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Edimax BR6216MG User's Manual

Edimax br6216mg: users manual.
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User's Manual
1

   Summary of Contents for Edimax BR6216MG

  • Page 1

    User’s Manual...

  • Page 2: Table Of Contents

    Introduction... 4 Features... 4 Minimum Requirements... 4 Package Content ... 4 Note ... 4 Get to know the Broadband Router ... 5 Back Panel ... 5 Front Panel ... 6 Setup Diagram ... 7 Getting started... 7 Chapter 1... 15 Quick Setup ...

  • Page 3: Table Of Contents

    2.5 QoS... 55 2.6 NAT ... 59 2.6.1 Port Forwarding... 61 2.6.2 Virtual Server ... 63 2.6.3 Special Applications... 66 2.6.4 UPnP Settings... 68 2.6.5 ALG Settings... 69 2.6.6 Static Routing... 70 2.7 Firewall ... 72 2.7.1 Access Control ... 73 2.7.2 URL Blocking...

  • Page 4: Introduction, Features, Minimum Requirements, Package Content, Note

    ADSL or cable modem. Simply configure your Internet connection settings in the Wireless Broadband Router and plug your PC to the LAN port and you're ready to share files and access the Internet. As your network grows, you can connect another hub or switch to the router’s LAN ports, allowing you to easily expand your network.

  • Page 5: Get To Know The Broadband Router, Back Panel

    The Reset button allows you to do one of two things. 1) If problems occur with your router, press the router’s reset button with a pencil tip (for less than 4 seconds) and the router will re-boot itself, keeping your original configurations.

  • Page 6: Front Panel

    Front Panel On the router’s front panel there are LED lights that inform you of the router’s current status. Below is an explanation of each LED and its description. Light Status WAN 10/100M WAN LNK/ACT LAN 10/100M (Port 1-4) LAN LNK/ACT...

  • Page 7: Setup Diagram, Getting Started

    Figure 1.2 below shows a typical setup for a Local Area Network (LAN). Getting started This is a step-by-step instruction on how to start using the router and get connected to the Internet. 1) Setup your network as shown in the setup diagram above (fig 1.2).

  • Page 8

    Gateway: All fields are blank. DNS Configuration: Select Disable DNS. WINS Configuration: Select Disable WINS Resolution. IP Address: Select Obtain IP address automatically 8: Reboot the PC. Your PC will now obtain an IP address automatically from your Broadband Router’s DHCP server.

  • Page 9

    Note: Please make sure that the Broadband router’s DHCP server is the only DHCP server available on your LAN. Once you’ve configured your PC to obtain an IP address automatically, please proceed to Step 3 2b) Windows XP 1: Click the Start button and select Settings, then click Network Connections. The Network Connections window will appear.

  • Page 10

    Note: Please make sure that the Broadband router’s DHCP server is the only DHCP server available on your LAN. Once you’ve configured your PC to obtain an IP address automatically, please proceed to Step 3. 2c) Windows 2000 1: Click the Start button and select Settings, then click Control Panel. The Control Panel window will appear.

  • Page 11

    6: Click OK to confirm the setting. Your PC will now obtain an IP address automatically from your Broadband Router’s DHCP server. Note: Please make sure that the Broadband router’s DHCP server is the only DHCP server available on your LAN.

  • Page 12

    DHCP servers off. (To disable the Broadband router’s DHCP server see chapter 2 LAN Port) 4) Once your PC has obtained an IP address from your router, enter the default IP address 192.168.2.1 (broadband router’s IP address) into your PC’s web browser and press <enter>...

  • Page 13

    Quick Setup Wizard, General Setup, Status Information and Tools. Quick Setup Wizard (Chapter 1) If you only want to start using the broadband router as an Internet Access device then you ONLY need to configure the screens in the Quick Setup Wizard section.

  • Page 14

    Internet Service Provider (ISP). This section contains configurations for the Broadband router’s advance functions such as: Address Mapping, Virtual Server, Access Control, Hacker Attack Prevention, DMZ, Special applications and other functions to meet your LAN requirements.

  • Page 15: Quick Setup, Step 1) Time Zone

    Once you click on the Quick Setup Wizard in the HOME page, you should see the screen below. Step 1) Time Zone The Time Zone allows your router to base its time on the settings configured here, this will affect functions such as Log entries and Firewall settings.

