Motorola PTP 400 Series User Manual

Point-to-point wireless bridges.
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PTP 400 Series
User Guide
MOTOROLA POINT-TO-POINT WIRELESS SOLUTIONS

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    PTP 400 Series User Guide MOTOROLA POINT-TO-POINT WIRELESS SOLUTIONS...

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    Ref: PHN-0872-02.07 Copyright Information This document is the confidential property of Motorola, Inc. and without its prior written consent may not be copied or released to third parties. MOTOROLA, the stylized M Logo and all other trademarks indicated as such herein are trademarks ®...

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    In particular the local regulator may limit the amount of conducted or radiated transmitter power and may require registration of the radio link. The power transmitted by the PTP 400 Series is controlled by the use of Region-specific License Keys.

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    Note that this product is specifically intended for professional installation. The integrated antenna version may be installed as shipped from Motorola. The Connectorized version must have the Maximum Transmit Power setting reduced if it is installed with antennas having a directional gain of >26dBi (net of cable losses).

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    Regulations applicable to 5.4 GHz PTP 400 Series Bridge variant (54400) Non-FCC and Non-ETSI FCC and Industry Canada ETSI General Notice Applicable to Europe This equipment complies with the essential requirements for the EU R&TTE Directive 1999/5/EC. Note: In regions other than EU/USA, specific local regulations may apply. It is the responsibility of the installer/user to check that the equipment as deployed meets local regulatory requirements.

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    Regulations applicable to 5.8 GHz PTP 400 Series Bridge variant (58400) USA/ Canada/ Taiwan/ Brazil Eire Norway Australia Singapore Hong Kong Korea UK Registration of Links – OfCom The application form may be found at http://www.ofcom.org.uk/radiocomms/ Eire Registration of Links – Commission for Communication Regulation (ComReg) The application form may be found at http://www.comreg.ie/5_8GHzRegPart1.asp?S=4&NavID=198&M...

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    The company reserves the right to make alterations or amendments to the detail specification at its discretion. The publication of information in this document does not imply freedom from patent or other rights of Motorola, Inc. or others.

  • Page 9: Table Of Contents

    Repair and Service... 24 Product Description ... 25 3.3.1 The Outdoor Unit (ODU) ... 27 3.3.2 The PIDU Plus – PTP 400 Series ... 28 3.3.3 Redundancy and Alternate Powering Configurations ... 30 3.3.3.1 External DC Supply Only ... 30 3.3.3.2...

  • Page 10: Table Of Contents

    Site Planning... 45 Site Selection Criteria... 45 6.1.1 ODU Site Selection ... 45 6.1.2 PTP 400 Series Bridge PIDU Plus Site Selection... 45 6.1.3 Path Loss Considerations ... 46 6.1.4 Aggregate Ethernet throughput rate versus maximum link loss ... 46 Installation ...

  • Page 11: Table Of Contents

    7.7.6 Making the ODU Connection at the PTP 400 Series Bridge PIDU Plus... 56 7.7.7 Making the Network Connection at the PIDU Plus – PTP 400 Series ... 57 7.7.8 Mounting the PTP 400 Series Bridge PIDU Plus ... 58 7.7.9...

  • Page 12: Table Of Contents

    Calculation of Lateral Force ... 153 12.3 Capabilities of the PTP 400 Series Bridges ... 154 12.4 Wind Speed Statistics ... 154 PTP 400 Series Bridge - Connectorized version of the PTP 400 Series bridge... 155 13.1 Scope ... 155...

  • Page 13: Table Of Contents

    Cables and Connectors... 166 13.8.3 Tools... 166 13.8.4 Miscellaneous supplies ... 166 13.8.5 Mounting... 166 13.8.5.1 Connectorized version of the PTP 400 Series bridge ... 166 13.8.6 Antennas ... 167 13.8.7 Alignment Process ... 167 13.8.8 Dual Polar Antennas ... 167 13.8.9...

  • Page 14: Table Of Contents

    14.2.1 Encryption data entry fields are not available ... 176 14.2.2 Link fails to bridge packets after enabling link encryption... 176 Legal and Regulatory Notices... 177 15.1 Important Note on Modifications ... 177 15.2 National and Regional Regulatory Notices – 4.9 GHz Variant ... 177 15.3 National and Regional Regulatory Notices –...

  • Page 15: Table Of Contents

    Figure 20 - Connections at the ODU ... 54 Figure 21 - Disconnecting the ODU... 55 Figure 22 - Making the Network Connection at the PTP 400 Series Bridge PIDU Plus ... 57 Figure 23 - PTP 400 Series Bridge PIDU Plus Drip Loop Configuration... 59 Figure 24 - Menu Navigation Bar...

  • Page 16: Table Of Contents

    Figure 36 - Example Configuration File ... 84 Figure 37 - Restore Configuration File Pop Up Screen... 85 Figure 38 - Reset Configuration and Reboot Confirmation Pop-up ... 86 Figure 39 - System Statistics... 87 Figure 40 - Detailed Counters ... 90 Figure 41 - Installation Wizard Internet Protocol Configuration...

  • Page 17: Table Of Contents

    Figure 84 - Connectorized version of the PTP 400 Series bridge Status Page ... 157 Figure 85 - Connectorized version of the PTP 400 Series bridge ‘System Configuration’ Page ... 158 Figure 86 - Connectorized version of the PTP 400 Series bridge ‘Installation Wizard’ Page ... 159 Figure 87 - Connectorized version of the PTP 400 Series bridge ‘Confirm Installation’...

  • Page 18: Table Of Contents

    Table 9 - 4.9 GHz variant – Aggregate Ethernet Throughput Rates ... 48 Table 10 - Audio indications from the ODU ... 61 Table 11 - PTP 400 Series Bridge Factory Configuration Values ... 93 Table 12 - Spectrum Management (Non UK) change state key ... 118 Table 13 - Spectrum Management time series key...

  • Page 19: About This User Guide, Interpreting Typeface And Other Conventions, Table 1 - Font Types

    About This User Guide This guide covers the installation, commissioning, operation and fault finding of the Motorola PTP 400 Series of Point-to-Point Wireless Ethernet Bridges. Interpreting Typeface and Other Conventions This document employs distinctive fonts to indicate the type of information, as described in Table 1.

  • Page 20: Table 2 - Admonition Types

    Admonition General Message Label Note Informative content that may: • Defy common or cursory logic. • Describe a peculiarity of the PTP 400 Series solutions implementation. • Add a conditional caveat. • Provide a reference. • Explain the reason for a preceding statement or provide background for what immediately follows.

  • Page 21: Getting Additional Help, Sending Feedback

    5. Escalate the problem to Motorola Technical Support (or another Tier 3 technical support that has been designated for you) as follows. You may either: a. Send e-mail to b.

  • Page 22: Avoiding Hazards, Preventing Overexposure To Rf Energy, Calculations For Separation Distances And Power Compliance Margins

    Avoiding Hazards Preventing Overexposure to RF Energy Caution To protect from overexposure to RF energy, install the radios for the 400 family of wireless solutions so as to provide and maintain the minimum separation distances from all persons as shown in Table 3. When the system is operational, avoid standing directly in front of the antenna.

  • Page 23: Calculated Distances And Power Compliance Margins, Table 3 - Power Compliance Margins

    Peak power density in the far field of a radio frequency point source is calculated as follows: Rearranging terms to solve for distance yields (Note: Allowance should be made for any TDD structure employed) 2.1.1.1 Calculated Distances and Power Compliance Margins Table 3 shows calculated minimum separation distances d, recommended distances and resulting power compliance margins for each frequency band and antenna combination.

  • Page 24: Getting Started, For Your Safety

    WARNING: It is recommended that the supplied Power Indoor Plus (PIDU Plus) – PTP 400 Series is used to power the PTP 400 Series Bridge ODU. The use of other power sources may invalidate safety approval and affect your warranty.

  • Page 25: Welcome, About This Guide, Who Should Use This Guide

    Motorola as part of the system. This will also invalidate your warranty. Welcome Congratulations on the purchase of the PTP 400 Series Bridge from Motorola, Inc. The PTP 400 Series Bridge is the latest innovation in high-speed wireless networking that lets you deploy wireless networks in areas previously unattainable.

  • Page 26: Contact Information, Repair And Service, Table 4 - Contact Information

    Comments or suggestions concerning this user manual may be emailed to the support team. 3.2.4 Repair and Service For unit repair or service, contact your service provider or an authorized Motorola Point-to- Point Distributor for return material authorization (RMA) and shipping instructions. Motorola, Inc.

  • Page 27: Product Description, Figure 1 - Typical Ptp 400 Series Bridge Deployment

    A PTP 400 Series Bridge system consists of a pair of identical devices that are deployed one at each end of the link. At installation, the user sets up one unit as the Master and the other as the Slave.

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    An integrated outdoor transceiver unit containing all the radio and networking electronics hereafter referred to as the Outdoor Unit (ODU). • An indoor connection box containing a mains power supply, status indicators and network connection. Hereafter referred to as the Power Indoor Unit Plus (PIDU Plus). •...

