Periodic Maintenance Procedures
Right Side Cover (see Frame chapter)
Reserve Tank Bolts
Turn over the reserve tank [A], remove the cap [B], and
pour the coolant into a suitable container.
Install the reserve tank.
When filling the coolant, choose a suitable mixture ratio
by referring to the coolant manufacturer's directions.
Soft or distilled water must be used with the an-
tifreeze (see Specifications in this chapter) in the
If hard water is used in the system, it causes scale
accumulation in the water passages, and consider-
ably reduces the efficiency of the cooling system.
Water and Coolant Mixture Ratio (when shipping)
Tighten the drain bolts.
Torque - Radiator Drain Bolt: 2.2 N·m (0.22 kgf·m, 19 in·lb)
Water Pump Drain Bolt: 11 N·m (1.1 kgf·m, 97 in·lb)
Fill the coolant into the radiator.
Fill in the coolant slowly so that it can expel the air from
the engine and radiator.
Check the cooling system for leaks.
Bleed the air from the water pump [A].
Loosen the air bleeder bolt [B] until the coolant seeps out
around the bolt, then tighten it.
Torque - Water Pump Air Bleeder Bolt: 11 N·m (1.1 kgf·m,
Next, loosen the air bleeder bolt [A] on the thermostat
Replenish the coolant into the radiator until the coolant
begins to flow out the air bleeder bolt hole (that is, all the
remaining air is forced out).
Tap the radiator hoses to force any air bubbles caught
− 35°C (− 31°F)
2.3 L (2.4 US qt)
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE 2-17