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Fluke NORMA 4000 Operators Manual

Power analyzer.
®
NORMA 4000/5000
Power Analyzer
Operators Manual
PN 2842188
June 2007 Rev.1, 6/10
© 2007, 2010 Fluke Corporation, All rights reserved. Specifications are subject to change without notice.
All product names are trademarks of their respective companies.

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   Summary of Contents for Fluke NORMA 4000

  • Page 1

    ® NORMA 4000/5000 Power Analyzer Operators Manual PN 2842188 June 2007 Rev.1, 6/10 © 2007, 2010 Fluke Corporation, All rights reserved. Specifications are subject to change without notice. All product names are trademarks of their respective companies.

  • Page 2

    Fluke authorized resellers shall extend this warranty on new and unused products to end-user customers only but have no authority to extend a greater or different warranty on behalf of Fluke. Warranty support is available only if product is purchased through a Fluke authorized sales outlet or Buyer has paid the applicable international price.

  • Page 3

    Der Erwerber hat nur dann das Recht, aus der Garantie abgeleitete Unterstützungsleistungen in Anspruch zu nehmen, wenn er das Produkt bei einer von Fluke autorisierten Vertriebsstelle gekauft oder den jeweils geltenden internationalen Preis gezahlt hat. Fluke behält sich das Recht vor, dem Erwerber Einfuhrgebühren für Ersatzteile in Rechnung zu stellen, wenn dieser das Produkt in einem anderen Land zur Reparatur...

  • Page 4

    à offrir une garantie plus étendue ou différente au nom de Fluke. Le support de garantie est offert uniquement si le produit a été acheté à un point de vente agréé par Fluke ou bien si l’acheteur a payé...

  • Page 5

    有限保证和责任限制 在正常使用和维护条件下,Fluke公司保证每一个产品都没有材料缺陷和制造工艺问题。保证期为从产品发货 之日起二年。部件、产品修理和服务的保证期限为 90 天。本项保证仅向授权零售商的原始买方或最终用户 提供,并且不适用于保险丝和一次性电池或者任何被 Fluke 公司认定由于误用、改变、疏忽、意外、非正 常操作和使用所造成的产品损坏。Fluke 公司保证软件能够在完全符合性能指标的条件下至少操作 90 天, 而且软件是正确地记录在无缺陷的媒体上。Fluke公司并不保证软件没有错误或无操作中断。 Fluke公司仅授权零售商为最终客户提供新产品或未使用过产品的保证。但并未授权他们代表 Fluke 公司提供 范围更广或内容不同的保证。只有通过 Fluke 授权的销售商购买的产品,或者买方已经按适 当的国际价格 付款的产品,才能享受 Fluke 的保证支持。在一个国家购买的产品被送往另一个国家维修时,Fluke 公司保 留向买方收取修理/更换零部件的进口费用的权利。 Fluke公司的保证责任是有限的,Fluke公司可以选择是否将依购买价退款、免费维修或更换在保证期内退回到 Fluke公司委托服务中心的有缺陷产品。 要求保修服务时,请与就近的 Fluke 授权服务中心联系,获得退还授权信息;然后将产品连同问题描述寄至 该服务中心,并预付邮资和保险费用(目的地离岸价格)。Fluke 对运送途中发生的损坏不承担责任。在保 修之后,产品将被寄回给买方并提前支付运输费(目的地交货)。如果 Fluke 认定产品故障是由于疏忽、 滥用、污染、修改、意外或不当操作或处理状况而产生,包含使用超出产品特的特定额定值而导致过电压故 障,或是由于机件日常使用耗损,则Fluke会估计修理费用,在实际修理之前先获得买方同意。在修理之后, 产品将被寄回给买方并预付运输费;买方将收到修理和返程运输费用(寄发地交货)的帐单。 本保证为买方唯一能获得的全部赔偿内容,并且取代所有其它明示或隐含的保证,包括但不限于适销性或适用 于特殊目的的任何隐含保证。FLUKE 不应对由于任何原因或推理所发生的任何特殊、间接、偶发或后续的...

  • Page 7: Table Of Contents

    Table of Contents Chapter Title Page About this Document ................1-1 Signs and Symbols..................... 1-3 Transport and Storage ..................1-3 Transport ....................... 1-3 Storage......................1-3 Recalibration...................... 1-3 Maintenance....................... 1-3 Decommissioning and Disposal................. 1-4 Shutting Down....................1-4 Recycling and Disposal ................. 1-4 Housing ......................

  • Page 8: Table Of Contents

    Norma 4000/5000 Operators Manual Terminals (Back) ....................3-3 Operating Controls and Display................. 3-4 Navigation and Measuring Keys ..............3-5 Navigation through Display ................3-6 Overview of Function Keys................3-6 Functions......................3-7 Startup ....................4-1 Taking Inventory....................4-3 Installation and Switching On................4-3 Installation .....................

  • Page 9: Table Of Contents

    Contents (continued) Configure GPIB Address................7-8 Configure Ethernet ..................7-8 Configure Average Time and Synchronization ..........7-9 Timing & Sync Setup ..................7-9 Set Average Time ..................7-10 Select Synchronization Source ..............7-11 Set Trigger Level................... 7-11 Select Slope Direction ................... 7-12 Select Low-Pass Filter ...................

  • Page 10: Table Of Contents

    Norma 4000/5000 Operators Manual Back to Common Numeric Screen............8-15 Change View Mode ................... 8-16 Numerical Display..................8-16 Vector Graphs....................8-16 View Vector Graphs.................. 8-16 Adjust Scale ....................8-17 Oscilloscope Curves ..................8-17 View Oscilloscope Display ............... 8-17 Adjust Scale of Axes................. 8-18 Adjust Zero ....................

  • Page 11: Table Of Contents

    Measured values per phase x (channel x – values are indexed x)...... 10-3 Total values (sum or average)................10-4 Frequency Analysis.................... 10-6 Technical Data ..................11-1 Technical Data Fluke NORMA 4000/5000 ............11-3 General Technical Data ................. 11-3 Reference Conditions ..................11-3 Ambient Conditions..................11-3 Standards .......................

  • Page 12

    Norma 4000/5000 Operators Manual...

