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Pentax *ist Operating Manual

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PENTAX Corporation
PENTAX Europe GmbH
Pentax U.K. Limited
Pentax France S.A.S
Pentax Benelux B.V
Pentax (Schweiz) AG
Pentax Scandinavia AB
PENTAX U.S.A., Inc.
Pentax Canada Inc.
This operating manual is printed on recycled paper.
57233
2-36-9, Maeno-cho, Itabashi-ku, Tokyo 174-8639, JAPAN
(http://www.pentax.co.jp/)
(European Headquarters)
Julius-Vosseler-Strasse, 104, 22527 Hamburg, GERMANY
(HQ - http://www.pentaxeurope.com)
(Germany - http://www.pentax.de)
Pentax House, Heron Drive, Langley, Slough, Berks SL3 8PN,
U.K.
(http://www.pentax.co.uk)
12/14, rue Jean Poulmarch, 95106 Argenteuil Cedex, FRANCE
(for Netherlands)
Spinveld 25, 4815 HR Breda, NETHERLANDS
(http://www.pentax.nl)
(for Belgium & Luxembourg)
Weiveldlaan 3-5, 1930 Zaventem, BELGIUM
(http://www.pentax.be)
Widenholzstrasse 1 Postfach 367 8305 Dietlikon,
SWITZERLAND
(http://www.pentax.ch)
P.O. Box 650, 75127 Uppsala, SWEDEN
(http://www.pentax.se)
35 Inverness Drive East, Englewood, Colorado 80112, U.S.A.
(http://www.pentax.com)
3131 Universal Drive, Mississauga, Ontario L4X 2E5, CANADA
(http://www.pentaxcanada.ca)
The CE Mark is a Directive conformity
mark of the European Community
(EC).
Copyright © PENTAX Corporation 2003
01-200302 Printed in Japan
®
OPERATING MANUAL

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   Summary of Contents for Pentax *ist

  • Page 1

    (European Headquarters) Julius-Vosseler-Strasse, 104, 22527 Hamburg, GERMANY (HQ - http://www.pentaxeurope.com) (Germany - http://www.pentax.de) Pentax U.K. Limited Pentax House, Heron Drive, Langley, Slough, Berks SL3 8PN, U.K. (http://www.pentax.co.uk) Pentax France S.A.S 12/14, rue Jean Poulmarch, 95106 Argenteuil Cedex, FRANCE Pentax Benelux B.V...

  • Page 2

    Therefore, we recommend that you review the warranty card supplied with your product at the time of purchase, or contact the PENTAX distributor in your country for more information and to receive a copy of the warranty policy.

  • Page 3: For Safe Use Of Your Camera

    FOR SAFE USE OF YOUR CAMERA Although we have carefully designed this camera for safe operation, please be sure to follow precautions given on this page. WARNING: CAUTION: WARNING • The electronic circuits inside the camera contain high voltage working parts.

  • Page 4: Precautions For Your Camera

    • Do not drop the camera or allow it to hit solid objects. If the camera suffers a shock or impact, take it to a Pentax service center for inspection.

  • Page 5

    Pentax warranty. • The PENTAX warranty provides only for the repair of defects in materials or workmanship. Damage of any kind cannot be repaired at any charge under the terms of the warranty. If the difficulty is caused as a direct result of the product being used in conditions as outlined in the "Precautions for Your Camera"...

  • Page 6

    PRECAUTIONS FOR YOUR CAMERA PRECAUTIONS FOR BATTERY USAGE • Use two 3V lithium batteries (CR2 type). • Misuse of the battery can cause hazards such as leakage, overheating, explosion, etc. The battery should be inserted correctly with regard to polarity (+ and -) marked on the battery and the camera. •...

  • Page 7: Table Of Contents

    TABLE OF CONTENTS FOR SAFE USE OF YOUR CAMERA ....1 PRECAUTIONS FOR YOUR CAMERA ... . .2 TABLE OF CONTENTS .

  • Page 8

    TABLE OF CONTENTS BASIC OPERATION (SHOOTING) Step 1.SETTING THE SINGLE FRAME DRIVE MODE 40 Step 2.SETTING THE AUTO PICTURE MODE ..41 Step 3.SETTING MULTI (16)-SEGMENT METERING MODE ........42 Step 4.SETTING THE AUTO FOCUS MODE TO AF.S 43 Step 5.SETTING THE FOCUS POINT MODE TO AUTO .

  • Page 9

    SELECTING ANOTHER EXPOSURE MODE ..74 Effect of Aperture and Shutter Speed ..74 Using the Shutter-Priority AE Mode Using the Aperture-Priority AE Mode Using the Metered Manual Mode Slow-Speed-Sync Mode .

  • Page 10

    Red-eye Reduction Flash Function ...126 Trailing-Shutter-Curtain Sync Flash ...126 Multi-burst Flash with the Pentax Dedicated Flash 126 ....111 .

  • Page 11

    OTHERS ACCESSORIES (OPTIONAL) ....128 AA-Battery Grip BG-20 ....128 Cable Switch Flash Accessories Viewfinder and Lens Accessories .

  • Page 12: Names Of Working Parts

    NAMES OF WORKING PARTS Select dial Shutter release button Mid-roll rewind button Back cover release lever Main/preview switch Lens mount index Diopter adjustment dial Strap lug Date button Auto bracketing button AV button Mode dial Lens information contacts Lens unlock button Tripod socket Mirror...

  • Page 13

    Built-in flash Metering mode switch Flash pop up button Release socket Hot shoe LCD panel Drive mode button Flash mode button Viewfinder Film information window...

  • Page 14: Lcd Panel Indications

    LCD PANEL INDICATIONS : Shutter speed : Manual-set film speed (p. 52) : Aperture value : Focus points (p. 96, 97) : Date/time (p. 28 to 31) : Bar graph (p. 64, 81, 85) : Battery exhaustion warning (p. 26) : Exposure counter (p.

  • Page 15

    ✍ MEMO • To see the LCD panel in the dark, turn the main/preview switch to The LCD panel will light up for about 10 seconds. When the AF360FGZ is used, the LCD panel on the AF360FGZ will also light up. •...

