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Prestige 650R-31/33
ADSL Router
User's Guide
Version 3.40
October 2002

Summary of Contents

  • Page 1

    Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router User's Guide Version 3.40 October 2002...

  • Page 2

    Trademarks ZyNOS (ZyXEL Network Operating System) is a registered trademark of ZyXEL Communications, Inc. Other trademarks mentioned in this publication are used for identification purposes only and may be properties of their respective owners.

  • Page 3

    Notice 1 Changes or modifications not expressly approved by the party responsible for compliance could void the user's authority to operate the equipment. Certifications Refer to the product page at www.zyxel.com. FCC Statement (FCC) Interference Statement Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router...

  • Page 4

    Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router ZyXEL Limited Warranty ZyXEL warrants to the original end user (purchaser) that this product is free from any defects in materials or workmanship for a period of up to two years from the date of purchase. During the warranty period, and...

  • Page 5

    SUPPORT/SALES LOCATION WORLDWIDE support@zyxel.com.tw sales@zyxel.com.tw NORTH support@zyxel.com AMERICA sales@zyxel.com SCANDINAVIA support@zyxel.dk sales@zyxel.dk GERMANY support@zyxel.de sales@zyxel.de Customer Support Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router Customer Support TELEPHONE/FAX WEB SITE/ FTP SITE +886-3-578-3942 www.zyxel.com www.europe.zyxel.com +886-3-578-2439 ftp.europe.zyxel.com +1-714-632-0882 www.zyxel.com 800-255-4101 +1-714-632-0858 ftp.zyxel.com +45-3955-0700 www.zyxel.dk +45-3955-0707 ftp.zyxel.dk...

  • Page 7: Table Of Contents

    Procedure To Use The Reset Button ... 2-9 2.8.3 Prestige SMT Menu Overview... 2-10 Navigating the SMT Interface... 2-11 2.9.1 System Management Terminal Interface Summary ... 2-12 2.10 Changing the System Password ... 2-13 Table of Contents Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router Table of Contents...

  • Page 8: Table Of Contents

    2.11 General Setup...2-13 2.11.1 Procedure To Configure Menu 1...2-14 2.12 LAN Setup ...2-14 2.12.1 LAN Port Filter Setup...2-15 2.13 Protocol Dependent Ethernet Setup ...2-15 Chapter 3 Internet Access...3-1 Factory Ethernet Defaults ...3-1 LANs and WANs...3-1 3.2.1 LANs, WANs and the Prestige ...3-1 TCP/IP Parameters...3-2 3.3.1 IP Address and Subnet Mask ...3-2...

  • Page 9: Table Of Contents

    Configuring a Filter Rule ... 8-8 8.3.1 TCP/IP Filter Rule... 8-8 8.3.2 Generic Filter Rule ... 8-13 Filter Types and NAT ... 8-15 Example Filter... 8-15 Applying Filters and Factory Defaults ... 8-18 Table of Contents Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router...

  • Page 10: Table Of Contents

    8.6.1 Ethernet Traffic...8-19 8.6.2 Remote Node Filters ...8-19 Chapter 9 SNMP Configuration...9-1 About SNMP...9-1 Supported MIBs ...9-2 SNMP Configuration ...9-2 SNMP Traps ...9-4 Chapter 10 System Information and Diagnosis ...10-1 10.1 System Status...10-1 10.2 System Information and Console Port Speed...10-3 10.2.1 System Information...10-3 10.2.2...

  • Page 11: Table Of Contents

    Problems with the Password ... 16-3 16.6 Problems with Telnet ... 16-3 Appendix A PPPoE ...A Appendix B Virtual Circuit Topology ...C Appendix C Boot Module Commands ... E Appendix D Power Adapter Specifications...G Appendix E TCP/IP... I Table of Contents Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router...

  • Page 12

    Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router Index ... O Table of Contents...

  • Page 13

    Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router List of Figures Figure 1-1 Internet Access Application... 1-6 Figure 1-2 LAN-to-LAN Application ... 1-7 Figure 2-1 Prestige Front Panel... 2-1 Figure 2-2 Prestige Rear Panel and Connections ... 2-3 Figure 2-3 Connecting a POTS Splitter ... 2-5 Figure 2-4 Connecting a Microfilter ...

  • Page 14

    Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router Figure 7-2 NAT Application With IP Alias ...7-4 Figure 7-3 Menu 4 – Applying NAT for Internet Access...7-6 Figure 7-4 Menu 11.3 – Applying NAT to the Remote Node ...7-7 Figure 7-5 Menu 15 – NAT Setup...7-8 Figure 7-6 Menu 15.1 –...

  • Page 15

    Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router Figure 9-2 Menu 22 – SNMP Configuration... 9-3 Figure 10-1 Menu 24 – System Maintenance ... 10-1 Figure 10-2 Menu 24.1 – System Maintenance – Status... 10-2 Figure 10-3 Menu 24.2 – System Information and Console Port Speed ... 10-3 Figure 10-4 Menu 24.2.1 –...

  • Page 16

    Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router Figure 13-7 IP Routing Policy Example ...13-8 Figure 13-8 IP Routing Policy ...13-9 Figure 13-9 Applying IP Policies...13-9 Figure 14-1 Menu 26 – Schedule Setup...14-1 Figure 14-2 Schedule Set Setup...14-2 Figure 14-3 Applying Schedule Set(s) to a Remote Node (PPPoE)...14-4 Figure 15-1 Telnet Configuration on a TCP/IP Network ...15-1...

  • Page 17

    Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router List of Tables Table 2-1 Front Panel LED Description... 2-1 Table 2-2 Main Menu Commands...2-11 Table 2-3 Main Menu Summary ... 2-12 Table 2-4 General Setup Menu Fields... 2-14 Table 3-1 IP Alias Setup Menu Fields... 3-7 Table 3-2 DHCP Ethernet Setup Menu Fields...

  • Page 18

    Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router Table 12-2 Time and Date Setting Fields...12-5 Table 13-1 IP Routing Policy Setup...13-3 Table 13-2 IP Routing Policy...13-4 Table 14-1 Schedule Set Setup Fields...14-2 Table 15-1 Menu 24.11 – Remote Management Control...15-2 Table 16-1 Troubleshooting the Start-Up of Your Prestige ...16-1 Table 16-2 Troubleshooting the LAN Interface ...16-1...

  • Page 19

    Internet access. ZyXEL Web Site The ZyXEL download library at www.zyxel.com contains additional support documentation and a glossary. Preface Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router Preface...

  • Page 20

    Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router Syntax Conventions • “Type” means for you to type one or more characters and press the carriage return. “Select” or “Choose” means for you to select one predefined choices. • The SMT menu titles and labels are in Bold Times New Roman font. Predefined field choices are in Bold Arial font.

  • Page 21

    Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router What is DSL? DSL (Digital Subscriber Line) technology enhances the data capacity of the existing twisted-pair wire that runs between the local telephone company switching offices and most homes and offices. While the wire itself can handle higher frequencies, the telephone switching equipment is designed to cut off signals above 4,000 Hz to filter noise off the voice line, but now everybody is searching for ways to get more bandwidth to improve access to the Web - hence DSL technologies.

  • Page 23

    Getting Started GETTING STARTED This part is structured as a step-by-step guide to help you connect, install and set up your Prestige to operate on your network and to access the Internet. Described are Key Features and Applications, Hardware Installation, Initial Setup and Internet Access.

  • Page 25: Chapter 1 Getting To Know Your Prestige, Prestige 650 Adsl Internet Access Router

    Prestige is transparent to the computers on the LAN, which see only Ethernet and are not aware of PPPoE thus saving you from having to manage PPPoE clients on individual computers. Getting To Know Your Prestige Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router Chapter 1...

  • Page 26

    Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router NAT for Single-IP-address Internet Access The Prestige's SUA (Single User Account) feature allows multiple-user Internet access for the cost of a single IP account. NAT supports popular Internet applications such as MS traceroute, CuSeeMe, IRC, RealPlayer, VDOLive, Quake, and PPTP. No configuration is needed to support these applications.