  • Page 16: Step 2) Broadband Type

    Step 2) Broadband Type In this section you have to select one of four types of connections that you will be using to connect your broadband router’s WAN port to your ISP (see screen below). Description Select the time zone of the country you are currently in.

  • Page 17

    Note: Different ISP’s require different methods of connecting to the Internet, please check with your ISP as to the type of connection it requires. Menu 1.1 Cable Modem 1.2 Fixed-IP xDSL 1.3 PPPoE 1.4 PPTP 1.5 L2TP 1.6 Telstra Big Pond Click on one of the WAN type and then proceed to the manual’s relevant sub-section (1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 1.5 or 1.6).

  • Page 18: Cable Modem

    1.1 Cable Modem Choose Cable Modem if your ISP will automatically give you an IP address. Some ISP’s may also require that you fill in additional information such as Host Name and MAC address (see screen below). Note: The Host Name and MAC address section is optional and you can skip this section if your ISP does not require these settings for you to connect to the Internet.

  • Page 19: Fixed-ip Xdsl

    Click <OK> when you have finished the configuration above. Congratulations! You have completed the configuration for the Cable Modem connection. You can start using the router now, if you wish to use some of the advance features supported by this router see chapter 2, 3, 4. 1.2 Fixed-IP xDSL Select Fixed-IP xDSL if your ISP has given you a specific IP address for you to use.

  • Page 20: Pppoe

    Click <OK> when you have finished the configuration above. Congratulations! You have completed the configuration for the Fixed-IP x DSL connection. You can start using the router now, if you wish to use some of the advance features supported by this router see chapter 2, 3, 4. 1.3 PPPoE Select PPPoE if your ISP requires the PPPoE protocol to connect you to the Internet.

  • Page 21: Pptp

    Click <OK> when you have finished the configuration above. Congratulations! You have completed the configuration for the PPPoE connection. You can start using the router now, if you wish to use some of the advance features supported by this router see chapter 2, 3, 4. 1.4 PPTP Select PPTP if your ISP requires the PPTP protocol to connect you to the Internet.

  • Page 22

    Parameter Obtain an IP address automatically Use the following IP address The ISP give you a static IP to be used to connect to the IP Address Subnet Mask Gateway User ID Password Description The ISP requires you to obtain an IP address by DHCP before connecting to the PPTP server.

  • Page 23: L2tp

    Click <OK> when you have finished the configuration above. Congratulations! You have completed the configuration for the PPTP connection. You can start using the router now, if you wish to use some of the advance features supported by this router see chapter 2, 3, 4. 1.5 L2TP Select L2TP if your ISP requires the L2TP protocol to connect you to the Internet.

  • Page 24

    Parameter Obtain an IP address automatically MAC Address Use the following IP address The ISP gives you a static IP to be used to connect to the IP Address Subnet Mask Description The ISP requires you to obtain an IP address by DHCP before connecting to the L2TP server.

  • Page 25

    Click <OK> when you have finished the configuration above. Congratulations! You have completed the configuration for the L2TP connection. You can start using the router now, if you wish to use some of the advance features supported by this router see chapter 2, 3, 4. (e.g. 255.255.255.0)

  • Page 26: Telstra Big Pond

    1.6 Telstra Big Pond Select Telstra Big Pond if your ISP requires the Telstra Big Pond protocol to connect you to the Internet. Your ISP should provide all the information required in this section. Telstra Big Pond protocol is used by the ISP in Australia.

  • Page 27: General Settings

    Click <OK> when you have finished the configuration above. Congratulations! You have completed the configuration for the Telstra Big Pond connection. You can start using the router now, if you wish to use some of the advance features supported by this router see chapter 2, 3, 4. Chapter 2 General Settings Once you click on the General Setup button at the Home Page, you should see the screen below.

  • Page 28

    If you have already configured the Quick Setup Wizard you do NOT need to configure anything thing in the General Setup screen for you to start using the Internet. The General Setup contains advanced features that allow you to configure the router to meet your network’s needs such as: Wireless, Address Mapping, Virtual Server, Access Control, Hacker Attack Prevention, Special Applications, DMZ and other functions.

  • Page 29: System

    The system screen allows you to specify a time zone, to change the system password and to specify a remote management user for the broadband router. This section allows you to set the Broadband router’s system Time Zone, Password and Remote Management Administrator.

