MULTITRACK MD RECORDER Owner’s Manual STEREO SUB IN STEREO OUT MIC/LINE INPUT GAIN GAIN LINE LINE HIGH HIGH –12 –12 –12 –12 –12 –12 GROUP ASSIGN GROUP ASSIGN EVEN EVEN MIC/ MIC/ LINE LINE MONITOR OUT TRACK DIRECT OUT AUX RETURN AUX SEND MASTER GAIN...
This product, when installed as indicated in the instructions contained in this manual, meets FCC requirements. Modifications not expressly approved by Yamaha may void your authority, granted by the FCC, to use the product. 2. IMPORTANT: When connecting this product to accessories and/or another product use only high quality shielded cables.
C A U T I O N RISK OF ELECTRIC SHOCK DO NOT OPEN CAUTION: TO REDUCE THE RISK OF ELECTRIC SHOCK, DO NOT REMOVE COVER (OR BACK). NO USER-SERVICEABLE PARTS INSIDE. REFER SERVICING TO QUALIFIED SERVICE PERSONNEL. SEE BOTTOM OF ENCLOSURE FOR GRAPHIC SYMBOLS MARKING.
ﬁre and electrical shock hazard. • If you plan not to use MD4 for a long period of time (such as when you are on vacation), remove the AC power cord from the AC outlet. Leaving MD4 connected is a ﬁre hazard.
With a tape-based recorder, for example, you have to keep at least one track free for ping-pong. With MD4, however, you can record on all four tracks and then ping-pong (i.e., four-track playback with ping-pong). This is because MD4 can simultaneously play and record on the same track.
TOC needs to be updated, usually after a new recording or edit. You must update the TOC before ejecting a disc or turning off MD4. It’s also a good idea to update the TOC at regular intervals just in case of a power failure. Failure to update the TOC can result in data being lost.
Touring MD4 This chapter takes you on a tour of MD4, identifying the various parts to help you become famil- iar with your new recorder. Topside View STEREO SUB IN STEREO OUT MIC/LINE INPUT GAIN GAIN GAIN LINE LINE LINE...
Touring MD4 Input Channels GAIN control This rotary control adjusts the sensitivity of the MIC/LINE input so that both micro- phone and line-level signals can be handled with ease. EQ controls These rotary controls are used to boost and cut the high, middle, and low frequency GAIN bands independently.
3. While the right-channel signal is sent to even buses 2 and 4. The Stereo Sub In signals are typically the stereo output signals from another mixer. Note that the Stereo Sub In signals are always sent to the Stereo bus for mixing regardless of these switch settings. Master Section MD4—Owner’s Manual...
These indicators show the type of disc loaded: MD DATA Disc or MiniDisc. MASTER and MTC indicators These indicators light up when MIDI synchronization is used. MASTER appears when the MD4 is generating MIDI Clock, and MTC appears when it is generating MIDI Timecode.
OUT—This indicator lights up when the LAST REC OUT point has been set and it disappears when a song is located on or after the speciﬁed OUT point. POST—This indicator ﬂashes when the song is located at the Post-Roll point. Track record indicators These indicators show which tracks are selected for recording. Display MD4—Owner’s Manual...
Touring MD4 Disc Transport Section PHONES AUTO PUNCH I/O button This button is used to turn on the Auto Punch In/Out function. UTILITY button This button is used to access the following functions: Rec Mode, Text, PrePost Roll, OffLinePunch, Track Erase, Song Erase, Song Copy, Song Divide, Song Combine, Cue List, PRG Play, and MIDI Sync.
When using the review or FF CUE function, the time counter may occasionally stop. This is not a fault. STOP/TOC WRITE—This button is used to stop playback, review, cue, rehearsal, and record- ing. It’s also used to write the TOC data to disc when MD4 is stopped. ENTER button This button is used to set functions.
