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Troubleshooting - DeVilbiss JGA-510 Service Manual

Conventional spray gun
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TROUBLESHOOTING

CONDITION
Heavy top or
bottom pattern
Heavy right or left side
pattern
Heavy center pattern
Split spray pattern
Jerky or fluttering spray
Unable to get round spray
Will not spray
Starved spray pattern
Excessive overspray
surface.
Excessive fog
Dry Spray
Fluid leaking from
packing nut
Fluid leaking or dripping
from front of pressure
feed gun
*Most common problem.
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CAUSE
Horn holes plugged.
Obstruction on top or bottom of fluid tip.
Cap and/or tip seat dirty.
Left or right side horn holes plugged.
Dirt on left or right side of fluid tip.
Remedies for the top-heavy, bottom-heavy, right-heavy and left-heavy patterns:
1) Determine if the obstruction is on the air cap or the fluid tip. Do this by making a test spray
pattern. Then, rotate the cap one-half turn and spray another pattern. If the defect is inverted,
obstruction is on the air cap. Clean the air cap as previously instructed.
2) If the defect is not inverted, it is on the fluid tip. Check for a fine burr on the edge of the fluid
tip. Remove with #600 wet or dry sand paper.
3) Check for dried paint just inside the opening. Remove paint by washing with solvent.
Fluid pressure too high for atomization
air (pressure feed).
Material flow exceeds air cap's capacity.
Atomizing pressure too low.
Material too thick.
Atomization air pressure too high.
Fluid pressure too low (pressure feed only).
Spreader adjusting valve set too high.
*Loose or damaged fluid tip/seat.
Material level too low.
Container tipped too far.
Obstruction in fluid passage.
Loose or broken fluid tube or fluid inlet nipple.
Dry or loose fluid needle packing nut.
Spreader adjustment screw not seating properly.
Air cap retaining ring loose.
No air pressure at gun.
Internal mix or pressure feed air cap and tip
used with suction feed.
Fluid pressure too low with internal mix cap
and pressure tank.
Fluid needle adjusting screw not open enough.
Fluid too heavy for suction feed.
Inadequate material flow.
Low atomization air pressure (suction feed).
Too much atomization air pressure
Gun too far from work surface.
Improper stroking (arcing, gun motion too fast).
Too much, or too fast-drying thinner.
Too much atomization air pressure.
Air pressure too high.
Gun tip too far from work surface.
Gun motion too fast.
Gun out of adjustment.
Packing nut loose.
Packing worn or dry.
Packing nut too tight.
Dry packing.
Fluid tip or needle worn or damaged.
Foreign matter in tip.
Fluid needle spring broken.
Wrong size needle or tip.
6 / 8
CORRECTION
Clean. Ream with non-metallic point.
Clean.
Clean.
Clean. Ream with non-metallic point.
Clean.
Balance air and fluid pressure.
Increase spray pattern width with spreader
adjustment valve.
Thin or lower fluid flow.
Spreader adjustment valve set too low.
Increase pressure.
Thin to proper consistency.
Reduce at transformer or gun.
Increase fluid pressure (increases gun handling
speed).
Adjust.
Tighten or replace.
Refill.
Hold more upright.
Backflush with solvent.
Tighten or replace.
Lubricate or tighten.
Clean or replace.
Tighten.
Check air supply and air lines.
Change to proper suction feed air cap and tip.
Increase fluid pressure at tank.
Open fluid needle adjusting screw.
Thin material or change to pressure feed.
Back fluid adjusting screw out to first thread
or increase fluid pressure at tank.
Increase air pressure and rebalance gun.
Reduce pressure.
Adjust to proper distance.
Move at moderate pace, parallel to work
Remix properly.
Reduce pressure.
Reduce air pressure.
Adjust to proper distance.
Slow down.
Adjust.
Tighten, do not bind needle.
Replace or lubricate.
Adjust
Lubricate.
Replace tip and needle with lapped sets.
Clean.
Replace.
Replace.
SB-2-252-P (12/2017)
Adjust.

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