  • Page 16: Viewfinder Indications

    VIEWFINDER INDICATIONS • Regular size color prints may cut off what appears on the extreme edges of the film frame. Compose your picture with a margin of safety at the edges. • The frame number on the film will be upside down in relation to the picture.

  • Page 17: Quick And Easy Shooting

    QUICK AND EASY SHOOTING Load the batteries. Open the battery chamber cover and load two CR2 Lithium batteries. See page 23. Set the date and time. You can skip this step if you do not imprint the data at this time, but the date and time should be adjusted after loading the batteries.

  • Page 18

    QUICK AND EASY SHOOTING Turn the power switch ON. Turn the main/preview switch to See page 27. Adjust the viewfinder’s diopter. Turn the diopter adjustment dial left or right until the indications in the viewfinder looks sharp. See page 34. Set the Auto Picture mode.

  • Page 19

    Set the autofocus mode. Set the focus mode switch to See page 43. Compose the subject by turning the zoom ring. See page 46. Adjust the focus and take a picture. Focus on the subject through the focus points the shutter release button to take a picture.

  • Page 20: Camera Functions Available With Various Lenses

    CAMERA FUNCTIONS AVAILABLE WITH VARIOUS LENSES Lenses that can be used with this camera Only an FA J lens and an FA/F/A lens having an the aperture ring can be used. Other lenses and an FA/F/A lens without an position on the aperture ring cannot be used unless custom function number [CF17] is set to [2].

  • Page 21

    *1. Lens with a maximum aperture of f/2.8 or larger (smaller aperture number), and with its aperture ring set to the *2. Lens with a maximum aperture of f/5.6 or larger (smaller aperture number). *3. To use an F/FA soft 85mm f/2.8 lens or FA soft 28mm f/2.8 lens, set custom function number [CF17] to [2].

  • Page 22: How To Use This Operating Manual

    HOW TO USE THIS OPERATING MANUAL This manual is organized into the following sections. Basic Operation (Preparation) — >Page 21 Basic Operation ( Shooting ) — >Page 39 Advanced Operations — >Page 53 Other information — >Page 127 If you’d like to start taking pictures with this new camera as soon as possible, read sections 1 and 2, "BASIC OPERATION...

  • Page 23: Basic Operation (preparation)

    BASIC OPERATION (PREPARATION) Step 1. ATTACHING THE STRAP ....22 Step 2. LOADING THE BATTERIES ... . .23 Step 3.

  • Page 24: Step 1. Attaching The Strap

    Step 1 ATTACHING THE STRAP Pass the end of the strap through the strap lug from underneath, then pass the strap through the clasp from underneath. Pass the other end of the strap through the protection cover and triangular ring, then pass the strap through the clasp from underneath.

  • Page 25: Step 2 Loading The Batteries

    Step 2 LOADING THE BATTERIES Open the battery chamber cover by pushing the lever as shown in the illustration. Load two lithium CR2 batteries or equivalent into the battery chamber with the batteries’ positive (+) contacts pointing Push in the battery chamber cover firmly until it clicks in place.

  • Page 26: Loading The Batteries

    LOADING THE BATTERIES ✍ MEMO • Be sure to use two lithium CR2 batteries. • The camera and date imprinting will not operate without batteries. • The optional "Battery Grip BG-20" is also available for this camera to use four alkaline batteries. •...

  • Page 27

    General existing light photography Flash photography (using flash 50% of the times) Flash photography (using flash 100% of the times) Bulb exposure time The above table is based on Pentax measuring conditions and may vary depending on shooting conditions. ✍ MEMO •...

  • Page 28: Low Battery Warning

    LOADING THE BATTERIES Low Battery Warning When the batteries are nearly exhausted, the low battery symbol appears on the LCD panel to warn you. Replace the batteries as soon as possible. ✍ MEMO • See page 23 for replacing the batteries. •...

  • Page 29: Step 3 Turning On The Power

    Step 3 TURNING ON THE POWER Turn the power ON. Turn the main/preview switch to ON. Turn the power OFF. Turn the main/preview switch to OFF. ✍ MEMO • Be sure to turn the main/preview switch off to prevent accidental battery drain when not in used.

  • Page 30: Step 4 Adjusting The Date And Time

    Step 4 ADJUSTING THE DATE AND TIME Turn the power ON and press the DATE button to display date mode on the LCD panel. The display changes from TV/AV to the date mode. Keep pressing the DATE button for 3 seconds on the date mode display, the "year"...

  • Page 31

    After you have changed the digits, press the DATE button to confirm them and adjust the next digits. When you have changed the minutes, press the DATE button to start the clock and return the LCD panel to the AV/TV display. Press the DATE button to select the date mode you wish to imprint on your pictures.

  • Page 32: Step 5 Imprinting The Date Or Time

    Step 5 IMPRINTING THE DATE OR TIME Press the DATE button. The current date appears on the LCD panel. While the date mode is displayed, press the DATE button to select the date style you want to imprint on your pictures. (Year Month Day) (Day Hour Minute) (No data imprinted)

  • Page 33

    Press the shutter release button halfway, or turn the select dial, to return the LCD panel to the TV/AV display. If you have chosen any date mode other than [---- --], appears on the LCD panel. ✍ MEMO • [ M ] on the LCD indicates "Month". •...

  • Page 34: Step 6 Attaching A Lens

    Step 6 ATTACHING A LENS Remove the body mount cap and rear lens cap Align the red dots on the lens and camera while attaching the lens to the camera, then turn the lens clockwise until it clicks in place. As shown in the illustration, remove the front lens cap.

  • Page 35

    ✍ MEMO • The body mount cap protects the inside of the camera from dust and scratches upon factory shipment. For long-term camera storage, the optional accessory "Body Mount Cap K" is available. • After attaching the lens, try to turn the lens counterclockwise to make sure it is locked in place.

