# Omega FMA 4000 User Manual: Technical Assistance; Calibration Conversions From Reference Gases

Digital mass flow meters.

9.3

## Technical Assistance

OMEGA7 Engineering will provide technical assistance over the phone to quali-
fied repair personnel. Please call our Flow Department at 800-872-9436 Ext.
10.
CALIBRATION CONVERSIONS FROM
REFERENCE GASES
The calibration conversion incorporates the K factor. The K factor is derived from
gas density and coefficient of specific heat. For diatomic gases:
Note in the above relationship that d and Cp are usually chosen at the same con-
ditions (standard, normal or other).
If the flow range of a Mass Flow Meter remains unchanged, a relative K factor is
used to relate the calibration of the actual gas to the reference gas.
where Q
Q
r
K
a
K
r
For example, if we want to know the flow rate of oxygen and wish to calibrate
with nitrogen at 1000 SCCM, the flow rate of oxygen is:
Q
O2
where K = relative K factor to reference gas (oxygen to nitrogen)
Note: If particular K factor is activated via digital interface, the user
does not need to perform any conversion. All conversion computations
will be performed internally by MCU.
K
gas
where d = gas density (gram/liter)
C
= coefficient of specific heat (cal/gram)
p
K
=
=
mass flow rate of an actual gas (sccm)
a
=
mass flow rate of a reference gas (sccm)
=
K factor of an actual gas
=
K factor of a reference gas
= Q
= Q
X K = 1000 X 0.9926 = 992.6 sccm
a
r
1
=
d X C
p
Q
K
a
a
=
Q
K
r
r
37