  • Page 30: Time Zone

    Select one of the above three system settings selections and proceed to the manual’s relevant sub-section 2.1.1 Time Zone The Time Zone allows your router to reference or base its time on the settings configured here, which will affect functions such as Log entries and Firewall settings. Description Select the time zone of the country you are currently in.

  • Page 31: Password Settings

    End Daylight Savings Time Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now configure other advance sections or start using the router (with the advance settings in place) 2.1.2 Password Settings You can change the password required to log into the broadband router's system web-based management.

  • Page 32: Remote Management

    2.1.3 Remote Management The remote management function allows you to designate a host in the Internet the ability to configure the Broadband router from a remote site. Enter the designated host IP Address in the Host IP Address field. Description Enter your current password for the remote management administrator to login to your Broadband router.

  • Page 33

    Remote Management host IP address for this router (located in your company office), then you are able to configure this router from your home. If the Host Address is left 0.0.0.0 this means anyone can access the router’s web-based configuration from a remote location, providing they know the password.

  • Page 34

    Enabled Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now configure other advance sections or start using the router (with the advance settings in place) 2.2 WAN Use the WAN Settings screen if you have already configured the Quick Setup Wizard section and you would like to change your Internet connection type.

  • Page 35

    Parameters 2.2.1 Dynamic IP address 2.2.2 Static IP address 2.2.3 PPPoE 2.2.4 PPTP 2.2.5 L2TP 2.2.6 Telstra Big Pond 2.2.7 DNS 2.2.8 DDNS Once you have made a selection, click <More Configuration> at the bottom of the screen and proceed to the manual’s relevant sub-section Description Your ISP will automatically give you an IP address Your ISP has given you an IP address already...

  • Page 36: Dynamic Ip, Static Ip Address, Pppoe (ppp Over Ethernet), Pptp, L2tp, Telstra Big Pond

    A Domain Name System (DNS) server is like an index of IP addresses and Web addresses. If you type a Web address into your browser, such as www.router.com, a DNS server will find that name in its index and the matching IP address. Most ISPs provide a DNS server for speed and...

  • Page 37: Ddns

    Secondary DNS Address (optional) Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now configure other advance sections or start using the router (with the advance settings in place) 2.2.8 DDNS DDNS allows you to map the static domain name to a dynamic IP address. You must get an account, password and your static domain name from the DDNS service providers.

  • Page 38

    (with the advance settings in place) 2.3 LAN The LAN Port screen below allows you to specify a private IP address for your router’s LAN ports as well as a subnet mask for your LAN segment.

  • Page 39

    DHCP Server Enabled Lease Time Description This is the router’s LAN port IP address (Your LAN clients default gateway IP address) Specify a Subnet Mask for your LAN segment If 802.1d Spanning Tree function is enabled, this router will use the spanning tree protocol to prevent from network loop happened in the LAN ports.

  • Page 40: Wireless

    Domain Name Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now configure other advance sections or start using the router (with the advance settings in place) 2.4 Wireless Wireless Access Point builds a wireless LAN and can let all PCs equipped with IEEE 802.11b or 801.11g wireless network adaptor connect to your Intranet.

  • Page 41: Basic Settings

    (with the advance settings in place) 2.4.1 Basic Settings You can set parameters that are used for the wireless stations to connect to this router. The parameters include Mode, ESSID, Channel Number and Associated Client.

  • Page 42

    Setting Page Parameters Default Mode Band ESSID default Channel Number Associated Clients Description It allows you to set the AP to AP, Station, Bridge or WDS mode. It allows you to set the AP fix at 802.11b or 802.11g mode. You also can select B+G mode to allow the AP select 802.11b and 802.11g connection automatically.

  • Page 43

    Set Security Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now configure other advance sections or start using the router (with the advance settings in place) This is the MAC address used by the Wireless interface of this AP when it is in the station modes.

  • Page 44: Advanced Settings

    2.4.2 Advanced Settings You can set advanced wireless LAN parameters of this router. The parameters include Authentication Type, Fragment Threshold, RTS Threshold, Beacon Interval, Preamble Type …… You should not change these parameters unless you know what effect the changes will have on this router.