  • Page 36: Step 7 Adjusting The Viewfinder's Diopter

    Step 7 ADJUSTING THE VIEWFINDER’S DIOPTER Look through the viewfinder and point the camera to a well-lit scene. Then turn the diopter adjustment dial until the indications such as focus points displays in the viewfinder look sharp. ✍ MEMO • The diopter can be adjusted from -2.0 to +1.0m and TV/AV (per meter).

  • Page 37: Step 8 Loading Film

    Step 8 LOADING FILM To open the back cover, slide up the back cover release lever in the direction of the arrow. Place the film cartridge in the film chamber as shown in the illustration. Pull the film leader out far enough to reach the take-up spool.

  • Page 38: Loading Film

    LOADING FILM Close the back cover and turn the main switch to ON. The film will advance to frame 1 automatically and the LCD panel will display the exposure counter 1 and film status information. If the film is not loaded properly, LCD panel.

  • Page 39: Button

    Step 9 OPERATING THE SHUTTER RELEASE BUTTON The shutter release button has two positions. Pressing it down halfway (first position) turns on the exposure meter, the LCD displays and autofocus system operates. pressed Pressing it fully (second position) releases the shutter. When taking a picture, press the shutter release button gently to prevent camera shake.

  • Page 41: Basic Operation (shooting)

    BASIC OPERATION (SHOOTING) Step 1. SETTING THE SINGLE FRAME DRIVE MODE . .40 Step 2. SETTING THE AUTO PICTURE MODE ..41 Step 3. SETTING MULTI(16)-SEGMENT METERING MODE ......42 Step 4.

  • Page 42: Step 1.setting The Single Frame Drive Mode

    Step 1 SETTING THE SINGLE FRAME DRIVE MODE Press the drive mode button until appears on the LCD panel. ✍ MEMO • One picture is taken each time the shutter release button is pressed. • The drive mode can also be set to consecutive shooting mode, self- timer mode, remote control shooting mode, multiple-exposure shooting mode or auto bracketing .

  • Page 43: Step 2.setting The Auto Picture Mode

    Step 2 SETTING THE AUTO PICTURE MODE This Auto picture mode allows you to take pictures by simply pressing the shutter release button. The camera automatically selects one of the picture modes depending on the camera-to- subject distance and image magnification. Set the mode dial to the The selected picture mode appears in the viewfinder.

  • Page 44: Step 3.setting Multi (16)-segment Metering Mode

    Step 3 SETTING MULTI (16)-SEGMENT METERING MODE This metering mode automatically measures light in 16 different zones, enabling proper exposure value in a wide variety of normal and backlight conditions. Set the metering mode switch to ✍ MEMO • The center-weighted metering and spot metering are also available. See page 89 and 90.

  • Page 45: Step 4.setting The Auto Focus Mode To Af.s

    Step 4 SETTING THE AUTO FOCUS MODE TO AF.S When the shutter release button is pressed halfway down, the lens adjusts focus automatically. Set the focus mode switch ✍ MEMO You can also focus in the following ways: • MF: Focus manually. See page 94. •...

  • Page 46: Step 5.setting The Focus Point Mode To Auto

    Step 5 SETTING THE FOCUS POINT MODE TO AUTO When the focus point mode is set to [AUTO], the camera selects one of the 11 focus points to focus even when the subject is not at the center. Set the focus point mode switch to The focus area in the viewfinder is covered with the 11 focus...

  • Page 47: Step 6.setting The Auto Pop Up Flash

    Step 6 SETTING THE AUTO POP UP FLASH Press the flash mode button until appears on the LCD panel. In this mode, the built-in flash automatically pops up when pressing the shutter button halfway down in the low light or backlight conditions.

  • Page 48: Step 7.using The Zoom Lens

    Step 7 USING THE ZOOM LENS Turning the zoom ring to the right makes the subject appear larger (telephoto) and turning it to the left makes the subject appear smaller (wide angle). ✍ MEMO • The smaller the number shown on the zoom scale ring , the wider the angle.

  • Page 49: Step 8.holding The Camera

    Step 8 HOLDING THE CAMERA • Hold the camera firmly, with your left hand supporting the camera and lens as shown in the illustrations. • While taking a picture, gently press the shutter release button. Sudden force on the shutter release button will cause camera shake, making the picture blurred.

  • Page 50: Step 9.taking A Picture

    Step 9 TAKING A PICTURE Confirm that the focus mode switch is set to select the data mode to imprint or not. Look through the viewfinder and frame the subject with the focus points Then press the shutter release button halfway down.

  • Page 51: Take A Picture

    Confirm that the shutter speed, aperture value and picture mode in the viewfinder or on the LCD panel. Take a picture. Gently press the shutter release button completely. The built-in flash pops up automatically when the subject is not lighted adequately. ✍...

  • Page 52: Step 10.unloading A Film

    Step 10 UNLOADING A FILM The film automatically rewinds at the end of the roll. During rewinding, on the LCD panel, indicating that the film is being rewound, the exposure counter counts frame numbers in reverse. When the film is fully rewound, LCD panel.

  • Page 53: Step 11.rewinding A Film In Mid-roll

    Step 11 REWINDING A FILM IN MID-ROLL If you wish to unload the film before exposing all the frames, use this function. Turn the main/preview switch to ON, then use the strap clasp’s protrusion to press the mid-roll rewind button. Rewind starts.

  • Page 54: Setting The Film Speed (iso) Manually

    SETTING THE FILM SPEED (ISO) MANUALLY This camera automatically reads the film speed from the film's DX code. However, the film speed setting can be changed. If you use a non-DX coded film, set the film speed manually. How to set Load the non-DX coded film.

  • Page 55: Advanced Operations

    ADVANCED OPERATIONS...

  • Page 56: Selecting A Drive Mode

    SELECTING A DRIVE MODE This camera has a total of five drive modes as shown. Single-frame drive mode Consecutive shooting Self-timer mode Remote control shooting Multiple-exposure shooting One picture is taken each time the shutter release button is pressed. See page 40. Pictures can be taken consecutively while the shutter release button is held down.