  • Page 29: The Outdoor Unit (odu), Figure 2 - Ptp 400 Series Bridge Outdoor Unit (odu)

    It should be noted that this powering arrangement is not standard Power over Ethernet (PoE). The ODU for the PTP 400 Series Bridge should only be deployed using the supplied PTP 400 Series Bridge Power Indoor Unit (PIDU Plus).

  • Page 30: The Pidu Plus – Ptp 400 Series

    3.3.2 The PIDU Plus – PTP 400 Series The PTP 400 Series Bridge PIDU Plus is used to generate the ODU supply voltage from the mains supply. The PIDU Plus also houses a status indicator driven from the ODU. Figure 3 - Power Indoor Unit (PIDU Plus) – PTP 400 Series The front panel contains indicators showing the status of the power and Ethernet connections.

  • Page 31: Table 5 - Reset Actions

    On the left side of the PIDU Plus 48V DC input and output connections can be found. These are used to power the PTP 400 Series Bridge from an external DC source or to provide a level of power supply redundancy as shown in Section 3.3.3 “Redundancy and Alternate Powering Configurations”.

  • Page 32: Redundancy And Alternate Powering Configurations, External Dc Supply Only

    Figure 5 - PTP 400 Series Bridge PIDU Plus Power Input 3.3.3 Redundancy and Alternate Powering Configurations 3.3.3.1 External DC Supply Only For use where there is no mains supply. DC Out DC In Supply To ODU Power Ethernet To Network...

  • Page 33: External Dc Supply And Ac Supply, External Dc Supply And Redundant Ac Supply

    To ODU Figure 7 - External DC Supply and AC Supply 3.3.3.3 External DC Supply and Redundant AC Supply To guard against mains failure, DC supply failure or PTP 400 Series Bridge PIDU Plus failure. DC Out DC In Supply...

  • Page 34: Remote Leds And Recovery Switch, Cables And Connectors

    3.3.5 Cables and Connectors The cable used to connect the PTP 400 Series PIDU Plus to the ODU can be any standard CAT 5 type provided that it is suitable for outdoor deployment. Motorola recommends that cables to the specification below be used.

  • Page 35: Surge Arrestor, Mounting Brackets

    The connection between the PTP 400 Series Bridge PIDU Plus and the user’s equipment can be made using any standard CAT5 patch cable. The RJ45 Ethernet connection is presented as a piece of network equipment. However as automatic MDI/MDI-X sensing and pair swapping is employed a crossed Ethernet patch cable can be used for connection to another piece of networking equipment or directly to end user equipment.

  • Page 36: Configuration And Management, Warranty

    Repaired or replaced product will be subject to the original warranty period but not less than thirty (30) days. Motorola’s warranty for software is for six (6) months from date of shipment from Motorola or a Motorola Point-to-Point Distributor. Motorola warrants that software will perform...

  • Page 37: Product Architecture

    Product Architecture The PTP 400 Series Bridge consists of an identical pair of unit’s deployed one at each end of the link. The radio link operates on a single frequency channel in each direction using Time Division Duplex (TDD). One unit is deployed as a master and the other as a slave. The master unit takes responsibility for controlling the link in both directions.

  • Page 38: Figure 10 - Ptp 400 Series Bridge Layer Diagram

    Each unit in the link is manageable through an IP connection. Standard IP protocols are utilized for all management functions e.g. HTTP, SNMP, etc. The PTP 400 Series Bridge is fully software upgradeable. New software images are first downloaded from the Motorola website http://www.motorola.com/ptp...

  • Page 39: General Considerations, Spectrum Planning, Table 6 - Ptp 400 Series Bridge Frequency Variants

    / noise levels in all channels. The PTP 400 Series Bridge uses statistical techniques to select the most appropriate transmit and receive channels. I-DFS can be influenced in its channel decision process by selectively barring channels from use.

  • Page 40: Region Codes, Table 7 - Ptp 400 Series Bridge Region Code Definitions

    Region Codes The PTP 400 Series Bridge uses a system of Region Codes to control the operation of the radio link. The Region Code is set by a License Key. Region Applicable Code Country/Frequency USA, Canada, Taiwan, Brazil 5.8 GHz China 5.8 GHz...

  • Page 41: Operational Restrictions, Radar Avoidance

    When shipped from the factory, units are configured as follows: • 4.9 GHz PTP 400 Series Bridge – Region Code 14 • 5.4 GHz PTP 400 Series Bridge – Region Code 9 • 5.8 GHz PTP 400 Series Bridge – Region Code 1 WARNING To meet the regulatory requirements of your region you should set the correct Region Code by obtaining a new License Key from you reseller or distributor.

  • Page 42: Rttt Avoidance And Other Channel Use Restrictions, Ghz Specific Frequency Planning Considerations, Raster Considerations

    5.3.2 RTTT Avoidance and Other Channel Use Restrictions Where regulatory restrictions apply to certain channels these channels are barred. The user should note that the number of channels barred is dependant on the channel raster selected. For example see the effect of the UK RTTT channel restrictions in Figure 11. Barred channels are indicated by a “No Entry”...

  • Page 43: Transmit Power Reduction At The Band Edges, Ghz Specific Frequency Planning Considerations, Raster Considerations

    Figure 13 - 5.4 GHz Available Spectrum Settings 5.5.1 Raster Considerations The PTP 400 Series bridge 5.4 GHz variant operates on a 12 MHz channel raster that is set to odd center frequencies. See Figure 13. 5.5.2 Fixed Frequency Operation When operating in ‘Fixed Frequency’...

  • Page 44: Ghz Specific Frequency Planning Considerations, Raster Considerations, Fixed Frequency Operation

    Figure 14 - 5.8 GHz Available Spectrum Settings 5.6.1 Raster Considerations The PTP 400 Series Bridge 5.8 GHz variant operates on a 6 MHz channel raster that is set to even center frequencies. see Figure 14. 5.6.2 Fixed Frequency Operation When operating in ‘Fixed Frequency’...

  • Page 45: Distance, Networking Information, Lightning Protection

    Figure 15 - 5.8 GHz Band Edge TX Power Reduction (Region Code 1 Only) Distance The PTP 400 Series Bridge will operate at ranges from 100 m (330 feet) to 200 km (124 miles), within four modes 0-5km, 0-40km, 0-100km and 0-200km. Operation of the system will depend on obstacles in the path between the units.

  • Page 46: Electrical Requirements

    The PTP 400 Series Bridge is supplied with a variable input voltage (90-264V, 47-63Hz AC) inline power supply unit which is incorporated into the PTP 400 Series Power Indoor Unit (PIDU Plus). The PTP 400 Series Bridge requires one mains supply outlet at each end of the link.

  • Page 47: Site Planning, Site Selection Criteria, Odu Site Selection

    ODU is 100m [330 feet] minus the length of the cable from the PIDU Plus to the connected equipment) 6.1.2 PTP 400 Series Bridge PIDU Plus Site Selection When selecting a site for the PIDU Plus the following should be taken into consideration: •...

  • Page 48: Path Loss Considerations, Aggregate Ethernet Throughput Rate Versus Maximum Link Loss

    The equipment capability is given in Table 8 and Table 9. It gives the Ethernet throughput rate versus link loss for the PTP 400 Series Bridge in both modes. Adaptive modulation will ensure that the highest throughput that can be achieved instantaneously will be obtained taking account of propagation and interference.

  • Page 49: Table 8 - 5.4 And 5.8 Ghz Variants – Aggregate Ethernet Throughput Rates

    Table 8 - 5.4 and 5.8 GHz variants – Aggregate Ethernet Throughput Rates Data rates for the Lite version of the PTP 400 Series Bridge variants are 50% of the figures shown. These data rates are reduced when AES Encryption or ARQ (Automatic Retransmission reQuest) are enabled.

  • Page 50: Table 9 - 4.9 Ghz Variant – Aggregate Ethernet Throughput Rates

    Table 9 - 4.9 GHz variant – Aggregate Ethernet Throughput Rates Data rates for the Lite version of the PTP 400 Series Bridge variants are 50% of the figures shown. These data rates are reduced when AES Encryption or ARQ (Automatic Retransmission reQuest) are enabled.

  • Page 51: Installation, Preparation, Installation Procedure, Tools Required

    • Powering Up, section 7.7.9 • Aligning the ODUs, section 7.7.10 Tools Required The following specific tools are required to install the PTP 400 Series Bridge in addition to general tools: • 13mm Spanner / Wrenche • RJ45 Crimp Tool •...

  • Page 52: Installation Support, Legal Disclaimer, Mounting The Odus

    A Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) section can be found in section 16. Legal Disclaimer IN NO EVENT SHALL MOTOROLA, INC. BE LIABLE FOR ANY INJURY TO ANY PERSONS OR ANY DAMAGE CAUSED DURING THE INSTALLATION OF THE MOTOROLA PTP 400 SERIES PRODUCT.