  • Page 13

    List of Tables Table Title Page 1-1. Symbols........................1-3 3-1. Terminal Descriptions .................... 3-3 3-2. Display Descriptions ....................3-4 3-3. Status Symbols ....................... 3-5 3-4. Navigation Control Descriptions................3-5 3-5. Function Keys ......................3-6 7-1. Configuration Menus ..................... 7-3...

  • Page 14

    Norma 4000/5000 Operators Manual viii...

  • Page 15

    List of Figures Figure Title Page 2-1. Binding Post Connection..................2-4 3-1. Terminals........................ 3-3 3-2. Display ........................3-4 3-3. Navigation ......................3-5 5-1. Phase Measurement-Current Input and Mains ............5-5 5-2. Phase Measurement-Current Input and Load............5-5 5-3. Measurement with Shunt..................5-6 5-4.

  • Page 16

    Norma 4000/5000 Operators Manual...

  • Page 17: About This Document

    Chapter 1 About this Document Title Page Signs and Symbols....................1-3 Transport and Storage ....................1-3 Transport ......................1-3 Storage........................1-3 Recalibration......................1-3 Maintenance......................1-3 Decommissioning and Disposal................1-4 Shutting Down...................... 1-4 Recycling and Disposal ..................1-4 Housing ........................ 1-4 Electronic Components ..................

  • Page 18

    NORMA 4000/5000 Operators Manual...

  • Page 19: Signs And Symbols, Transport And Storage, Transport, Storage, Recalibration, Maintenance

    Conforms to requirements of European Union and European Free Trade Association (EFTA). Conforms to relevant North American Safety Standards. Conforms to relevant Australian Standards. Do not dispose of this product as unsorted municipal waste. Go to Fluke’s website for recycling information. Earth ground. Transport and Storage Transport Transport the device in its original packaging.

  • Page 20: Decommissioning And Disposal, Shutting Down, Recycling And Disposal, Housing, Electronic Components

    NORMA 4000/5000 Operators Manual Decommissioning and Disposal Shutting Down Ensure that all connected devices are switched off and disconnected from the power supply. Switch off the Power Analyzer. Disconnect the plug from the mains (power) socket. Remove all connected devices. Secure the unit against inadvertent switching on.

  • Page 21: General Safety Instructions

    Chapter 2 General Safety Instructions Title Page Introduction....................... 2-3 Protection Class ......................2-3 Qualified Personnel....................2-3 Safe Operation ......................2-3 Proper Use......................... 2-3 Warranty ........................2-3 Electrical Connections ....................2-4 Binding Post......................2-4 Risks During Operation .................... 2-5 Maintenance and Repairs..................2-5 Accessories .......................

  • Page 22

    NORMA 4000/5000 Operators Manual...

  • Page 23: Introduction, Protection Class, Qualified Personnel, Safe Operation, Proper Use, Warranty

    General Safety Instructions Introduction Introduction The design and manufacture of this device conform to the latest state of technology and the safety standards defined in IEC 61010-1/ 2nd edition. If used improperly, there is a risk of damage to persons and property. Protection Class The device is assigned to protection class I according to IEC 61010-1 and is equipped with a protective earth connector.

  • Page 24: Electrical Connections, Binding Post

    NORMA 4000/5000 Operators Manual Electrical Connections Ensure that the power and connecting cables used with the device are in proper working order. Ensure that the protective earth ground connector of the power lead is connected according to the instructions of the low-resistance unit earth ground cable. Ensure that the power and connecting cables as well as all accessories used in conjunction with the device are in proper working order and clean.

  • Page 25: Risks During Operation, Maintenance And Repairs, Accessories, Shutting Down, Safety Instructions On The Device Housing

    General Safety Instructions Risks During Operation Risks During Operation Ensure that the connected devices work properly. In the case of a direct connection to current circuits (without transformer or shunt), ensure that the circuit is protected to maximum 16 A. Shunts and conductors generate heat when in use and surfaces may burn the skin.

  • Page 26: Maintenance, Indoor Use

    NORMA 4000/5000 Operators Manual Maintenance No internal parts are user serviceable. Always use a qualified service center for service. Indoor Use The device may only be used indoors.

  • Page 27: Design And Functions

    Chapter 3 Design and Functions Title Page About this Chapter ....................3-3 Terminals (Back) ...................... 3-3 Operating Controls and Display................3-4 Navigation and Measuring Keys ................3-5 Navigation through Display ................. 3-6 Overview of Function Keys.................. 3-6 Functions........................3-7...

  • Page 28

    NORMA 4000/5000 Operators Manual...

  • Page 29: About This Chapter, Terminals (back)

    About this Chapter About this Chapter This chapter provides an overview of the terminals, ports and interfaces of the Fluke NORMA 4000/5000 Power Analyzer (referred to throughout as “the Power Analyzer”). It also includes a list of display and operating devices and a brief introduction to the basic functions of the unit.

  • Page 30: Operating Controls And Display

    NORMA 4000/5000 Operators Manual Operating Controls and Display The display, operating controls, and function keys are located at the front of the Power Analyzer. The display consists of a menu bar, a section in which the measured values and the channel settings are shown, and the assignment bar for the function keys. Figure 3-2 illustrates the location of the operating controls on the display and Table 3-2 is a list of control descriptions.

  • Page 31: Navigation And Measuring Keys

    Design and Functions Operating Controls and Display Table 3-3 is an explanation of the status symbols. Table 3-3. Status Symbols Status Description Memory record active Wait for Trigger start condition (memory) Measurement active (Run mode) Measurement stopped (Hold mode) ∫ Integration of selected values active Navigation and Measuring Keys Figure 3-3 illustrates the navigation and measuring keys on the Power Analyzer.

  • Page 32: Navigation Through Display, Overview Of Function Keys

    NORMA 4000/5000 Operators Manual Navigation through Display 1. Use the navigation keys (6) and (27) to navigate through the display and the menus. The active menu item, display, or entry field in which your cursor is located is backlit. 2. Press Esc (26) to cancel an entry without saving or to go to the next higher menu level.

  • Page 33: Functions

    Design and Functions Functions Functions The Power Analyzer allows for the analysis of currents from dc to several MHz. Voltage values up to 1000 V and currents up to 20 A (depending on measurement modules installed in the instrument) are measured accurately, and the respective real, reactive, and apparent power is calculated.

  • Page 34

    NORMA 4000/5000 Operators Manual...

