15 Monitoring Carbon Dioxide
Explosion Hazard: Do not use in the presence of flammable anesthetics or gases, such as a flammable
anesthetic mixture with air, oxygen or nitrous oxide. Use of the devices in such an environment may
present an explosion hazard.
Failure of operation: if the measurement or a sensor fails to respond as described, do not use it until
the situation has been corrected by qualified personnel.
values to be significantly too low. Always connect all components securely and check for leaks
according to standard clinical procedures. Displacement of the nasal or combined nasal oral cannulas
can cause lower than actual etCO
readings may be slightly lower than actual in patients breathing through the mouth only.
Using the CO
The MP5 monitor measures partial pressure of carbon dioxide in a patient's expired gas using the
mainstream method or the sidestream method.
The mainstream CO
pediatric and neonatal patients. The sidestream CO
accessories, with intubated and nonintubated adult, pediatric, infant and neonatal patients. With
intubated patients, a sample of the respiratory gas is drawn from the patient's breathing circuit through
an airway adapter and a gas sampling tube. With non-intubated patients, the gas sample is drawn
through a nasal or oral-nasal cannula.
Altitude Setting: The monitor is not equipped with automatic barometric pressure compensation.
Before the CO
incorrect altitude setting will result in incorrect CO
5% for every 1000m difference.
Electrical Shock Hazard: Do not open the monitor. Contact with exposed electrical components may
cause electrical shock. Always turn off and remove power before cleaning the sensor or monitor. Do
not use a damaged sensor or one with exposed electrical contacts. Refer servicing to qualified service
Use the CO
provided with the accessory.
Preparing to Measure Mainstream CO
You must perform a zero as described in this procedure each time you use a new airway adapter.
Attach the sensor connector to the CO
Wait 2 minutes, allowing the sensor to reach its operating temperature and a stable thermal
values: Leakages in the breathing system or sampling system may cause the displayed
readings. Even with combined nasal oral cannulas, the etCO
measurement can be used, with appropriate accessories, with intubated adult,
measurement is used for the first time, the altitude must be set to the correct value. An
measurement with Philips approved accessories only. Refer to the instructions for use
measurement can be used, with appropriate
readings. The CO
connector on the monitor.
Using the CO
readings will typically deviate