# Multiple Integrals - HP 48gII User Manual

Graphing calculator.

The resulting matrix has elements a
2
= ∂
φ/∂X∂Y = 0. The discriminant, for this critical point s2(1,0)
and a
= a
12
21
2
2
2
2
is ∆ = (∂
f/∂x
)
(∂
f/∂y

## Multiple integrals

A physical interpretation of an ordinary integral,
under the curve y = f(x) and abscissas x = a and x = b. The generalization
to three dimensions of an ordinary integral is a double integral of a function
f(x,y) over a region R on the x-y plane representing the volume of the solid
body contained under the surface f(x,y) above the region R. The region R
can be described as R = {a<x<b, f(x)<y<g(x)} or as R = {c<y<d, r(y)<x<s(y)}.
Thus, the double integral can be written as
∫∫
φ
(
,
)
x
y
dA
R
Calculating a double integral in the calculator is straightforward. A double
integral can be built in the Equation Writer (see example in Chapter 2). An
example follows. This double integral is calculated directly in the Equation
Writer by selecting the entire expression and using function @EVAL. The result
is 3/2. Step-by-step output is possible by setting the Step/Step option in the
CAS MODES screen.
= ∂
2
φ/∂X
2
11
2
2
)-[∂
f/∂x∂y]
= (6.)(-2.) = -12.0 < 0, indicating a
(
)
b
g
x
∫ ∫
=
φ
(
,
)
=
x
y
dydx
(
)
a
f
x
= ∂
2
φ/∂X
2
= 6., a
= -2.,
22
b
(
)
f
x
dx
, is the area
a
(
)
d
s
y
∫ ∫
φ
(
,
)
x
y
dydx
(
)
c
r
y
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