  • Page 57: Consecutive Shooting

    Consecutive Shooting Pictures can be taken consecutively while the shutter release button is held down. Press the drive mode button until appears on the LCD panel. Shoot consecutive frames. 1. Press the shutter release button halfway down to focus the subject. 2.

  • Page 58: Self-timer Mode

    SELECTING A DRIVE MODE Self-Timer Mode After pressing the shutter release button, the picture will be taken about 12 sec. later. Use the self-timer when you wish to include yourself in the picture. Mount the camera on the tripod. • If you use a large tripod, see “MEMO” on page 58.

  • Page 59

    Press the shutter release button completely. The shutter will be released about 12 seconds after the shutter release button is pressed. The self-timer lamp starts blinking slowly and blinks rapidly two seconds before the shutter is released. Also the audible PCV signal is heard and the rate increases for the last two seconds.

  • Page 60

    SELECTING A DRIVE MODE Press the drive mode button after the picture is taken. The camera is released from self- timer mode ( the LCD panel) and returns to single-frame drive mode. ✍ MEMO • To cancel the self-timer operation before it is completed, press the drive mode button.

  • Page 61: Remote Control Shooting

    Remote Control Shooting The shutter will be released 3 seconds after the optional remote control’s shutter release button is pressed. Mount the camera to a tripod. • If you use a large tripod, be sure to install the supplied auxiliary tripod plate between the camera and pan/tilt tripod head, otherwise the pan/tilt tripod head may contact the lens.

  • Page 62

    SELECTING A DRIVE MODE When the picture is taken, the self-timer lamp lights for approx. 2 seconds and will begin to blink slowly. Press the drive mode button after the picture is taken. The camera is released from remote control shooting mode and returns to single- frame drive mode.

  • Page 63: Multiple Exposures On A Single Frame

    Multiple Exposures on a Single Frame Pictures can be exposed on the same frame multiple times. For example, it is possible to take a picture of a dark background then a picture of a bright (or flash-lit) subject on the same frame. Press the drive mode button until appears on the...

  • Page 64

    SELECTING A DRIVE MODE Take the first picture. The frame number and the LCD panel blink. Take the second picture. The frame number stops blinking and the film is advanced to the next frame, then the camera returns into single-frame drive mode. ✍...

  • Page 65: Auto Bracketing

    AUTO BRACKETING When you pressed shutter release button, three consecutive frames will be taken at different exposures. The first frame is exposed with no compensation. The second frame is under exposed and the third frame is over exposed. The bracketing amount can be set to ±0.3, ±0.5 and ±1.0 EV. Exposure with no compensation ✍...

  • Page 66

    AUTO BRACKETING Turn the select dial while holding the auto bracketing button to set the exposure bracketing step. The exposure bracketing step will be fixed when the auto bracketing button is released. Press the shutter release button halfway down to focus on the subject.

  • Page 67

    • If you take a finger off from the shutter release button during auto bracketing, the auto bracketing exposure setting will remain effective for about 20 seconds and you can take the next picture by pressing the shutter release button again. In this case, auto focusing works for each frame.

  • Page 68: Selecting The Picture Modes

    SELECTING THE PICTURE MODES The camera incorporates the Auto picture mode function. In this mode, the camera automatically selects one of the five picture modes depending on the camera-to-subject distance and image magnification. You can also select your desired picture mode manually.

  • Page 69

    Set the mode dial to the desired picture mode. The selected mode is displayed in the viewfinder. ✍ MEMO • When using an F or FA lens, set the lens aperture ring to the while holding down the aperture-A lock button on the lens.

  • Page 70: Standard Program Mode

    SELECTING THE PICTURE MODES Standard Program Mode To take a basic picture, use the Standard program mode. You simply press the shutter release button. The camera selects the best combination of aperture and shutter speed setting. Set the mode dial to •...

  • Page 71: Portrait Program Mode

    Portrait Program Mode This mode is suitable for taking portrait photography. Set the mode dial to • When the shutter release button is pressed halfway, the shutter speed and aperture setting are displayed in the viewfinder and on the LCD panel. the viewfinder.

  • Page 72: Landscape Program Mode

    SELECTING THE PICTURE MODES Landscape Program Mode This mode is ideal for landscape photography and scenic snapshots. Set the mode dial to • When the shutter release button is pressed halfway, the shutter speed and aperture setting are displayed in the viewfinder and on the LCD panel.

  • Page 73: Close-up Program Mode

    Close-up Program Mode This mode is convenient when taking close-up photos of flowers and so forth. Set the mode dial to • When the shutter release button is pressed halfway, the shutter speed and aperture setting are displayed in the viewfinder and on the LCD panel.

  • Page 74: Action Program Mode

    SELECTING THE PICTURE MODES Action Program Mode This mode selects a faster shutter speed to capture a moving subject. Set the mode dial to • When the shutter release button is pressed halfway, the shutter speed and aperture setting are displayed in the viewfinder and on the LCD panel.

  • Page 75: Night-scene Program Mode

    Night-Scene Program Mode This mode is useful when taking a portrait photograph with a night scene in the background. Set the mode dial to • When the shutter release button is pressed halfway, the shutter speed and aperture setting are displayed in the viewfinder and on the LCD panel.

  • Page 76: Selecting Another Exposure Mode

    SELECTING ANOTHER EXPOSURE MODE Effect of Aperture and Shutter Speed A correct exposure is established by a combination of shutter speed and aperture setting according to the subject’s brightness. There are many correct combinations of shutter speed and aperture for a particular subject’s brightness. Different shutter speed and aperture settings produce different effects.

  • Page 77

    Effect of aperture The aperture increases or reduces the amount of reflected light from an object which passes through the lens, controlling how much light strikes the film. If the aperture is opened up to increase the amount of light, subjects in front of and behind an in-focus subject will not be focused.

  • Page 78: Using The Shutter-priority Ae Mode

    SELECTING ANOTHER EXPOSURE MODE Using the Shutter-Priority AE Mode When the desired shutter speed is selected, the appropriate aperture is automatically set by the camera for a proper exposure according to the brightness of the subject. This mode is suitable for freezing the action with a faster shutter speed or capturing a flowing dynamic image with a slower shutter speed.

