Download  Print this page

Advertisement

‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻜﻢ ﺍﻟﺬﻛﻲ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭ‬
‫ﻳﺤﺘﻮﻱ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻨﻈﺎﻡ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺧﺎﺻﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﺤﻜﻢ ﺍﻟﺬﻛﻲ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭ ﺗﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﺈﺧﺮﺍﺝ ﻛﻤﻴﺔ‬
.(11) ‫ﺇﺿﺎﻓﻴﺔ ﺻﻐﻴﺮﺓ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺗﺮﻙ ﺯﺭ ﺧﺮﻭﺝ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭ‬
‫ﻳﻤﻜﻦ ﺩﺍﺋﻤﺎ ً ﺇﻳﻘﺎﻑ ﺇﺧﺮﺍﺝ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭ ﺍﻹﺿﺎﻓﻲ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼﻝ ﺍﻟﻀﻐﻂ ﻟﻮﻫﻠﺔ ﻗﺼﻴﺮﺓ‬
‫ﻭﻇﻴﻔﺔ ﺍﻹﻳﻘﺎﻑ ﺍﻷﻭﺗﻮﻣﺎﺗﻴﻜﻲ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺣﺎﻟﺔ ﻋﺪﻡ ﺍﻟﻀﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺯﺭ ﺇﻃﻼﻕ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭ )41 ( ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﻋﻠﻰ‬
‫ﻣﻘﺒﺾ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻮﺍﺓ ﻟﻔﺘﺮﺓ ﻣﻌﻴﻨﺔ )8 ﺩﻗﺎﺋﻖ( ﺃﺛﻨﺎء ﺍﻟﻜﻲ، ﻓﺴﻮﻑ ﺗﺘﻮﻗﻒ ﻭﺣﺪﺓ‬
‫ﻭﺗﻮﻣﺾ ﺍﻟﻠﻤﺒﺔ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺮﺷﺎﺩﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺸﻴﺮ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻥ "ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭ ﺟﺎﻫﺰ" )6 ( ﻋﻨﺪ‬
.‫ﺗﻔﻌﻴﻞ ﻭﻇﻴﻔﺔ ﺍﻹﻳﻘﺎﻑ ﺍﻷﻭﺗﻮﻣﺎﺗﻴﻜﻲ‬
‫ﻭﻹﻋﺎﺩﺓ ﺗﺸﻐﻴﻞ ﻭﺣﺪﺓ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭ، ﺍﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺯﺭ ﺇﻃﻼﻕ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭ ﻣﺮﺓ ﺃﺧﺮﻯ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻧﺘﻈﺮ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻥ ﺗﻀﻲء ﺍﻟﻠﻤﺒﺔ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺮﺷﺎﺩﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺸﻴﺮ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻥ "ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭ‬
‫ﺇﻓﺼﻠﻮﺍ ﺍﻟﺠﻬﺎﺯ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﻬﺮﺑﺎﺋﻴﺔ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻭﻉ ﻓﻲ ﺃﻱ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬
‫1. ﺑﻌﺪ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﻲ، ﺇﻓﺼﻠﻮﺍ ﺍﻟﻮﺻﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﻬﺮﺑﺎﺋﻴﺔ ﺛﻢ ﺃﺗﺮﻛﻮﺍ ﻗﺎﻋﺪﺓ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻮﺍﺓ‬
.‫2. ﻧﻈﻔﻮﺍ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﻜﻞ، ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺒﺾ ﻭﺑﺪﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻮﺍﺓ ﺑﺜﻮﺏ ﻣﺒﻠﻞ‬
.‫3. ﺇﺫﺍ ﺗﻮﺳﺦ ﻗﺎﻋﺪﺓ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻮﺍﺓ، ﻧﻈﻔﻮﻩ ﺑﺜﻮﺏ ﻣﺒﻠﻞ‬
.‫4. ﻻﺗﺴﺘﻌﻤﻠﻮﺍ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺣﺎﺭﻗﺔ ﻭﻻ ﻣﺬﻳﺒﺎﺕ‬
