16 Monitoring Intravascular Oxygen Saturation
Inserting the Catheter
Remove the inner cover of the catheter tray.
Remove the catheter tip from the optical reference. Check the catheter's proper operation (for
example: the balloon tip).
Prepare and insert the catheter in accordance with standard hospital practice.
catheter with forceps or a hemostat. Damage to the fiber results in low intensity light and sudden
decrease in intensity readings. Refer to the documentation provided with the fiber-optic catheter,
paying special attention to any precautions, warnings or contraindications.
Secure the optical module directly or in close proximity to the patient, to avoid placing excessive
tension on the catheter, which would result in movement of the catheter tip from the optimal position
in the patient. Position the optical module to avoid contact with liquids, because fluid entering the
catheter-optical module connection may impair light transmission.
If you place the catheter in the patient without performing the pre-insertion calibration, you must
perform an in-vivo calibration once the catheter is in place.
Performing a Light Intensity Calibration
Perform a light intensity calibration after the catheter is in its proper position. When the catheter is
positioned properly, the light intensity indicator must cover at least two small divisions above the
Calibration is complete after a few seconds. If you doubt existing light intensity readings, recalibrate.
Performing In-Vivo Calibration
Perform an in-vivo calibration:
if you place the catheter in a patient without performing a pre-insertion calibration.
if the catheter was disconnected from the optical module.
when the catheter has been in the patient for 24 hours.
if any significant change in light intensity occurs that the monitor cannot correct automatically.
Setting Up the In-Vivo Calibration
proper positioning of the catheter in the patient.
relatively stable oxygen saturation in patient.
that the SvO
catheter is thin and flexible, treat it carefully. Avoid kinking, bending or grasping the
Setup <SO₂ Label>
light intensity indicator covers at least two divisions above the midpoint.
Start Light Cal