  • Page 79

    ✍ MEMO • When using an F or FA lens, set the lens aperture ring to the holding down the aperture-A lock button on the lens. * Exposure Warning If the subject is too bright or too dark, the selected aperture value will blink in the viewfinder and on the LCD panel as a warning (as shown).

  • Page 80: Using The Aperture-priority Ae Mode

    SELECTING ANOTHER EXPOSURE MODE Using the Aperture-Priority AE Mode When the desired aperture is selected, the appropriate shutter speed is automatically set by the camera for a proper exposure. This mode is ideal for shooting landscapes with increased depth of field, or a portrait against a blurred background. See page 75 for the effect of aperture.

  • Page 81

    ✍ MEMO • When using an F or FA lens, set the lens aperture ring to the holding down the aperture-A lock button on the lens. Exposure Warning If the subject is too bright or too dark, the selected shutter speed will blink in the viewfinder and on the LCD panel as a warning (as shown).

  • Page 82: Using The Metered Manual Mode

    SELECTING ANOTHER EXPOSURE MODE Using the Metered Manual Mode The manual exposure mode is a convenient exposure mode for taking pictures using the same shutter speed and aperture setting combination, or taking creatively under exposed (darker) or over exposed (brighter) photographs. Set the mode dial to The bar graph appears in the viewfinder and on the...

  • Page 83

    Turn the select dial to change the aperture value while holding down the AV button Confirm the shutter speed and aperture value in the viewfinder or on the LCD panel. If the dot is in the center of the bar, it indicates correct exposure.

  • Page 84: Selecting Another Exposure Mode

    SELECTING ANOTHER EXPOSURE MODE ✍ MEMO • The AE lock does not operate in the Metered Manual Mode. • When using negative color film, the finished print is not greatly affected by a certain amount of over- or under-exposure. This is because color negative film has wide latitude.

  • Page 85: Slow-speed-sync Mode

    Slow-Speed-Sync Mode It is possible to balance the exposure of a foreground subject against a low light background by using the flash to properly expose the foreground subject and a slow-shutter-speed to expose the low light background. With the Night-scene program mode 1.

  • Page 86: Using The Bulb Exposure Mode

    USING THE BULB EXPOSURE MODE This mode is useful for the long exposures required for shooting night scenes and fireworks. The shutter remains open as long as the shutter release button is held down. With the Metered Manual Mode, turn the select dial to change the shutter speed until appears on the...

  • Page 87: About Exposure Compensation

    ABOUT EXPOSURE COMPENSATION The exposure compensation allows you to deliberately over exposure (brighten) or under exposure (darken) a subject, or compensate for difficult lighting conditions which may fool the camera’s built-in exposure meter. The exposure compensation range is -3 EV to +3 EV in 0.5 EV steps. While holding down the AV button, turn the select dial to set the desired...

  • Page 88: Ae Lock Function

    AE LOCK FUNCTION You can lock the exposure setting before you take the picture. If the subject is too small or backlit and a proper exposure setting cannot be obtained, you can zoom in on the subject to obtain the proper exposure setting.

  • Page 89: Turning Off The Audible Pcv Signal

    TURNING OFF THE AUDIBLE PCV SIGNAL You can change the audible PCV signal on or off when the self- timer, remote control, AE lock function is in use or when the subject is in-focus. Set the mode dial to Turn the select dial to display LCD panel.

  • Page 90: Switching The Metering Mode

    SWITCHING THE METERING MODE Multi (16)-segment metering, center-weighted metering, or spot metering mode can be selected in this camera. Select the desired metering mode with the metering mode switch. Using Multi(16)-Segment Metering This mode automatically measures light in 16 different zones, enabling proper exposure value in a wide variety of normal and backlight conditions.

  • Page 91: Using Center-weighted Metering

    Using Center-Weighted Metering This mode does not automatically compensate for back lighted or spotlighted scenes like the multi (16)-segment metering mode. Creative exposure control is decided by the user. ✍ MEMO • The metering pattern in the illustration shows that the upper part of the pattern (in the center of the viewfinder) has more sensitivity to light than the lowest part.

  • Page 92: Using Spot Metering

    SWITCHING THE METERING MODE Using Spot Metering This mode measures light only in the small area in the center of the viewfinder. You can use AE lock (see page 86) to lock the spot metering exposure and recompose to take the picture. ✍...

  • Page 93: About Focusing

    ABOUT FOCUSING The autofocus mode (AF.S/AF.C), manual focus mode, and focus point modes are explained here. There are three main focusing methods. 1. Autofocus The camera focuses automatically. There are two AF modes. While you press the shutter release button halway: •...

  • Page 94: Using The Af Single Mode (af.s)

    ABOUT FOCUSING Using the AF Single Mode (AF.S) Set the focus mode switch Frame the subject, then press the shutter release button halfway down. When the subject is in focus, the focus indicator lights up in the viewfinder, and the audible PCV signal beeps.

  • Page 95: Using The Af Continuous Mode (af.c)

    Using the AF Continuous Mode (AF.C) Set the focus mode switch Frame the subject, then press the shutter release button halfway down. When the subject is in focus, the focus indicator lights up in the viewfinder, and the audible PCV signal beeps. ✍...

  • Page 96: Manual Focusing

    ABOUT FOCUSING Manual Focusing When you focus manually, you can either check with the focus indicator or the viewfinder’s matte field to adjust focus. Using the focus indicator Set the focus mode switch Frame the subject, then turn the focusing ring to the right or the left until the subject is in focus.

  • Page 97

    ✍ MEMO • The audible PCV signal can be turned off. See page 87. • If the subject is difficult to focus (see page 101) and the focus indicator keeps blinking, use the viewfinder's matte field as described below. Using the viewfinder’s matte field Set the focus mode switch Frame the subject, then turn the focusing ring to the right...

  • Page 98: Selecting The Focus Point

    ABOUT FOCUSING Selecting the Focus Point There are 11 focus points in the viewfinder. If the focus point mode switch is set to automatic (see page 44) and the camera does not select the desired focus point, you can select the desired focus point manually.