These phono jacks are used to send the disc playback signals to another mixer. This is useful when you use MD4 in conjunction with a larger mixer. Connect them to the line inputs on the other mixer. With no disc loaded, the DIRECT OUTs output the group signals.
A pair of stereo headphones can be connected here for monitoring. The headphone signal is the same as the MONITOR OUT signal. PUNCH I/O An optional footswitch, such as the Yamaha FC5, can be connected here for foot-controlled play- back, rehearsal, recording, or punch in/out. Rear...
The First Session The First Session This chapter explains how to record and mix your ﬁrst MD4 session. If this is your ﬁrst time with a multitrack recorder, we recommend that you start with this chapter and follow all the procedures closely.
(arrow forward). 3. Close the disc compartment. When a disc is loaded, MD4 reads the TOC to see what the disc contains. If it’s a new disc, the message appears. If the disc contains some songs, the disc title appears for a few seconds and then scrolls off the display.
GAIN control, you can use an external compressor to even out the signal level. MD4 is now ready to record. All you have to do to start recording is press the [PLAY] button. So make sure that your music source is ready to go. If you want to cancel Record Pause mode, press the [STOP] button.
13. Press the [PLAY] button to start recording (or Rehearsal). Recording (or Rehearsal) starts and the time counter shows the recording time. 14. Use the CUE LEVEL controls corresponding to previously recorded tracks to balance the levels between what was previously recorded on other tracks Overdubbing MD4—Owner’s Manual...
See Applying Effects on page 34 for more information. See Mixdown on page 63 for a more detailed look at mixdown techniques. 9. Record the Final Mix to your stereo master recorder. That’s it! You’ve completed your ﬁrst session with MD4. MD4—Owner’s Manual...
Ping-Pong—This technique allows you to mix and record several tracks onto another track. This is often used to free up tracks for more recording. So although MD4 is a four-track recorder, you can record more than just four tracks using the ping-pong technique. You can also combine ping-pong with overdub recording.
STEREO OUT signals and is typically used during mixdown. It can also be used to monitor signals that are not going to be recorded by MD4, such as a MIDI tone generator that is con- trolled by a MIDI sequencer. In this case, the tone generator is only monitored while other sounds are recorded on MD4.
2TR Recording mode is selected automatically. For subsequent 4-track recording onto an MD DATA disc, set the Recording mode to 4TR. The Recording mode setting is not stored when MD4 is turned off, and it always defaults to 4TR when it’s is turned on.
Titling Discs & Songs When a disc with a title is ﬁrst loaded into MD4, the title appears on the display for a few seconds and then scrolls off to the left. When a song with a title is selected, the title appears on the display next to the song number.
Punch in/out techniques allows you to rerecord speciﬁc sections of a track. This can be used to correct mistakes or record something new into silent sections of a track. If you’re operating MD4 and playing or singing the part to be recorded, you’ll ﬁnd it much easier to use the Auto Punch In/Out function, which performs the punch in/out automatically.
Through the CUE monitor you’ll hear the existing sounds playback. Instead of pressing the [PLAY] button you could have pressed the [REC SELECT] button to punch out. In this case MD4 remains in Play Record Wait mode, so you can punch in again using the [REC SELECT] buttons.
The following illustration shows how punch in/out works with a footswitch. SELECT Record Pause A footswitch can also be used to control other MD4 functions. See Using a Footswitch on page 33 for more information. Manual Punch In/Out In Point...
See Adjusting Markers on page 38 for more information. Another Way to Set the IN/OUT Points The IN and OUT points can also be set when MD4 is stopped or paused by holding down the LAST REC SEARCH [IN] or LAST REC SEARCH [OUT] button, respectively, until appears on the display.
OUT indicator disappears. Playback continues up to the Post-Roll point. Then the Pre-Roll point is located automatically, and MD4 waits in Play Pause mode. Press the [PLAY] button to audition the punch in/out. The following illustration shows the Auto Punch Record sequence.