  • Page 45

    802.11g Protection Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now configure other advance sections or start using the router. When the packet size is smaller the RTS threshold, the wireless router will not use the RTS/CTS mechanism to send this packet.

  • Page 46: Security, Wep Only

    When you select 64-bit or128-bit WEP key, you have to enter WEP keys to encrypt data. You can generate the key by yourself and enter it. You can enter four WEP keys and select one of them as default key. Then the router can receive any packets encrypted by one of the four keys...

  • Page 47: X Only

    Key 1 - Key 4 Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now configure other advance sections or start using the router (with the advance settings in place) 2.4.3.2 802.1x only IEEE 802.1x is an authentication protocol. Every user must use a valid account to login to this Access Point before accessing the wireless LAN.

  • Page 48: X Wep Static Key

    RADIUS Server Password Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now configure other advance sections or start using the router (with the advance settings in place) 2.4.3.3 802.1x WEP Static key IEEE 802.1x is an authentication protocol. Every user must use a valid account to login to this Access Point before accessing the wireless LAN.

  • Page 49: Wpa Pre-shared Key

    For the WEP settings, please refer to section 2.4.3.1 “WEP only”. For the 802.1x settings, please refer to section 2.4.3.2 “802.1x only”. 2.4.3.4 WPA Pre-shared key Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA) is an advanced security standard. You can use a pre- shared key to authenticate wireless stations and encrypt data during communication.

  • Page 50

    Parameters Default WPA(TKIP) WPA2(AES) WPA2 Mixed Pre-shared Key Format Pre-shared Key Description TKIP can change the encryption key frequently to enhance the wireless LAN security. This use CCMP protocol to change encryption key frequently. AES can provide high level encryption to enhance the wireless LAN security. This will use TKIP or AES based on the other communication peer automatically.

  • Page 51: Wpa Radius

    Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now configure other advance sections or start using the router (with the advance settings in place) 2.4.3.5 WPA Radius Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA) is an advanced security standard. You can use an external RADIUS server to authenticate wireless stations and provide the session key to encrypt data during communication.

  • Page 52

    RADIUS Server Password Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now configure other advance sections or start using the router (with the advance settings in place) The service port of the external RADIUS server.

  • Page 53: Access Control

    2.4.4 Access Control This wireless router provides MAC Address Control, which prevents the unauthorized MAC Addresses from accessing your wireless network. Parameters Enable wireless access control Add MAC address into the list Remove MAC address from the list Description Enable wireless access control Fill in the "MAC Address"...

  • Page 54

    Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now configure other advance sections or start using the router (with the advance settings in place)

  • Page 55

    2.5 QoS The QoS can let you classify Internet application traffic by source/destination IP address and port number. You can assign priority for each type of application and reserve bandwidth for it. The packets of applications with higher priority will always go first. Lower priority applications will get bandwidth after higher priority applications get enough bandwidth.

  • Page 56

    Add a QoS rule into the table Remove QoS rules from the table Edit a QoS rule Adjust QoS rule priority Edit QoS Rule: You can assign packet classification criteria by its local IP range, remote IP range, traffic type, protocol, local port range and remote port range parameters.

  • Page 57

    Parameters Rule Name Bandwidth Local IP Address Local Port Range Description The name of this rule. You can assign the download or upload bandwidth by the unit of Kbps (1024 bit per second). You can limit the maximum bandwidth consumed by this rule by selecting “Maximum”. You also can reserve enough bandwidth for this rule by selecting “Guarantee”.

  • Page 58

    Reset Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now configure other advance sections or start using the router (with the advance settings in place) Enter the remote IP address range of the packets that this rule will apply to.

  • Page 59

    Port) to a particular LAN IP address and its service port number. Some applications require multiple connections, such as Internet games, video conferencing, Internet telephony and others. In this section you can configure the router to support these types of applications.

  • Page 60

    Enable or Disable UPnP feature here. After you enable the UPnP feature, all client systems that support UPnP, like Windows XP, can discover this router automatically and access the Internet through this router without any configuration. The NAT Traversal function...

  • Page 61: Port Forwarding

    The Port Forwarding allows you to re-direct a particular range of service port numbers (from the Internet/WAN Ports) to a particular LAN IP address. It help you to host some servers behind the router NAT firewall. Parameter Enable Port Forwarding...

  • Page 62

    Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now configure other advance sections or start using the router (with the advance settings in place) Fill in the "Private IP", “Type”, “Port Range” and "Comment"...