  • Page 99: Setting The Focus Point To The Center Of The Viewfinder

    Setting the Focus Point to the Center of the Viewfinder Set the focus point mode switch to The subject in the center of the viewfinder which is superimposed in red is in focus when the shutter release button is pressed halfway down.

  • Page 100: Using The Focus Lock

    ABOUT FOCUSING Using the Focus Lock If the subject is not covered by any of the focus points, the camera cannot automatically focus the subject. In this situation, you can aim the focus point on the subject, use focus lock, then recompose the picture.

  • Page 101

    Aim the center of the viewfinder over the subject, then press the shutter release button halfway down. When the subject comes into focus, the focus indicator up and the audible PCV signal beeps. (If is blinking, the subject is not in focus.) The focus is locked while lock).

  • Page 102: Previewing The Depth Of Field

    ABOUT FOCUSING Previewing the Depth of Field Before taking a picture, you can check the depth of field in the viewfinder. Adjust focus to the subject. While looking through the viewfinder, turn the main/preview switch to You can check the focused area in the viewfinder while the main/preview switch is in position.

  • Page 103: Hard-to-autofocus Subjects

    Hard-to-Autofocus Subjects The autofocus system is highly precise, but not perfect. Depending on the brightness, contrast, shape, and size of your subject, the autofocus system may not operate. In such a case, set the focus mode switch to mode to focus the lens on the subject with the aid of the matte field in the viewfinder (see pages 94 and 95).

  • Page 104: Using The Built-in Flash

    USING THE BUILT-IN FLASH Auto Pop-up Flash Function In this mode, the built-in flash pops up and discharges automatically in low light and backlight condition. Press the flash mode button until panel. Press the shutter release button halfway down, and the built-in flash automatically pops up when the flash is required.

  • Page 105

    ✍ MEMO • The built-in flash automatically retracts only when the power is turned off. Push down the built-in flash into the camera body when not in use. • The built-in flash does not discharge when not required even though it is been in the up position.

  • Page 106: Selecting The Various Built-in Flash Modes

    USING THE BUILT-IN FLASH Selecting the Various Built-in Flash Modes At each press of the flash mode button, the flash mode on the LCD panel changes as shown in the chart. Auto pop-up Flash OFF ✍ MEMO • The auto pop-up flash mode can only be set in the auto picture mode and the picture mode.

  • Page 107: About Red-eye Phenomenon

    When using a Pentax dedicated flash unit off the camera, it may also help to position the flash as far away from the camera as possible.

  • Page 108: Pop-up The Built-in Flash Manually

    POP-UP THE BUILT-IN FLASH MANUALLY Press the flash pop-up button to activate the flash. The built-in flash starts charging automatically. When it is fully charged, appears in the viewfinder and on the LCD panel. Press the flash mode button to select a flash mode. See page 104 for “Selecting the Various Built-in Flash Modes”.

  • Page 109

    ✍ MEMO • The built-in flash does not pop up even if the flash pop-up button is pressed with the flash mode is set to • When the flash pop-up button is pressed, appears on the LCD panel, which indicates the flash always fires regardless of the light conditions.

  • Page 110: Daylight-sync Shooting

    • Set the flash mode to Flash ON to discharge flash in daylight. Without Daylight-Sync Using other types of flash Use of non-Pentax flash units may damage the camera. For the best results, use a Pentax dedicated flash unit. displayed on the...

  • Page 111: Flash Recommended Information

    FLASH RECOMMENDED INFORMATION The flash recommended indicator in the viewfinder and on the LCD panel blink slowly to warn and recommend you to use the flash when you attempt to take a picture in low light and backlight condition. ✍ MEMO •...

  • Page 112: Inappropriate Lens Warning When The Built-in Flash Is Used

    INAPPROPRIATE LENS WARNING WHEN THE BUILT-IN FLASH IS USED When using an inappropriate F or FA lens, will blink rapidly in the viewfinder and on the LCD panel when the shutter release button is pressed halfway down. ✍ MEMO • See page 114 for more details on compatibility of F, FA and FA J lenses with the built-in flash.

  • Page 113: Advanced Operation For The Built-in Flash

    ADVANCED OPERATION FOR THE BUILT-IN FLASH 1.When Using the Auto Picture and Picture Modes • The camera automatically chooses an optimum combination of shutter speed and aperture according to the ambient brightness, allowing you to take a flash photograph with ease.

  • Page 114: Metered Manual Mode

    ADVANCED OPERATION FOR THE BUILT-IN FLASH 4.Metered Manual Mode • When using the built-in flash in the Metered Manual Mode, any combination of aperture and shutter speed 1/125 or slower can be set. In this mode, the exposure of the background can be controlled by the manual exposure to take a flash photograph.

  • Page 115

    Example: If an ISO100 film is used at an aperture of f/3.5, the flash effective distance is obtained as follows: For maximum distance Guide Number (11) ÷ f/3.5 = 3.14m For minimum distance Thus, the flash effective distance is from approx. 0.7m to 3.14m. 2.

  • Page 116: F, Fa And Fa J Lenses Compatibility With The Built-in Flash

    ADVANCED OPERATION FOR THE BUILT-IN FLASH F, FA and FA J Lenses Compatibility with the Built-in Flash If an FA J, F or FA lens incompatible with the built-in flash is used, pressing the shutter release button halfway down causes rapid blinking of a warning.

  • Page 117

    Lens Name FA Zoom 70-200mm f/4-5.6 FA J Zoom 75-300 f/4.5-5.8 AL FA* Zoom 80-200mm f/2.8 ED (IF) F or FA Zoom 80-200mm f/4.7-5.6 FA Zoom 80-320mm f/4.5-5.6 F Zoom 100-300mm f/4.5-5.6 FA Zoom 100-300mm f/4.5-5.6 FA* Zoom 250-600mm f/5.6 ED (IF) FA 20mm f/2.8 FA* 24mm f/2 AL (IF) FA 28mm f/2.8 AL...