.‫1. ﺃﺗﺮﻛﻮﺍ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻮﺍﺓ ﺗﺒﺮﺩ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺗﺨﺰﻳﻨﻬﺎ‬
‫2. ﺿﻌﻮﺍ ﺃﺯﺭﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻐﻴﻞ ﻭﻣﺮﺟﻞ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭ ﻓﻲ ﻣﻮﺿﻊ‬
.‫ﺍﻹﻧﻄﻔﺎء "0" ﺛﻢ ﺇﻓﺼﻠﻮﺍ ﺍﻟﺮﺑﻂ ﺍﻟﻜﻬﺮﺑﺎﺋﻲ‬
.‫3. ﺿﻌﻮﺍ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻮﺍﺓ ﻓﻮﻕ ﺍﻟﺮﻛﻴﺰﺓ، ﻣﺘﻜﺄﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻋﺪﺓ‬
‫4. ﺃﻓﺮﻏﻮﺍ ﺍﻟﺨﺰﺍﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﺎء ﺛﻢ ﺇﺟﻤﻌﻮﺍ ﺳﻠﻚ ﺍﻟﺮﺑﻂ ﺍﻟﻜﻬﺮﺑﺎﺋﻲ ﻓﻲ ﺟﺎﻣﻊ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻚ. ﺇﺟﻤﻌﻮﺍ ﺧﺮﻃﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻓﻲ ﻣﻘﺒﺾ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻮﺍﺓ ﺑﻮﺍﺳﻄﺔ ﻣﺸﺒﻚ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻚ‬
.‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﻠﻢ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﺠﻬﺎﺯ )41*(. ﻻﺗﻠﻔﻮﺍ ﻷﺳﻼﻙ ﺑﻘﻮﺓ‬
(‫)ﺣﺴﺐ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺩﻳﻞ‬
‫1. ﺃﺩﺭ ﻣﻔﺘﺎﺡ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻜﻢ ﻓﻲ ﺩﺭﺟﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺮﺍﺭﺓ )01( ﺇﻟﻰ ﻭﺿﻊ ﺍﻟﻀﺒﻂ‬
‫2. ﺍﺿﺒﻂ ﻛﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭ ﺑﻤﺎ ﻳﺘﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﻣﻊ ﺍﺣﺘﻴﺎﺟﺎﺗﻚ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﻣﻔﺘﺎﺡ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻜﻢ‬
.‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺯﺭ ﺧﺮﻭﺝ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭ‬
‫ﻟﻼﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩﻱ، ﻳﺮﺟﻰ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﺃﺣﺪ ﺃﻭﺿﺎﻉ ﺍﻟﻀﺒﻂ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺻﻰ‬
(‫)ﺣﺴﺐ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺩﻳﻞ‬
.‫ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭ ﺃﻭﺗﻮﻣﺎﺗﻴﻜﻴﺎ‬
،(4) ‫• ﺇﺫﺍ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻮﺍﺓ ﺗﺸﺘﻤﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﻔﺘﺎﺡ ﺗﺤﻜﻢ ﻣﺘﻐﻴﺮ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭ‬
.("1") ‫ﻓﺎﺿﺒﻂ ﻣﻔﺘﺎﺡ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻜﻢ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻐﻴﺮ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﺩﻧﻰ ﻭﺿﻊ ﻟﻪ‬
.‫ﺟﺎﻫﺰ" ﺑﺸﻜﻞ ﻣﺴﺘﻤﺮ‬
‫• ﺇﺫﺍ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻮﺍﺓ ﻻ ﺗﺤﺘﻮﻱ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﻔﺘﺎﺡ ﺗﺤﻜﻢ ﻣﺘﻐﻴﺮ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭ، ﻓﺎﺿﻐﻂ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻈﻴﻒ ﻭﺍﻟﺼﻴﺎﻧﺔ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺯﺭ ﺇﻃﻼﻕ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭ ﻓﻲ ﻛﻞ ﻣﺮﺓ ﻟﺒﻀﻊ ﺛﻮﺍﻥ ﻓﻘﻂ ﺃﺛﻨﺎء ﺍﻟﻜﻲ ﺑﺪﺭﺟﺎﺕ‬
‫ﻭﻓﻲ ﻛﻠﺘﺎ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﺘﻴﻦ، ﺇﺫﺍ ﻭﺟﺪﺕ ﻗﻄﺮﺍﺕ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﺎء ﺗﺨﺮﺝ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺎﻋﺪﺓ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻮﺍﺓ‬