  • Page 53: Figure 16 - Mounting To Pole Diameters 25mm (1") To 50mm (2")

    When adjustment is complete tighten all bolts to 14Nm (11 lb ft). Warning: Do not over tighten the bolts as bracket failure may occur. The enclosure and mounting brackets of the PTP 400 Series Bridge are capable of withstanding wind speeds up to 150mph (242kph). The installer should ensure that the structure to which the bridge is fixed is also capable of withstanding the prevalent wind speeds and loads.

  • Page 54: Connecting Up, Preparing The Cable — Rj45 Connections

    The length of the safety lanyard must not exceed 1m (approx 3 ft) in length. The lanyard should be made from a material that does not degrade in an outdoor environment. The safety lanyard must be fixed to a separate fixing point that is not part of the direct mounting system for the ODU.

  • Page 55: Figure 18 - Completed Odu Connector, Figure 19 - Rj45 Pin Connection

    Figure 18 - Completed ODU connector Both ends of the ODU cable are terminated in the same way. The above procedure should be repeated for the PIDU Plus end of the cable when the cable routing process is complete. Note: The PIDU Plus end of the cable does not employ a cable gland. Figure 19 - RJ45 Pin Connection...

  • Page 56: Making The Connection At The Odu, Figure 20 - Connections At The Odu

    7.7.2 Making the Connection at the ODU The following procedure describes how connection is made at the ODU. It is often easier to carry out this procedure on the ground or a suitable surface prior to mounting the ODU. Ensure no power is connected to the PIDU Plus or present on the cable before connecting the ODU.

  • Page 57: Routing The Cable, Fitting A Surge Arrestor, Figure 21 - Disconnecting The Odu

    Should it be necessary to disconnect the PIDU Plus to ODU cable at the ODU this can be achieved by removing the weather proofing gland and depressing the RJ45 locking tab with a small screwdriver as shown below: Figure 21 - Disconnecting the ODU Warning: Ensure that power is removed from the system at the PIDU Plus to prevent damage to the ODU while making or breaking the connection.

  • Page 58: Grounding The Installation, Making The Odu Connection At The Ptp 400 Series Bridge Pidu Plus

    7.7.5 Grounding the Installation The Outdoor Unit (ODU) for the PTP 400 Series Bridge must be properly grounded to protect against power surges. It is the user’s responsibility to install the equipment in accordance with Section 810 of the National Electric Code, ANSI/NFPA No.70-1984 or Section 54 of the Canadian Electrical Code or the National Electrical Code in the country of installation.

  • Page 59: Making The Network Connection At The Pidu Plus – Ptp 400 Series

    Making the Network Connection at the PIDU Plus – PTP 400 Series The Network connection is made by connecting the user’s Network Equipment directly to the PIDU Plus LAN port as shown in Figure 22. Figure 22 - Making the Network Connection at the PTP 400 Series Bridge PIDU Plus...

  • Page 60: Mounting The Ptp 400 Series Bridge Pidu Plus

    7.7.8 Mounting the PTP 400 Series Bridge PIDU Plus Motorola recommends that you mount the PIDU Plus on a wall or other suitable mounting surface. This prevents the unit from being knocked or kicked and can help maintain link availability. Ensure that the reset switch can be accessed when mounting the unit.

  • Page 61: Figure 23 - Ptp 400 Series Bridge Pidu Plus Drip Loop Configuration

    WARNING: Some network operators employ gel filled cables to get around the problem of moisture ingress and transmission. The PTP 400 Series Bridge has NOT been tested using these cables. Use of gel filled cables may affect the performance of PTP 400 Series Bridges.

  • Page 62: Powering Up

    7.7.9 Powering Up The PTP 400 Series Bridge is supplied as a pair of matched Master/Slave units. The Master unit to be configured can now be powered up and accessed using the default URL http://169.254.1.2/ ; the Slave unit can be accessed using Prior to powering up the PTP 400 Series Bridge, a computer with web browsing capabilities should be configured with an IP address of 169.254.n.n and subnet mask of 255.255.0.0...

  • Page 63: Aligning The Ptp 400 Series Odus, Table 10 - Audio Indications From The Odu

    The PTP 400 Series Bridge uses audible tones during installation to assist the installer with alignment. The installer should adjust the alignment of the ODU in both azimuth and elevation...

  • Page 64

    The following behavior should be noted: When first started up and from time to time the Master unit will carry out a band scan to determine which channels are not in use. During this time, between 10 and 15 seconds, the Master unit will not transmit and as a consequence of this neither will the Slave unit.

  • Page 65

    The units will automatically disarm after 24 hours.

  • Page 66: Web Page Reference, Figure 24 - Menu Navigation Bar

    The web user interface has three main sections. The home page presents to the operator a high level summary of the PTP 400 Series Bridge point-to-point wireless link. The status page presents a more detailed set of system parameters describing the performance of the wireless link together with other key system performance metrics.

  • Page 67: Home Page – Ptp 400 Series Bridge, Figure 25 - Ptp 400 Series Bridge Home

    Home Page – PTP 400 Series Bridge The home page for the PTP 400 Series Bridge has been designed to display a high level summary of the status of the wireless link and associated equipment. The home page (Figure...

  • Page 68: Home Page Alarm Display, Figure 26 - Alarm Warning Triangle

    8.1.1 Home Page Alarm Display The home page is also used to display all outstanding major system alarms. Whenever system alarms are asserted, a yellow warning triangle is displayed on the web page navigation bar. The warning triangle will be visible from all web pages. Clicking the warning triangle will cause the web page to jump back to the system home page.

  • Page 69

    This alarm occurs when the signal assessment features of the PTP 400 Series Bridge can’t find a channel to operate Ethernet Configuration Mismatch: The detection of Ethernet fragments (runt packets) when the link is in full duplex is an indication of an auto-negotiation or forced configuration mismatch.

  • Page 70: System Status, Figure 27 - Status

    ‘Update Page Refresh Period’ button causes a new page refresh period to be adopted by the system. The page refresh mechanism uses a HTML Meta refresh command. Therefore the refresh is always initiated by the local browser and not by the PTP 400 Series Bridge at this interval.

  • Page 71

    The two PTP 400 Series Bridges are arranged in a master and slave relationship. The roles of the units in this relationship are displayed in the page title. The master unit will always have the title ‘- Master’, and the slave will always have the ‘- Slave’ appended to the ‘Systems Status’...

  • Page 72

    Full Duplex: Full Duplex data transmission means that data can be transmitted in both directions on a signal carrier at the same time. For example, on a local area network with a technology that has full duplex transmission; one workstation can be sending data on the line while another workstation is receiving data.

  • Page 73

    Transmit Power: Transmit power histogram is expressed in dBm and presented as: max, mean, min, and latest. Receive Power: Receive power histogram is expressed in dBm and presented as: max, mean, min, and latest. Vector Error: The vector error measurement compares the received signal’s In phase / Quadrature (IQ) modulation characteristics to an ideal signal to determine the composite error vector magnitude.

  • Page 74: Equation 2 - Link Loss

    (dBm) Antenna gain at the remote and local units respectively (dBi). The antenna gain of the PTP 400 Series Bridge is used unless one or both of the units is a Connectorized version. See Section 11.3 for more details...

  • Page 75

    The wireless link capacity is limited by the current wireless conditions e.g. interference, excess path loss, etc… Range: The range between the peer PTP 400 Series Bridge units. Refresh Page Period: entered here (in seconds). The 400 Series Bridge displays range in km by default, if the user would prefer to display range using Miles the ‘Distance Units’...

  • Page 76: System Administration, Figure 28 - System Administration Login

    System Administration Pages The following menu options are available for the system administrator and can be password protected. Figure 28 shows the ‘System Administration Login’ page. By default a system admin password is not set. Simply click the login button to access the system administration features.

  • Page 77: System Configuration, Figure 29 - Configuration

    8.3.1 System Configuration Page The configuration page (Figure 29) is used by the system administrator to configure the PTP 400 Series Bridge. While the majority of the system configuration is entered during installation and should never require changing, this page offers the system administrator the ability to change the basic system parameters for link, modulation and physical components.

  • Page 78

    Link Mode Optimization: By default, Link Mode Optimization of a point-to-point link is set to ‘IP Traffic’. In this configuration the wireless minimizes packet transmission errors by automatically adapting the active modulation mode based on instantaneous vector error measurements and the presence of codeword errors. This mode of operation is recommended for connection oriented IP traffic protocols where packet loss is perceived by the protocols as an indication of network congestion.

  • Page 79: Figure 30 - Configuration Reboot

    Because the compression techniques used in the PTP 400 Series Bridge are CPU intensive, compression is only applied to modulation modes BPSK 1/2, QPSK 1/2 and QPSK 2/3. The net effect of compression is solely dependant on the individual packet compressibility (entropy).

  • Page 80: Lan Configuration, Figure 31 - Lan Configuration

    LAN Configuration Page The LAN Configuration page (Figure 31) is used by the system administrator to configure the network parameters for the PTP 400 Series Bridge. IP Address: Internet protocol (IP) address. This address is used by the family of Internet protocols to uniquely identify this unit on a network.