  • Page 63: Virtual Server

    2.6.2 Virtual Server Use the Virtual Server function when you want different servers/clients in your LAN to handle different service/Internet application type (e.g. Email, FTP, Web server etc.) from the Internet. Computers use numbers called port numbers to recognize a particular service/Internet application type.

  • Page 64

    Add Virtual Server Remove Virtual Server Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now configure other advance sections or start using the router (with the advance settings in place) Enter (service/Internet application)

  • Page 65

    Example: Virtual Server The diagram below demonstrates one of the ways you can use the Virtual Server function. Use the Virtual Server when you want the web server located in your private LAN to be accessible to Internet users. The configuration below means that any request coming form the Internet to access your web server will be translated to your LAN’s web server (192.168.2.2).

  • Page 66: Special Applications

    2.6.3 Special Applications Some applications require multiple connections, such as Internet games, video conferencing, Internet telephony and others. In this section you can configure the router to support multiple connections for these types of applications. Parameters Enable Trigger Port Trigger Port...

  • Page 67

    In the example above, when a user trigger’s port 28800 (outbound) for MSN Game Zone then the router will allow incoming packets for ports 2300-2400 and 47624 to be directed to that user. Note: Only one LAN client can use a particular special application at a time.

  • Page 68: Upnp Settings

    2.6.4 UPnP Settings With UPnP, all PCs in you Intranet will discover this router automatically. So you do not have to do any configuration for your PC and can access the Internet through this router easily. Parameters Default UPnP Feature Disable Click <Apply>...

  • Page 69: Alg Settings

    Enable Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now configure other advance sections or start using the router (with the advance settings in place) Description You can select to enable “Application Layer Gateway”, then the router will let that...

  • Page 70: Static Routing

    2.6.6 Static Routing This router provides Static Routing function when NAT is disabled. With Static Routing, the router can forward packets according to your routing rules. The IP sharing function will not work any more in Static Routing mode. Note: The DMZ function of firewall will not work if static routing is enabled.

  • Page 71

    Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now configure other advance sections or start using the router (with the advance settings in place) The number of hops (routers) to pass through to reach the destination LAN.

  • Page 72: Firewall

    2.7 Firewall The Broadband router provides extensive firewall protection by restricting connection parameters, thus limiting the risk of hacker attack, and defending against a wide array of common Internet attacks. However, for applications that require unrestricted access to the Internet, you can configure a specific client/server as a Demilitarized Zone (DMZ).

  • Page 73

    2.7.1 Access Control If you want to restrict users from accessing certain Internet applications/services (e.g. Internet websites, email, FTP etc.), then this is the place to set that configuration. Access Control allows users to define the traffic type permitted in your LAN. You can control which PC client can have access to these services.

  • Page 74

    Filter client PC by MAC address Check “Enable MAC Filtering” to enable MAC Add PC Remove PC You can now configure other advance sections or start using the router (with the advance settings in place) want remove all PCs from the table, just click "Delete All"...

  • Page 75

    Reset Click <Apply Changes> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now configure other advance sections or start using the router (with the advance settings in place) Description The description for this client PC rule.

  • Page 76

    Example: Access Control In the example below, LAN client A can only access websites that use Port 80. However, LAN client B is able to access websites and any other service that uses ports between 80 and 999.

  • Page 77: Url Blocking

    2.7.2 URL Blocking You can block access to some Web sites from particular PCs by entering a full URL address or just keyword of the Web site. Parameters Enable URL Blocking Add URL Keyword Remove URL Keyword Description Enable/disable URL Blocking Fill in “URL/Keyword”...

  • Page 78

    You can now configure other advance sections or start using the router (with the advance settings in place)

  • Page 79: Dos (denial Of Service)

    Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now configure other advance sections or start using the router (with the advance settings in place) If Internet attacks occur the router can log the events.

  • Page 80

    2.7.4 DMZ If you have a local client PC that cannot run an Internet application (e.g. Games) properly from behind the NAT firewall, then you can open the client up to unrestricted two-way Internet access by defining a DMZ Host. The DMZ function allows you to re-direct all packets going to your WAN port IP address to a particular IP address in your LAN.

  • Page 81

    You can now configure other advance sections or start using the router (with the advance settings in place Note: You need to give your LAN PC clients a fixed/static IP address for DMZ to work properly.