  • Page 35: Startup

    Chapter 4 Startup Title Page Taking Inventory....................... 4-3 Installation and Switching On................... 4-3 Installation ......................4-3 Switching Device On.................... 4-3 Switching Device Off ................... 4-4...

  • Page 36

    NORMA 4000/5000 Operators Manual...

  • Page 37: Taking Inventory, Installation And Switching On, Installation, Switching Device On

    Startup Taking Inventory Taking Inventory Before you work with the analyzer, check the delivery to ensure that it is compete, using the following list and the delivery specifications: 1 Power Analyzer 1 Operators Manual 1 mains (power) cable 1 calibration certificate 1 built-in printer (if ordered) 1 to 6 voltage and current channel modules, according to the delivery specifications...

  • Page 38: Switching Device Off

    NORMA 4000/5000 Operators Manual esn008.gif Switching Device Off 1. Toggle the power switch in the back of the housing to O (off). 2. If the Analyzer is not to be used for a prolonged period of time, disconnect the plug from the mains (power) socket.

  • Page 39: Connection To Circuits

    Chapter 5 Connection to Circuits Title Page Before You Begin ..................... 5-3 Connecting Sequence....................5-3 Overview........................5-4 1-Phase Measurement ....................5-4 Direct Connection....................5-4 Measurement with Shunt..................5-6 Measurement with Voltage and Current Transducer..........5-7 Aron Circuit (2-Wattmeter Method, W2) ..............5-8 Direct Connection....................

  • Page 40

    NORMA 4000/5000 Operators Manual...

  • Page 41: Before You Begin, Connecting Sequence

    Connection to Circuits Before You Begin Before You Begin Carefully read and adhere to the following warning statements before you connect the Power Analyzer. XW Warning To avoid possible electric shock or personal injury: By connecting the Power Analyzer to active circuits, the terminals and certain parts inside the Power Analyzer are live.

  • Page 42: Overview, Phase Measurement, Direct Connection

    NORMA 4000/5000 Operators Manual Overview The Fluke NORMA 4000/5000 Power Analyzer offers the following options for connection: 1-phase measurement Aron circuit (W2) 3-phase measurement (W3) Note When connecting a 4-channel device for electrical efficiency analysis, the 3-phase power cables for this measurement should be connected to the measuring channels 1 to 3, so that the efficiency can be calculated and displayed directly on the Power Analyzer.

  • Page 43

    Connection to Circuits 1-Phase Measurement Load Max. 10m VOLTAGE VOLTAGE 1000 V max 1000 V max PROBE PROBE EXT.SHUNT EXT.SHUNT 10 V max 10 V max CURRENT CURRENT 10 A max 10 A max ALL INPUTS MAX 1000V CATII TO esn009.eps Figure 5-1.

  • Page 44: Measurement With Shunt

    Where the current to be measured exceeds the rating of the direct current connection, an external triaxial shunt should be used, see Figure 5-3. Fluke triaxial shunts are recommended as they provide high accuracy across the full frequency range. Standard linear shunts may produce excessive errors due to the possible presence of high frequency that components experience with electronic loads.

  • Page 45: Measurement With Voltage And Current Transducer

    Connection to Circuits 1-Phase Measurement Note Fluke recommends using MCS measuring leads for triaxial shunts and MCP leads for planar shunts. Triaxial shunts are equipped with guard connectors in the plugs and planar shunts are equipped with guard sockets. Measurement with Voltage and Current Transducer Figure 5-4 shows the connections for measurements with a voltage and current transducer.

  • Page 46: Aron Circuit (2-wattmeter Method, W2), Direct Connection

    NORMA 4000/5000 Operators Manual Aron Circuit (2-Wattmeter Method, W2) Direct Connection The Aron circuit is only available for 3-wire networks, see Figure 5-5. It is only required to measure two phases (currents I1 and I2 in the following connection diagrams), as I1+I2+I3 must be 0.

  • Page 47

    Connection to Circuits Aron Circuit (2-Wattmeter Method, W2) Load Max. 10 m VOLTAGE VOLTAGE 1000 V max 1000 V max PROBE PROBE EXT.SHUNT EXT.SHUNT 10 V max 10 V max CURRENT CURRENT 10 A max 10 A max ALL INPUTS MAX 1000V CATII TO esn012.eps Figure 5-5.

  • Page 48

    NORMA 4000/5000 Operators Manual Measurement with Shunt The connecting leads to the shunts should be as short as possible in order to prevent noise voltages (see Figure 5-6). XW Warning To avoid possible electric shock or personal injury: Do not touch sense terminals. The sense terminals at the shunts are powered with the same voltage as the power connections.

  • Page 49

    Connection to Circuits Aron Circuit (2-Wattmeter Method, W2) Measurement with Voltage and Current Transducer Figure 5-7 illustrates the connections for measuring the Aron circuit with a voltage and current transducer. W Caution To prevent damage to the transducer due to overload, check transducer rating.

  • Page 50

    NORMA 4000/5000 Operators Manual Load Max. 10 m VOLTAGE VOLTAGE 1000 V max 1000 V max PROBE PROBE EXT.SHUNT EXT.SHUNT 10 V max 10 V max CURRENT CURRENT 10 A max 10 A max ALL INPUTS MAX 1000V CATII TO esn014.eps Figure 5-7.

  • Page 51: Phase Measurement (w3), Direct Connection

    Connection to Circuits 3-Phase Measurement (W3) 3-Phase Measurement (W3) Direct Connection Figure 5-8 illustrates a direct connection for a 3-phase measurement. Ensure that there is no overload at the current input of the Power Analyzer. If there is a potential risk of overload at the current input, incorporate a shunt or transducer into the circuit.

  • Page 52

    NORMA 4000/5000 Operators Manual Measurement with Shunt Figure 5-9 illustrates the connections for a 3-phase measurement using a shunt. The connecting leads to the shunts should be as short as possible in order to prevent noise voltages. XW Warning To avoid possible electric shock or personal injury: Do not touch sense terminals.

  • Page 53

    Connection to Circuits 3-Phase Measurement (W3) Measurement with Voltage and Current Transducer Figure 5-10 illustrates the connections for a 3-phase measurement with a voltage and current transducer. In 4-wire power systems, the common (N) of the 3 voltage transducers is connected to the neutral line. In 3-wire power systems, the common (N) of the 3 voltage transducers is left open to create a star point.