  • Page 81: Figure 32 - Vlan Warning Window

    VLAN High Priority Traffic Threshold: threshold at which bridged traffic will be treated as high-priority. Use VLAN for Management Interfaces: If enabled, this allows the use of VLAN for Management Interfaces. Selecting this option presents the user with extra fields in which to enter the management VLAN ID, Priority and whether to validate the VLAN ID.

  • Page 82: Figure 33 - Additional Vlan Options

    After clicking on OK, the following VLAN options are added to the LAN Configuration window: Figure 33 - Additional VLAN options These parameters control whether the management interfaces (HTTP/SNMP/SMTP/SNTP) use a VLAN. Selecting this option presents the user with extra fields in which to enter the Management VLAN ID, Priority and whether to validate the VLAN ID.

  • Page 83

    You must ensure that you configure both this unit and the Ethernet port to which it is connected identically. If you force a fixed Ethernet Configuration on the PTP 400 Series Bridge, then you MUST also force the same fixed configuration on the equipment to which it is connected.

  • Page 84: Save And Restore Menu, Figure 34 - Save And Restore Configuration

    8.3.3 Save and Restore Menu The save and restore feature of a PTP 400 Series bridge allows the system administrator to backup the operation configuration of the wireless unit. It is recommended that this facility is used immediately after a successful PTP 400 Series bridge installation or prior to any software upgrade.

  • Page 85: Figure 35 - Save Configuration File Screen

    Figure 35 - Save Configuration File Screen...

  • Page 86: Figure 36 - Example Configuration File

    This can be obtained either from the Quick Install guide supplied with replacement wireless unit or directly from Motorola. Please note that the target MAC address at the other end will need to change.

  • Page 87: Figure 37 - Restore Configuration File Pop Up Screen

    The restoration of configuration files can be performed using the Restore configuration tool. Using the browser button to locate the configuration file you wish to restore then click the ‘Restore Configuration File and Reboot’ button (Figure 37). The user will then be prompted to confirm the action (Figure 38).

  • Page 88: Figure 38 - Reset Configuration And Reboot Confirmation Pop-up

    Figure 38 - Reset Configuration and Reboot Confirmation Pop-up On confirmation the PTP 400 Series bridge will: Upload the configuration file Perform data integrity checking Erase previous configuration Apply the new configuration Restart After the unit has restarted the entire configuration from the configuration file will now be active.

  • Page 89: Statistics, Figure 39 - System Statistics

    8.3.4 Statistics Page The PTP 400 Series Bridge statistics page is designed to display some key statistics of the Ethernet Bridge and the underlying wireless performance. Figure 39 - System Statistics...

  • Page 90

    Wireless Good Tx Packets: Total number of good packets the bridge has sent for transmission by the wireless interface Wireless Good Rx Packets: Total number of good packets the bridge has received from the wireless interface (see note 21). Packets To Internal Stack: This displays the total number of good packets the bridge has transmitted to the internal stack (e.g.

  • Page 91

    Transmit Modulation Mode: Current active transmit modulation mode. Receive Modulation Mode: Current active receive modulation mode. Signal Strength Ratio: The Signal Strength Ratio, is the ratio of the power received by the Vertical / Horizontal receivers. Wireless Link Availability: Expresses the link availability as a percentage of time since the first successful registration after a system restart.

  • Page 92: Detailed Counters, Figure 40 - Detailed Counters

    8.3.4.1 Detailed Counters Page The Detailed Counters Page provides: Ethernet Good Rx Packets: Total number of good Ethernet packets transmitted to the local Ethernet interface. See note 21. Ethernet Rx Fragments: Total number of short frames (<64 bytes, sometimes called runts) received from the local Ethernet interface.

  • Page 93

    Packets To Internal Stack: Total number of good packets the bridge has transmitted to the internal TCP/IP stack. See note 21. Packets From Internal Stack: Total number of good packets the bridge has received from the internal TCP/IP stack. See note 21. L2 Source MAC Address Conflicts: The number of times a packet received over the wireless link had the Layer 2 (Ethernet) Source MAC Addresses of a device that had previously been transmitting on the 'local' Ethernet network.

  • Page 94

    Wireless Tx Uncompressed Bytes: Total number of 'compressible' bytes that were sent uncompressed by the wireless interface because compression was inefficient. See note 21. Num ARQ Nacks Received: Total number of ARQ NACK packets received. Num ARQ Nacked Packets Requested: Total number of NACKed packets requested to be retransmitted by ARQ.

  • Page 95: Install Wizard, Table 11 - Ptp 400 Series Bridge Factory Configuration Values

    IP Address 169.254.1.2 Table 11 - PTP 400 Series Bridge Factory Configuration Values The factory default configuration is written to the ‘semi-permanent’ configuration bank. WARNING: The factory default configuration is limited in range to 40 Km (25 miles). If you wish to install a wireless link with a range of >...

  • Page 96: Manually Configuring The Wireless Units, Internet Protocol Configuration

    Installation Wizard. The operational software for the PTP 400 Series Bridge requires a license key to enable the wireless bridging capability and program region code specific parameters in to the unit.

  • Page 97: Figure 42 - Vlan Warning

    IP Address: Internet protocol (IP) address. This address is used by the family of Internet protocols to uniquely identify this unit on a network. Subnet Mask: A subnet allows the flow of network traffic between hosts to be segregated based on a network configuration. By organizing hosts into logical groups, subnetting can improve network security and performance.

  • Page 98: Figure 43 - Additional Vlan Management Options

    Figure 43 - Additional VLAN Management Options Once complete click the ‘Submit Internet Protocol Configuration’ button or the ‘Next’ link. Note: The internal Ethernet stack used to manage a unit does not support double VLAN tagged packets. Double VLAN tagged packets will be discarded. Note: If you loose contact with your unit due to mis-configuration you will need to reset your unit to factory default as described in Section 3.3.2 “The PIDU Plus –...

  • Page 99: Wireless Configuration, Figure 44 - Installation Wizard Wireless Configuration

    MAC address. Note: A PTP 400 Series system is shipped as a pair of units with pre-loaded correct MAC addresses. MAC addresses will only need to be entered if an existing unit has to be replaced...

  • Page 100

    Master Slave Mode: At this point it is necessary to decide which end will be designated as Master. The Master unit is the controlling unit with respect to the point-to-point link and its maintenance. The master transmits until the link is made, while the Slave listens for its peer and only transmits when the peer has been identified.

  • Page 101

    Fixed frequency mode allows the installer to fix the transmit and receive frequencies on the units. The frequencies may be configured symmetrically or asymmetrically. Lower Center Frequency: The software for the PTP 400 Series Bridge allows a user to optionally adjust the channel center frequencies. See section 5 “ General Considerations” for further information.

  • Page 102: Figure 45 - Fixed Frequency Operation

    Warning: The lower center frequency attribute must be configured to the same value for both the master and slave. Failure to do so will cause the wireless link to fail re-establishment. The only way to recover from this situation is to modify the Lower Center Frequency attribute so that they are identical on both the master and slave unit.

  • Page 103

    Default Raster: When the Default Raster option is enabled the pull down selection menus displayed for Fixed Tx Frequency and Fixed Rx Frequency allow the selection of frequencies available within the default channel raster. When this option is not enabled the pull down selection menus display all available channel centre frequencies.

  • Page 104: Confirm Configuration, Figure 46 - Installation Wizard Confirm Configuration

    8.3.5.4 Confirm Configuration Step 3 of the installation wizard allows the installer to review and confirm the installation information before committing the information to non-volatile memory, as shown for different configuration in Figure 46, Figure 47 and Figure 48. Figure 46 - Installation Wizard Confirm Configuration...

  • Page 105: Figure 47 - Installation Wizard Confirm Configuration – Fixed Frequency

    Figure 47 - Installation Wizard Confirm Configuration – Fixed Frequency...

  • Page 106: Figure 48 - Installation Wizard Confirm Configuration – Connectorized

    Figure 48 - Installation Wizard Confirm Configuration – Connectorized...

  • Page 107: Disarm, Figure 49 - Disarm Installation

    If all the settings are correct and appropriate click the “Confirm Configuration and Reboot Unit” button. All the attributes are committed to non-volatile memory. Immediately following the write to non-volatile memory the unit is reset. Note: If you have changed the Ethernet parameters you must reconnect using the correct network and address settings.

  • Page 108: Figure 50 - Optional Post Disarm Configuration 2

    Once section 7.7.10 “Aligning the ODUs” is complete pressing the “Disarm Installation Agent” button completes the installation process off. After disarming the wireless link the user is presented with an optional configuration page see Figure 50. The screen presents hyperlinks to the main configuration and spectrum management pages.

  • Page 109: Graphical Install, Figure 51 - Installation Screen

    8.3.6 Graphical Install To aid the installation of wireless links two graphical installation aids have been included: • A PDA installation screen • A larger installation screen available from the main HTTP management interface. The design of the installation screen has been deliberately kept simple and uncluttered. An example of the installation screen is shown in Figure 51.

