Optical Digital Reference System Universal Digital Preamp/equalizer Optical Digital Reference System Universal Digital Preamp Owner’s Manual RS-P90 Owner’s Manual RS-P90 English ENG/MASTER COVER 98...
Contents Key Finder ... 4 Head unit (RS-D7R—) ... 4 Remote control (RS-D7R—) ... 4 Opening and closing the remote control cover ... 5 When the cover is closed When the cover is open Before Using This Product ... 7 About this unit ...
Audio Adjustment <Network> ... 30 What is the multi-amp system? ... 30 Network menu ... 31 Switching to the network menu Time alignment adjustment ... 32 Switching to the time alignment adjustment mode Measuring the distance to be corrected Inputting the distance to be corrected Filter adjustment ...
Key Finder Head unit (RS-D7R—) This unit can be operated with the combined head unit RS-D7R— (sold separately). Remote control (RS-D7R—) Most of all functions can be operated by the remote control. Opening the cover enables the SHIFT, RETURN and FUNCTION buttons 1 to 6 inside the remote control.
Opening and closing the remote control cover When the remote control is opening the cover enables the SHIFT, RETURN and FUNC- TION buttons 1 to 6 inside the unit. Menu displays with cover open and closed in this system, the available functions and the menu display vary depending on the condition of the remote control in use.
Key Finder When the cover is closed Closing the cover of the remote control makes the menu display to the closed state. Menu display in closed state Example: Main menu screen Note: • Menu display in closed state: Current mode and functions which are ON are displayed. When the cover is open Opening the cover of the remote control makes the menu display to the open state.
About this unit This unit is universal digital preamp which can be operated with the combined head unit RS-D7R— (sold separately). You can operate a number of audio adjustment functions with separately sold head unit. CAUTION: • Do not allow this unit to come into contact with liquids. Electrical shock could result.
In case of trouble Should this product fail to operate properly, contact your dealer or nearest authorized Pioneer Service Station. Product registration Visit us at the following site: • Register your product. We will keep the details of your purchase on file to help you refer to this information in the event of an insurance claim such as loss or theft.
About the digital network A vehicle, unlike the home audio, imposes several constraints upon the quality of repro- duced sound, and have the following effects: • Reflected sounds have strong effects on direct sounds because of the confined space and complex shape within a vehicle.
Before Using This Product Resetting the microprocessor The microprocessor must be reset under the following conditions: • When using this unit for the first time after installation. • When the machine fails to operate properly. • When strange (incorrect) messages appear on the display. 1.
(time difference) between speakers set up for different sound ranges. Note: • The 5/∞/2/3 buttons on the head unit (RS-D7R—) can not be used for audio adjustment opera- tions. Switching to the audio menu When the system is ON, you can adjust the sound quality.
Audio Adjustment <Main> Main menu With this menu, you can make the following adjustments. • Balance adjustment <FAD/BAL CONTROL> (Closed state) • Bass/treble adjustment <B/T> (Open state) • Using the compression <CP> (Open state) • Listening position adjustment <PS> (Open state) •...
Bass/treble adjustment <B/T> (Open state) It is possible to select one from a choice of four frequencies to becomes the reference when adjusting the bass/treble tone. The frequencies and level adjustment ranges from which selections may be made are as follows: Bass : 63 Hz, 100 Hz, 160 Hz, 250 Hz Treble: 4 kHz, 6.3 kHz, 10 kHz, 16 kHz Level adjustment range: –12 dB to +12 dB (1 dB/1 step)
Audio Adjustment <Main> Using the compression <CP> (Open state) You can reduce the difference between the volume levels of loud and quiet sounds. The compression function suppresses loud sounds and boosts quiet sounds to reduce the difference between the volume levels of loud and quiet sounds. It is convenient to use this function when you want to hear quiet sounds more clearly.
Adjusting the listening position <PS> (Open state) One way to assure a more natural sound is to clearly position the stereo sound image (putting you in the center of the sound field). The position selector function adjusts distance and volume level of sound from each speak- er to match seat positions and the number of people in the car, and lets you recall settings at the touch of a button.
Audio Adjustment <Main> Fine tuning the position You can finely adjust the differences in distance and sound levels for the position selected with the position selector function. Make adjustments using both methods to match the location of the speakers and the shape of your vehicle until you achieve more natural sound imaging.
