to OFF .