  • Page 110: Software Upgrade

    8.3.7 Software Upgrade The PTP 400 Series Bridge system has two software image banks; one is a fixed image which is stored in protected non-volatile memory and cannot be modified by the user. The second bank is used by the system administrator to upgrade the firmware as and when necessary.

  • Page 111: Figure 52 - Software Upgrade – Step 1

    Figure 52 - Software Upgrade – Step 1 The software image will now be uploaded to the unit. This upload should only take a few seconds. Once complete the image is verified and validated to ensure that no errors occurred during transfer and the image is valid to run on the current platform.

  • Page 112: Figure 53 - Software Upgrade Image Check, Figure 54 - Overall Progress Tracker

    On power up, if the software image is invalid, for any reason, the PTP 400 Series bridge will use a known good fixed image. If this occurs the user must attempt to reload the correct version of software.

  • Page 113: Figure 55 - Software Upgrade Complete

    Once the Overall Update Progress bar has reached 100%, proceed to the next step. Figure 55 - Software Upgrade Complete When the software image has been written to memory Figure 55 will be displayed showing the status of the software upload. Reboot the unit by clicking the “Reboot Wireless Unit”...

  • Page 114: Spectrum Management, Wireless Channels, Spectrum Management Measurements, Measurement Analysis

    8.3.8.1 Wireless Channels The PTP 400 Series Bridge operates using a set of predefined channels. Section 5 ” General Considerations” contains detailed information on this subject with regards each product variant. It should be noted that some product variants have a channel raster smaller than their channel size.

  • Page 115

    The analysis produces four key metrics for each channel: • Peak of Peaks • Peak of Means • 99.9% Percentile of the Means • Mean of Means Peak of Peaks: is the largest peak interference measurement encountered during the quantization period. This metric is useful for detecting large short duration spikes in the interference environment.

  • Page 116: The Spectrum Management Master / Slave Relationship

    8.3.8.4 The Spectrum Management Master / Slave Relationship By default Spectrum Management operates in a master / slave relationship. The master is assumed to be the link master configured during installation. All Spectrum Management configuration changes MUST be performed from the master. To enforce this, the Spectrum Management web page has a different appearance depending if you are viewing the data from the master or slave.

  • Page 117: Figure 56 - Spectrum Management - Master

    Figure 56 - Spectrum Management - Master Figure 57 shows a sample PTP 400 Series Spectrum Management web page as seen from the slave. It should be noted that all the key configuration attributes are not available on the slave web page.

  • Page 118: Spectrum Management Configuration, Figure 57 - Spectrum Management – Slave

    Spectrum Management web page. It is recommended that the default values are maintained. If the user believes that the performance of the Spectrum Management algorithm requires some modifications this should only be done after consulting your Motorola Point-to-Point distributor or one of the system field support engineers.

  • Page 119: Barring Channels

    If the measured interference on a channel exceeds the specified threshold then Spectrum Management will instruct the wireless to immediately search for a better channel. If a better channel cannot be found, the PTP 400 Series Bridge will continue to use the current active channel. (Default –85 dBm) 8.3.8.6...

  • Page 120: Local And Peer Channel Spectrum Graphics, Figure 58 - Sample Spectrum Management Graphic

    8.3.8.7 Local and Peer Channel Spectrum Graphics Spectrum Management presents its computed statistical measurements in a graphical display on both the master and slave DFS web page. Figure 58 - Sample Spectrum Management Graphic The X-axis shows a stylized view of the selectable wireless channels. See section 5 “ General Considerations”...

  • Page 121: Active Channel History, Figure 59 - Active Channel History Screen

    The ‘I’ Bar is used to display the mean of means and peak of means metrics. The lower horizontal bar represents the mean of means and the upper horizontal bar represents the peak of means. The vertical bar is used as a visual cue to highlight the statistical spread between the peak and the mean of the statistical distribution.

  • Page 122: Viewing Historic Spectrum Management Metrics, Spectrum Management Online Help

    Figure 60 shows a sample time series plot. A time series plot displays the previous 145 measurement quantization periods. If the PTP 400 Series Bridge has not been running for 145 quantization periods then only the number of measurement quantization periods that are available are displayed.

  • Page 123: Figure 61 - Spectrum Management Help

    Figure 61 - Spectrum Management Help Page...

  • Page 124: Spectrum Management - Fixed Frequency, Figure 62 - Spectrum Management Fixed Frequency Screen- Master

    8.3.9 Spectrum Management - Fixed Frequency The software for the PTP 400 Series Bridge allows a user to optionally fix transmit and receive frequencies for a wireless link. Once configured the spectrum management software will not attempt to move the wireless link to a channel with lower co- and adjacent channel interference.

  • Page 125: Spectrum Management Control - With Operational Restrictions

    Figure 63 - Spectrum Management Fixed Frequency Screen- Slave Channel barring is disabled in fixed frequency mode; it is not required as dynamic channel hopping is prohibited in this mode. The only control available to the master is the Interference Threshold attribute. This has no effect on the operation of the wireless link and will only affect the generation of the channel spectrum graphics.

  • Page 126: Figure 64 - Spectrum Management Master Screen With Operational Restrictions

    When operating with RTTT Avoidance enabled or other regulatory restrictions on channel usage the following variances apply: • A channels marked with a ‘no entry’ symbol with their associated statistics colored black are the prohibited channels. See Figure 64 and Figure 65. These channels are never used to host the wireless link, but interference measurements are still taken so that adjacent channel biases can be calculated correctly and so the user can see if other equipment is in use.

  • Page 127: Figure 65 - Spectrum Management Slave Screen With Operational Restrictions

    Figure 65 - Spectrum Management Slave Screen with Operational Restrictions The colored bar represents the following channel state: The channel is currently in use hosting the Point-to-Point Green Active wireless link Orange Interference The channel has interference above the interference threshold The channel has an interference level below the interference Blue Available...

  • Page 128: Remote Management, Figure 66 - Remote Management

    8.3.11 Remote Management Page The Remote Management page (Figure 66) allows the system administrator to configure the remote management of the PTP 400 Series Bridge. Figure 66 - Remote Management...

  • Page 129: Snmp (simple Network Management Protocol), Supported Management Information Bases (mibs), Snmp Configuration

    DFS Channel Change • DFS Impulsive Interference For a copy of the Motorola proprietary version 1 and version 2 MIB RFCs please consult the installation CD. 8.3.12.2 SNMP Configuration SNMP State: The SNMP state attribute controls the creation of the SNMP features. Changing the SNMP state attribute requires a mandatory reboot of the unit.

  • Page 130: Smtp (simple Mail Transport Protocol)

    ‘Fixed Frequency’ is selected during installation. 8.3.12.3 SMTP (Simple Mail Transport Protocol) The SMTP client is an alternative method for the PTP 400 Series Bridge to alert the outside world when there are or have been system errors SMTP Email Alert: This attribute controls the activation of the SMTP client.

  • Page 131: Sntp (simple Network Time Protocol)

    8.3.13 SNTP (Simple Network Time Protocol) The SNTP client allows the PTP 400 Series Bridge to obtain accurate date and time updates from a networked timeserver. The resultant time information is used by the SNMP, web page and System Reboot tasks.

  • Page 132: Diagnostics

    8.3.14 Diagnostics Link performance data is stored as a set of cascaded histograms: • Histogram 1: the last hour at a resolution of 1 second • Histogram 2: the last day (24 hours) at a resolution of 1 minute • Histogram 3: the last month (30 days) at a resolution of 1 hour The histograms are linked together by cascading data from one to the next: As a histogram fills up, the data overflow is used as input to the next histogram in the chain.

  • Page 133: Diagnostics Plotter, Figure 67 - Diagnostic Plotter

    8.3.15 Diagnostics Plotter The system has the diagnostics plotter facility shown in Figure 67. The diagnostic plotter allows the system administrator to view the cascading histogram data in an easily accessible graphical form. The plot always displays three traces, maximum, minimum and mean by default.

  • Page 134: Diagnostic Download, Figure 68 - Csv Download

    The diagnostic plotter displays all of the data from the cascaded Histograms 1, 2 and 3. It uses a bespoke x-axis with a compressed timeline so that resolution is not sacrificed. The most recent data is shown to the right, and the oldest data to the left. The most recent hour's worth of data from Histogram 1 is displayed between 0 minutes (0m) and 60 minutes (60m) to the right of the x-axis;...

  • Page 135: Change System Administration Password, Figure 69 - Password Change

    All diagnostics are extracted from the associated status and statistics web page histograms. They are translated in a CSV file containing at most 5784 8.3.17 Change System Administration Password This page (Figure 69) is used to change the password for the system administration (The factory default is blank).

  • Page 136: License Key, Figure 70 - Software License Key Data Entry

    If a valid license key is not detected in the unit’s non-volatile memory, the user is prompted to enter a valid key. It should be noted that PTP 400 Series Bridge are shipped as link pairs and as such, valid license keys are entered during the production process. Hence the user should never see the Software License Key screen (Figure 70).