Playback continues up to the Post-Roll point. Then the Pre-Roll point is located automatically, and MD4 waits in Play Pause mode. Press the [PLAY] button to audition the punch in/out. The following illustration shows the Auto Punch Record sequence with a footswitch.
OUT point at which playback stops. The default time for both Pre-Roll and Post-Roll is 5 seconds. You can change the values independently using the PrePost Roll function, as explained below. These settings are not stored when MD4 is turned off. Pre-Roll Time 1.
So you can record on all four tracks and then bounce them down to one of those tracks. This is possible because MD4 is able to read audio data from a track before writing new audio data to it. When the ping-pong operation is complete of course, the previous audio data in that track is lost.
The ping-pong operation starts and the PLAY indicators light up. The REC indicators stop ﬂash- ing and light up continuously. 14. When the song has ﬁnished, press the [STOP] button. MD4—Owner’s Manual ] SONG SEARCH button to locate the beginning of the song. ] SONG SEARCH button to locate the beginning of the song.
–12 –12 –12 –12 –12 –12 –12 –12 –12 –12 GROUP ASSIGN GROUP ASSIGN GROUP ASSIGN GROUP ASSIGN EVEN EVEN EVEN EVEN MIC/ MIC/ MIC/ MIC/ LINE LINE LINE LINE Track 4 Track 3 Track 2 Track 1 MD4—Owner’s Manual...
Playback and recording is now performed at the speciﬁed pitch. To achieve the pitch change, MD4 simply plays slower for pitch down and faster for pitch up. So if you record something at a different pitch you’ll have to play it at a different speed. Be aware of this.
Using a Footswitch An optional footswitch can be used to control MD4. Apart from a few small differences, foot- switch operation is essentially the same as pressing the MD4 [PLAY] button. Connect the foot- switch to the PUNCH I/O jack at the front of MD4.
The input channel AUX controls are used to send signals to the effects processor. The processed signal is returned to MD4 and mixed with the original, unprocessed signal to achieve a balance before being recorded to an MD4 track, or the master recorder during mixdown.
Use the AUX RETURN LEVEL control to balance the processed signal with the unprocessed signal that is coming directly from the input channel. Use the input channel fader to adjust the level of the unprocessed signal. With the balance set, you’re ready to perform the ping-pong operation. Applying Effects MD4—Owner’s Manual...
3. Press the [PLAY] button. The speciﬁed time is located and playback starts. To locate to the speciﬁed point and have MD4 wait in Pause mode, press the [ENTER] button instead of the [PLAY] button. Searching for the Last Rec IN and OUT Points When you record or rehearse, the start and end points of the recording are automatically stored as the LAST REC IN and OUT points.
Marker indicators show the current song position relative to markers. When a song is positioned on or after a marker, the corresponding marker indicator ﬂashes. When the song position moves to the next marker, the next marker indicator ﬂashes. The following illustration shows this. Inserting Markers [MARK] button pressed MD4—Owner’s Manual...
Press the [STOP] button if you don’t want to store the new marker position. 6. When you’ve ﬁnished, press the [TOC WRITE] button to update the TOC. MD4—Owner’s Manual and ten seconds of sound data (ﬁve seconds either side) 1.5 sec 1.5 sec...
4. Press the [ENTER] button to erase the marker. The marker is erased and existing subsequent markers are renumbered, as shown below. Before Erase After Erase 5. When you’ve ﬁnished, press the [TOC WRITE] button to update the TOC. Erasing Markers Marker to be erased MD4—Owner’s Manual...
You can also start All Song Repeat during Play or Pause mode. 3. Press the [REPEAT] button to cancel All Song Repeat playback. All Song Repeat playback is cancelled automatically when the [STOP] button is pressed. MD4—Owner’s Manual Song 1 Song 2...
The speciﬁed A and B points are not remembered when A–B Repeat mode is cancelled. To keep the A–B points active, use the [PAUSE] button instead of the [STOP] button to temporarily stop A–B Repeat playback. The A–B Memo points are not stored when MD4 is turned off. Song 2 Song 3...
