Shellock FG. MR safety update 2002: Implants and devices. Journal of Magnetic Resonance
Shellock FG. Radiofrequency‐induced heating during MR procedures: A review. Journal of
Magnetic Resonance Imaging 2000;12: 30‐36.
Shellock FG. Reference Manual for Magnetic Resonance Safety: 2003 Edition, Amirsys, Inc., 2003.
Shellock FG, Slimp G. Severe burn of the finger caused by using a pulse oximeter during MRI.
American Journal of Roentgenology 1989;153:1105.
Shellock FG, Hatfield M, Simon BJ, Block S, Wamboldt J, Starewicz PM, Punchard WFB.
Implantable spinal fusion stimulator: assessment of MRI safety. Journal of Magnetic Resonance
Smith CD, Nyenhuis JA, Kildishev AV. Health effects of induced electrical fields: implications for
metallic implants. In: Shellock FG, ed. Magnetic resonance procedure: health effects and safety.
Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, 2001; 393‐414.
U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Center for Devices and Radiological Health (CDRH), Medical
Device Report (MDR) (http://www.fda.gov/CDRH/mdrfile.html). The files contain information
from CDRH's device experience reports on devices which may have malfunctioned or caused a
death or serious injury. The files contain reports received under both the mandatory Medical
Device Reporting Program (MDR) from 1984 ‐ 1996, and the voluntary reports up to June 1993.
The database currently contains over 600,000 reports.
U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Center for Devices and Radiological Health (CDRH),
Manufacturer and User Facility Device Experience Database, MAUDE, (http://www.fda.gov/cdrh/
maude.html). MAUDE data represents reports of adverse events involving medical devices. The
data consists of all voluntary reports since June, 1993, user facility reports since 1991, distributor
reports since 1993, and manufacturer reports since August, 1996.
Expression MR400 Instructions for Use Guidelines and References E‐5