  • Page 27

    ♦ PPP (Point-to-Point Protocol) link layer protocol. ♦ Transparently bridging for unsupported network layer protocols. ♦ RIP I/RIP II ♦ IGMP Proxy ♦ ICMP support Getting To Know Your Prestige Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router...

  • Page 28

    Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router ♦ IP QoS support ♦ MIB II support (RFC 1213) Networking Compatibility Your Prestige is compatible with the major ADSL DSLAM (Digital Subscriber Line Access Multiplexer) providers, making configuration as simple as possible for you. Multiplexing The Prestige Series supports VC-based and LLC-based multiplexing.

  • Page 29

    Housing Your Prestige's all new compact and ventilated housing minimizes space requirements making it easy to position anywhere in your busy office. The Prestige is easy to mount on your wall. Getting To Know Your Prestige Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router...

  • Page 30: Applications For The Prestige, Internet Access, Lan To Lan Application

    Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router Applications for the Prestige 1.3.1 Internet Access The Prestige is the ideal high-speed Internet access solution. Your Prestige supports the TCP/IP protocol, which the Internet uses exclusively. It is compatible with all major ADSL DSLAM (Digital Subscriber Line Access Multiplexer) providers.

  • Page 31

    Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router Figure 1-2 LAN-to-LAN Application Getting To Know Your Prestige...

  • Page 33: Chapter 2 Hardware Installation And Initial Setup, Front Panel Leds Of The Prestige

    The system is not ready or has malfunctioned. Power gasp action. Power to the Prestige is too low. The Prestige has a successful 10Mb Ethernet connection. The Prestige is sending/receiving data. The Prestige does not have 10Mb Ethernet connection. Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router Chapter 2 DESCRIPTION...

  • Page 34: Rear Panel Connections Of The Prestige

    Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router COLOR STATUS LAN 100M Orange Blinking Green Blinking PPPoE/ACT Green Blinking Orange Rear Panel Connections of the Prestige The following figure shows the rear panel of your Prestige. Table 2-1 Front Panel LED Description The Prestige has a successful 100Mb Ethernet connection.

  • Page 35: Dsl Port

    Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router Figure 2-2 Prestige Rear Panel and Connections 2.2.1 DSL Port Connect the Prestige directly to the wall jack using the included DSL cable. Connect a microfilter(s) between the wall jack and your telephone(s). A microfilter acts as low-pass filter (voice transmission takes place in the 0 to 4KHz bandwidth) and is an optional purchase.

  • Page 36: Console Port, Lan 10/100m Port, Power Port, Reset Button, Additional Installation Requirements

    Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router 2.2.2 Console Port Use terminal emulator software on a computer for configuring your Prestige via console port. Connect the 7-pin end of the supplied console cable to the console port of the Prestige and the 9-pin female end to a serial port (COM1, COM2 or other COM port) of your computer.

  • Page 37: Prestige With Pots, Connecting A Pots Splitter

    Connect the side labeled “Phone” to your telephone. Step 2. Connect the side labeled “Modem” to your Prestige. Step 3. Connect the side labeled “Line” to the telephone wall jack. Hardware Installation and Initial Setup Figure 2-3 Connecting a POTS Splitter Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router...

  • Page 38: Telephone Microfilters, Prestige With Isdn

    Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router 2.4.2 Telephone Microfilters Telephone voice transmissions take place in the lower frequency range, 0 - 4KHz, while ADSL transmissions take place in the higher bandwidth range, above 4KHz. A microfilter acts as a low-pass filter, for your telephone, to ensure that ADSL transmissions do not interfere with your telephone voice transmissions.

  • Page 39: Turning On Your Prestige, Configuring Your Prestige For Internet Access

    The remainder of this user’s guide shows you how to configure the Prestige for Internet access using SMT screens through the console port. There are also some sections in this guide that also focus on using Telnet to configure the Prestige. Hardware Installation and Initial Setup Figure 2-5 Prestige with ADSL over ISDN Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router...

  • Page 40: Initial Screen, Entering Password, Resetting The Prestige

    When you turn on your Prestige, it performs several internal tests as well as line initialization. After the initialization, the Prestige asks you to press [ENTER] to continue, as shown. Copyright (c) 1994 - 2002 ZyXEL Communications Corp. initialize ch = 0, ethernet address: 00:a0:c5:32:9b:dc Wan Channel init ...

  • Page 41: Methods Of Restoring Factory-defaults, Procedure To Use The Reset Button

    1. Turn your Prestige off and then on. Make sure the SYS led is on (not blinking). 2. Press the RESET button for five seconds and then release it. If the SYS LED begins to blink, the defaults have been restored and the Prestige restarts. Hardware Installation and Initial Setup Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router...

  • Page 42: Prestige Smt Menu Overview

    Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router 2.8.3 Prestige SMT Menu Overview The following figure gives you an overview of the various SMT menu screens of your Prestige. Figure 2-8 Prestige SMT Menu Overview 2-10 Hardware Installation and Initial Setup...

  • Page 43: Navigating The Smt Interface

    “Press ENTER to confirm or ESC to cancel”. Saving the data on the screen will take you, in most cases to the previous menu. Type 99 at the main menu prompt and press [ENTER] to exit the SMT interface. Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router DESCRIPTION 2-11...

  • Page 44: System Management Terminal Interface Summary

    Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router Copyright (c) 1994 - 2002 ZyXEL Communications Corp. Getting Started 1. General Setup 3. LAN Setup 4. Internet Access Setup Advanced Applications 11. Remote Node Setup 12. Static Routing Setup 15. NAT Setup The SMT menu continually improves and changes with new firmware upgrades. Check the release notes at www.zyxel.com...

  • Page 45: Changing The System Password, General Setup

    Hardware Installation and Initial Setup Menu 23 – System Password Old Password= **** New Password= ? Retype to confirm= ? Enter here to CONFIRM or ESC to CANCEL: Figure 2-10 Menu 23 – System Password Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router 2-13...

  • Page 46: Procedure To Configure Menu 1, Lan Setup

    Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router The Domain Name entry is what is propagated to the DHCP clients on the LAN. If you leave this blank, the domain name obtained by DHCP from the ISP is used. While you must enter the host name (System Name) on each individual computer, the domain name can be assigned from the Prestige via DHCP.

  • Page 47: Lan Port Filter Setup, Protocol Dependent Ethernet Setup

    Figure 2-12 Menu 3 – LAN Setup Menu 3.1 - LAN Port Filter Setup Input Filter Sets: protocol filters= device filters= Output Filter Sets: protocol filters= device filters= Press ENTER to Confirm or ESC to Cancel: Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router 2-15...

  • Page 49: Factory Ethernet Defaults, Lans And Wans, Lans, Wans And The Prestige, Chapter 3 Internet Access

    The actual physical connection determines whether the Prestige ports are LAN or WAN ports. There are two separate IP networks, one inside, the LAN network; the other outside: the WAN network as shown next: Internet Access Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router Chapter 3 Internet Access...

  • Page 50: Tcp/ip Parameters, Ip Address And Subnet Mask

    Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router Figure 3-1 LAN & WAN IPs TCP/IP Parameters 3.3.1 IP Address and Subnet Mask Like houses on a street that share a common street name, the computers on a LAN share one common network number. Where you obtain your network number depends on your particular situation. If the ISP or your network administrator assigns you a block of registered IP addresses, follow their instructions in selecting the IP addresses and the subnet mask.

  • Page 51: Private Ip Addresses, Rip Setup

    RIP-1 is probably adequate for most networks, unless you have an unusual network topology. Both RIP-2B and RIP-2M sends the routing data in RIP-2 format; the difference being that RIP-2B uses subnet broadcasting while RIP-2M uses multicasting. Internet Access Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router...

  • Page 52: Dhcp Configuration

    Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router 3.3.4 DHCP Configuration DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) allows the individual clients (computers) to obtain the TCP/IP configuration at start-up from a centralized DHCP server. The Prestige has built-in DHCP server capability, enabled by default, which means it can assign IP addresses, an IP default gateway and DNS servers to Windows 95, Windows NT and other systems that support the DHCP client.

  • Page 53: Ip Multicast, Ip Policies, Ip Alias

    IP Alias allows you to partition a physical network into different logical networks over the same Ethernet interface. The Prestige supports three logical LAN interfaces via its single physical Ethernet interface with the Prestige itself as the gateway for each LAN network. Internet Access Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router...

  • Page 54: Ip Alias Setup

    Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router Figure 3-2 Physical Network Use menu 3.2.1 to configure IP Alias on your Prestige. 3.6.1 IP Alias Setup Use menu 3.2 to configure the first network. Move the cursor to Edit IP Alias field and press [SPACEBAR] to choose Yes and press [ENTER] to configure the second and third network.

  • Page 55

    ] to select the RIP direction. Choices are None, to select the RIP version. Choices are RIP-1, ENTER ] at the prompt “Press ENTER to Confirm…” to ] at any time to cancel. Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router EXAMPLE 192.168.2.1 255.255.255.0 None...

  • Page 56: Route Ip Setup, Tcp/ip Ethernet Setup And Dhcp

    Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router Route IP Setup The first step is to enable the IP routing in Menu 1 – General Setup. To edit menu 1, type in 1 in the main menu and press [ENTER]. Set the Route IP field to Yes by pressing [SPACE BAR].

  • Page 57

    Multicast IGMP (Internet Group Multicast Protocol) is a session-layer protocol used to establish membership in a Multicast group. The Prestige t b th IGMP Internet Access Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router DESCRIPTION DESCRIPTION ] to select the RIP direction. Choices are to select the RIP version.

  • Page 58: Multiplexing, Vc-based Multiplexing, Llc-based Multiplexing

    Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router Table 3-3 TCP/IP Ethernet Setup Menu Fields FIELD supports both IGMP version 1 (IGMP-v1) and version 2 (IGMP-v2). Press the [ to disable it. IP Policies Create policies using SMT menu 25 (see the IP Policy Routing chapter) and apply them on the Prestige LAN interface here.

  • Page 59: Encapsulation, Enet Encap, Ppp Over Ethernet, Pppoa, Rfc 1483, Ip Address Assignment

    Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router is not practical to have a separate VC for each carried protocol, for example, if charging heavily depends on the number of simultaneous VCs. 3.11 Encapsulation Be sure to use the encapsulation method required by your ISP. The Prestige supports the following methods.

  • Page 60: Using Pppoa Or Pppoe Encapsulation, Using Rfc 1483 Encapsulation, Using Enet Encap Encapsulation

    Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router static IP. However the encapsulation method assigned influences your choices for IP Address and ENET ENCAP Gateway. 3.12.1 Using PPPoA or PPPoE Encapsulation If you have a dynamic IP, then the IP Address and ENET ENCAP Gateway fields are not applicable (N/A).

  • Page 61: Traffic Shaping

    If the PCR, SCR or MBS is set to the default of “0”, the system will assign a maximum value that correlates to your upstream line rate. The following figure illustrates the relationship between PCR, SCR and MBS. Internet Access Table 3-4 Required Information Password: ____________ Password: ____________ Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router 3-13...

  • Page 62

    Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router From the main menu, type 4 to display Menu 4 – Internet Access Setup, as shown next. The following table contains instructions on how to configure your Prestige for Internet access. 3-14 Menu 4 - Internet Access Setup...

  • Page 63

    Gateway are using ENET ENCAP encapsulation. Internet Access DESCRIPTION SPACE BAR ] to select the method of encapsulation SPACE BAR ] to select the method of multiplexing user@domain Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router EXAMPLE MyISP ENET ENCAP LLC-based where domain 3-15...

  • Page 64

    Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router Table 3-5 Internet Access Setup Menu Fields FIELD Idle Timeout This value specifies the number of idle seconds that elapse before the Prestige automatically disconnects the PPPoE session. IP Address Press [ Assignment assignment. IP Address Enter the IP address supplied by your ISP if applicable.

  • Page 65

    Advanced Applications ADVANCED APPLICATIONS This part shows how to configure Remote Node, Remote Node TCP/IP and NAT.

  • Page 67: Remote Node Setup, Remote Node Profile

    From the main menu, enter 11 to display Menu 11 - Remote Node Setup. Step 2. When menu 11 appears, as shown in the following figure, type the number of the remote node that you want to configure. Remote Node Configuration Remote Node Configuration Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router Chapter 4...

  • Page 68: Encapsulation And Multiplexing Scenarios

    Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router Figure 4-1 Menu 11 – Remote Node Setup 4.1.2 Encapsulation and Multiplexing Scenarios For Internet access you should use the encapsulation and multiplexing methods used by your ISP. For LAN-to-LAN applications, for example, between a branch office and corporate headquarters, prior agreement on methods is necessary because encapsulation and multiplexing cannot be automatically determined.

  • Page 69

    Edit ATM Options= No Telco Option: Allocated Budget(min)= N/A Period(hr)= N/A Schedule Sets= N/A Nailed-Up Connection= N/A Session Options: Edit Filter Sets= No Idle Timeout(sec)= N/A Press ENTER to Confirm or ESC to Cancel: DESCRIPTION Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router EXAMPLE ChangeMe...

  • Page 70

    Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router FIELD Encapsulation PPPoE (Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet). PPPoA refers to RFC-2364 (PPP Encapsulation over ATM Adaptation Layer 5). If RFC-1483 (Multiprotocol Encapsulation over ATM Adaptation Layer 5) or ENET ENCAP are selected, then the Rem Login, Rem Password, My Login and My Password Options and Authen fields are not applicable (N/A).

  • Page 71: Outgoing Authentication Protocol

    If the peer disconnects right after a successful authentication, make sure that you specify the correct authentication protocol when connecting to such an implementation. Remote Node Configuration Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router DESCRIPTION EXAMPLE (default)

  • Page 72

    Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router Remote Node Setup For the TCP/IP parameters, perform the following steps to edit Menu 11.3 – Remote Node Network Layer Options as shown next. Step 1. In menu 11.1, make sure IP is among the protocols in the Route field.

  • Page 73

    Press [SPACE BAR] and then [ENTER] to select the RIP version. Options are RIP-1, RIP-2B or RIP-2M. Multicast IGMP-v1 sets IGMP to version 1, IGMP-v2 sets IGMP to version 2 and None disables IGMP. Remote Node Configuration Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router DESCRIPTION EXAMPLE None None RIP-1...

  • Page 74: Remote Node Filter

    Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router Table 4-2 Remote Node Network Layer Options FIELD IP Policies You can apply up to four IP Policy sets (from 12) by typing in their numbers separated by commas. Configure the filter sets in menu 25 first (see the IP Policy Routing chapter) and then apply them here.

  • Page 75: Tcp/ip Configuration, Editing Tcp/ip Options, Chapter 5 Remote Node Tcp/ip Configuration

    VPI #= N/A VCI #= N/A ATM QoS Type= N/A Peak Cell Rate (PCR)= N/A Sustain Cell Rate (SCR)= N/A Maximum Burst Size (MBS)= N/A Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router Chapter 5 Separate VPI and VCI numbers must be specified for each protocol.

  • Page 76

    Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router LLC-based Multiplexing or PPPoA Encapsulation For LLC-based multiplexing or PPPoA encapsulation, one VC carries multiple protocols with protocol identifying information being contained in each packet header. Menu 11.6 - Remote Node ATM Layer Options VPI/VCI (LLC-Multiplexing or PPP-Encapsulation) Enter here to CONFIRM or ESC to CANCEL: Figure 5-2 Menu 11.6 for LLC-based Multiplexing or PPPoA Encapsulation...

  • Page 77

    Make sure IP is among the protocols in the Route field in Menu 11.1 – Remote Node Profile. Edit Press [SPACE BAR] to select Yes and press [ENTER] to display menu. IP/Bridge Remote Node TCP/IP Configuration Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router DESCRIPTION EXAMPLE...

  • Page 78

    Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router IP Options: IP Address Assignment = Dynamic Rem IP Addr = 0.0.0.0 Rem Subnet Mask= 0.0.0.0 My WAN Addr= N/A NAT= Full Feature Address Mapping Set= 1 Metric= 2 Private= No RIP Direction= None Version= RIP-1...

  • Page 79: Ip Static Route Setup

    Static routes tell the Prestige routing information that it cannot learn automatically through other means. This can arise in cases where RIP is disabled on the LAN or a remote network is beyond the one that is directly connected to a remote node. Remote Node TCP/IP Configuration Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router DESCRIPTION EXAMPLE Both...

  • Page 80

    Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router Each remote node specifies only the network to which the gateway is directly connected and the Prestige has no knowledge of the networks beyond. For instance, the Prestige knows about network N2 in the following figure through remote node Router 1. However, the Prestige is unable to route a packet to network N3 because it does not know that there is a route through remote node Router 1 (via Router 2).

  • Page 81

    Route Name= ? Active= No Destination IP Address= ? IP Subnet Mask= ? Gateway IP Address= ? Metric= 2 Private= No Press ENTER to Confirm or ESC to Cancel: Figure 5-8 Edit IP Static Route DESCRIPTION Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router...

  • Page 82

    Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router Table 5-3 Edit IP Static Route Menu Fields FIELD IP Subnet Mask Type the subnet mask for this destination. Follow the discussion on IP Subnet Mask in this manual. Gateway IP Address Type the IP address of the gateway. The gateway is an immediate neighbor of your Prestige that will forward the packet to the destination.

  • Page 83: Bridging In General, Bridge Ethernet Setup, Remote Node Bridging Setup, Chapter 6 Bridging Setup

    Move the cursor to the Edit IP/Bridge field, then press [SPACE BAR] to set the value to Yes and press [ENTER] to edit Menu 11.3 – Remote Node Network Layer Options. Bridging Setup Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router Chapter 6 Bridging Setup...

  • Page 84: Bridge Static Route Setup

    Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router IP Options: IP Address Assignment= Static Rem IP Addr: 0.0.0.0 Rem Subnet Mask= 0.0.0.0 My WAN Addr= 0.0.0.0 NAT= Full Feature Address Mapping Set=2 Metric= 2 Private= No RIP Direction= Both Version= RIP-2B Multicast= IGMP-v2 IP Policies= Press ENTER to Confirm or ESC to Cancel: Figure 6-1 Menu 11.3 –...

  • Page 85

    [ESC] to cancel and go back to the previous screen. Bridging Setup Menu 12.3.1 - Edit Bridge Static Route Route #: 1 Route Name= Active= No Ether Address= ? IP Address= Gateway Node= 1 Press ENTER to Confirm or ESC to Cancel: DESCRIPTION Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router...

  • Page 87: Introduction, Introduction, Nat Definitions, Chapter 7 Network Address Translation (nat)

    This refers to the packet address (source or destination) as the packet travels on the LAN. Global This refers to the packet address (source or destination) as the packet travels on the WAN. This chapter discusses how to configure NAT on the Prestige. Table 7-1 NAT Definitions DESCRIPTION Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router Chapter 7...

  • Page 88: What Nat Does, How Nat Works

    Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router NAT never changes the IP address (either local or global) of an outside host. 7.1.2 What NAT Does In the simplest form, NAT changes the source IP address in a packet received from a subscriber (the inside local address) to another (the inside global address) before forwarding the packet to the WAN side.

  • Page 89: Nat Application

    Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router Figure 7-1 How NAT Works 7.1.4 NAT Application The following figure illustrates a possible NAT application, where three inside LANs (logical LANs using IP Alias) behind the Prestige can communicate with three distinct WAN networks. More examples follow at...

  • Page 90: Nat Mapping Types

    Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router 7.1.5 NAT Mapping Types NAT supports five types of IP/port mapping. They are: 1. One to One: In One-to-One mode, the Prestige maps one local IP address to one global IP address. 2. Many to One: In Many-to-One mode, the Prestige maps multiple local IP addresses to one global IP address.

  • Page 91

    ILA1 IGA1 ILA2 IGA2 ILA3 IGA1 ILA4 IGA2 … ILA1 IGA1 ILA2 IGA2 ILA3 IGA3 … Server 1 IP IGA1 Server 2 IP IGA1 Server 3 IP IGA1 Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router SMT ABBREVIATION M:M Ov M:M No OV Server...

  • Page 92: Using Nat, Sua (single User Account) Versus Nat, Applying Nat

    Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router Using NAT 7.2.1 SUA (Single User Account) Versus NAT SUA (Single User Account) is a ZyNOS implementation of a subset of NAT that supports two types of mapping, Many-to-One and Server. See section 7.3.1 for a detailed description of the NAT set for SUA.

  • Page 93: Nat Setup

    LAN. You can see two NAT Address Mapping sets in menu 15.1. You can Bridge Options: Ethernet Addr Timeout (min)= 0 Press ENTER to Confirm or ESC to Cancel: DESCRIPTION Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router EXAMPLE Full Feature...

  • Page 94: Address Mapping Sets

    Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router only configure Set 1. Set 255 is used for SUA. When you select Full Feature in menu 4 or 11.3, the SMT will use Set 1, which supports all mapping types as outlined in Table 7-2. When you select SUA Only, the SMT will use the pre-configured Set 255 (read only).

  • Page 95

    Confirm…” to save your configuration, or press [ESC] to cancel. Menu 15.1.255 - Address Mapping Rules Global Start IP --------------- 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 Menu 15.1.255 is read-only. Table 7-4 SUA Address Mapping Rules DESCRIPTION Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router Global End IP Type --------------- ------ Server EXAMPLE 0.0.0.0 255.255.255.255 0.0.0.0...

  • Page 96

    Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router User-Defined Address Mapping Sets Now let’s look at option 1 in menu 15.1. Enter 1 to bring up this menu. We’ll just look at the differences from the previous menu. Note the extra Action and Select Rule fields mean you can configure rules in this screen.

  • Page 97

    Address Mapping Rule in which you can edit an individual rule and configure the Type, Local and Global Start/End IPs. An End IP address must be numerically greater than its corresponding IP Start Table 7-5 Fields in Menu 15.1.1 DESCRIPTION address. Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router EXAMPLE NAT_SET Edit 7-11...

  • Page 98

    Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router Type= One-to-One Local IP: Start= Global IP: Start= Server Mapping Set= N/A Figure 7-9 Menu 15.1.1.1 – Editing/Configuring an Individual Rule in a Set Table 7-6 Menu 15.1.1.1 – Editing/Configuring an Individual Rule in a Set...

  • Page 99: Nat Server Sets – Port Forwarding

    Please also refer to the included disk for more examples and details on NAT. ECHO FTP (File Transfer Protocol) Telnet SMTP (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol) DNS (Domain Name System) Finger Table 7-7 Services and Port Numbers SERVICES Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router PORT NUMBER 7-13...

  • Page 100: Configuring A Server Behind Nat

    Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router HTTP (Hyper Text Transfer protocol or WWW, Web) POP3 (Post Office Protocol) NNTP (Network News Transport Protocol) SNMP (Simple Network Management Protocol) SNMP trap PPTP (Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol) 7.4.1 Configuring a Server behind NAT Follow these steps to configure a server behind NAT: Step 1.

  • Page 101

    [ESC] at any time to cancel. Menu 15.2.1 - NAT Server Setup Start Port No. End Port No. Default Default Press ENTER to Confirm or ESC to Cancel: Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router IP Address 0.0.0.0 192.168.1.33 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0...

  • Page 102

    Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router Figure 7-12 Multiple Servers Behind NAT Example 7-16...

  • Page 103: General Nat Examples, Example 1: Internet Access Only

    Sustained Cell Rate (SCR)= 0 Maximum Burst Size (MBS)= 0 My Login= N/A My Password= N/A ENET ENCAP Gateway= N/A IP Address Assignment= Static IP Address= 0.0.0.0 Network Address Translation= SUA Only Address Mapping Set= Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router 7-17...

  • Page 104: Example 2: Internet Access With An Inside Server

    Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router From menu 4, choose the SUA Only option from the Network Address Translation field. This is the Many-to-One mapping discussed in section 7.5. The SUA Only read-only option from the Network Address Translation field in menus 4 and 11.3 is specifically pre-configured to handle this case.

  • Page 105: Example 3: Multiple Public Ip Addresses With Inside Servers

    Menu 15.2.1 - NAT Server Setup (Used for SUA Only) Rule Start Port No. End Port No. --------------------------------------------------- Default Default Press ENTER to Confirm or ESC to Cancel: Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router IP Address 192.168.1.10 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0...

  • Page 106

    Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router Step 1. In this case you need to configure Address Mapping Set 1 from Menu 15.1 - Address Mapping Sets. Therefore you must choose the Full Feature option from the Network Address Translation field (in menu 4 or menu 11.3) in The following figure shows how to configure the first rule .

  • Page 107

    Press ENTER to Confirm or ESC to Cancel: Figure 7-18 Example 3: Menu 11.3 Menu 15.1.1.1 Address Mapping Rule = N/A = N/A Press ENTER to Confirm or ESC to Cancel: Figure 7-19 Example 3: Menu 15.1.1.1 Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router 7-21...

  • Page 108

    Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router Set Name= Example3 Local Start IP --------------- 1. 192.168.1.10 192.168.1.11 3. 0.0.0.0 Now configure the IGA3 to map to our web server and mail server on the LAN. Step 8. Enter 15 from the main menu.

  • Page 109: Example 4: Nat Unfriendly Application Programs

    Rule Start Port No. End Port No. --------------------------------------------------- Default Default Press ENTER to Confirm or ESC to Cancel: Example 3: Menu 15.2.1 Figure 7-21 NAT Example 4 Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router IP Address 0.0.0.0 192.168.1.21 192.168.1.20 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0...

  • Page 110

    Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router Other applications such as some gaming programs are NAT unfriendly because they embed addressing information in the data stream. These applications won’t work through NAT even when using One-to-One and Many-to-Many No Overload Follow the steps outlined in example 3 to configure these two menus as follows.

  • Page 111

    Menu 15.1.1 - Address Mapping Rules Local End IP Global Start IP --------------- --------------- 192.168.1.12 10.132.50.1 Action= Edit Select Rule= Press ENTER to Confirm or ESC to Cancel: Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router Global End IP Type --------------- ------ 10.132.50.3 M:M NO OV 7-25...

  • Page 113: Chapter 14 Call Scheduling

    Advanced Management ADVANCED MANAGEMENT This part discusses Filtering, SNMP, System Information and Diagnosis, Firmware and Configuration File Maintenance, System Maintenance and Information, IP Policy Routing, Call Scheduling and Remote Management.

  • Page 115: About Filtering

    Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router Chapter 8 Filter Configuration This chapter shows you how to create and apply filters. About Filtering Your Prestige uses filters to decide whether or not to allow passage of a data packet and/or to make a call.

  • Page 116

    Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router Outgoing Data Packet Match Drop packet Figure 8-1 Outgoing Packet Filtering Process Two sets of factory filter rules have been configured in menu 21 to prevent NetBIOS traffic from triggering calls. A summary of their filter rules is shown in the figures that follow.

  • Page 117

    Filter Configuration Filter Set Fetch Next Filter Rule Next filter Rule Available? Check Next Rule Drop Figure 8-2 Filter Rule Process Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router Start Packet intoFilter Fetch First Filter Set Fetch First Filter Rule Active? Execute Filter Rule Forward...

  • Page 118: Configuring A Filter Set

    Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router For incoming packets, your Prestige applies data filters only. Packets are processed depending on whether a match is found. The following sections describe how to configure filter sets. The Filter Structure of the Prestige A filter set consists of one or more filter rules. Usually, you would group related rules, for example, all the rules for NetBIOS, into a single set and give it a descriptive name.

  • Page 119

    Menu 21.2 - Filter Rules Summary Filter Rules Enter Filter Rule Number (1-6) to Configure: Menu 21.3 - Filter Rules Summary Filter Rules Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router M m n N D N N D N N D N N D N...

  • Page 120

    Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router # A Type - - ---- --------------------------------------------------------------- - - - 1 Y Gen Off=12, Len=2, Mask=ffff, Value=8863 2 Y Gen Off=12, Len=2, Mask=ffff, Value=8864 # A Type - - ---- -------------------------------------------------------------- - - - 1 Y IP PR=6, SA=0.0.0.0, DA=0.0.0.0, DP=21...

  • Page 121: Filter Rules Summary Menus

    “N” means to check the next rule. The protocol dependent filter rules abbreviation are listed as follows: FILTER TYPE Filter Configuration DESCRIPTION Table 8-2 Rule Abbreviations Used DESCRIPTION Protocol Source Address Source Port Number Destination Address Destination Port Number Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router...

  • Page 122: Configuring A Filter Rule, Tcp/ip Filter Rule

    Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router FILTER TYPE Configuring a Filter Rule To configure a filter rule, type its number in Menu 21.1 – Filter Rules Summary and press [ENTER] to open menu 21.1.1 for the rule. There are two types of filter rules: TCP/IP and Generic. Depending on the type of rule, the parameters for each type will be different.

  • Page 123

    Log= None Action Matched= Check Next Rule Action Not Matched= Check Next Rule Press ENTER to Confirm or ESC to Cancel: Table 8-3 TCP/IP Filter Rule Menu Fields DESCRIPTION Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router EXAMPLE TCP/IP Filter Rule 0 to 255...

  • Page 124

    Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router FIELD Destination: Type the destination IP address of the packet you want to filter. This field is ignored if it is 0.0.0.0. IP Addr IP Mask Type the IP mask to apply to the Destination: IP Addr field.

  • Page 125

    [ESC] to cancel and go back to the previous screen. The following figure illustrates the logic flow of an IP filter. Filter Configuration Table 8-3 TCP/IP Filter Rule Menu Fields DESCRIPTION Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router EXAMPLE Check Next Rule (default) Check Next Rule...

  • Page 126

    Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router Packet into IP Filter Filter Active? Apply SrcAddrMask to Src Addr Check Src IP Addr Matched Apply DestAddrMask to Dest Addr Check Dest IP Addr Matched Check IP Protocol Matched Check Src & Dest Port Matched...

  • Page 127: Generic Filter Rule

    Value= N/A More= No Log= None Action Matched= Check Next Rule Action Not Matched= Check Next Rule Press ENTER to Confirm or ESC to Cancel: Generic Filter Rule – Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router Generic Filter Rule, as shown in – 8-13...

  • Page 128

    Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router Table 8-4 Generic Filter Rule Menu Fields FIELD Filter # This is the filter set, filter rule coordinates, for instance, 2, 3 refers to the second filter set and the third rule of that set. Filter Type Press [SPACE BAR] and then [ENTER] to select a type of rule.

  • Page 129: Filter Types And Nat, Example Filter

    The following figure illustrates this. Figure 8-13 Protocol and Device Filter Sets Example Filter Let’s look at an example to block outside users from telnetting into the Prestige. See the included disk for example filters. Filter Configuration Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router 8-15...

  • Page 130

    Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router Step 1. Enter 21 from the main menu to open Menu 21 – Filter Set Configuration. Step 2. Enter the index number of the filter set you want to configure (in this case 3) Step 3.

  • Page 131

    Select Next if there are more rules to check. Figure 8-15 Sample Filter – Menu 21.3.1 Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router Press [SPACE BAR] to choose this filter rule type. The first filter rule type determines all subsequent filter types within a set.

  • Page 132: Applying Filters And Factory Defaults

    Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router # A Type - - ---- --------------------------------------------------------------- - - - 1 Y IP Pr=6, SA=0.0.0.0, DA=0.0.0.0, DP=23 Enter Filter Rule Number (1-6) to Configure: 1 This shows you that you have configured and activated (A = Y) a...

  • Page 133: Ethernet Traffic, Remote Node Filters

    Apply filters to decide if a packet should be allowed to trigger a call. Menu 3.1 – LAN Port Filter Setup device filters= device filters= Figure 8-17 Filtering Ethernet Traffic Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router Apply filter 2 to block NETBIOS traffic from the LAN.

  • Page 134

    Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router Enter here to CONFIRM or ESC to CANCEL: Figure 8-18 Filtering Remote Node Traffic Note that call filter sets are visible when you select PPPoA or PPPoE encapsulation. 8-20 Menu 11.5 - Remote Node Filter Input Filter Sets:...

  • Page 135: About Snmp, Chapter 9 Snmp Configuration

    Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router Chapter 9 SNMP Configuration This chapter explains SNMP Configuration menu 22. SNMP is only available if TCP/IP is configured. About SNMP Simple Network Management Protocol is a protocol used for exchanging management information between network devices. SNMP is a member of the TCP/IP protocol suite. Your Prestige supports SNMP agent functionality, which allows a manager station to manage and monitor the Prestige through the network.

  • Page 136: Supported Mibs, Snmp Configuration

    Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router An SNMP managed network consists of two main components: agents and a manager. An agent is a management software module that resides in a managed device (the Prestige). An agent translates the local management information from the managed device into a form compatible with SNMP.

  • Page 137

    SNMP Configuration Menu 22 - SNMP Configuration SNMP: Get Community= public Set Community= public Trusted Host= 0.0.0.0 Trap: Community= public Destination= 0.0.0.0 Press ENTER to Confirm or ESC to Cancel: DESCRIPTION Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router EXAMPLE public public 0.0.0.0 public 0.0.0.0...

  • Page 138: Snmp Traps

    Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router SNMP Traps The Prestige will send traps to the SNMP manager when any one of the following events occurs: TRAP # TRAP NAME coldStart (defined in RFC-1215) warmStart (defined in RFC-1215) linkUp (defined in RFC-1215) authenticationFailure (defined in...

  • Page 139: System Status, Chapter 10 System Information And Diagnosis

    System Information and Console Port Speed Log and Trace Diagnostic Backup Configuration Restore Configuration Upload Firmware Command Interpreter Mode Call Control 10. Time and Date Setting 11. Remote Management Enter Menu Selection Number: System Maintenance – Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router Chapter 10 10-1...

  • Page 140

    Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router Node-Lnk Status 1-ENET My WAN IP (from ISP): 0.0.0.0 Ethernet: Status: 100M/Full Duplex Tx Pkts: 4 Collisions: 0 CPU Load = 50.19% Figure 10-2 Menu 24.1 The following table describes the fields present in Menu 24.1 – System Maintenance – Status.

  • Page 141: System Information And Console Port Speed, System Information

    Enter 1 in menu 24.2 to display the screen shown next. System Information and Diagnosis – DESCRIPTION Menu 24.2 - System Information and Console Port Speed 1. System Information 2. Console Port Speed Please enter selection: Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router Status Menu Fields 10-3...

  • Page 142: Console Port Speed

    Refers to the routing protocol used. ZyNOS F/W Version Refers to the ZyNOS (ZyXEL Network Operating System) system firmware version. ZyNOS is a registered trademark of ZyXEL Communications Corporation. ADSL Chipset Vendor Displays the vendor of the ADSL chipset and DSL version.

  • Page 143: Log And Trace, Viewing Error Log

    System Information and Diagnosis Console Port Speed: 9600 Press ENTER to Confirm or ESC to Cancel: Menu 24.3 - System Maintenance - Log and Trace 1. View Error Log 2. UNIX Syslog Please enter selection Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router 10-5...

  • Page 144: Syslog And Accounting

    Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router 59 Thu Jan 01 00:00:03 1970 PP0f 60 Thu Jan 01 00:00:03 1970 PP00 -WARN 61 Thu Jan 01 00:00:03 1970 PP00 62 Thu Jan 01 00:00:19 1970 PP00 63 Thu Jan 01 00:00:24 1970 PP0a...

  • Page 145

    IP[…] is the packet header and S04>R01mD means filter set 4 (S) and rule 1 (R), match (m), drop (D). Src: Source Address Dst: Destination Address System Information and Diagnosis Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router DESCRIPTION 1 - CDR 2 - Packet Triggered 3 - Filter Log...

  • Page 146: Diagnostic

    Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router prot: Protocol (“TCP”, ”UDP”, ”ICMP”) spo: Source port dpo: Destination port Jul 19 14:43:55 192.168.102.2 ZYXEL: IP [Src=202.132.154.123 Dst=255.255.255.255 UDP spo=0208 dpo=0208]} S03>R01mF Jul 19 14:44:00 192.168.102.2 ZYXEL: IP [Src=192.168.102.20 Dst=202.132.154.1 UDP spo=05d4 dpo=0035]} S03>R01mF Jul 19 14:44:04 192.168.102.2 ZYXEL: IP [Src=192.168.102.20 Dst=202.132.154.1 UDP spo=05d4 dpo=0035]} S03>R01mF...

  • Page 147

    Type the mode to test and diagnose your Prestige using specified commands. Host IP Address If you typed 12 to Ping Host, now type the address of the computer you want to ping. System Information and Diagnosis Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router DESCRIPTION 10-9...

  • Page 149: Filename Conventions

    Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router Chapter 11 Firmware and Configuration File Maintenance This chapter tells you how to back up and restore your configuration file as well as upload new firmware and a new configuration file. 11.1 Filename Conventions The configuration file (often called the romfile or rom-0) contains the factory default settings in the menus such as password, DHCP Setup, TCP/IP Setup, etc.

  • Page 150: Backup Configuration

    Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router FILE TYPE INTERNAL NAME Configuration Rom-0 File Firmware 11.2 Backup Configuration The Prestige displays different messages explaining different ways to backup, restore and upload files in menus 24.5, 24.6, 24. 7.1 and 24.7.2; depending on whether you use the console port or Telnet.

  • Page 151: Using The Ftp Command From The Command Line, Backup Configuration

    “config.rom”. See earlier in this chapter for more information on filename conventions. Step 7. Enter “quit” to exit the ftp prompt. 11.2.3 Example of FTP Commands from the Command Line Firmware and Configuration File Maintenance Press ENTER to Exit: Figure 11-1 Telnet in Menu 24.5 Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router 11-3...

  • Page 152: Gui-based Ftp Clients, Tftp And Ftp Over Wan Will Not Work When

    Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router 331 Enter PASS command Password: 230 Logged in ftp> bin 200 Type I OK ftp> get rom-0 zyxel.rom 200 Port command okay 150 Opening data connection for STOR ras 226 File received OK ftp: 16384 bytes sent in 1.10Seconds 297.89Kbytes/sec.

  • Page 153: Backup Configuration Using Tftp, Tftp Command Example, Gui-based Tftp Clients

    Prestige) to the file destination on the computer and renames it config.rom. 11.2.8 GUI-based TFTP Clients The following table describes some of the fields that you may see in GUI-based TFTP clients. Firmware and Configuration File Maintenance Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router 11-5...

  • Page 154: Backup Via Console Port

    Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router Table 11-3 General Commands for GUI-based TFTP Clients COMMAND Host Enter the IP address of the Prestige. 192.168.1.1 is the Prestige’s default IP address when shipped. Send/Fetch Use “Send” to upload the file to the Prestige and “Fetch” to back up the file on your computer.

  • Page 155: Restore Configuration

    Firmware and Configuration File Maintenance ** Backup Configuration completed. OK. ### Hit any key to continue.### Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router Type a location for storing the configuration file or click Browse to look for one. Choose the Xmodem protocol.

  • Page 156: Restore Using Ftp

    Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router DO NOT INTERUPT THE FILE TRANSFER PROCESS AS THIS MAY PERMANENTLY DAMAGE YOUR PRESTIGE. WHEN THE RESTORE CONFIGURATION PROCESS IS COMPLETE, THE PRESTIGE WILL 11.3.1 Restore Using FTP For details about backup using (T)FTP please refer to earlier sections on FTP and TFTP file upload in this chapter.

  • Page 157: Restore Using Ftp Session Example, Restore Via Console Port

    Starting XMODEM download (CRC mode) ... CCCCCCCCC Figure 11-10 System Maintenance – Starting Xmodem Download Screen Step 3. Run the HyperTerminal program by clicking Transfer, then Send File as shown in the following screen. Firmware and Configuration File Maintenance Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router 11-9...

  • Page 158: Uploading Firmware And Configuration Files, Firmware File Upload

    Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router Figure 11-11 Restore Configuration Example Step 4. After a successful restoration you will see the following screen. Press any key to restart the Prestige and return to the SMT menu. Figure 11-12 Successful Restoration Confirmation Screen 11.4 Uploading Firmware and Configuration Files...

  • Page 159: Configuration File Upload

    TFTP), please see your manual. Figure 11-14 Telnet Into Menu 24.7.2 – System Maintenance Firmware and Configuration File Maintenance Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router Press ENTER to Exit: Press ENTER to Exit: 11-11...

  • Page 160: Ftp File Upload Command From The Dos Prompt Example

    Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router To upload the firmware and the configuration file, follow these examples 11.4.3 FTP File Upload Command from the DOS Prompt Example Step 1. Launch the FTP client on your computer. Step 2. Enter “open”, followed by a space and the IP address of your Prestige.

  • Page 161: Tftp Upload Command Example, Uploading Via Console Port

    Uploading files via the console port under normal conditions is not recommended since FTP or TFTP is faster. Any serial communications program should work fine; however, you must use the Xmodem protocol to perform the download/upload. Firmware and Configuration File Maintenance Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router 11-13...

  • Page 162: Uploading Firmware File Via Console Port, Example Xmodem Firmware Upload Using Hyperterminal

    Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router 11.4.8 Uploading Firmware File Via Console Port Step 1. Select 1 from Menu 24.7 – System Maintenance – Upload Firmware to display Menu 24.7.1 – System Maintenance – Upload System Firmware, then follow the instructions as shown in the following screen.

  • Page 163: Uploading Configuration File Via Console Port, Example Xmodem Configuration Upload Using Hyperterminal

    Step 3. Enter “atgo” to restart the Prestige. 11.4.11 Example Xmodem Configuration Upload Using HyperTerminal Click Transfer, then Send File to display the following screen. Firmware and Configuration File Maintenance Do You Wish To Proceed:(Y/N) Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router 11-15...

  • Page 164

    Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router After the configuration upload process has completed, restart the Prestige by entering “atgo”. 11-16 Figure 11-19 Example Xmodem Upload Firmware and Configuration File Maintenance Type the configuration file’s location, or click Browse to search for it.

  • Page 165: Chapter 12 System Maintenance And Information, Command Interpreter Mode

    Log and Trace Diagnostic Backup Configuration Restore Configuration Firmware Update Command Interpreter Mode Call Control 10. Time and Date Setting 11. Remote Management Enter Menu Selection Number: Figure 12-1 Command Mode in Menu 24 Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router Chapter 12 12-1...

  • Page 166: Call Control Support, Budget Management

    Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router Copyright (c) 1994 - 2002 ZyXEL Communications Corp. ras> ? Valid commands are: exit bridge hdap ras> 12.2 Call Control Support The Prestige provides the budget management call control function. Please note that this menu is only applicable when Encapsulation is set to PPPoE or PPPoA in menu 4 or menu 11.1.

  • Page 167

    11.1. The period is the time cycle in hours that the allocation budget is reset (see menu 11.1.) The elapsed time is the time used up within this period. Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router Elapsed Time/Total Period No Budget EXAMPLE 5/10 means that 5...

  • Page 168: Time And Date Setting

    Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router 12.3 Time and Date Setting The Prestige keeps track of the time and date. There is also a software mechanism to set the time manually or get the current time and date from an external server when you turn on your Prestige. Menu 24.10 allows you to update the time and date settings of your Prestige.

  • Page 169: Resetting The Time

    On leaving menu 24.10 after making changes. When the Prestige starts up, if there is a time server configured in menu 24.10. iii. 24-hour intervals after starting. System Maintenance and Information Table 12-2 Time and Date Setting Fields DESCRIPTION Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router 12-5...

  • Page 171: Chapter 13 Ip Policy Routing, Introduction, Benefits, Routing Policy

    (and hence the outgoing interface). • setting the TOS and precedence fields in the IP header. IP Policy Routing This chapter covers setting and applying policies used for IP routing. Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router Chapter 13 IP Policy Routing 13-1...

  • Page 172: Ip Routing Policy Setup

    Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router IPPR follows the existing packet filtering facility of RAS in style and in implementation. The policies are divided into sets, where related policies are grouped together. A user defines the policies before applying them to an interface or a remote node, in the same fashion as the filters. There are 12 policy sets with six policies in each set.

  • Page 173

    IP layer 4 protocol number (TCP=6, UDP=17…) Type of service of incoming packet Precedence of incoming packet Gateway IP address Outgoing Type of service Outgoing Precedence Normal Minimum Delay Maximum Throughput Maximum Reliability Minimum Cost Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router |GW=192.168.1.1,T=MT,PR=0 13-3...

  • Page 174

    Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router Type a number from 1 to 6 to display Menu 25.1.1 – IP Routing Policy (see the next figure). This menu allows you to configure a policy rule. Policy Set Name= test Active= Yes Criteria: IP Protocol...

  • Page 175: Applying An Ip Policy, Ethernet Ip Policies

    From Menu 3 – Ethernet Setup, type 2 to go to Menu 3.2 – TCP/IP and DHCP Ethernet Setup. You can choose up to four IP policy sets (from 12) by typing their numbers separated by commas, for example, 2, 4, 7, 9. IP Policy Routing Table 13-2 IP Routing Policy DESCRIPTION Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router 13-5...

  • Page 176: Ip Policy Routing Example

    Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router Menu 3.2 - TCP/IP and DHCP Ethernet Setup DHCP Setup: DHCP= None Client IP Pool Starting Address= N/A Size of Client IP Pool= N/A Primary DNS Server= N/A Secondary DNS Server= N/A Remote DHCP Server= N/A TCP/IP Setup: IP Address= 192.168.1.1...

  • Page 177

    Create a routing policy set in menu 25. Step 2. Create a rule for this set in Menu 25.1.1 – IP Routing Policy as shown next. IP Policy Routing Figure 13-6 Example of IP Policy Routing Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router 13-7...

  • Page 178

    Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router Policy Set Name= set1 Active= Yes Criteria: IP Protocol Type of Service= Don't Care Precedence Source: addr start= 192.168.1.2 port start= 0 Destination: addr start= 0.0.0.0 port start= 80 Action= Matched Gateway addr Type of Service= No Change...

  • Page 179

    IP Address= 192.168.1.1 IP Subnet Mask= 255.255.255.0 RIP Direction= Both Version= RIP-1 Multicast= None IP Policies= 1,2 Edit IP Alias= No Press ENTER to Confirm or ESC to Cancel: Figure 13-9 Applying IP Policies Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router Len Comp= N/A 13-9...

  • Page 181

    Set # ------ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ Enter Schedule Set Number to Configure= Edit Name= Figure 14-1 Menu 26 – Schedule Setup Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router Chapter 14 Call Scheduling Name ------------------ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________...

  • Page 182

    Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router To delete a schedule set, enter the set number and press [SPACE BAR] and then [ENTER] (or delete) in the Edit Name field. To setup a schedule set, select the schedule set you want to setup from menu 26 (1-12) and press [ENTER] to see Menu 26.1 –...

  • Page 183

    Using [SPACE BAR], select PPPoE or PPPoA in the Encapsulation field and then press [ENTER] to make the schedule sets field available as shown next. Call Scheduling Table 14-1 Schedule Set Setup Fields DESCRIPTION Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router EXAMPLE Once 2000-01-01 09:00 08:00...

  • Page 184

    Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router Rem Node Name= ChangeMe Active= Yes Encapsulation= PPPoE Multiplexing=VC-based Service Name= Incoming Rem Login= Rem Password= ******** Outgoing= My Login=? My Password= ******** Authen= CHAP/PAP Press Space Bar to Toggle. Figure 14-3 Applying Schedule Set(s) to a Remote Node (PPPoE) You can apply up to four schedule sets, separated by commas, for one remote node.

  • Page 185: Chapter 15 Remote Management, Telnet, Remote Management

    Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router Chapter 15 Remote Management This chapter covers remote management (SMT menu 24.11). 15.1 Telnet The only way to configure the Prestige for remote management is through an SMT session using the console port. Once your Prestige is configured, you can use Telnet to configure it remotely as shown next.

  • Page 186: Remote Management Setup

    Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router 15.4.1 Remote Management Setup Remote management setup is for managing Telnet, FTP and Web services. You can customize the service port, access interface and the secured client IP address to enhance security and flexibility. You may manage your Prestige from a remote location via: the Internet (WAN only), the LAN only, All (LAN and WAN) or Disable (neither).

  • Page 187: Remote Management Limitations, Remote Management And Nat, System Timeout

    Your Prestige will automatically log you out if you do nothing in this timeout period, except when it is continuously updating the status in menu 24.1 or when sys stdio has been changed on the command line. Remote Management Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router DESCRIPTION EXAMPLE 0.0.0.0...

  • Page 189

    Additional Information ADDITIONAL INFORMATION This part contains Troubleshooting, Appendices and the Index.

  • Page 191: Problems Starting Up The Prestige, Problems With The Lan Interface

    Make sure your NIC (Network Interface Card) is installed and functioning properly. Check the TCP/IP configuration on your computer. Make sure that the IP address and the subnet mask of the Prestige and your computer(s) are on the same subnet. Troubleshooting Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router Troubleshooting CORRECTIVE ACTION VT100 terminal emulation.

  • Page 192: Problems With The Wan Interface, Problems With Internet Access

    Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router 16.3 Problems with the WAN Interface Table 16-3 Troubleshooting the WAN Interface PROBLEM I cannot get a WAN The WAN IP is provided when the ISP recognizes the user as an authorized user after IP address from verifying the MAC address, Host Name or User ID.

  • Page 193: Problems With The Password, Problems With Telnet

    Use the Prestige’s LAN IP address when configuring from the LAN. Refer to the Problems with the LAN Interface section for instructions on checking your LAN connection. Refer to the Problems with the WAN Interface section for instructions on checking your WAN connection. Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router 16-3...

  • Page 195

    3. It allows the ISP to use the existing dial-up model to authenticate and (optionally) to provide differentiated services. Traditional Dial-up Scenario The following diagram depicts a typical hardware configuration where the PCs use traditional dial-up networking. Diagram 1 Single-PC per Router Hardware Configuration PPPoE Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router Appendix A PPPoE...

  • Page 196

    Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router How PPPoE Works The PPPoE driver makes the Ethernet appear as a serial link to the PC and the PC runs PPP over it, while the modem bridges the Ethernet frames to the Access Concentrator (AC). Between the AC and an ISP, the AC is acting as a L2TP (Layer 2 Tunneling Protocol) LAC (L2TP Access Concentrator) and tunnels the PPP frames to the ISP.

  • Page 197

    Your service provider should supply you with VPI/VCI numbers. Virtual Circuit Topology Virtual Circuit Topology Logical connections between ATM switches A bundle of virtual channels A series of virtual paths between circuit end points Diagram 3 Virtual Circuit Topology Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router Appendix B...

  • Page 199

    Type "ATHE" to view all available Prestige boot module commands. Some are shown in the next screen. Most commands aid in advanced troubleshooting and should only be used by qualified engineers. Boot Module Commands Boot Module Commands 8192K Diagram 4 Option to Enter Debug Mode Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router Appendix C...

  • Page 200

    ======= Debug Command Listing ======= just answer OK ATHE ATBAx ATENx,(y) ATSE ATTI(h,m,s) ATDA(y,m,d) ATDS ATDT ATDUx,y ATWBx,y ATWWx,y ATWLx,y ATRBx ATRWx ATRLx ATGO(x) ATGR ATGT AT%Tx ATBTx ATRTw,x,y(,z) RAM test level w, from address x to y (z iterations) ATWEa(,b,c,d) write MAC addr, Country code, EngDbgFlag, FeatureBit to flash ATCUx ATCB...

  • Page 201

    UL, CUL (UL 1310, CSA C22.2 No.223) NORTH AMERICA PLUG STANDARDS AA-121A AC120Volts/60Hz/18W max. AC12Volts/1.0A UL, CUL (UL 1310, CSA C22.2 No.223) CHINESE PLUG STANDARDS DV-121AACCP-5720 AC220Volts/50Hz/18W AC12Volts/1.0A CCEE (GB8898) EUROPEAN PLUG STANDARDS AA-121ABN AC230Volts/50Hz/140mA AC12Volts/1.0A ITS-GS, CE (EN 60950) Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router Appendix D...

  • Page 202

    Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router AC Power Adapter model Input power Output power Power consumption Safety standards AC Power Adapter model Input power Output power Power consumption Safety standards EUROPEAN PLUG STANDARDS DV-121AACCP-5716 AC230Volts/50Hz/100mA AC12Volts/1.0A TUV-GS, CE (EN 60950) UNITED KINGDOM PLUG STANDARDS...

  • Page 203

    Select Protocol and then click Add. Select Microsoft from the list of manufacturers. d. Select TCP/IP from the list of network protocols and then click OK. If you need Client for Microsoft Networks: Click Add. TCP/IP Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router Appendix E TCP/IP...

  • Page 204

    b. Select Client and then click Add. Select Microsoft from the list of manufacturers. d. Select Client for Microsoft Networks from the list of network clients and then click OK. Restart your computer so the changes you made take effect. Configuring TCP/IP 1.

  • Page 205

    2. Right-click the network connection you want to configure and then click Properties. 3. Under the General tab, select Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) (you may need to scroll down) and click Properties. TCP/IP Setting up Your Windows XP Computer Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router...

  • Page 206

    4. The Internet Protocol TCP/IP Properties window opens. -If you have a dynamic IP address click Obtain an IP address automatically. -If you have a static IP address click Use the following IP Address and fill in the IP address, Subnet mask, and Default gateway fields.

  • Page 207

    6. Click Save if prompted, to save changes to your configuration. 7. Turn on your Prestige and restart your computer (if prompted). Verifying TCP/IP Properties Check your TCP/IP properties in the TCP/IP Control Panel. TCP/IP Setting up Your Macintosh Computer Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router...

  • Page 209

    Command Interpreter Mode... 12-1 Command Mode... 10-9 Community ... 9-2 Computer Name ... 2-13 Index Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router Conditions that prevent TFTP and FTP from working over WAN ... 11-4 Connecting the Prestige ... 2-3 Connections Additional Requirements... 2-4 ADSL Line ...

  • Page 210

    Error Log ... 10-5 Error/Information Messages Sample ... 10-6 Ethernet Encapsulation ... 7-13 Ethernet Traffic... 8-19 FCC... iii Filename Conventions ... 11-1 Filter ... 2-15 Applying Filters... 8-18 Ethernet traffic... 8-19 Ethernet Traffic ... 8-19 Filter Rules ... 8-7 Filter Structure... 8-4 Generic Filter Rule ...

  • Page 211

    VC-based ... 3-10 Multiplexing... 1-4, 3-10, 3-15, 4-2 Multiprotocol Encapsulation... 3-11 My WAN Address ...4-7, 5-4 Index Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router Nailed-Up Connection ... 4-3 NAT... 8-15 Application ... 7-3 Applying NAT in the SMT Menus... 7-6 Configuring ... 7-7 Definitions ...

  • Page 212

    RAS ... 10-4, 13-2 Rate Receiving... 10-2 Transmission ... 10-2 Related Documentation...xix Remote DHCP Server... 3-9 Remote Management Limitations... 15-3 Remote Management Setup ... 15-1, 15-2 Remote Node ... 4-1, 10-2 Remote Node Profile ... 4-3 Remote Node Setup... 4-1, 4-2 Remote Node Index Number ...

  • Page 213

    Transmission Rates ... xix, 1-1 Type of Service ... 13-1, 13-3, 13-4, 13-5 UNIX Syslog... 10-5, 10-6 UNIX syslog parameters ... 10-6 Index Prestige 650R-31/33 ADSL Router Upload Firmware ... 11-10 VC-based Multiplexing ... 4-2, 5-1 VPI & VCI... 3-10 XMODEM protocol... 11-2 XMODEM upload ...

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