  • Page 137: Properties, Figure 71 - License Key Reboot Screen, Figure 72 - Webpage Properties

    If a valid license key is detected, the user will be presented with a message to say that the key is valid and that the system needs rebooting, as shown in Figure 71. 8.3.19 Properties The web page properties screen allows the user to configure the web page interface. WEB Properties: Disable Front Page Login Allows access to homepage and status page web pages without forcing a login as the system administrator.

  • Page 138: Reboot, Figure 73 - System Reboot

    Distance Units: Swaps the default metric display of distance in to imperial units. For example Km into Miles. Use Long Integer Comma Formatting: Enables long integer command formatting, i.e. 1234567 is presented as 1,234,457. 8.3.20 Reboot The reboot page allows the system administrator to perform commanded reboots of the wireless unit.

  • Page 139: Fault Finding, Hardware, Power, Figure 74 - Main System Connections

    Fault Finding If communication has been lost with the unit at the near end of the link, there may be a hardware fault with the wiring, network or hardware. Go to the hardware section below. If communication with the far end of the link is lost then go to the radio section below. Hardware If there are problems suspected with the link hardware the following procedure is recommended.

  • Page 140: Ethernet

    b. If it does not illuminate then recheck that power is applied to the PIDU Plus by measuring the voltage across +55V and 0V pads inside the removable cover in the PIDU Plus. Check that the PIDU Plus is not short circuited by measuring the impedance across the Power connector.

  • Page 141

    Power Indoor Unit LED check chart: Mode No Power Applied Power Applied Valid Ethernet Link and no traffic Valid Ethernet Link with traffic While Recovery Switch Pressed Recovery Switch Pressed and released within 10 seconds during normal operation Recovery Switch Pressed and held for >...

  • Page 142: Radio, No Activity, Some Activity

    Radio 9.2.1 No Activity If communication over the radio link has been lost and the unit at the other end of the link can be managed on its local network, the following procedure should be adopted: If there is no wireless activity then the configuration should be checked. It is essential that the following items are correct •...

  • Page 143: System Connections, Odu To Pidu Plus Connection

    System Connections The following describes the interconnections between the system components: 10.1.1 ODU to PIDU Plus Connection Figure 75 shows the interconnections between the ODU and PIDU Plus modules. Figure 75 - ODU to PIDU Plus Connection Diagram...

  • Page 144: Lightning Protection, Overview, Lightning Protection Zones

    Lightning Protection (Lightning) damage is not covered under warranty The recommendations in this user manual when installed correctly give the user the best protection from the harmful effects of However 100% protection is not implied or possible 11.1 Overview The idea of lightning protection is to protect structures, equipment and people against lightning by conducting the lightning current to ground via a separate preferential solid path and by reducing the electromagnetic field.

  • Page 145: Detailed Installation

    This grounding wire should be connected to a grounding rod or the building grounding system before entry in to building. The ODU grounding point for the PTP 400 Series Bridge can be found on the bottom of the unit, and is supplied with an appropriate grounding lug for attachment to the ODU.

  • Page 146: Figure 76 - Odu Mounted In Zones A & B

    Zone A Gemini ODU Zone B OS-Gemini ODU Zone A Zone B Figure 76 - ODU mounted in Zones A & B Finial OS-Gemini Zone A Zone B Figure 77 - Showing how the use of a Finial enables the ODU to be mounted inside Zone B 50-Meter Radius 50-Meter Radius 50-Meter Radius...

  • Page 147: Figure 78 - Diagrammatically Showing Typical Wall And Mast Installations, Table 15 - Protection Requirements

    Earth ODU Screen Cable Surge Arrestor Unit at ODU – ALPU- Earth Cable at Building Entry Surge Arrestor Unit at Building Entry – ALPU-ORT Surge Arrestor Andrew mounted the same Grounding height as the ODU Assembly to Tower Ground Connections should be less than 0.6 metres (2 feet) long.

  • Page 148: Figure 79 - Upper Grounding Configuration

    A typical installation is shown in Figure 79 and Figure 80. Note: Grounding Points are shown unprotected for clarity. Grounding points should be adequately weatherproofed to prevent corrosion and possible loss of ground continuity. Figure 79 - Upper Grounding Configuration...

  • Page 149: Figure 80 - Lower Grounding Configuration

    Figure 80 - Lower Grounding Configuration The Andrew Grounding Kit at the ODU is optional providing a Surge Arrestor Unit is located at the ODU and is reliably grounded. However, it may be a regulatory requirement to cross- bond the screened CAT-5 at regular intervals up the mast. Refer to local regulatory requirements for further details.

  • Page 150: Table 16 - Surge Arrestor Alpu-ort Cable 1 Termination

    The PTP 400 Series Bridge PIDU Plus to ODU cable requires Surge Arrestor Units mounted at both ends of the cable. At the ODU, the Surge Arrestor Unit should be mounted within 0.3m (1 foot) of the ODU and must be grounded to the ODU. For mast installations, the Surge Arrestor Unit should be mounted at the same height as the ODU.

  • Page 151: Table 17 - Surge Arrestor Alpu-ort Cable 2 Termination

    Terminal Identification CON4 Pin 1 CON4 Pin 2 CON4 Pin 3 CON4 Pin 6 CON2 Pin 4 CON2 Pin 5 CON2 Pin 7 CON2 Pin 8 Table 17 - Surge Arrestor ALPU-ORT Cable 2 Termination Conductor Orange/White Orange Green/White Green Blue Blue/White Brown/White...

  • Page 152: Figure 81 - Surge Arrestor Alpu-ort Connection Illustration

    Figure 81 - Surge Arrestor ALPU-ORT Connection Illustration Note: Cable screens have been sleeved.

  • Page 153: Testing Your Installation, Pre-power Testing

    11.3 Testing Your Installation If you have followed the above instructions you will have wired your system to the following diagram: 1 Orange/White Ethernet 2 Orange 3 Green/White Ethernet 6 Green 4 Blue LED/Reset signalling 5 Blue/White 0V Floating 7 Brown/White 8 Brown 36V-55V PIDU Plus...

  • Page 154: Post-power Testing, Table 18 - Resistance Table Referenced To The Rj45 At The Pidu Plus

    CAT-5 Length meters Table 18 - Resistance Table Referenced To The RJ45 At The PIDU Plus 11.3.2 Post-Power Testing Connect the RJ45 to the PIDU and apply power. The power LED should be illuminated continuously. If the power LED does not illuminate unplug the ODU connection from the PIDU and check the power LED illumination.

  • Page 155: Wind Loading, General, Calculation Of Lateral Force

    The magnitude of the force depends on both the wind strength and size of the antenna. 12.2 Calculation of Lateral Force The PTP 400 Series Bridge with or without the integral antenna is essentially a flat structure and so the magnitude of the lateral force can be estimated from: Force (in pounds) = 0.0042 .

  • Page 156: Capabilities Of The Ptp 400 Series Bridges, Wind Speed Statistics

    The structure and mounting brackets of PTP 400 Series Bridge systems are capable of withstanding wind speeds up to 150mph (242kph). The installer should ensure that the structure to which the PTP 400 Series Bridge is fixed to is also capable of withstanding the prevalent wind speeds and loads.

  • Page 157: Ptp 400 Series Bridge - Connectorized Version Of The Ptp 400 Series Bridge, Scope

    13.2 Product Description 13.2.1 Hardware The Connectorized version of the PTP 400 Series Bridge is a variant designed to provide the system integrator and installer with the ability to provide extra capability to cope with very difficult radio links compared to the PTP 400 Series Integrated product. The variant allows the use of a variety of externally mounted antennas, either Flat Plate or Dish, which have higher gains than provided by the integrated antenna that is normally used.

  • Page 158: Antenna Choices – 4.9 Ghz, Antenna Choices – 5.8 Ghz, Software/features

    In FCC regions when using external antennas – cable loss between the Connectorized version of the PTP 400 Series bridge and the antenna ports must not be less than 1.2dB 13.3 Software/Features The variant operates in the same way as the basic PTP 400 Series Bridge product and is released initially with the feature set of the Connectorized version of the PTP 400 Series bridge.

  • Page 159: Status, Figure 84 - Connectorized Version Of The Ptp 400 Series Bridge Status

    13.3.1 Status Page Figure 84 - Connectorized version of the PTP 400 Series bridge Status Page The link loss calculation presented on the Status Page on the management interface has to be modified to allow for the increased antenna gains at each end of the link. The manufacturing process of the Connectorized version of the PTP 400 Series bridge configures the standard hardware of the unit for use with external antennas.

  • Page 160: Configuration, Figure 85 - Connectorized Version Of The Ptp 400 Series Bridge 'system Configuration

    13.3.2 Configuration Pages The amended Configuration Web page is shown below as Figure 85. Figure 85 - Connectorized version of the PTP 400 Series bridge ‘System Configuration’ Page Antenna Gain: Gain of the antenna you are connecting to the unit, see Table 20 - Allowed Antennas for Deployment in USA/Canada.