  • Page 54

    NORMA 4000/5000 Operators Manual Load see Note Max. 10 m VOLTAGE VOLTAGE 1000 V max 1000 V max PROBE PROBE EXT.SHUNT EXT.SHUNT 10 V max 10 V max CURRENT CURRENT 10 A max 10 A max ALL INPUTS MAX 1000V CATII TO esn077.eps Figure 5-10.

  • Page 55: Measurement With Star Point Adapter

    Connection to Circuits 3-Phase Measurement (W3) Measurement with Star Point Adapter In systems with three voltage wires, the three wires should be connected to the HI terminal and the LO terminals should be connected together. However, in high frequency switching electronics systems such as drives, inverters, and UPS, this method has additional errors due to high frequency components being shunted to the ground connection.

  • Page 56

    NORMA 4000/5000 Operators Manual 5-18...

  • Page 57: Simple Measurement

    Chapter 6 Simple Measurement Title Page About this Chapter ....................6-3 Connection to Circuits ....................6-3 Configuration ......................6-3 Measuring ......................... 6-4...

  • Page 58

    NORMA 4000/5000 Operators Manual...

  • Page 59: Configuration, About This Chapter, Connection To Circuits

    Simple Measurement About this Chapter About this Chapter This chapter contains an introduction to the measuring procedures that can be carried out with the Power Analyzer, based on a sample measurement. The example used here is a measurement at the frequency converter with a fundamental below 100 Hz. Connection to Circuits Connect the outputs of the frequency converter to the current and voltage channels of the Power Analyzer (see the section “3-Phase Measurement (W3)”...

  • Page 60: Measuring

    NORMA 4000/5000 Operators Manual Measuring Press measuring key WAV three times. The rms values for power in channels 1 through 3 are displayed. esn018.tif The numbers in subscript for U or I (in the example, U or U ) indicate the respective channel.

  • Page 61

    Chapter 7 Configuration Title Page Set Up for Measuring....................7-3 Configuration ......................7-3 Five Steps........................7-4 Call up General Setup and System Information Screen..........7-4 General Setup ....................... 7-4 System Information Screen .................. 7-4 Load Configuration....................7-5 Load Configuration (Optional)................7-5 Modify Loaded Configurations ................

  • Page 62

    NORMA 4000/5000 Operators Manual Configure Auto-Range Selection................ 7-18 Configure Scale ....................7-18 Integration Function Configuration ................ 7-19 Integration Setup ....................7-19 Select Integration Value ..................7-21 Configure Status ....................7-21 Configure Start ....................7-22 Configure Stop....................7-23 Save Configuration ....................7-23 Delete Configuration....................

  • Page 63: Set Up For Measuring, Configuration

    Configuration Set Up for Measuring Set Up for Measuring Prior to measuring, you must configure the default settings, adjust channels, measuring ranges and times, and synchronize current and voltage sources. If you wish to reapply certain settings at a later stage, you must save the configuration. You have the option to save up to 15 user-defined configurations, which are automatically assigned the names 10:USER to 24:USER.

  • Page 64: Five Steps, Call Up General Setup And System Information Screen, General Setup, System Information Screen

    NORMA 4000/5000 Operators Manual Five Steps To set up a configuration, complete the following steps: Call up General Setup (optional) Configure current and voltage channels Configure average time and synchronization Configure data transfer to printer and PC Save configuration For instructions on how to configure the PI1 process interface, please refer to Chapter 9, "NORMA Analog Interface (Optional)."...

  • Page 65: Load Configuration, Load Configuration (optional), Modify Loaded Configurations, Configure Method

    Configuration Load Configuration Load Configuration Note If you have not set up and saved a new configuration before, you are currently working with one of the predefined configurations, 1:W3 (factory default) or 2:W2. Load Configuration (Optional) 1. Proceed as described in Chapter 7, "Configure Data Transfer to Printer and PC.” 2.

  • Page 66: Configure External Printer

    NORMA 4000/5000 Operators Manual In the General Setup menu, define the following settings: Line Function Printer Configure printer Syst IF Configure interface to PC RS232 Configure RS232 interface GPIB Configure IEEE488 device address Configure network (LAN) addresses The device can be equipped with an IEEE488 and Ethernet interface in addition to the serial RS232 interface.

  • Page 67: Configure Interface To Pc, Configure Rs 232

    Configuration Configure Data Transfer to Printer and PC Configure Interface to PC Settings Description RS232 Serial interface GPIB General Purpose Interface Bus: IEEE488 interface (optional) Ethernet (LAN) interface (optional) SCPI Standard set of commands D5255S Previous set of commands (emulation) D5255T Previous set of commands (emulation) D5255M...

  • Page 68: Configure Gpib Address, Configure Ethernet

    NORMA 4000/5000 Operators Manual Note If the cable connecting the two devices is extremely long, or if the PC is unable to handle data at the set rate, you might consider adjusting the RS232 settings for the Power Analyzer to those of the PC. To do this, proceed as follows: 1.

  • Page 69: Configure Average Time And Synchronization, Timing & Sync Setup

    Configuration Configure Average Time and Synchronization Note The default address is 0.0.0.0 (factory settings). Addresses can only be entered in conjunction with IP network addressing (for example, address 193.0.255.4). Note Network addresses are available from your network administrator. Configure Average Time and Synchronization This configuration concerns important parameters required for the synchronization of the measuring procedure.

  • Page 70: Set Average Time

    NORMA 4000/5000 Operators Manual In the Timing & Sync Setup menu, define the following settings: Column Settings Description Tavg[s] 15 ms... 3600 s Minimum average time (in seconds) U1 / I1 … U6 / I6 Synchronization source Fixed average time Level −150 % ...

  • Page 71: Select Synchronization Source, Set Trigger Level

    Configuration Configure Average Time and Synchronization The measuring time is entered in seconds. For exponential powers, use the following keys on the numerical keypad: Exponential Power micro [10–6] μ milli [10–3] kilo [103] mega [106] 1. Enter the exponential power and confirm with Enter. 2.

  • Page 72: Select Slope Direction, Select Low-pass Filter, Configure Signal Output

    NORMA 4000/5000 Operators Manual Value in column Level is highlighted. 1. Press Enter. 2. Enter the desired power and confirm by pressing Enter. The value is displayed in column Level. 3. Save the configuration settings by pressing the SAVE function key. Select Slope Direction The value entered here determines the zero crossing at which the measurement begins, that is, zero crossing with positive or with negative slope.

  • Page 73: Adjust Date And Time, Configure Current And Voltage Channels

    Configuration Adjust Date and Time Note The synchronization output is connected at the Sync-BNC plug on the backside of the unit. The output signal is a TTL pulse with 5 Volt. Note The BNC can be used either as input or output. As soon as the BNC plug is switched to input (EXT sync source or OFF selected), the sync output menu is automatically switched to OFF (disabled).

  • Page 74: Current Channel Setup

    NORMA 4000/5000 Operators Manual The configuration procedure consists of the following steps: Call up Current Channel Setup Configure input range Configure scale Configure coupling Configure anti-aliasing filter Call up Voltage Channel Setup Current Channel Setup Move the cursor to the status display of current channel I1 and press Enter. The Current Channel Setup menu is displayed.

  • Page 75: Configure Input Range, Automatic Range Adjustment (auto), Manual Range Adjustment (range), Configure Scale

    Configuration Configure Current and Voltage Channels Configure Input Range You have the option to select automatic range configuration for the connected current source (Auto). Alternatively, you can configure the range manually (Range). With automatic configuration, the Power Analyzer determines and selects the correct range for the connected current source.

  • Page 76: Configure Coupling

    NORMA 4000/5000 Operators Manual You can either: Enter the transducer ratio (U over I) at the external current meters and instruct the device to calculate the final scale factor. Or enter the scale factor at the current transducer so that the final scale factor can be calculated.

  • Page 77: Configure Filter, Voltage Channel Setup

    Configuration Configure Current and Voltage Channels Configure Filter The anti-aliasing filter is located in the measuring channel. It is a prerequisite for the correct analysis of Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) data. The default configuration is ON. The anti-aliasing filter has a cut-off frequency of 1/10 of the sampling frequency. At half the sampling frequency, no signal reaches the A/D converter.

  • Page 78: Switch Current Input To External Input (bnc), Switch Current Input, Configure Auto-range Selection, Configure Scale

    NORMA 4000/5000 Operators Manual Switch Current Input to External Input (BNC) If you want to use an external shunt or probe you have to change the current input from direct measurement to the BNC input. This has to be done in the Current Channel Setup menu.

  • Page 79: Integration Function Configuration, Integration Setup

    Configuration Integration Function Configuration Note The correct parameter settings are shown on the type plate of the shunt or probe. You can: Enter the transducer ratio (U over I) at the external current meters and instruct the device to calculate the final scale factor. Or, enter the scale factor at the current transducer so that the final scale factor can be calculated.

  • Page 80

    NORMA 4000/5000 Operators Manual esn027.gif 2. Press the softkey ∫. Integration symbol is displayed in the menu bar. 3. Move Cursor to ∫ display and press Enter. The Integration Setup menu is displayed. esn028.gif 7-20...

  • Page 81: Select Integration Value, Configure Status

    Configuration Integration Function Configuration In the Integration Setup menu, define the following settings: Line Function En/Start Enable integration function/ set start conditions Clr/Stop Configure data reset / set stop conditions Val 1..3 Select first three values Val 4..6 Select next three values Menu Integration Setup is displayed on the screen.

  • Page 82: Configure Start

    NORMA 4000/5000 Operators Manual Menu Integration Setup, second field column State is highlighted. 1. Press Enter, select AUTO and confirm with Enter. Clear values at start is now enabled. If you want to change it, select MAN and confirm with Enter. 2.

  • Page 83: Configure Stop, Save Configuration

    Configuration Save Configuration Configure Stop You can select different stop conditions: Column Settings Description Trig Remote Stop via Interface command time Stop at date and time Stop when key pressed (Key F2) ti-int Stop after time window -Date- Stop on date and time (only active at Trig time) after -time- Integrations time window in sec.

  • Page 84: Delete Configuration, Undersampling And Aliasing

    NORMA 4000/5000 Operators Manual Delete Configuration A configuration menu is displayed on the screen. 1. Press function key DELETE. A list showing all existing configurations is displayed. 2. Select a configuration (for example. 10:USER) and confirm with Enter. The configuration is now being deleted. 3.

  • Page 85: Measuring Process

    Chapter 8 Measuring Process Title Page Introduction....................... 8-3 Prior to Measuring ....................8-3 Measuring with Default Configuration..............8-3 Measuring with User-Defined Configuration............8-3 Measure Voltage, Current and Power............... 8-4 Measured Values for Individual Channels ............8-4 View the Values of One Channel..............8-4 View Detailed Values of One Channel ............

  • Page 86

    NORMA 4000/5000 Operators Manual Harmonic Order Mode ..................8-23 View Harmonics..................... 8-23 Harmonic Order Mode Related to Fundamental in % ........8-24 View Spectrum Relative to H01 ..............8-24 Integration Function/Electrical Work ..............8-25 Save and Print Measurements................. 8-28 Save Measurements .................... 8-28 Print Measurements ....................

  • Page 87: Prior To Measuring, Introduction, Measuring With Default Configuration, Measuring With User-defined Configuration

    Introduction Introduction The Fluke NORMA 4000/5000 Power Analyzer is designed for the measuring of currents and voltages for up to three different channels. The Power Analyzer calculates rms values, real, apparent and reactive power, and other derived values. The accuracy is not affected by the wave form, frequency, or phase shift.

  • Page 88: Measure Voltage, Current And Power, Measured Values For Individual Channels

    NORMA 4000/5000 Operators Manual Measure Voltage, Current and Power Measured Values for Individual Channels Note The description that follows is for a W3 configuration. The W2 configuration is basically the same with some differences. In W2, some values are invalid and are suppressed. The phase voltage does not exist and is replaced by the phase-to-phase voltage, reactive power, and apparent power and are available as totals only.

  • Page 89

    Measuring Process Measure Voltage, Current and Power esn031.gif Display Description Rectified mean value Mean value Crest factor Form factor Positive peak value Negative peak value 3. Press function key Detail again. Detailed current values are displayed. The equivalent parameters to those shown above for voltage are displayed.