.‫ﺗﻨﻈﻴﻒ ﺃﻭ ﺻﻴﺎﻧﺔ‬
‫ﻓﺎﺿﺒﻂ ﻣﻔﺘﺎﺡ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻜﻢ ﻓﻲ ﺩﺭﺟﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺮﺍﺭﺓ )01( ﻋﻠﻰ ﻭﺿﻊ ﺃﻋﻠﻰ )ﻭﺍﺣﺮﺹ‬
.‫ﻳﺒﺮﺩ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺗﻨﻈﻴﻔﻪ‬
‫2. ﻳﻜﻼ ءﺩﺏ ﻭﺃ ﻳﻜﻼ ﺓﻟﻮﺍﻁ ﻯﻟﻊ ﻳﻜﻼ ﺓﻟﻮﺍﺣﻤﺐ ﺣﺼ ﻨ ُ ﻲ ﻛﻠﺬﻟﻮ .ﺭﺍﺧﺒﻼ‬
‫ﻋﻢ ءﺍﻡ ﺗﺎﺭﻃﻖ ﻃﻘﺎﺳﺘﺖ ﻧﺄ ﻧﻜﻤﻤﻼ ﻧﻢ ﻣﺎﺩﺧﺘﺴﺎ ﻟﻚ ﺓﻳﺎﺩﺏ ﺩﻧﻊ.ﺷﺎﻣﻖ‬
(D) ‫ﺗﺨﺰﻳﻦ ﺍﻟﺠﻬﺎﺯ‬
‫2. ﻳﻤﻜﻦ ﻛﻲ ﺍﻟﺴﺘﺎﺋﺮ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻷﻟﺒﺴﺔ ﻣﻌﻠﻘﺔ )ﺳﺘﺮﺓ، ﺑﺰﺓ، ﻣﻌﻄﻒ...( ﺑﻮﺿﻊ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻮﺍﺓ ﻓﻲ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺔ ﻋﻤﻮﺩﻳﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻀﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺯﺭ ﺧﺮﻭﺝ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭ‬
.‫* ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﻟﺒﻌﺾ ﺍﻷﻧﻮﺍﻉ‬
.(‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻐﻴﺮ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭ )4( )ﺣﺴﺐ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺩﻳﻞ‬
‫ﺩﺭﺟﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺮﺍﺭﺓ‬
‫ﻭﺿﻊ ﺿﺒﻂ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭ‬
••
•••
.‫3. ﺍﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺯﺭ ﺇﻃﻼﻕ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭ ﻟﺪﻓﻊ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭ‬
"•" ‫1. ﻓﻲ ﺣﺎﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﻲ ﻣﻊ ﺿﺒﻂ ﺩﺭﺟﺔ ﺣﺮﺍﺭﺓ ﻣﻨﺨﻔﻀﺔ‬
.(‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻮﺿﻊ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺒﺎ ً ﻟﻜﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻼﺑﺲ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬
.(11) ‫1. ﺍﺑﺪﺃﻭﺍ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻜﻲ ﺩﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﻀﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺯﺭ ﺧﺮﻭﺝ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭ‬
."máx" ‫1. ﺿﻌﻮﺍ ﺯﺭ ﺍﻟﺤﺮﺍﺭﺓ ﻓﻲ ﻣﻮﺿﻊ "•••" ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﺤﺪ ﺍﻷﻗﺼﻰ‬
.‫ﻻ ﺗﻘﻢ ﺃﺑﺪﺍ ﺑﺘﻮﺟﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭ ﻣﺒﺎﺷﺮﺓ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﻼﺑﺲ ﺃﺛﻨﺎء ﺍﺭﺗﺪﺍﺋﻬﺎ‬
.‫ﻻ ﺗﻘﻢ ﺍﺑﺪﺍ ﺑﺘﻮﺟﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻷﺷﺨﺎﺹ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﺤﻴﻮﺍﻧﺎﺕ‬
ar
(B) ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻲ ﺑﺎﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭ‬
.‫ﺍﻟﻤﻄﻠﻮﺏ‬
:‫ﺑﻬﺎ‬
1
5
10
:‫ﺗﻨﺒﻴﻪ‬
.‫ﺣﺮﺍﺭﺓ ﻣﻨﺨﻔﻀﺔ‬
‫ﺓﻋﻄﻘﺐ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻜﻲ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺑﺨﺎﺭ‬
(C) ‫ﺑﺨﺎﺭ ﻋﻤﻮﺩﻱ‬
.(11)
99

Advertisement

This manual also for:

Sl25 series

Comments to this Manuals

Symbols: 0
Latest comments: