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M O D E L C G - 5 9 0
C O M M E R C I A L G R A D E
S E W I N G M A C H I N E
W O R K B O O K

Summary of Contents

  • Page 1

    M O D E L C G - 5 9 0 C O M M E R C I A L G R A D E S E W I N G M A C H I N E W O R K B O O K...

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    Enjoy! ® The SINGER Education Department ® SINGER is a registered trademark of the Singer Company Ltd. © 2004 Singer Sewing Company All Rights Reserved. Part # 640 5052550GM...

  • Page 3: Table Of Contents

    Straight Stitch Straight Stitch for Topstitching Create Quilted Fabric Speed Basting Making Piping Attaching Purchased Piping Centered Zippers Satin Stitch Applique Lace Insertion Button Sewing Four-Step Buttonholes Free-Motion Monogramming Free-Motion Embroidery Blindstitch Hem Attaching Beaded Trims Mending with Multi-Stitch Zigzag Crazy Quilting Straight Stretch Stitch for Woven Fabrics Straight Stretch Stitch for Stretch Fabrics...

  • Page 4: Table Of Contents

    Decorative Stitching Joining Fabric with Herringbone Stitch Decorative Stippling Scallop Edges Narrow Hem Gathering with the Cording Foot Applying Trims, Cords & Braids Shirring with the Gathering Foot Using the Even Feed Foot to Sew Multiple Fabric Layers Using the Even Feed Foot to Sew Plaid Fabrics Using the Even Feed Foot to Sew Pile Fabrics Sewing with the Side Cutter Sewing with the Ruffler...

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    Sewing pins won’t damage the steel surface of the machine free arm. This feature is particularly beneficial for quilting. Duratec™ Frame A SINGER® Exclusive. This provides rigid support and helps prevent rusting. Double Insulated Double insulation protects against electric shock by creating a non-conducting barrier between the operator and the electrical components inside.

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    Touch-N-Wind™ Declutch Needle bar easily disengages for winding the bobbin. Bobbin Winder Automatic Built-In Four Buttonhole sewing is a 4-step simple process that Step Buttonhole provides reliable results. Balance Adjustment Dial Guarantees control for even stitching of buttonholes and stretch stitches, even on difficult fabrics. Infinitely Variable Stitch Settings for length and width can be adjusted as Length and Width...

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    Machine has a built-in carry handle, making it easy to transport the machine. Cabinet Mountable Machine can be mounted into a cabinet. ® SINGER is a registered trademark of the Singer Company Ltd. © 2004 Singer Sewing Company. All Rights Reserved.

  • Page 8: Straight Stitch

    Straight Stitching The Straight Stitch is generally used to join seams or do topstitching. It is the most basic of the stitches and is the most commonly used. For a longer stitch or for thicker fabrics, lengthen the Stitch Length. Machine Set-Up: Stitch: Straight Stitch...

  • Page 9: Straight Stitch For Topstitching

    Straight Stitch for Topstitching The Straight Stitch can be sewn “on top” of the fabric so that the stitches are visible. This is different from using the straight stitch to join a seam hidden inside the project. A topstitch provides a decorative touch while holding the seam allowances flat.

  • Page 10: Create Quilted Fabric

    Create Quilted Fabric Create your own quilted fabric with the Straight Stitch. Texture can be added to plain fabric by just adding consecutive rows of straight stitches! Machine Set-Up: Stitch: Straight Stitch Pattern Selector: Stitch Width: 1, no width Stitch Length: Presser Foot: General Purpose Foot Needle Position:...

  • Page 11: Speed Basting

    Speed Basting Basting is used to temporarily hold fabrics together. Stitch length and tension are adjusted to create a looser stitch. This stitch can easily be removed with a seam ripper or simply pulled out. Machine Set-Up: Stitch: Straight Stitch Pattern Selector: Stitch Width: 1, no width...

  • Page 12: Making Piping

    Making Piping Piping adds a beautiful finish to projects such as pillows, sleeve edges, collars and more. The design of the Zipper Foot allows for the needle to stitch very closely to the edge of the foot. This is important when inserting zippers, applying piping or when topstitching close to the fabric’s edge.

  • Page 13: Attaching Purchased Piping

    Attaching Purchased Piping Attach pre-packaged piping to make a bold finish on home decorating projects, crafts or garments. Machine Set-up: Stitch: Straight Stitch Pattern Selector: Stitch Width: 1, no width Stitch Length: Presser Foot: Zipper Foot Needle Position: Center Materials: (2) 3”...

  • Page 14: Centered Zippers

    Centered Zippers There are several ways of inserting zippers. The pattern envelope of the project or garment will designate the best type of zipper application, as well as the length and type of zipper to use. Most applications require a zipper foot. Machine Set-Up: Stitch: Straight Stitch...

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    Press the seam open. Finish raw edges if necessary. Apply glue stick lightly on the right side of the zipper. Place the zipper face-down, so that the zipper’s coils or teeth are directly over the machine-basted seam. Pin in place, if necessary. Spread fabric flat, right side up and place ½”...

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    Satin Stitch Appliqué Satin Stitching is a series of closely spaced zig-zag stitches. Satin Stitching can be used for monograms, embroidery and appliqué work to produce a smooth satin-like appearance. Try a rayon thread for a smoother looking finish. Machine Set-Up: Stitch: Zigzag Stitch Pattern Selector:...

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    Sewing around the applique again, covering the previous stitching. Sewing over an applique twice is not always necessary, however, it does give a beautiful full-covered effect.

  • Page 18: Lace Insertion

    Lace Insertion Insert lace into a special occasion garment or a home decorating project to create a beautiful heirloom keepsake. Machine Set-Up: Stitch: Zigzag Stitch Pattern Selector: Stitch Width: Stitch Length: Presser Foot: Special Purpose Foot (J) Needle Position: Center Materials: 5”...

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    Carefully cut under the lace down the center. Back side of fabric Lace Turn these raw edges back away from the lace, then finger press. Finish fabric’s edges by sewing a small zigzag through all layers, being careful not to catch too much lace. Turn fabric over and trim excess fabric seam allowances away.

  • Page 20: Button Sewing

    Fold fabric in half and place under presser foot. Position the button on the fabric so that the holes in the button are between the toes of the foot. *The Button Sewing Foot is optional. Check with your SINGER® Retailer.

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    Lower the presser foot to hold the button in place. Turn the hand wheel forward, adjust so that the needle goes into the right or left hole. Adjust the stitch width dial to fine tune the swing of the needle into the opposite hole.

  • Page 22: Four-step Buttonholes

    Four-Step Buttonholes The built-in buttonhole is divided into four different steps. This simple process provides reliable results for buttonholes on garments, home decorating projects and crafts. Machine Set-Up: Stitch: Step One of the 4-step buttonhole Pattern Selector: Stitch Width: Changes automatically Stitch Length: Step #1 of Buttonhole Dial Presser Foot:...

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    Turn Pattern Selection knob to Step One of the Four-Step buttonhole. Sew, and the machine will stitch the right side of the buttonhole. Stop sewing when the needle reaches the fabric mark which indicates the bottom of the buttonhole. Turn Pattern Selection knob to Step Two of the Four-Step buttonhole. Sew 5 to 6 stitches, bartacking the bottom of the buttonhole.

  • Page 24: Free-motion Monogramming

    Free-Motion Monogramming Monogramming adds a personal and professional touch to garments, home decorating items and craft projects. When monogramming, the feed dogs are covered, allowing for free-motion sewing. Machine Set-Up: Stitch: Zigzag Stitch Pattern Selector: Stitch Width: Stitch Length: Feet Dogs: Lowered Presser Foot: Embroidery/Darning Foot*...

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    Maintain a consistent sewing speed and move the fabric slowly. Coordinate sewing speed and movement of hoop. Note: When the feed dogs are covered, the fabric will not automatically feed. Feeding of the fabric is controlled manually. *The Embroidery/Darning Foot is optional. Check with your SINGER® retailer.

  • Page 26: Free-motion Embroidery

    Free-Motion Embroidery Free-motion embroidery is an elegant embellishment. The embroidery can be extremely detailed, such as the embroidery on a bridal gown. It also can be as simple as a row of flowers on kitchen linens. Machine Set-Up: Stitch: Zigzag Stitch Pattern Selector: Stitch Width: 2 or smaller...

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    Maintain a consistent speed and move the fabric slowly. Coordinate sewing speed and movement of hoop. Note: When the feed dogs are lowered, the fabric will not automatically feed. Feeding of fabric is controlled manually. *The Embroidery/Darning Foot is optional. Check the with your SINGER® retailer.

  • Page 28: Blindstitch Hem

    Blindstitch Hem A Blindstitch Hem is a fast way to finish hems securely on skirts or pants. It also makes a great choice when hemming large projects such as curtains or bed skirts. Use matching thread to help the stitches blend into the fabric, hence becoming “blind”...

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    Fold under 1” and baste in place. Position fabric with wrong side facing up, and turn the hem back to the right side, creating a soft fold at the top edge of the hem. The bulk of the fabric is to the left of the foot. Begin stitching, making sure the forward stitches fall near the ”...

  • Page 30: Attaching Beaded Trims

    Attaching Beaded Trims Adding a trim is an easy way to enhance almost any project! The look of a denim jacket can be changed with a row of trim around the bottom edge. A pair of capri pants can be dressed up by sewing a beaded trim around each pant hem.

  • Page 31: Mending With Multi-stitch Zigzag

    Mending with Multi-Stitch Zigzag The Multi-Stitch is a three-step zigzag stitch. It is stronger than a traditional zigzag stitch and is used for mending, reinforcing a seam, darning, applying elastic and many other techniques. It is ideal when mending tears. Machine Set-Up: Stitch: Multi-Stitch Zigzag...

  • Page 32: Crazy Quilting

    Crazy Quilting Crazy Quilting is done by stitching scraps of velvets, silks, cottons, satins and other fine fabrics onto a foundation fabric. The fabrics are various shapes. The fabric edges are then embellished with decorative stitches, often done with decorative threads. This technique is popular and can be used in wearable art, home decorator projects and more.

  • Page 33: Straight Stretch Stitch For Woven Fabrics

    Straight Stretch Stitch for Woven Fabrics This stitch is wonderful for built-in strength! It is ideal when sewing heavy- weight fabrics or when it is desired to have a bolder-looking straight stitch. Try it as a topstitch on jeans, a home decorating project, or when an extra-strong seam is needed, such as in children’s clothing.

  • Page 34: Straight Stretch Stitch For Stretch Fabrics

    Straight Stretch Stitch for Stretch Fabrics In the 1970’s, fabrics that had stretch were introduced. Previously, only woven- type fabrics were available for home sewers. When a standard straight stitch is sewn on stretch fabric, it will “pop” or break when the fabric is stretched. Special stitches were created to allow “no-pop”...

  • Page 35: Ribbing Application

    Line up fabric edges with guide on foot and stitch the length of the seam. Stretch ribbing slightly to fit the cut edges of the knit. When finished, lift foot and pull threads and fabric straight back behind foot and trim. *The Overedge Foot is optional. Check with your SINGER® Retailer.

  • Page 36: Overedge Stitching

    Right sides together, place the fabric under the foot. Align the fabric’s edges with the foot’s edge. Sew, joining two pieces of fabric and finishing the edges in one operation. *The Overedge Foot is optional. Check with your SINGER® Retailer.

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    Change to the Standard Foot and set machine for a straight stitch. With right sides together, join the two pieces of fabric with a ⅝” seam allowance. Open seam flat and press. *The Overedge Foot is optional. Check with your SINGER® Retailer.

  • Page 38: Attaching Elastic

    Attaching Elastic Elastic can be applied directly to the fabric, such as when making lingerie. If the elastic is ⅜” wide or less, the elastic can be placed into the General Purpose Foot’s opening, making it easier to evenly stretch the elastic while sewing.

  • Page 39: Sewing With A Wing Needle

    Note: An alternative method is to trace a design onto fabric using chalk, water-soluble or air soluble marker. (Use stencils, templates or create a design.) Stitch along the drawn lines of the design. Wing Needle is an optional accessory. Check with your SINGER® Retailer.

  • Page 40: Twin Needle Sewing

    Note: When sewing with a stitch that has width (such as a zigzag or decorative stitch) and the twin needle, always test that the needle does not hit the foot, by turning the hand wheel manually. Twin needle is an optional accessory. Check with your SINGER® Retailer.

  • Page 41: Applying Ribbon With A Twin Needle

    Slowly sew a row of stitching on the right side of the fabric. Maintain a slow consistent speed to ensure accurate stitching. *Twin Needle is an optional accessory. Check with your SINGER® Retailer.

  • Page 42: Sewing On Leather

    Finger press a 1” hem in the leather. Sew, using the seam guides to ensure straight stitching. NOTE: The optional Roller Foot or Even Feed Foot feeds the leather, vinyl or suede through the machine more easily. The Leather needle is optional. Check with you SINGER® Retailer.

  • Page 43: Decorative Stitching

    Decorative Stitching Your sewing projects can have diversity, originality and creativity by adding one or more of the available decorative stitches. By embellishing a project with decorative stitches you can create an original work of art. Machine Set-Up: Stitch: Domino Stitch Pattern Selector: Stitch Width: Stitch Length:...

  • Page 44

    Joining Fabric with the Herringbone Stitch Your sewing projects can have diversity, originality and creativity by adding one or more of the available decorative stitches. By embellishing a project with decorative stitches you can create an original work of art. The Herringbone Stitch is often used to join pieces of fabric and decorative top-stitching.

  • Page 45: Decorative Stippling

    Decorative Stippling The Double Action Stitch simulates free-motion stippling. It is a creative way to decorate craft projects, home decorating projects or wearable art. Try stitching fabric prior to appliqué to create texture to the appliqué fabric. Machine Set-Up: Stitch: Double Action Stitch Pattern Selector: Stitch Width:...

  • Page 46

    Scalloped Edge The delicate scallop stitch creates a beautiful , graceful edging for dresses, blouses, lingerie and children’s clothes. It also makes an distinctive decorative edge finish to home linens. Machine Set-Up: Stitch: Scallop Stitch Pattern Selector: Stitch Width: Stitch Length: 1 or below Presser Foot: Special Purpose Foot (J)

  • Page 47: Narrow Hem

    Guide the fabric into the scroll of the foot. Lower foot and continue to sew, holding the thread tails firmly. Hold fabric taut and slightly up to help the fabric to “roll” into the scroll. *The Rolled/Narrow Foot is optional. Check with your SINGER® Retailer.

  • Page 48: Gathering With The Cording Foot

    After stitching is finished, pull the cord which will draw up or gather the fabric. Adjust the gathers evenly by sliding the fabric along the cord. Sew a straight stitch to secure the gathers into place. *The Cording Foot is optional. Check with your SINGER® Retailer.

  • Page 49

    Secure the three cords at the back of the foot by tying a knot. Place the fabric under the foot and sew. The foot will hold all the cords in place as they are sewn into the fabric. *The Cording Foot is optional. Check with your SINGER® Retailer.

  • Page 50: Shirring With The Gathering Foot

    Presser Foot: Gathering Foot* Needle Position: Center Materials: Lightweight fabric, such as batiste Procedure: Pull one to two threads on the fabric’s crosswise grain, to create a guide for straight stitching. *The Gathering Foot is optional. Check with your SINGER® Retailer.

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    Turn the handwheel to ensure the needle is correctly positioned. It should line up with the Gathering Foot’s needle opening. Sew a row on top of the “pulled” line. Use the foot's edge as a guide to sew the next row of stitching. Rows will be ¼”...

  • Page 52: Using The Even Feed Foot To Sew Multiple Fabric Layers

    Needle Position: Center Materials: (2) 5” x 5” pieces of cotton with batting between the two pieces Procedure: Sew from one edge to the other. Top Fabric Batting Bottom Fabric The Even Feed Foot is optional. Check with your SINGER® Retailer.

  • Page 53: Using The Even Feed Foot To Sew Plaid Fabrics

    (2) 5” x 5” pieces of plaid or striped fabric Procedure: Match plaids, right sides together Sew the two pieces together using the built-in seam guide on the machine to maintain a consistent seam allowance. *The Even Feed Foot is optional. Check with your SINGER® Retailer.

  • Page 54: Using The Even Feed Foot To Sew Pile Fabrics

    (2) 5” x 5” pieces of fake-fur Procedure: Sew the two pieces together using the built-in seam guide on the machine to maintain a consistent seam allowance. Push the fur into the seam. *The Even Feed Foot is optional. Check with your SINGER® Retailer.

  • Page 55: Sewing With The Side Cutter

    OVER the first platform. View: Looking down at cutter Turn the hand-wheel to ensure the the needle does not hit the stitch finger. The stitch width may need to be adjusted. *The Side Cutter is optional. Check with your SINGER® Retailer.

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    Slowly sew and gently guide the fabric. Adjust the stitch length according to fabric. Certain fabrics will cut better or more cleanly than others. This is due to the nature of the fabric. The cutter works best if not more than 1” is being trimmed away.

  • Page 57: Sewing With The Ruffler

    3” x 10” piece of lightweight cotton 3” x 5” piece of lightweight cotton Procedure: Set the Ruffler for the desired amount of “ruffles”. Set the Ruffler for the desired depth of the ruffles. *The Ruffler is optional. Check with your SINGER® Retailer.

  • Page 58

    Place the fabric under the Ruffler. Place fabric in the guide plate. Remember to lower the presser foot lever. Lightly push the cloth feed plate towards the back of the machine. Place the longer piece of fabric under the foot and beneath the shorter piece of fabric.

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