  • Page 90

    NORMA 4000/5000 Operators Manual Display Description Power Corrected power Apparent impedance Angle between U2 and I2 5. Press function key Detail again. Detailed phase-to-phase voltages are displayed. esn033.gif 6. To return to the measured values for channel 2, press function key Detail again.

  • Page 91: View Totals Of All Measured Values, View Totals

    Measuring Process Measure Voltage, Current and Power View Totals of all Measured Values View Totals 1. Press measuring key Σ. The totals of the measured values of the first three channels are displayed (channel 1-3). Note In the W2 configuration, the total values are calculated from the results of channel 1 and channel 2 only.

  • Page 92: View Efficiency

    NORMA 4000/5000 Operators Manual View Efficiency Press measuring key Σ three times (or again, if continuing from previous view). The efficiency and the total active power are displayed. esn036.gif Note The efficiency screen and totals channels 4-6 screen only appear if there are 4 to 6 power phases equipped.

  • Page 93: Compare Measured Values

    Measuring Process Measure Voltage, Current and Power esn089.gif Compare Measured Values You have the option to compare the values measured at the different channels, that is, all voltages measured at all channels. Using the WAV function key, the comparative display switches from voltage to current and power, showing the respective values of all three channels.

  • Page 94

    NORMA 4000/5000 Operators Manual Display Description rms voltage at channels 1 to 3 1 rms 3 rms Phase-to-phase voltage at channels 1/2, 2/3 and 3/1 12 rms 31 rms 2. Press key WAV again. The measured current values I1 to I3 for the three channels are displayed. 3.

  • Page 95: View Fundamental Values, View Fundamental Value Details

    Measuring Process Measure Voltage, Current and Power View Fundamental Values For each measured value, the Power Analyzer calculates the fundamental by means of Fourier transformation (DFT). 1. Press measuring keys Σ or 1...n and WAV to call up the desired values, for example, power at channels 1 to 3.

  • Page 96

    NORMA 4000/5000 Operators Manual esn040.gif 3. Press function key Detail. Details of the voltage of the fundamental of channel 3 are shown. esn041.gif Display Description rms value of fundamental 2 H01 Total harmonic distortion (according to IEC) 2 thd Harmonic content (according to DIN) 2 hc Fundamental content 2 fc...

  • Page 97: User-defined Screen View, View User-defined Screen

    Measuring Process Measure Voltage, Current and Power esn042.gif Display Description P3 H01 Power of fundamental Z3 H01 Apparent impedance of fundamental 3 H01 Angle between U3 and I3 of fundamental 5. To return to the display of the fundamentals for channel 3, press function key Detail twice.

  • Page 98: Select Numeric Values

    NORMA 4000/5000 Operators Manual Note The first time you view the user-defined screen, it is empty, showing only dashes. In all other cases, the user-defined screen shows the last saved configuration or the recently selected values. Select Numeric Values esn029.eps You can select values out of list of more than 450 variables, depending with how many channels the unit has equipped.

  • Page 99: Change User-defined Display Size, Save User Defined Screen, Back To Common Numeric Screen

    Measuring Process Measure Voltage, Current and Power Note You can configure and display up to nine variables (values). To change the user defined display size, see the next section. Change User-Defined Display Size You can change the size of the numeric display in the user defined screen. You can select between three sizes: Size Description...

  • Page 100: Change View Mode, Numerical Display, Vector Graphs, View Vector Graphs

    NORMA 4000/5000 Operators Manual Change View Mode After having selected a channel and the relevant measured values, you have the option to change to different view modes where the parameters are shown in the form of numerical values, vector graphs or oscilloscope graphs. Numerical Display For details regarding the numerical display of measured values, refer to the section, “Measure Voltage, Current and Power,”...

  • Page 101: Adjust Scale, Oscilloscope Curves, View Oscilloscope Display

    Measuring Process Change View Mode Adjust Scale The scale of the vector in the vector diagram is adjustable. 1. To automatically optimize the scale of the graph, press function key Default. The scale is set to the measurement range. 2. To change the scale of the axes, press function key Scale U or Scale I. 3.

  • Page 102: Adjust Scale Of Axes, Adjust Zero, Recorder View

    NORMA 4000/5000 Operators Manual esn048.gif 4. To view a different measure parameter, press function key Detail again. 5. To return to an overview of all measured values for channel 1 in oscilloscope format, press function key Detail again. 6. To view a different channel or different measured values in oscilloscope graph form, press measuring keys Σ...

  • Page 103: Fast Fourier Analysis

    Measuring Process Fast Fourier Analysis amplitude variations. The actual graph depends on the configured range and average time (see the section, “General Setup,” in chapter 7). Prominent variations in the graph indicate errors in the measuring system. To view the recorder: 1.

  • Page 104: Fft Mode, Adjust Scale

    NORMA 4000/5000 Operators Manual esn050.gif The following function keys are available: Function Key Description lin/log Switch between linear and logarithmic Y axis mode View harmonics zoom Shift X axis tab/gra Switch between table and graphic display Detail Switch between U, I and P of one phase; switch between displays of 1 or 3 values Freq Select frequency range...

  • Page 105: View Details Of A Measured Value

    Measuring Process Fast Fourier Analysis esn051.gif 2. To change the scale of the axes, press function key zoom. To adjust the scale, use the cursor keys: Cursor Key Function Left or right Shift frequency axis Up or down Change frequency Enter Confirm settings Exit scale mode...

  • Page 106: Set Frequency Range, Change View Mode

    NORMA 4000/5000 Operators Manual The details of measured value I1 (current) are displayed. 3. Press function key Detail again. The details of measured value P1 (power) are displayed. 4. To return to the overview of measured values of the selected channel, press function key Detail again.

  • Page 107: Harmonic Order Mode, View Harmonics

    Measuring Process Fast Fourier Analysis esn054.gif Harmonic Order Mode View Harmonics 1. Press function key mode to call up a table showing the harmonics. esn055.gif The following table shows the integer harmonics (in this case, voltages of the individual harmonics on channel 1). Display Description Order 0...

  • Page 108: Harmonic Order Mode Related To Fundamental In %, View Spectrum Relative To H01

    NORMA 4000/5000 Operators Manual To scroll and page, use the cursor keys: Cursor Key Function Left or right Page through table (screen by screen) Up or down Scroll through table (line by line) Enter Confirm view and exit scale mode Exit scale mode 3.

