1 The log is lying on the ground. There is little risk of
the chain jamming or the log splitting. However
there is a risk that the chain will touch the ground
when you finish the cut.
Cut all the way through the log from above. Try not
to touch the ground as you finish the cut. Maintain
full throttle but be prepared in case the chain
A If it is possible to turn the log you should stop
cutting about 2/3 of the way through.
B Turn the log and finish the cut from the opposite
2 The log is supported at one end. There is a high
risk that it will split.
A Start by cutting from below (about 1/3 of the
B Finish by cutting from above so that the two cuts
3 The log is supported at both ends. There is a high
risk that the chain will jam.
A Start by cutting from above (about 1/3 of the
B Finish by cutting from below so that the two cuts
TREE FELLING TECHNIQUE
It takes a lot of experience to fell a tree.
Inexperienced users of chain saws should not fell
trees. NEVER ATTEMPT A TASK YOU ARE UNSURE OF.
The safe distance between a tree that is to be felled
and anyone else working nearby is at least 21/2 tree
Make sure that no-one else is in this "risk zone"
before or during felling.
The aim is to fell the tree in the best possible position
for subsequent limbing and cross-cutting. You want it
to fall on ground where you can move about safely.
The main point to avoid is letting the tree fall onto anoth-
er tree. It can be both difficult and dangerous to remove
a tree in such a position (see point 4 in this section).
Once you have decided which way you want the tree
to fall you must judge which way the tree would fall
Several factors affect this:
• Lean of the tree
• Wind direction
• Arrangement of branches
• Weight of snow
Another very important factor, which does not affect
the felling direction but does affect your safety, is to
make sure the tree has no damaged or dead branch-
es that might break off and hit you during felling.
Clearing the trunk and preparing your retreat
Remove any branches that are in the way. To do this
it is best to work from the top down and keep the
trunk between you and the chain saw. Never limb
above shoulder height.
Remove any undergrowth from the base of the tree
and check the area for obstacles (stones, branches,
holes, etc.) so that you have a clear path of retreat
when the tree starts to fall. Your path of retreat should
be roughly 135 degrees behind the intended felling
Felling is done using three cuts. First you make the
DIRECTIONAL CUTS, which consist of the TOP CUT
and the BOTTOM CUT; followed by the FELLING CUT.
By placing these cuts correctly you can control the
felling direction very accurately.
To make the DIRECTIONAL CUT you begin with the
TOP CUT. Stand to the right of the tree and cut down-
wards at an angle.
Next make the BOTTOM CUT so that it finishes at the
end of the TOP CUT.
The directional cut should run 1/4 of the diameter
through the trunk and the angle between the TOP
CUT and BOTTOM CUT should be 45°.
The line where the two cuts meet is called the DIREC-
TIONAL CUT LINE. This line should be perfectly hori-
zontal and at right angles (90°) to the chosen felling
The felling cut is made from the opposite side of the
tree and it must be perfectly horizontal. Stand on the
left side of the tree and cut with the bottom edge of
Make the FELLING CUT about 3-5 cm (1.5-2 inches)
above the flat section of the DIRECTIONAL CUT.
Set the spike bumper (if one is fitted) in behind the
breaking strip. Use full throttle and bring the bar and
chain slowly into the tree. Make sure the tree does