  • Page 118: Using External Flash

    USING EXTERNAL FLASH Flash Functions CAMERA FUNCTION Red-eye reduction flash Automatic flash discharge After the flash is charged, the camera automatically switches to the flash-sync speed. Automatic aperture setting in the Auto Picture/ Picture Mode or Shutter-Priority AE Mode Flash confirmation in the viewfinder P-TTL auto flash TTL auto flash Slow-speed sync...

  • Page 119

    A: Built-in flash B: AF360FGZ, AF500FTZ, AF330FTZ C: AF400FTZ, AF240FT D: AF400T, AF280T, AF220T, AF200T, AF080C, AF140C, AF201SA, AF200SA E: AF200S, AF160, AF140 ✍ MEMO *1.Available with the AF280T or AF400T only when the flash confirmation indicator in the viewfinder is off and TTL auto is set. *2.When using a type D flash (except AF200SA and AF201SA) in the MS (Manual Sync) or M (Manual) Mode or when using a Type E flash, set the camera exposure mode to the Aperture-Priority AE...

  • Page 120: Using P-ttl Auto Flash Mode With The Af360fgz

    USING EXTERNAL FLASH Using P-TTL Auto Flash Mode with the AF360FGZ Use this flash mode with the AF360FGZ flash unit. The optimum flash amount is discharged to match the subject’s brightness. P-TTL auto flash, which pre-fires the flash using the 16-segment metering, allows more precise control.

  • Page 121: Using High-speed Sync Flash Mode With The Af360fgz

    Using High-Speed Sync Flash Mode with the AF360FGZ With the AF360FGZ, you can use a flash sync speed faster than 1/125 sec. High-speed sync flash mode can also be used while the flash unit is attached to the camera or in a wireless configuration.

  • Page 122

    USING EXTERNAL FLASH Using wireless High-speed sync flash with the AF360FGZ 1. Place the flash unit at the desired location. 2. Set the flash unit’s power switch to [WIRELESS] 3. Set the flash unit’s sync mode switch to HS (high-speed sync.).

  • Page 123: Wireless Flash (af360fgz Only)

    Wireless Flash (AF360FGZ Only) With the AF360FGZ, you can discharge a flash without having a cord connection between the camera and flash unit. The high- speed sync mode can also be used with wireless flash. See page 120. 1. Place the flash unit at the desired location. 2.

  • Page 124

    USING EXTERNAL FLASH Wireless flash control (P-TTL flash mode) When the AF360FGZ is used for wireless flash, the following process is executed between the built-in flash and AF360FGZ before the flash is fired. 1. Press the shutter release button completely. 2.

  • Page 125: Contrast-control-sync Flash

    Contrast-Control-Sync Flash Using the dedicated external flash in combination with the built-in flash allows twin flash photography (contrast-control-synch flash photography). This is based on the difference between the amounts of light discharged from two units. Contrast control synch flash is possible with the combination of following flash units: AF360FGZ, AF330FTZ, AF500FTZ and the built-in flash 1.

  • Page 126: Using Both The Built-in Flash And External Flash

    USING EXTERNAL FLASH Using Both the Built-in Flash and External Flash To use the built-in flash and dedicated external flash simultaneously, follow the procedure below. The following accessories (sold separately) are required. Hot Shoe Adapter F Cord F5P Hot shoe Hot shoe Adapter F Adapter F...

  • Page 127

    1. Remove the hot shoe cover F 2. Attach the hot shoe adapter F 3. Connect the extension cord F5P to the hot shoe adapter F 4. Attach the Off-Camera shoe adapter F to a tripod. 5. Connect the extension cord F5P to the Off-camera shoe adapter F.

  • Page 128: Red-eye Reduction Flash Function

    B and type C or type C and type D as described on pages 116 and 117. Refer to the second illustration on page 124. The built-in flash can be operated with any type of Pentax TTL dedicated flash unit 2.

  • Page 129: Others

    OTHERS...

  • Page 130: Accessories (optional)

    ACCESSORIES (OPTIONAL) A number of dedicated accessories are available for this camera. AA-Battery Grip BG-20 Battery grip powered by size-AA batteries. Usability is enhanced with the shutter release and AE lock buttons for vertical positioning of the camera. Battery life ( Using 24-Exposure film rolls) The number of 24-exposure film rolls that can be taken with a new set of alkaline batteries is indicated below.

  • Page 131: Flash Accessories

    Flash Accessories AF360FGZ A P-TTL/TTL auto zoom flash unit with maximum guide number 36 (ISO 100/m). Its features include AF spot beam, slave-sync flash, multiple-flash, high-speed sync, wireless flash, contrast- control-sync flash, and leading/trailing curtain-sync modes. AF500FTZ A TTL Auto Zoom flash with a built-in AF spot beam and maximum guide number 50 (ISO 100/m).

  • Page 132: Viewfinder And Lens Accessories

    ACCESSORIES (OPTIONAL) Hot Shoe Adapter F Adapter F The adapters and cords to use the external flash away from the camera. Viewfinder and Lens Accessories Magnifier FB A viewfinder accessory for magnifying the central area of the viewfinder. Refconverter A Right-angle finder, which attaches to the grooves on both sides of the viewfinder.

  • Page 133: Camera Cases

    Eyecup F Camera Cases Soft case CF-12 Strap Strap F About Polarizing Filter When using an ordinary polarizing filter; the half mirror incorporated into the autofocus system reduces the effectiveness of the autofocus function when used in combination with an ordinary polarizing filter.

  • Page 134: Custom Functions

    CUSTOM FUNCTIONS The camera provides 17 custom functions so you can set the camera according to your shooting preferences. Exposure Functions [CF1] Setting the auto bracketing sequence [CF2] Setting the shooting mode after auto bracket shooting [CF3] Setting AF/AE at the focus point [CF4] Setting the AF function to the AE lock button [CF5]...