  • Page 109: Integration Function/electrical Work

    Measuring Process Integration Function/Electrical Work esn057.gif 2. To change to the table view of the spectrum, press function key tab/gra. esn058.gif Integration Function/Electrical Work For the calculation of integrated values the values are measured over time. You can configure up to six independent values (Um, Im, S, P, or Q) for the calculation. 1.

  • Page 110

    NORMA 4000/5000 Operators Manual esn059.gif 2. Press function key ∫. The assignment bar shows the functions used for the calculation. esn060.gif Function Key Function ∫ Start Start measurement (integration) ∫ Stop Stop measurement (integration) ∫ Clear Reset measurement (integration) to zero ∫...

  • Page 111

    Measuring Process Integration Function/Electrical Work esn061.gif 5. Press function key ∫. The totals of the output power are shown. esn062.gif 6. To return to the overview of measured values for the selected channel, press function key ∫ again. 8-27...

  • Page 112: Save And Print Measurements, Save Measurements, Print Measurements

    NORMA 4000/5000 Operators Manual Save and Print Measurements Save Measurements You have the option to save the sampling values or measurements for later offline analyses, for example, FFT, average startup currents, or transient processes. Note Measuring key Storage works only in conjunction with NORMA View software.

  • Page 113: Norma Process Interface (optional)

    Chapter 9 NORMA Process Interface (Optional) Title Page Process Interface ....................... 9-3 Pin Assignment ......................9-3 Measured Values....................... 9-4 Torque ........................9-4 Rotational Speed....................9-4 Sense of Direction ....................9-4 Configuring the Process Interface................9-4 Call Up Motor/Generator Setup ................9-4 Select Motor ......................

  • Page 114

    NORMA 4000/5000 Operators Manual...

  • Page 115: Process Interface, Pin Assignment

    NORMA Process Interface (Optional) Process Interface Process Interface The Process Interface allows simultaneous analysis of the electrical and mechanical power of up to four motors (generators). The torque and rotational speed are measured via frequency inputs or as analog signals. Pin Assignment Figure 9-1 shows the Process Interface that is located on the rear panel of the Power Analyzer (see "Design and Functions"...

  • Page 116: Measured Values, Torque, Rotational Speed, Sense Of Direction, Configuring The Process Interface

    NORMA 4000/5000 Operators Manual Measured Values Torque The torque is measured by means of a force transducer or torque measuring shaft with a ±10 V dc output or a frequency output. Rotational Speed The speed is measured by means of an incremental encoder with TTl or AC output; alternatively, for example, an analog signal from a speedometer can be used.

  • Page 117: Select Motor

    NORMA Process Interface (Optional) Configuring the Process Interface 1. Move the cursor to menu item PI and press Enter. Menu Motor / Generator Setup is displayed, showing the settings for motor 1 (M1) as shown below. esn064.gif Adjust the settings as follows: Line Description Configure torque measurement (input, slope and zero) for each motor...

  • Page 118: Configure Torque Sensor, Configure Speed Sensor, Configure Motor Or Generator

    NORMA 4000/5000 Operators Manual Configure Torque Sensor The torque can be measured by means of force transducers or a torque-measuring shaft. The signal is transferred via a ±10 V AC output or a frequency output. In line M, (for example, motor 1: M1), adjust the following settings: Column Settings Description...

  • Page 119: Configure Other Motors, Configure Analog Output

    NORMA Process Interface (Optional) Configuring the Process Interface 1. Move the cursor to the field in line Drv1 and press Enter. A list of possible options is displayed. 2. Select a value and press Enter to confirm. The value is now shown in the display field. 3.

  • Page 120: Measuring With The Process Interface, View Measured Electric Values

    NORMA 4000/5000 Operators Manual Adjust the settings: Column Settings Description Fixed DC voltage, or selection from available average measured values U1, M1, P … Gain 1… Transducer ratio or fixed value (-10.3 V to +10.3 V) Unit V/A, V/V, V/Ohm, V/Hz that is 10 mV/V, for example, 10 mV at the output (depending if Ref is not corresponds to 1 V of the measured value...

  • Page 121: View Mechanical Values

    NORMA Process Interface (Optional) Measuring with the Process Interface esn066.gif Display Description rms voltage value 1 rms rms current value 1 rms Real power Apparent power Reactive power λ Power factor 2. Press measuring keys 1...n to view the values of the respective channels. 3.

  • Page 122: View Raw Values, View Torque – All Motors

    NORMA 4000/5000 Operators Manual Display Description Motor 1 torque Motor 1 speed Motor 1 mechanical power Motor 1 slip η Motor 1 efficiency Electrical reference power, depending on configuration View Raw Values Raw values are unscaled values measured in a channel. 1.

  • Page 123: View Speed – All Motors

    NORMA Process Interface (Optional) Measuring with the Process Interface esn069.gif 2. Press key WAV again. View Speed – All Motors The rotational speeds of motors 1 to 4 are shown in the screen that follows. esn070.gif 9-11...

  • Page 124: Process Interface - Technical Data, Eight Inputs (analog/digital), Input Configured As Analog Input

    NORMA 4000/5000 Operators Manual Process Interface - Technical Data Eight Inputs (Analog/Digital) Each differential input can be configured individually as an analog or a digital input. Input Configured as Analog Input Parameter Voltage Range ±10 V nominal (saturation region approx. +2 %) Maximum input voltage ±50 Vrms Maximum common mode voltage to ground...

  • Page 125: Measured Values Computation

    Chapter 10 Measured Values Computation Title Page Measured values per phase x (channel x – values are indexed x)......10-3 Total values (sum or average)................. 10-4 Frequency Analysis....................10-6 10-1...

  • Page 126

    NORMA 4000/5000 Operators Manual 10-2...

  • Page 127: Measured Values Per Phase X (channel X – Values Are Indexed X)

    Measured Values Computation Measured values per phase x (channel x – values are indexed x) Measured values per phase x (channel x – values are indexed x) For the majority of values, such as rms, power, calculated values as impedance, power factor, the corresponding ones of the fundamental “H01”...

  • Page 128: Total Values (sum Or Average)

    NORMA 4000/5000 Operators Manual ∫ Active Power Apparent power Reactive power (+…inductive, -…capacitive) Corrected power 1107 Power factor arccos Phase shift Impedance Serial components Parallel components Energy by the integration ∫ function for P (separately for positive and negative P) Notes Mean value of pure (AC) sine = 0.

