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Measurement Of Powers; Measurement Of Voltages And Use Of Pt - Mitsubishi Electric FR-A800 Instruction Manual

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Measurement of main circuit voltages, currents and powers
5.2.1

Measurement of powers

Use digital power meters (for inverter) for the both of inverter input and output side. Alternatively, measure using
electrodynamic type single-phase wattmeters for the both of inverter input and output side in two-wattmeter or three-
wattmeter method. As the current is liable to be imbalanced especially in the input side, it is recommended to use the three-
wattmeter method.
Examples of measured value differences produced by different measuring meters are shown below.
An error will be produced by difference between measuring instruments, e.g. power calculation type and two- or three-
wattmeter type three-phase wattmeter. When a CT is used in the current measuring side or when the meter contains a PT on
the voltage measurement side, an error will also be produced due to the frequency characteristics of the CT and PT.
[Measurement conditions]
Constant output of 60 Hz or more frequency with a
constant-torque (100%). The value obtained by the 3-
wattmeter method with a 4-pole 3.7 kW induction motor is
assumed to be 100%.
%
120
100
3-wattmeter method (Electro-dynamometer type)
80
2-wattmeter method (Electro-dynamometer type)
Clip AC power meter
(For balanced three-phase load)
60
Clamp-on wattmeter
(Hall device power arithmetic type)
0
20
40
60
Example of measuring inverter input power
5.2.2

Measurement of voltages and use of PT

Inverter input side
As the input side voltage has a sine wave and it is extremely small in distortion, accurate measurement can be made with an
ordinary AC meter.
Inverter output side
Since the output side voltage has a PWM-controlled rectangular wave, always use a rectifier type voltmeter. A needle type
tester cannot be used to measure the output side voltage as it indicates a value much greater than the actual value. A moving-
iron type meter indicates an effective value which includes harmonics and therefore the value is larger than that of the
fundamental wave. The value monitored on the operation panel is the inverter-controlled voltage itself. Hence, that value is
accurate and it is recommended to monitor values (analog output) using the operation panel.
PT
No PT can be used in the output side of the inverter. Use a direct-reading meter. (A PT can be used in the input side of the
inverter.)
116
PRECAUTIONS FOR MAINTENANCE AND INSPECTION
80 100 120Hz
[Measurement conditions]
Constant output of 60 Hz or more frequency with a
constant-torque (100%). The value obtained by the 3-
wattmeter method with a 4-pole 3.7 kW induction motor is
assumed to be 100%.
%
120
100
3-wattmeter method (Electro-dynamometer type)
80
2-wattmeter method (Electro-dynamometer type)
Clip AC power meter
(For balanced three-phase load)
60
Clamp-on wattmeter
(Hall device power arithmetic type)
0
20
40
60
80 100 120Hz
Example of measuring inverter output power

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