  • Page 135

    Remote Control Functions [CF13] Setting the shutter release delay time with the remote control [CF14] Setting auto focusing during remote control operation Others [CF15] Setting the LCD panel illumination [CF16] Setting the mode dial illumination [CF17] Enabling shutter release with the aperture ring set to other than the Setting position...

  • Page 136: Basic Setting Of Custom Functions

    CUSTOM FUNCTIONS Basic Setting of Custom Functions Follow the procedure below to set a custom function. Set the mode dial to The custom function number and setting number will be displayed on the LCD panel. Use the four-way controller to select the custom function number you wish to set.

  • Page 137

    Use the four-way controller to select the setting number. The setting number will be changed. • The LCD panel shows the custom function number [CF2] and setting number [2]. Set the mode dial to a position other than Setting number...

  • Page 138: Setting The Custom Function

    CUSTOM FUNCTIONS Resetting the custom functions to the default settings (Setting number [1]). 1. Set the mode dial to 2. Hold down the AE lock button for more than 2 seconds. [CF] and [CL] will be displayed on the LCD panel, and all the custom functions will be reset to default setting [1].

  • Page 139

    [CF2] Setting the shooting mode after auto bracket shooting • Custom Function number [CF2] • Setting number [1] ..Returns to single frame shooting [2] ..Remains in auto bracketing [CF3] Setting AF/AE at the focus point The camera can automatically adjust the exposure according to the focused points when the camera is set to multi-segment metering mode.

  • Page 140

    CUSTOM FUNCTIONS [CF5] Setting the film speed manually The film speed of DX-coded film can be set automatically or manually. • Custom Function number [CF5] • Setting number [1] ..Sets film speed automatically [2] ..Sets film speed manually [CF6] Superimposing the focus points •...

  • Page 141

    [CF8] Using the built-in flash as a wireless control for the AF360FGZ When the AF360FGZ is used and the camera flash mode is set to wireless, you can assign the wireless control function to the built-in flash. • Custom Function number [CF8] •...

  • Page 142

    CUSTOM FUNCTIONS [CF11] Setting the status of the end of the film when rewound • Custom Function number [CF11] • Setting number [1] ..Rolls up the film completely [2] ..Leaves the end of the film unwound [CF12] Setting the self-timer delay time •...

  • Page 143

    [CF14] Setting auto focusing during remote control operation • Custom Function number [CF14] • Setting number [1] ..Auto focusing not used [2] ..Auto focusing used [CF15] Setting the LCD panel illumination • Custom Function number [CF15] •...

  • Page 144

    CUSTOM FUNCTIONS [CF17] Enabling shutter release with the aperture ring set to other than the • Custom Function number [CF17] • Setting number [1] ..Disables shutter release if the aperture ring is not set to the position [2] .

  • Page 145

    Lenses Exposure mode FA, F, A, M, S (lens Aperture-Priority only, or with auto AE mode diaphragm accessories such as auto extension tube Aperture-Priority FA, F, A, M, S (with manual diaphragm AE mode accessories such as extension tube K Manual diaphragm Aperture-Priority lens, such as reflex...

  • Page 146: Troubleshooting

    TROUBLESHOOTING What appears troublesome may be easily remedied. Here are some problems that may occur and their remedies. Before contacting a Pentax service center, check the following items. Symptoms The shutter does not release. Nothing is displayed on the LCD panel.

  • Page 147

    Symptoms AE lock function does The Metered Manual Mode not operate. or Bulb Timer Exposure Mode is being used. The subject is too close or Focus indicator difficult to autofocus. the viewfinder blinks. The built-in flash Low battery warning does not charge. the LCD panel blinking.

  • Page 148: Program Diagrams

    PROGRAM DIAGRAMS Standard program Mode / Night Scene Program Mode without Flash At ISO 100 with FA J 28 - 80mm f/3.5 - 5.6 AL lens Portrait Program Mode Landscape Program Mode At ISO with FA J 28 - 80mm f/3.5 - 5.6 AL lens At ISO 100 with FA J 28 - 80mm f/3.5 - 5.6 AL lens...

  • Page 149

    Action Program Mode Close-up Program Mode At ISO 100 FA J 28 - 80mm f/3.5 - 5.6 AL lens At ISO 100 FA J 28 - 80mm f/3.5 - 5.6 AL lens...

  • Page 150: Specifications Table

    Body Mount Pentax K contacts) Compatible Lens Pentax K Autofocus System TTL phase-matching autofocus system, AF operational brightness range: EV -1 to 18 (at ISO 100 with f/1.4 lens), Focus lock available using shutter release button, Focus Mode: AF.S (single)/AF.C...

  • Page 151

    Red-eye reduction flash function Flash sync Hot shoe with X-contact, which couples with Pentax dedicated auto flashes, ISO range = 25-800, Automatic flash, Red-eye reduction flash function. Possible to use high-speed sync, wireless flash mode, P-TTL mode with AF360FGZ.

  • Page 152: Specification For Remote Control (optional)

    5 m from the front of the camera. Power source About 30,000 commands can be issued using the remote control. If the battery is exhausted, please have it replaced at your local Pentax Service center (there is a charge for this service). Dimention 22mm {W) x 53mm(H) x 6.5mm(D)

  • Page 153: For Customers In Canada

    For customers in U.S.A. STATEMENT OF FCC COMPLIANCE This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.

  • Page 154: Warranty Policy

    Shipping charges are to be borne by the owner. If your Pentax was purchased outside of the country where you wish to have it serviced during the warranty period, the manufacturer’s representatives in that country may charge regular...

  • Page 155

    Custom Functions Setting of Custom Functions Set the mode dial to Use the four-way controller select the custom function number you wish to set. Custom Function number Custom Functions [CF1] Setting the auto bracketing sequence correct exposure under exposure over exposure under exposure correct exposure over exposure over exposure correct exposure under exposure [CF2]...

  • Page 156

    [CF6] Superimposing the focus points Superimposes the focus points Disables the superimpose function [CF7] Enabling shutter release before the built-in flash is fully charged Disables shutter release until the flash is ready Enables shutter release before the flash is charged [CF8] Using the built-in flash as a wireless control for the AF360FGZ...

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