4. Press the 2/3 buttons to correct the position of the sound image. Holding down these buttons continues their operations (during the difference in distance tuning, holding down the button moves the distance 1.54 cm/1 step). 5. After tuning has been completed, press the RETURN button to cancel the position fine tuning screen.
Audio Adjustment <Main> Effective distance adjustment using the position fine tuning function — Relation to time alignment adjustment function — The distance between the listening position and each speaker can be tuned using either of two methods. Time alignment adjustment function of the network menu (page 32) The distance between the listening position and each speaker of each band (high, mid, low and subwoofer) can be adjusted for the left and right speakers.
1. Compare the FM volume with the volume of the other source (refer to RS-D7R— (sold separately) owner’s manual). 2. Press the MENU button to switch to the main menu. 3. Open the cover of the remote control switches to main menu setting screen.
Audio Adjustment <Equalizer> About the equalizer menu One important factor for creating quality sound is the correction of disturbances in fre- quency characteristics within the complex shape of a vehicle interior. Reflected sounds have a strong effect on direct sound in a vehicle because of the vehicle’s shape, the confined space, absorption of sound by the seats and reflection from the win- dows.
Equalizer menu With this menu, you can make the following adjustments. • Recalling the equalizer curve (Closed state) (Refer to page 45.) • Adjusting the 31 band graphic equalizer <FINE> (Open state) • Adjusting the 3 band parametric equalizer <FINE> (Open state) •...
Audio Adjustment <Equalizer> Relation between frequency characteristics and sound quality Sound quality generally has the following characteristics, depending on the frequency. Refer to these characteristics when making adjustments. Tenor Baritone Bass Guitar Bass Drum Tenor Saxophone q This sound range feels almost like pressure on the ears of the listener, particularly if the sound is too strong.
The points when adjusting the equalizer curve • Take the recreated frequency bands of the speakers into consideration when adjusting. For example, when a speaker with a band between 80 Hz and 4 kHz is connected, adjusting the level in 50 Hz or 10 kHz will have no effect.
Audio Adjustment <Equalizer> Adjusting the 31 band graphic equalizer <FINE> (Open state) Adjustable frequency : 20 Hz to 20 kHz (Every 1/3 octaves, total 31 bands) Level adjustment range: –12 dB to +12 dB (0.5 dB/1 step) • You can switch between the left/right combine mode and left/right independent mode at any time.
Adjusting the 3 band parametric equalizer <FINE> (Open state) About the adjustment using the parametric equalizer The parametric equalizer can make the following adjustments. Separate 3 band adjustment for left/right It is possible to set up the left and right equalizer curves separately. Among the 31 frequen- cies, three bands (frequencies) each can be selected to serve as the left and right central frequencies, enabling level adjustments.
Audio Adjustment <Equalizer> Setting the equalizer curve • You can switch between the left/right combine mode and left/right independent mode at any time. So even when using the left/right independent mode, you can switch to the left/right combine mode to perform adjustments. 1.
8. Press the FUNCTION button 4 and adjust the Q factor (inclina- tion of equalizer curve). Press the button to change the values in the following order. Set up the desired Q factor : 1.8 = 2.6 = 4.3 = 7.1 9.
Audio Adjustment <Equalizer> The flat function <FLT> (Open state) — Common to 31B-GEQ and 3B-PEQ — The adjusted equalizer curve can be temporarily returned to its prior status before making the adjustment (all levels are 0 dB), using the flat function. This is convenient for checking the effects of the adjusted equalizer curve.
The clear function <CLR> (Open state) — Common to 31B-GEQ and 3B-PEQ — The clear function lets you clear the equalizer curve currently being adjusted to return it to its initial status (when all levels are 0 dB). This is convenient when you want to readjust an equalizer curve.
Audio Adjustment <Network> What is the multi-amp system? The multi-speaker system reproduces each frequency band (high, mid, low and ultrabass- ranges) through its own exclusive speaker unit. The multi-amp system provides an exclusive power amplifier for each speaker unit. There is only limited space in a vehicle for installing speakers, and it is difficult to install large-diameter speakers in a door or on the dashboard and get high sound quality.
Network menu <N.W.> With this menu, you can make the following adjustments. • Time alignment adjustment <T.A.> (Open state) • Filter adjustment <FTR> (Open state) • Switching between linear phase characteristics/minimum delay phase characteristics (LIN) (Open state) • Memory functions of adjusted network (Open state) (Refer to page 42.) Switching to the network menu •...
Audio Adjustment <Network> Time alignment adjustment <T.A.> (Open state) In the vehicle, the different speaker units are at widely differing distances from the listener. The sounds from the speakers therefore reach the listener at different times. When a multi-amp system is set up, this causes different delays for each frequency band (high, mid, low and ultrabass-ranges), marring the position of the sound image and the overall balance and disturbing the frequency characteristics.
Example: making corrections for the driver’s seat in a left-hand drive vehicle • Measure the distance between the head of the listener, when sitting in the driver’s seat, and each speaker unit. Note: • The unit of distance must be centimeters. Left Speaker (L) Front tweeter (high-range)
Audio Adjustment <Network> Inputting the distance to be corrected (Delay Time) Scope of adjustment: 0 cm to 192.5 cm (0.77 cm/1 step) (S.W.: 0 cm to 385 cm (1.54 cm/1 step)) 1. Open the cover of the remote control in the network menu (refer to page 5). This switches to network menu setting screen.
6. Press the 5/∞ buttons to input the distance to be corrected (delay time). Input the distance to be corrected, as measured on page 33. Holding down these buttons continues their operations (during distance tuning, holding down the button moves the distance 1.54 cm/1 step).
Audio Adjustment <Network> Filter adjustment <FTR> (Open state) The following adjustments can be made during filter adjustments. Make the appropriate adjustments for the reproduced frequency band and characteristics of the connected speaker unit. Filter frequency adjustment: Every 1/3 octave Level adjustment: 0.5 dB/1 step The cut-off frequencies of the high pass filter (H.P.F.) and the low pass filter (L.P.F.) of each band (subwoofer, low, mid, high) and the reproduction level of each band are set up.
About the H.P.F. and L.P.F. High pass filter eliminates lower sound ranges (low-range) from the set up frequencies and allows high ranges through. Low pass filter eliminates upper sound ranges (high-range) from the set up frequencies and allows low ranges through. About the slope This value indicates how many dB the signals attenuate when the frequency increases (or decreases) 1 octave (unit: dB/oct.).
Audio Adjustment <Network> Adjusting the filter First, determine the approximate band to be used, taking into consideration the reproduced frequency band and the characteristics of the connected speaker. 1. Open the cover of the remote control in the network menu (refer to page 5). This switches to network menu setting screen.
Important points in adjusting cut-off frequencies • If the subwoofer is installed in the rear tray, setting a high cut-off frequency of L.P.F. of the subwoofer separates the bass and gives the listener the feeling that the bass is coming from behind. The L.P.F.
Audio Adjustment <Network> Important points in adjusting the slope • A decrease in the absolute value of the slope (more gentle inclination) makes the frequency characteristics more susceptible to interference from the next band. • Increasing the absolute value of the slope (sharper inclination) lessens the connections between bands, giving the listener the impression of hearing separate, unrelated sounds.
Switching between linear phase characteristics/minimum delay phase characteristics <LIN> (Open state) This product (RS-P90) uses an FIR (finite-duration impulse response) digital filter. You can select between the filter characteristics of linear phase characteristics and minimum delay phase characteristics. This linear phase characteristics/minimum delay phase characteristics switching function enables switching to the optimum filter for a source dur- ing playback.
Audio Adjustment <Memory Functions> Memory functions of adjusted audio menu (MEMO) This system allows the contents of the adjusted equalizer and network to be stored in mem- ory as follows. The numbers in ( ) represent the numbers of the memory registers to be used.
Switching to memory mode Memory operations are conducted in the memory mode of each audio menu. Equalizer menu 1. Open the cover of the remote control in the equalizer menu (refer to page 5). 2. Press the SHIFT button. The display switches to equalizer memory operation screen for conducting memory operations.
Audio Adjustment <Memory Functions> Storing the adjustment data in memory 1. Adjust each audio menu. Equalizer menu (page 20) Network menu (page 30) 2. Switch to the memory mode of each menu (refer to page 43). The display switches to memory operation screen of each menu.
Recalling data stored in memory There are two ways to recall data stored in memory. In forward/reverse order — Functions of equalizer menu — This function can be operated when the cover of the remote control is closed. Stored data can be recalled by moving forwards or backwards through the memory numbers (the num- bers of the corresponding FUNCTION buttons).
Audio Adjustment <Memory Functions> Specifying the memory number directly 1. Switch to the memory mode of each menu (refer to page 43). The display switches to memory operations screen of each menu. 2. Press the FUNCTION button to recall the memory. Press the FUNCTION button which corresponds to the desired memory number.
Memory protect function In order to avoid accidentally erasing data which have been stored in memory, or to avoid replacing stored data, it is possible to set up a protect function for the following memory numbers. When the protect function is ON, adjustment data storage operations are not accepted. Note: •...
Inputting the name of the person who set up the memory (equalizer and network) of the Audio menu, or messages, stores them in the RS-D7R— head unit is sold separately. Switching to each audio menu brings up the title screen of each menu first. On this title screen of the audio menu, the stored contents are displayed.
4. Switch the desired character type with FUNCTION button 1. Each press of FUNCTION button 1 changes the character type in the fol- lowing order: Upper case alphabet (capital letter), numbers and symbols = Lower case alphabet (small letter) = European let- ters (european character), such as those with accents (e.g.
Switching the audio menu displays on the title screen the contents stored in memory. When removing the car battery • The separately sold head unit (RS-D7R—) stores the name of the person who set up the audio in memory. Removing the car battery clears the memory.
Memory Data Memo Equalizer Frequency LEFT RIGHT LEFT 20 Hz 25 Hz 31.5 Hz 40 Hz 50 Hz 63 Hz 80 Hz 100 Hz 125 Hz 160 Hz 200 Hz 250 Hz 315 Hz 400 Hz 500 Hz 630 Hz 800 Hz 1 kHz 1.25 kHz...
Memory Data Memo Network: Filter characteristics L.P.F. Frequency Slope HIGH LEFT S.W. HIGH RIGHT S.W. L.P.F. Frequency Slope HIGH LEFT S.W. HIGH RIGHT S.W. L.P.F. Frequency Slope HIGH LEFT S.W. HIGH RIGHT S.W. • When using the left/right combine mode, record in the “Left (Lch)” column. ENG/MASTER 96 LIN / MIP H.P.F.
Network: Time alignment Position: S.W. Left (LEFT) Right (RIGHT) Position: S.W. Left (LEFT) Right (RIGHT) Position: S.W. Left (LEFT) Right (RIGHT) Position: S.W. Left (LEFT) Right (RIGHT) Position: S.W. Left (LEFT) Right (RIGHT) Main: Compression HIGH HIGH HIGH HIGH HIGH ENG/MASTER 96...
Connecting the Units WARNING • For traffic safety and to maintain safe driving conditions, keep the volume low enough so that you can still hear normal traffic sound. • Check the connections of the power supply and speakers if the fuse of the battery wire or the amplifier fuse blows.
To prevent the optical cable from being strained, use the corrugated tube after cut- ting it to the correct length. • Insert the optical cable into the cor- rugated tube. Optical cable Corrugated tube RS-D7R— (sold separately) RCA Input Amplifier Front Woofer RS-P90 Subwoofer ENG/MASTER 96...
Connecting the Units Connection diagram RS-D7R— To optical output (black) optical cable (supplied) Blue/white To system control terminal of the power amp (max. 300 mA 12 V DC). Clear/red To terminal always supplied with power regardless of ignition switch position.
Connecting the RCA input amplifier White White For system remote control Blue/white Blue/white Tweeter Power amplifier Mid range Power amplifier Woofer Power amplifier Subwoofer Power amplifier CRD3207 ENG/MASTER 96...
Connecting the Units Connecting the power terminal 1. Put the short-circuit protection cover around the blue/white, clear/red and clear/black lead. Be sure to use this cover to prevent short-circuit. 2. Connecting the leads. Securely fasten the leads with terminal screws. G N D B A C K U R E M O T...
Secure the optical cable 1. Attach the cable clamp. When plugging the optical cable into the unit, use the supplied cable clamp to prevent the cables from being bent sharply. 2. Route the optical cable through the cable clamp. Attach the cable clamp into the hole.
Installation Note: • Before finally installing the unit, connect the wiring temporarily, making sure it is all connected up properly, and the unit and the system work properly. • Use only the parts included with the unit to ensure proper installation. The use of unauthorized parts can cause malfunction.
2. If connections and settings are correct, press the RESET button. Refer to “Resetting the microprocessor” on page 10. 3. If the malfunction continues even after pressing the RESET button, contact your dealer or nearest authorized Pioneer Service Station. Checklist Symptom...
Specifications GENERAL Power Source ... DC 14.4 V (10.8 to 15.1 V allowable) Grounding system ... Negative type Max. Current consumption ... 1 A Fuse ... 4 A Dimensions ... 240 (W) mm × 59 (H) mm × 240 (D) mm Weight ...