  • Page 82: Status

    Chapter 3 Status The Status section allows you to monitor the current status of your router. You can use the Status page to monitor: the connection status of the Broadband router's WAN/LAN interfaces, the current firmware and hardware version numbers, any illegal attempts to access your network, and information on all DHCP client PCs currently connected to your network.

  • Page 83: Status And Information

    3.7 Statistics Select one of the above five Status selections and proceed to the manual’s relevant sub-section 3.1 Status and Information The Status and Information section allows you to view the router’s system information Parameters Information View your LAN client's information that is currently linked to the...

  • Page 84: Internet Connection, Device Status

    3.2 Internet Connection View the Broadband router’s current Internet connection status and other related information Parameters Internet Connection 3.3 Device Status View the Broadband router’s current configuration settings. The Device Status displays the configuration settings you’ve configured in the Quick Setup Wizard/General Setup section.

  • Page 85

    Parameters Device Status Description This page shows the Broadband router’s current device settings. This page displays the Broadband router LAN port’s current LAN IP Address and Subnet Mask. It also shows whether the DHCP Server function is enabled/disabled..

  • Page 86: System Log

    Parameters System Log Description This page shows the current system log of the Broadband router. It displays any event occurred after system start up. At the bottom of the page, the system log can be saved <Save> to a local file for further processing or the system log can be cleared <Clear>...

  • Page 87: Security Log

    Parameters Security Log Description This page shows the current security log of the Broadband router. It displays any illegal attempts to access your network. At the bottom of the page, the security log can be saved <Save> to a local file for further processing or the security log can be cleared <Clear>...

  • Page 88: Active Dhcp Client

    3.6 Active DHCP Client View your LAN client's information that is currently linked to the Broadband router's DHCP server Parameters Active DHCP Client Description This page shows all DHCP clients (LAN PCs) currently connected to your network. The “Active DHCP Client Table”...

  • Page 89: Statistics

    3.7 Statistics View the statistics of packets sent and received on WAN, LAN and Wireless LAN. Parameters Statistics Description Shows the counters of packets sent and received on WAN, LAN and Wireless LAN.

  • Page 90: Tool

    Description You can save the router’s current configuration, restore the router’s saved configuration files and restore the router’s factory default settings This page allows you to upgrade the router’s firmware You can reset the router’s system should any problem exist...

  • Page 91: Configuration Tools

    Saving the configuration settings provides an added protection and convenience should problems occur with the router and you have to reset to factory default. When you save the configuration setting (Backup) you can re-load the saved configuration into the router through the Restore selection.

  • Page 92: Firmware Upgrade

    Description This tool allows you to upgrade the Broadband router’s system firmware. To upgrade the firmware of your Broadband router, you need to download the firmware file to your local hard disk, and enter that file name and path in the appropriate field on this page.

  • Page 93: Reset

    4.3 Reset You can reset the router’s system should any problem exist. The reset function essentially Re-boots your router’s system Parameters Reset Description In the event that the system stops responding correctly or in some way stops functioning, you can perform a reset. Your settings will not be changed.

  • Page 94: Appendix A

    1) In Window’s open the Command Prompt program 2) Type Ipconfig /all and <enter> Your PC’s IP address is the one entitled IP address (192.168.1.77) The router’s IP address is the one entitled Default Gateway (192.168.1.254) Your PC’s MAC Address is the one entitled Physical Address (00-50-FC-FE-02-DB)

  • Page 95: Glossary

    Glossary Default Gateway (Router): Every non-router IP device needs to configure a default gateway’s IP address. When the device sends out an IP packet, if the destination is not on the same network, the device has to send the packet to its default gateway, which will then send it out towards the destination.

  • Page 96

    NAT: Network Address Translation. This process allows all of the computers on your home network to use one IP address. Using the broadband router’s NAT capability, you can access the Internet from any computer on your home network without having to purchase more IP addresses from your ISP.

  • Page 97

    create IP address numbers used only within a particular network (as opposed to valid IP address numbers recognized by the Internet, which must be assigned by InterNIC). TCP/IP, UDP: Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) and Unreliable Datagram Protocol (UDP). TCP/IP is the standard protocol for data transmission over the Internet. Both TCP and UDP are transport layer protocol.

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