  • Page 129

    Measured Values Computation Total values (sum or average) Average value of the ph-to-ph voltages (RMS, RM, M, RMC, H01) Average value of the phase currents (RMS, RM, M, H01) Totals (sum) of power values Active power Reactive power Apparent power Corrected power Impedance Serial components...

  • Page 130: Frequency Analysis

    NORMA 4000/5000 Operators Manual Frequency Analysis ∫ Amplitude of cosine wave Amplitude of sine wave The coherence with f(p) results in: amplitude spectrum: phase angular: tan 10-6...

  • Page 131: Technical Data

    Chapter 11 Technical Data Title Page Technical Data Fluke NORMA 4000/5000 ............11-3 General Technical Data ..................11-3 Reference Conditions ..................11-3 Ambient Conditions.................... 11-3 Standards ......................11-3 Interfaces ......................11-4 Data Memory...................... 11-4 Configuration Memory ..................11-4 Channel Specifications ..................11-4 Voltage ......................

  • Page 132

    NORMA 4000/5000 Operators Manual 11-2...

  • Page 133: Technical Data Fluke Norma 4000/5000, General Technical Data, Reference Conditions, Ambient Conditions, Standards

    Technical Data Technical Data Fluke NORMA 4000/5000 Technical Data Fluke NORMA 4000/5000 General Technical Data NORMA 4000 NORMA 5000 Compact system With 1 to 3 phases up to 6 phases Continuous averages Interface Commands SCPI Vers.1999.0; legacy emulation of D5255 selectable...

  • Page 134: Interfaces, Data Memory, Configuration Memory, Channel Specifications, Voltage, Current

    NORMA 4000/5000 Operators Manual Interfaces RS232 RS232 interface for firmware upload and data exchange with PC; the device can be connected to a printer through an external adapter GPIB IEEE 488.2 / 1 MBit/s IFC 1 Option Ethernet / 10 MBits/s or 100 MBits/s Data Memory Measured data memory approximately 4 MB...

  • Page 135: Frequency And Synchronization, Intrinsic Uncertainty (reference Conditions)

    Technical Data Technical Data Fluke NORMA 4000/5000 Frequency and Synchronization Range 0.2 Hz to Sample rate (102 kHz / 341 kHz / 1 MHz) Measurement error ±0.01 % rdg Channel selection all channels U/I, or external input Low-pass filter optionally integratable, with 3 different limit frequencies...

  • Page 136

    NORMA 4000/5000 Operators Manual Figure 11-1 shows the percentage reading linearity error (for voltage and current) versus reading/range in %. PP 42 PP 5x PP 64 Figure 11-1. Linearity of U & I in % vs. rdg/rng in % (50/60 Hz) PP 42 PP 5x PP 64...

  • Page 137: Block Diagrams, Overview

    Technical Data Block Diagrams Block Diagrams Overview Option: RAM Graphic Display Data Interface Settings Keyboard Data Processor Settings Option: Data I/O-Interface Logic Settings Flash-ROM esn073.eps 11-7...

  • Page 138: Voltage Channels, Current Channels

    NORMA 4000/5000 Operators Manual Voltage Channels Anti-Aliasing Sample/Hold Analog-Digital Galvanic Converter separation Filter 0,3 V 10 V Delta U 30 V 100 V 300 V 1000 V Settings Settings U Filter Trigger level Slope esn074.eps Current Channels Analog-Digital Galvanic Anti-Aliasing Sample/Hold Converter separation...

  • Page 139: Service And Accessories

    Chapter 12 Service and Accessories Title Page Instrument ....................... 12-3 Analyzer ......................12-3 Optional Equipment.................... 12-3 Standard Equipment ................... 12-3 Accessories ......................12-11 Accessories ....................... 12-11 Software......................12-11 Service ........................12-12 General ......................12-12 12-1...

  • Page 140

    NORMA 4000/5000 Operators Manual 12-2...

  • Page 141: Instrument, Analyzer, Optional Equipment, Standard Equipment

    IEEE 488 and Ethernet Interfaces NORMA Process IF 8 analog/pulse inputs, 4 analog outputs NORMA 5000 Printer Thermal printer for Fluke NORMA 5000 NORMA Printer Paper Printer paper for NORMA 5000 Standard Equipment A USB to Serial (RS 232) converter is supplied with the Power Analyzer. To install the driver: 1.

  • Page 142

    NORMA 4000/5000 Operators Manual esn080.gif 2. Check “No, not this time.” 3. Press Next. 4. Insert the USB-to-serial-converter hardware CD. 5. Select “Install the software automatically.” 6. Press Next. 12-4...

  • Page 143

    Service and Accessories Instrument esn081.gif Windows will locate and copy the appropriate driver from the CD to your system and confirm the installation. 12-5...

  • Page 144

    Operators Manual esn082.gif Note The current implementation of Fluke NORMA View software is not capable of configuring the serial adapter settings (baud rate, stop bits, …) directly. This must be done manually with a Windows configuration before starting NORMA View.

  • Page 145

    Service and Accessories Instrument esn083.gif 12-7...

  • Page 146

    NORMA 4000/5000 Operators Manual esn084.gif 12-8...

  • Page 147

    Service and Accessories Instrument esn085.gif 12-9...

  • Page 148

    NORMA 4000/5000 Operators Manual esn086.gif 7. Match the settings in Windows to the configuration of your Power Analyzer. This information is in the General Setup screen. 12-10...

  • Page 149: Accessories, Accessories, Software

    Service and Accessories Accessories esn087.gif Accessories Accessories Fluke Model No. Description/Technical Specifications NORMA Measurement Cable Set Measuring lead set for power phase, cable length 1.5 m NORMA Shunt 32A 32 A Shunt with Cables (10 mΩ, 0 to 1 MHz) NORMA Shunt 100A 100 A Shunt with Cables (0.2 mΩ, 0 to 1 MHz)

  • Page 150: Service, General

    NORMA 4000/5000 Operators Manual Service General The Power Analyzer may only be serviced by specialized service workshops authorized by Fluke. Check www.fluke.com for Service Center information. 12-12...

This manual also for:

Norma 5000

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