  • Page 161: Figure 86 - Connectorized Version Of The Ptp 400 Series Bridge 'installation Wizard, Installation

    13.3.3 Installation Pages The installer is prompted to enter the Antenna Gain and Cable Loss (Connectorized version of the PTP 400 Series bridge to antenna) at each end of the link. The Installation Page(s) is shown as Figure 86 to Figure 88.

  • Page 162: Figure 87 - Connectorized Version Of The Ptp 400 Series Bridge 'confirm Installation

    Figure 87 - Connectorized version of the PTP 400 Series bridge ‘Confirm Installation’ Page...

  • Page 163: Figure 88 - Connectorized Version Of The Ptp 400 Series Bridge 'disarm Installation

    Figure 88 - Connectorized version of the PTP 400 Series bridge ‘Disarm Installation’ Page...

  • Page 164: Deployment Considerations, Link Budget, Regulatory Issues, Antenna Choice (5.8ghz Fcc Regions Only)

    13.4 Deployment Considerations The majority of radio links can be successfully deployed with the PTP 400 Series Bridge. It should only be necessary to use external antennas where the Link Budget Calculator indicates marginal performance for a specific link – for example, when the link is heavily obscured by dense woodland on an NLOS link or extremely long LOS links (>80km or >...

  • Page 165: Cable Losses (5.8 Ghz Fcc Regions Only), Antennas For 5.8ghz Fcc Regions

    13.6.2 Cable Losses (5.8 GHz FCC Regions Only) The FCC approval for the product is based on tests with a cable loss between the units of 1.2dB at 5.8GHz. The use of lower cable losses would result in the installation being outside the FCC rules.

  • Page 166

    Manufacturer Antenna Type Andrew Andrew 3-foot Parabolic, P3F-52 (33.4dBi) Andrew Andrew 3-foot Dual-Pol Parabolic, PX3F-52 (33.4dBi) Andrew Andrew 4-foot Parabolic, P4F-52 (34.9dBi) Andrew Andrew 4-foot Dual-Pol Parabolic, PX4F-52 (34.9dBi) Andrew Andrew 6-foot Parabolic, P6F-52 (37.6dBi) Andrew Andrew 6-foot Dual-Pol Parabolic, PX6F-52 (37.6dBi) Gabriel Gabriel 2-foot High Performance QuickFire...

  • Page 167: Antenna Choice, Installation, Table 20 - Allowed Antennas For Deployment In Usa/canada

    There are a wide variety of antennas that can be used with the Connectorized version of the PTP 400 Series bridges. The main selection criteria will be the required antenna gain. The secondary criteria should be the ease of mounting and alignment.

  • Page 168: Cables And Connectors, Tools, Miscellaneous Supplies, Mounting, Connectorized Version Of The Ptp 400 Series Bridge

    The tools required for mounting an Connectorized version of the PTP 400 Series Bridge are the same as those required for an Integrated PTP 400 Series Bridge unit detailed in section 7.3 “Tools Required”. The tools required for mounting the antennas are specific to the antenna chosen.

  • Page 169: Antennas, Alignment Process, Dual Polar Antennas, Separate Antennas

    13.8.7 Alignment Process When aligning antennas deployed with a Connectorized version of the PTP 400 Series Bridge, it may not be possible to hear the alignment tone emanating from the ODU. In this case it may be necessary for a second installer to assist in the operation. Alternately it may be possible to extend the tube on the supplied stethoscope to give a longer reach.

  • Page 170: Completing The Installation, Antenna Cable Fixing

    Connectorized version of the PTP 400 Series Bridge unit and the Antennas and also to ensure that the cables do not flap in the wind. Flapping cables are prone to damage and induce unwanted vibrations in the...

  • Page 171: Antenna Connection Weatherproofing, Figure 89 - Forming A Drip Loop

    Figure 90 shows this diagrammatically for the Connectorized version of the PTP 400 Series bridge unit end of the antenna cables. If the antenna manufacturer has not supplied guidance on this matter the same technique should be employed at the antenna end of the cables.

  • Page 172: Additional Lightning Protection, Odu Mounted Outdoors, Figure 91 - Additional Grounding When Using Connectorized Units

    13.9 Additional Lightning Protection The following guidelines should be applied in addition to those described in Section 11 ”Lightning Protection”. 13.9.1 ODU Mounted Outdoors Where the ODU is mounted outdoors and is mounted some distance from the antenna it is advisable to add additional grounding by utilizing Andrew Assemblies (such as Andrew Type 223158 www.andrew.com) as shown in Figure 91.

  • Page 173: Odu Mounted Indoors, Figure 92 - Lightning Arrestor Mounting

    13.9.2 ODU Mounted Indoors Where the ODU is mounted indoors, lightning arrestors should be deployed where the antenna cables enter the building as shown in Figure 92. To Antenna Lightning Arrestors Mounted On grounding plate Equipment Cabin ODU Ground Bonding Figure 92 - Lightning Arrestor Mounting Equipment Rack...

  • Page 174: Figure 93 - Polyphaser Assembly

    The lighting arrestors should be ground bonded to the building ground at the point of entry. Motorola recommends Polyphaser LSXL-ME or LSXL lighting arrestors. These should be assembled as show in Figure 93. Outdoors Indoors Star Washer O-Ring N-Type Connector...

  • Page 175: Wireless Link Encryption, Configuring Link Encryption, License Keys

    U.S. Government organizations (and others) to protect sensitive information. Link Encryption is not available in the standard PTP 400 Series Bridge. A license key to enable link encryption can be purchased from your Motorola Point-to-Point Solutions Provider or Distributor.

  • Page 176: Figure 94 - Software License Key Data Entry

    Figure 94 - Software License Key Data Entry Motorola recommends the following process for entering new license keys and minimizing service outage. 1. Open two browsers, one for each end of the link 2. Navigate to the ‘License Key’ data entry page for each end of the link 3.

  • Page 177: Encryption Mode And Key, Figure 95 - Configuration Data Entry

    14.1.2 Encryption Mode and Key Entering the license keys only does not initialize AES link encryption. Link encryption can only be enabled via the Configuration or Installation Wizard pages. Motorola recommends that the Configuration page Figure 95 be used to configure AES link encryption.

  • Page 178: Wireless Link Encryption Faq, Encryption Data Entry Fields Are Not Available

    6. Reboot both ends of the link Figure 96. The software is designed to allow five seconds so that a user can command both ends of the link to reboot before the wireless link drops. Figure 96 - Configuration Reboot Screen 14.2 Wireless Link Encryption FAQ 14.2.1 Encryption data entry fields are not available Check that the correct license key has been inserted into the unit.

  • Page 179: Legal And Regulatory Notices, Important Note On Modifications

    Legal and Regulatory Notices 15.1 Important Note on Modifications Intentional or unintentional changes or modifications to the equipment must not be made unless under the express consent of the party responsible for compliance. modifications could void the user’s authority to operate the equipment and will void the manufacturer’s warranty.

  • Page 180: Table 22 - Us Fcc Ids And Industry Canada Certification Numbers

    This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the US FCC Rules and with RSS-210 of Industry Canada. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation.

  • Page 181: European Union Notification

    European R&TTE directive 1999/5/EC. The relevant Declaration of Conformity can be found at www.motorola.com European Union (EU) Waste of Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) directive The European Union's WEEE directive requires that products sold into EU countries must have the crossed out trash bin label on the product (or the package in some cases).

  • Page 182: Uk Notification, Exposure, Legal Notices, Software License Terms And Conditions

    THE SOFTWARE TO PLACE OF PURCHASE FOR A FULL REFUND. THE FOLLOWING AGREEMENT IS A LEGAL AGREEMENT BETWEEN YOU (EITHER AN INDIVIDUAL OR ENTITY), AND MOTOROLA, INC. (FOR ITSELF AND ITS LICENSORS). THE RIGHT TO USE THIS PRODUCT IS LICENSED ONLY ON THE CONDITION THAT YOU AGREE TO THE FOLLOWING TERMS.

  • Page 183

    Grant of License. Subject to the following terms and conditions, Motorola, Inc., grants to you a personal, revocable, non-assignable, non-transferable, non-exclusive and limited license to use on a single piece of equipment only one copy of the software contained on this disk (which may have been pre-loaded on the equipment)(Software).

  • Page 184

    Software or accompanying written materials, regardless of the basis of the claim and even if Motorola or a Motorola representative has been advised of the possibility of such damage. Motorola's liability to you for direct damages for any cause whatsoever, regardless of the basis of the form of the action, will be limited to the price paid for the Software that caused the damages.

  • Page 185

    Transfer. In the case of software designed to operate on Motorola equipment, you may not transfer the Software to another party except: (1) if you are an end-user, when you are transferring the Software together with the Motorola equipment on which it operates; or 2) if...

  • Page 186: Hardware Warranty In U.s, Limit Of Liability

    15.5.2 Hardware Warranty in U.S. Motorola U.S. offers a warranty covering a period of one year from the date of purchase by the customer. If a product is found defective during the warranty period, Motorola will repair or replace the product with the same or a similar model, which may be a reconditioned unit, without charge for parts or labor.

