The role of fuel is to cool the engine, and in
the case of a 2-stroke engine, to lubricate the
engine in addition to power generation.
Accordingly, if a mixture of air and fuel is too
lean, abnormal combustion will occur, and
engine seizure may result. If the mixture is
too rich, spark plugs will get wet with oil, thus
making it impossible to bring the engine into
full play or if the worst comes to the worst,
the engine may stall.
The richness of the air-fuel mixture required
for the engine will vary with atmospheric con-
ditions of the day and therefore, the settings
of the carburetor must be properly suited to
the atmospheric conditions (air pressure,
humidity and temperature).
Finally, the rider himself must make a test
run and check his machine for conditions
(pick-up of engine speed, road surface con-
ditions) and for the discoloration of the spark
After taking these into consideration, he must
select the best possible carburetor settings.
* It is advisable to make a note of settings,
atmospheric conditions, road surface condi-
tion, lap-time, etc. so that the memorandum
can be used as a reference useful for future.
Atmospheric conditions and carburetor
The air density (i.e., concentration of oxygen
in the air) determines the richness or lean-
ness of the air/fuel mixture. Therefore, refer
to the above table for mixture settings.
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