MD4—Owner’s Manual (the lower case stp indicates that the Cue List is being , MD4 waits in Pause mode. Press [PLAY] to play the Cue List. , a new song consisting of the cues in the Cue List is created.
Program. See Searching by Time on page 36 for more infor- mation. Program Play settings are stored when MD4 is turned off. Program Playback (the lower case s indicates that the Program is being edited). and MD4 waits in Pause mode (the upper case S indicates MD4—Owner’s Manual...
6. Press the [TOC WRITE] button to update the TOC. The following illustration shows how the Song Copy function works. Before Song Copy After Song Copy MD4—Owner’s Manual (in this example, there are two songs recorded, so the Song 1 Song 2 Copy Song 1...
When a song is divided, subsequent songs are renumbered. For example, Song 1 is divided into Song 1 and Song 2. The previous Song 2 then becomes Song 3, and so on. Dividing a Song appears on the display as the TOC is updated. Divide Point MD4—Owner’s Manual...
When songs are combined, subsequent songs are renumbered. For example, Song 1 and Song 2 are combined into Song 1. The previous Song 3 then becomes Song 2, and so on. MD4—Owner’s Manual appears on the display as the TOC is...
So copying a 1-minute section, for example, takes 1 minute. You can abort the track copy operation at anytime by pressing the [STOP] button. Data up to the point that you pressed the [STOP] button is copied. Track-to-Track Copy [OUT] MD4—Owner’s Manual...
A disc that has been used to store computer data must be formatted using this function before it can be used with MD4. 1. Press the [UTILITY] button and use the [√] and [®] SELECT buttons to select the Song Erase function.
MTC and MIDI Clock are MIDI messages used to synchronize MIDI devices. MD4 only trans- mits these messages, it does not receive them. So MD4 must be used as the master device in a synchronized MIDI system. This means that the MIDI sequencer responds to MTC or MIDI Clock information coming from the MD4.
This example also shows how the MD4 DIRECT TRACK OUTs can be used to output signals directly from the MD4 tracks. The individual track sounds are sent to the other mixer for mixing with the sounds from the sequencer controlled MIDI instruments.
The Setting Up a Synchronized MIDI System illustration on page 50 shows the MIDI cable from MD4 connecting to a dedicated MTC input on the MIDI sequencer. That’s because MTC is best kept separate from normal MIDI data. If your MIDI sequencer does not have a dedicated MTC input, however, you may be able to merge the MTC signal with other MIDI data and connect that to the MIDI sequencer’s normal MIDI input.
00:00:00. In this case, you will have to return to the beginning of the song each time you start playback on the MD4. If your MIDI sequencer supports MIDI Clock and MIDI Song Position Pointers, you’ll be able to start playback at any point in the song.
MD4 & MIDI Inserting Steps in a Tempo Map The Tempo Map is sorted automatically when you press the [ENTER] button. So you can insert new meter or tempo steps in any order. The following example shows how sorting works when a new meter step is inserted.
7. Press the [ENTER] button to load the Tempo Map or the [CLEAR] button to cancel. The Tempo Map is loaded and MASTER appears on the display. MD4 is now ready for synchronized MIDI Clock operation. Using MIDI Clock appears.
PUNCH I/O jack, one of the musicians can stop and start MD4 recording. A stereo pair of headphones is used for monitoring. For one-take recording, the [REC SELECT] buttons on all four tracks are set to ON. Up to eight markers can be inserted while recording by pressing the [MARK] button.
MD4 Applications MIDI Home Studio In the following MIDI home studio system example, all instruments are recorded to MD4. Recording the MIDI instruments could be left until the ﬁnal mixdown, since the MIDI sequencer provides repeatable playback and is synchronized to MD4 using MIDI Timecode.