  • Page 187: Glossary

    Multiplexing IBM Compatible Personal Computer PIDU Power Indoor Unit Plus PING Packet Internet Groper Power over Ethernet Power Supply Unit Point-to-Point Quadrature Amplitude Modulation Random Access Memory Space Time Coding Shielded Twisted Pair Transmission Control Protocol Transmit Power Control Universal Resource Location...

  • Page 188

    Why has Motorola launched the PTP 400 Series Bridge? The PTP 400 Series Bridge is the first product in this band to feature Multiple-Input Multiple- Output (MIMO). The PTP 400 Series solutions allow wireless connections of up to 200km (124 miles) in near line-of-sight conditions and up to 10km (6 miles) in deep non-line-of-sight conditions.

  • Page 189

    What else is special about the PTP 400 Series Bridge? There are many special features built-in to the hardware of the PTP 400 Series Bridge. The product offers the highest system gain in its class through high sensitivity antennas for improved signal recovery.

  • Page 190

    How does the PTP 400 Series Bridge provide security for data traffic? The PTP 400 Series Bridge has a range of security features. At installation time each link must be programmed with the serial ID of its partner. The two ends of the link will only communicate with one another, eliminating any chance of "man in the middle"...

  • Page 191

    How will my investment be protected as new features are developed? Future enhancements can be downloaded to the unit, meaning advances in technology or changes in regulations can quickly be applied to the system without any further hardware investment. Why can’t I change the channel raster centre frequencies on a PTP 49400? The PTP 49400 provides full band coverage without moving the channel raster.

  • Page 192: Specifications, System Specifications, Wireless 4.9ghz Variant

    Specifications 18.1 System Specifications 18.1.1 Wireless 4.9GHz Variant Radio Technology RF Band Channel Selection Dynamic Frequency Control Channel size Tx power @ Antenna ports Transmit Power Control Manual Power Control Receiver Noise Figure Note: Power limits are subject to regulatory approval, currently pending. As specified by FCC Part 90.1215 and RSS211 Specification 4.940-4990 MHz...

  • Page 193

    The receive sensitivities and system gains for each mode are as follows: Mode RX Sensitivity BPSK 1/2 -96.4 dBm QPSK 1/2 -90.9 dBm QPSK 2/3 -89.8 dBm 16QAM 1/2 -86.1 dBm 16QAM 3/4 -83.2 dBm 64QAM 2/3 -78.8 dBm 64QAM 3/4 -76.9 dBm 64QAM 7/8 -73.7 dBm...

  • Page 194

    Antenna Antenna Type Antenna Gain Antenna Beamwidth Wireless PHY Max Path Loss Duplex Scheme Range Over-the-Air Encryption Weather Sensitivity Error Correction Integrated flat plate antenna 22 dBi typical 8 Degrees 163.8dB TDD, Symmetric (1:1) and Asymmetric (2:1) 124 miles (200km) optical Line-of-Sight 6 miles (10km) non-Line-of-Sight Proprietary scrambling mechanism.

  • Page 195: Wireless 5.4ghz Variant

    18.1.2 Wireless 5.4GHz Variant Radio Technology RF Band Channel Selection Dynamic Frequency Control Channel size Tx power @ Antenna ports Transmit Power Control Manual Power Control Receiver Noise Figure As specified by FCC Part 15.407 and ETSI EN 301893 Specification 5.470-5.725GHz By dynamic frequency control and manual intervention Automatic detection on start-up and continual adaptation to...

  • Page 196

    The receive sensitivities and system gains for each mode are as follows: Mode RX Sensitivity BPSK 1/2 -96.6 dBm QPSK 1/2 -92.8 dBm QPSK 2/3 -90.3 dBm 16QAM 1/2 -85.5 dBm 16QAM 3/4 -82.9 dBm 64QAM 2/3 -78.3 dBm 64QAM 3/4 -76.5 dBm 64QAM 7/8 -73.8 dBm...

  • Page 197

    Antenna Antenna Type Antenna Gain Antenna Beamwidth Wireless PHY Max Path Loss Duplex Scheme Range Over-the-Air Encryption Weather Sensitivity Error Correction Integrated flat plate antenna 23.5 dBi typical 8 Degrees 168 dB TDD, Symmetric (1:1) and Asymmetric (2:1) 124 miles (200km) optical Line-of-Sight 6 miles (10km) non-Line-of-Sight Proprietary scrambling mechanism.

  • Page 198: Wireless 5.8ghz Variant

    18.1.3 Wireless 5.8GHz Variant Radio Technology RF Band Channel Selection Dynamic Frequency Control Channel size Tx power @ Antenna ports Transmit Power Control Manual Power Control Receiver Noise Figure As specified by FCC Part 15.247 Specification 5.725-5.850GHz By dynamic frequency control and manual intervention Automatic detection on start-up and continual adaptation to avoid interference.

  • Page 199

    The receive sensitivities and system gains for each mode are as follows: Mode RX Sensitivity BPSK 1/2 -96.5 dBm QPSK 1/2 -93.0 dBm QPSK 2/3 -90.7 dBm 16QAM 1/2 -87.2 dBm 16QAM 3/4 -82.4 dBm 64QAM 2/3 -78.4 dBm 64QAM 3/4 -76.3 dBm 64QAM 7/8 -72.1 dBm...

  • Page 200

    Antenna Antenna Type Antenna Gain Antenna Beamwidth Wireless PHY Max Path Loss Duplex Scheme Range Over-the-Air Encryption Weather Sensitivity Error Correction Integrated flat plate antenna 23.5 dBi typical 8 Degrees 168dB TDD, Symmetric (1:1) and Asymmetric (2:1) 124 miles (200km) optical Line-of-Sight 6 miles (10km) non-Line-of-Sight Proprietary scrambling mechanism.

  • Page 201: Management

    Web server and browser for setup Audio tone feedback during installation Web server for confirmation Via web server and browser, SNMP The PTP 400 Series Bridge SNMP stack currently supports four distinct MIBs: MIB-II, RFC-1213, The PTP 400 Series Bridge supports the ‘System Group’ and ‘Interfaces Group’.

  • Page 202

    18.1.5 Ethernet Ethernet Bridging Protocol Interface Single Direction Data Rate 0 – 5 km Mode Data Rate Optimized Symmetric TDD (1:1) 0 – 5 km Mode Latency Optimized Symmetric TDD (1:1) 0 – 5 km Mode Data Rate Optimized Asymmetric TDD (2:1) Other Range Modes Data Rate Optimized Symmetric TDD (1:1)

  • Page 203: Physical, Powering

    Notes: 1. Data rates for the Lite version of the PTP 400 Series Bridge are 50% of the figures shown in the above table. 2. Data rates above are with ARQ disabled and AES disabled. 3. Practical Ethernet rates will depend on network configuration, higher layer protocols and platforms used.

  • Page 204: Safety Compliance, Emc Emissions Compliance, Ghz Variant

    18.2 Safety Compliance Region Specification UL 60950 Canada CSA C22.2 No.60950 International CB certified & certificate to IEC 60950 18.3 EMC Emissions Compliance 18.3.1 4.9 GHz Variant Region Specification FCC Part 2, FCC Part 15.207 and 15.209 Canada RSS-111 18.3.2 5.4 GHz Variant Region Specification Europe...

  • Page 205: Emc Immunity Compliance – Europe Only

    18.4 EMC Immunity Compliance – Europe Only Top-level Specification ETSI 301-489. Specification EN 55082-1 Generic EMC and EMI requirements for Europe EN 61000-4-2: 1995 Electro Static Discharge (ESD), Class 2, 8 kV air, 4 kV contact discharge EN 61000-4-3: 1995 ENV50140: 1993 (radiated immunity) 3 V/m EN 61000-4-4: 1995 (Bursts/Transients), Class 4, 4 kV level (power lines AC &...

  • Page 206: Radio Certifications, Ghz Variant

    18.5 Radio Certifications 18.5.1 4.9GHz Variant Region Canada 18.5.2 5.4GHz Variant Region 18.5.3 5.8GHz Variant Region Eire Specification (Type Approvals) FCC Part 90 RSS-211 Specification (Type Approvals) EN301 893 V1.2.3/V1.3.1 Specification (Type Approvals) FCC Part 15.247 VNS 2107 ComReg 03/42...

  • Page 207: Environmental Specifications

    18.6 Environmental Specifications Category Temperature Wind Loading Humidity Waterproof UV Exposure Specification ODU: -40°F(-40°C) to 140°F (+60°C) PIDU Plus: -40°F(-40°C) to 140°F (+60°C) 150mph Max (242kph) 100% Condensing IP65 (ODU), IP53 (PIDU Plus) 10 year operational life (UL746C test evidence)

  • Page 208

    MOTOROLA, the stylized M Logo and all other trademarks indicated as such herein are trademarks of Motorola, Inc. ® Reg. US Pat & Tm. Office. All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. © 2006...

Comments to this Manuals

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Latest comments:
  • Farid Ahmad Aminy Feb 20, 2016 11:48:
    Hello dear,
    how do we reset the Motorola PTP series brigade.
    a​nd what is the default user Name and Password of this device.