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Precautions For Use Of The Inverter - Mitsubishi Electric FR-F820-00046 Instruction Manual

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5

PRECAUTIONS FOR USE OF THE INVERTER

The FR-F800 series inverter is a highly reliable product, but incorrect peripheral circuit making or operation/handling method mayshorten the product life or
damage the product. Before starting operation, always recheck the following points.
• Use crimping terminals with insulation sleeves to wire the power supply and the motor.
• Application of power to the output terminals (U, V, W) of the inverter will damage the inverter. Never perform such wiring.
• After wiring, wire offcuts must not be left in the inverter.
Wire offcuts can cause an alarm, failure or malfunction. Always keep the inverter clean.
When drilling mounting holes in an enclosure etc., take caution not to allow chips and other foreign matter to enter the inverter.
• Use an appropriate cable gauge to suppress the voltage drop to 2% or less.
If the wiring distance is long between the inverter and motor, a voltage drop in the main circuit will cause the motor torque to decrease especially during the
output of a low frequency.
Refer to
page 10
for the recommended cable gauge.
• Keep the total wiring length within the specified length.
In long distance wiring, charging currents due to stray capacitance in the wiring may degrade the fast-response current limit operation or cause the equipment
on the inverter's output side to malfunction. Pay attention to the total wiring length. (Refer to
• Electromagnetic wave interference
The input/output (main circuit) of the inverter includes high frequency components, which may interfere with the communication devices (such as AM radios)
used near the inverter. In this case, activate the EMC filter (turn ON the EMC filter ON/OFF connector) to minimize interference. (Refer to Chapter 3 of the
Instruction Manual (Detailed).)
• Do not install a power factor correction capacitor, surge suppressor or capacitor type filter on the inverter's output side.
Doing so will cause the inverter to trip or the capacitor and surge suppressor to be damaged. If any of the above devices is connected, immediately remove it.
• For some short time after the power-OFF, a high voltage remains in the smoothing capacitor, and it is dangerous.
A smoothing capacitor holds high voltage some time after power-OFF. When accessing the inverter for inspection, wait for at least 10 minutes after the power
supply has been switched OFF, and then make sure that the voltage across the main circuit terminals P/+ and N/- of the inverter is low enough using a tester,
etc.
• If "EV" is displayed on the operation panel, turn OFF the 24 V external power supply before performing wiring.
• A short circuit or earth (ground) fault on the inverter's output side may damage the inverter module.
• Fully check the insulation resistance of the circuit prior to inverter operation since repeated short circuits caused by peripheral circuit inadequacy or an
earth (ground) fault caused by wiring inadequacy or reduced motor insulationresistance may damage the inverter module.
• Fully check the to-earth (ground) insulation and phase-to-phase insulation of the inverter's output side before power-ON.
Especially for an old motor or use in hostile atmosphere, securely check the motor insulation resistance, etc.
• Do not use the magnetic contactor (MC) on the inverter's input side to start/stop the inverter.
Since repeated inrush currents at power ON will shorten the life of the converter circuit (1,000,000 times for others), frequent starts and stops of the input side
MC must be avoided. Turn ON/OFF the inverter's start signals (STF, STR) to run/stop the inverter. (Refer to
• Do not apply a voltage higher than the permissible voltage to the inverter I/O signal circuits.
Application of a voltage higher than the permissible voltage to the inverter I/O signal circuits or opposite polarity maydamage the I/O devices. Especially
check the wiring to prevent the speed setting potentiometer from being connected incorrectly to short circuit the terminals 10E and 5.
• To use the commercial power supply during general-purpose motor operation, be sure to provide
electrical and mechanical interlocks between the electronic bypass contactors MC1 and MC2.
When using a switching circuit as shown right, chattering due to mis-configured sequence or arc generated at
switching may allow undesirable current to flow in and damage the inverter. Mis-wiring may also damage the
inverter.
(The commercial power supply operation is not available with PM motors.)
• If the machine must not be restarted when power is restored after a power failure, provide an MC in the inverter's input side and also make up a
sequence which will not switch ON the start signal.
If the start signal (start switch) remains ON after a power failure, the inverter will automatically restart as soon as thepower is restored.
• MC on the inverter's input side
On the inverter's input side, connect an MC for the following purposes. (For the selection, refer to Chapter 2 of the Instruction Manual (Detailed).)
• To disconnect the inverter from the power supply at activation of a protective function or at malfunctioning of the driving system (emergency stop, etc.).
• To prevent any accident due to an automatic restart at power restoration after an inverter stop made by a powerfailure.
• To separate the inverter from the power supply to ensure safe maintenance and inspection work.
If using the MC on the inverter's input side for emergency stop during normal operation, select an MC by regarding the rated motor current as the AC-3 class
rated current.
• Handling of the magnetic contactor on the inverter's output side
Switch the magnetic contactor between the inverter and motor only when both the inverter and motor are at a stop. When the magnetic contactor is turned
ON while the inverter is operating, overcurrent protection of the inverter and such will activate. When providing MCs to use the commercial power supply
during induction motor operation, switch the MCs after both the inverter and motor stop.
A PM motor is a synchronous motor with high-performance magnets embedded inside. High-voltage is generated at the motor terminals while the motor is
running even after the inverter power is turned OFF. Before wiring or inspection, confirm that the motor is stopped. In an application, such as fan and blower,
where the motor is driven by the load, a low-voltage manual contactor must be connected at the inverter's output side, and wiring and inspection must be
performed while the contactor is open. Otherwise you may get an electric shock.
• Countermeasures against inverter-generated EMI
If electromagnetic noise generated from the inverter causes the frequency setting signal to fluctuate and the motor rotation speed to be unstable when
changing the motor speed with analog signals, the following countermeasures are effective.
• Do not run the signal cables and power cables (inverter I/O cables) in parallel with each other and do not bundle them.
• Run signal cables as far away as possible from power cables (inverter I/O cables).
• Use shielded cables.
• Install a ferrite core on the signal cable (Example: ZCAT3035-1330 TDK).
• Instructions for overload operation
When performing frequent starts/stops by the inverter, rise/fall in the temperature of the transistor element of the inverter will repeat due to a repeated flow of
large current, shortening the life from thermal fatigue. Since thermal fatigue is related to the amount of current, the life can be increased by reducing current
at locked condition, starting current, etc. Reducing current may extend the service life but may also cause torque shortage, which leads to a start failure.
Adding a margin to the current can eliminate such a condition. For an induction motor, use an inverter of a higher capacity (up to 2 ranks). For a PM motor,
use an inverter and PM motor of higher capacities.
• Make sure that the specifications and rating match the system requirements.
page
10.)
page
5.)
Power
supply
PRECAUTIONS FOR USE OF THE INVERTER
MC1
Interlock
R/L1
U
IM
S/L2
V
MC2
T/L3
W
Undesirable current
Inverter
15

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