MD4 Applications Recording a Stereo Source For stereo recording, MD4 can be set to the Stereo recording mode. This provides a total record- ing time of 74 minutes. See Setting the Recording Mode on page 19 for more information. The following system example shows two microphones being used for stereo recording. The actual source, however, could be any stereo device.
Beyond the Basics This chapter provides some advanced tips and techniques for MD4 recording. AUX RETURN You don’t have to use the AUX RETURN with an external effects processor. It can be used as an extra stereo input. It accepts line-level signals that can be assigned to tracks or sent to the stereo mix.
A more advanced pitch technique that can be used to capture a super-fast guitar solo, which is difﬁcult to play repeatedly, is to detune your guitar so that it matches the reduced pitch of MD4. Then record the solo at the slower speed and pitch. When you play back the recording at normal pitch, you have a super-fast guitar solo that’s in tune with everything else.
Reverb adds that professional sparkle that you hear on most modern recordings. If you don’t yet have an effects processor, a reverb unit is probably the most useful type of effects processor to start with. MD4 has stereo AUX RETURNs, so a reverb unit with stereo outputs works best.
Do I need to format an MD DATA Disc before recording with MD4? No. MD4 uses MD DATA discs straight out of the wrapper. No fuss. An MD DATA disc that has been used to store computer data, however, must be formatted before use with MD4. See Erasing Songs on page 48 for more information.
Do I have to clean the MD4 heads? No. In a cassette tape recorder, the head touches the tape. The MD4 heads, however, do not con- tact the disc. The MD4 heads are very sophisticated electronic devices. Do not interfere with them.
Troubleshooting Troubleshooting If you’re having difﬁculty operating MD4 or it doesn’t seem to work as expected, look up the symptoms in the following table and follow the advice provided. Symptom MD4 cannot be turned on! Cannot listen to a connected...
New song recording is paused. The Auto Punch In/Out function has been — — activated and MD4 is standing by to start the Auto Punch recording sequence. The Auto Punch recording sequence has — started and is currently between the Pre-Roll point and the Punch IN point.
MD4 is reading the TOC from disc. MD4 cannot record over this type of song, so you cannot overwrite this song. MD4 does not have permission to record in this mode, so you cannot rehearse a recording that would overwrite this song.
Care must be taken when setting MD4 GAIN controls so as not to overload the recording circuits. See Recording the First Track on page 13 for more information. Cue—There are three kinds of cue on MD4. 1) Monitor CUE. 2) Cue List cue. 3) FF CUE See Monitor CUE, Cue List, and FF CUE.
MiniDisc—A compact data storage medium designed to store music. MiniDiscs come in two varieties: playback only and recordable. MiniDiscs can only be used for 2-track or mono record- ing with MD4. MiniDiscs recorded on MD4 can be played on a normal MiniDisc deck. See also Random Access, ATRAC, and MD DATA Disc.
Ping-Pong—A recording technique used to transfer (i.e., mix and rerecord) one or more tracks to other tracks to free up those tracks for further recording. MD4 allows you to record on all four tracks and then ping-pong (i.e., four-track playback with ping-pong). A feature unique to MD4.
GAIN control 4 GROUP ASSIGN switches 4 Input source selector switch 4 PAN control 4 Inserting discs 13 Inserting markers 37 MD4—Owner’s Manual Invalid Song, message 68 Joining songs 46 LAST REC search 36 SEARCH buttons 9 Level fader 4...
Post fader, definition 74 POST indicator 7 Post-roll setting 28 Power cord connecting 13 connector 11 POWER ON/OFF switch 11 Powering up MD4 13 PRE indicator 7 PrePost Roll 28 Pre-roll setting 28 PRG Play 43 Program playback 43 Project studio setup 58...
GROUP ASSIGN switches 5 LEVEL control 5 MD4—Owner’s Manual Stop 67 STOP button 9 SUB IN level control 5 Sub mixer operation 59 Switching on MD4 13 Synchronization operation 49 overview 17 system setup 50 Tempo Map about 49 chart 56...