Stratum—An 8-bit integer that indicates the stratum level of the local clock, with the value ranging
from 1 to 16. The clock precision decreases from stratum 1 through stratum 16. A stratum 1 clock has
the highest precision. A stratum 16 clock is not synchronized.
Poll—An 8-bit signed integer that indicates the poll interval, namely the ( maximum interval
between successive messages).
Precision—An 8-bit signed integer that indicates the precision of the local clock.
Root Delay—Roundtrip delay to the primary reference source.
Root Dispersion—The maximum error of the local clock relative to the primary reference source.
Reference Identifier—Identifier of the particular reference source.
Reference Timestamp—The local time at which the local clock was last set or corrected.
Originate Timestamp—The local time at which the request departed from the client for the service
Receive Timestamp—The local time at which the request arrived at the service host.
Transmit Timestamp—The local time at which the reply departed from the service host for the client.
Operation modes of NTP
Devices that run NTP can implement clock synchronization in one of the following modes:
Symmetric peers mode
You can select operation modes of NTP as needed. If the IP address of the NTP server or peer is unknown
and many devices in the network need to be synchronized, adopt the broadcast or multicast mode. In the
client/server and symmetric peers modes, a device is synchronized from the specified server or peer, so
clock reliability is enhanced.
Figure 19 Client/server mode
Performs clock filtering and
selection, and synchronizes its
local clock to that of the
optimal reference source
When working in client/server mode, a client sends a clock synchronization message to servers, with the
mode field in the message set to 3 (client mode). Upon receiving the message, the servers automatically
work in server mode and send a reply, with the Mode field in the messages set to 4 (server mode). Upon
receiving the replies from the servers, the client performs clock filtering and selection, and synchronizes
its local clock to that of the optimal reference source.
( Mode 4)
Automatically works in
client/server mode and
sends a reply