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1994 OWNER'S LITERATURE
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   Summary of Contents for Cadillac 1994 DeVille

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    1994 OWNER’S LITERATURE...

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    PENALTY O F LEADERSHIP Mich.) ( C a d l l a c Motor C a r Detroit. THIS TEXT POST CADtLLAC APPEARED AS AN ADVERTISEMENT IN THE SATURDAY EVENING JANUARY 2ND. THE YEAR 1915 COPYRIOWT, MOTOR CAR DIVISION...

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    Henry Leland, known as the master of precision, initiated his pre- cision manufacturing techniques at the founding of Cadillac in 1902. His exacting standards prompted the motto which Cadillac has been guided over the years “Craftsmanship Creed -Accuracy Law.” The introduction of...

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    “The Penalty of Leadership” first appeared in the January issue of The Saturday Evening Post as an expression of the Cadillac com- mitment to leadership, quality, and innovation. is widely regarded as one of the finest documents ever...

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    1948 For the model, Cadillac introduced the which set the trend in automotive styling for nearly two decades. This was followed the 1949 model with the two door hardtop Coupe DeVille and the modern overhead valve, high compression engine. Engineering innovations, con- veniences and styling dominated the '50s and '60s.

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    For more than nine decades Cadillac has been a leader in quality and technical innovation. Now more than ever, substance takes shape Cadillac Allantit in stock The demanding pace car...

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    It also explains the “SIR’ system. Section 2 Features and Controls This section explains how to start and operate your Cadillac. Section 3 Comfort Controls and Audio Systems This section tells you how to adjust the ventilation and comfort controls and how to operate your sound system.

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    THE 1994 SEDAN DEVILLE LITERATURE Please keep this literature in your Cadillac, so it will be there if you ever need it when you’re on the road. If you sell the vehicle, please leave this book in it so the new owner can use it.

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    HOW TO USE THIS MANUAL Many people read their owner’s manu; first receive their new vehicle. This will help youiearn :bout the features and controls for your vehicle. In this manual; words work together to explain things quickly. INDEX A good place to look for what you need is the Index in back of the manual.

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    Khicle Damage Warnings Also, in this book you will find these notices: NOTICE: These mean there is something that could damage your vehicle. In the notice area, we tell you about something that can damage your vehicle. Many times, this damage would not be covered by your warranty, and it could be costly.

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    Vehicle Symbols These are some of the symbols you will find on your vehicle. For example, these symbols are used on an original battery: CAUTION PROTECT EYES POSSIBLE INJURY BY SHIELDING SPARK OR FLAME AVOID SPARKS OR FLAMES EXPLODE BAlTERY These symbols are important for you and your passengers whenever your vehicle is driven: DOOR LOCK UNLOCK...

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    These to do with lights: symbols have your MASTER LIGHTING TURN SIGNALS PARKING LIGHTS SWITCH HAZARD WARNING LIGHTS OR FOG LAMPS FLASHER HIGH BEAM These are on symbols some your controls: 4 W 0 b WINDSHIELD WINDSHIELD WINDSHIELD WASHER DEFROSTER WIPER &...

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    These symbols are used on warning and indicator lights: ENGINE COOLANT TEMPERATURE FUEL Here are some other symbols you may see: RADIO SELECTOR FUSE TRUNK HATCHBACK RELEASE CHARGING BRAKE ENGINE OIL ENGINE PRESSURE TEMPERATURE RADIO VOLUME LIGHTER RADIATOR COOLANT ANTILOCK BRAKE CONDITIONING SPEAKER...

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    SEATS AND RESTRUNT SYSTEMS Here you’ll find information about the seats in your Cadillac, your Supplemental Inflatable Restraint (“air bag”) system and how to use your safety belts properly. You can also learn about some things you should do with safety belts.

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    Seat Adjuster Moving the center switch side to side moves the whole seat up or down. Move the center switch forward or back to move the whole seat forward or rearward. Front Seatback Recliner Pressing the front switch tilts the front portion of the seat cushion either up or down.

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    Power Seatback Recliner (Optional) Do not have a seatback reclined if your vehicle is moving. Move the switch forward to raise the seatback and rearward to recline the seatback.

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    CAUTION: Sitting in a reclined position when your vehicle is in motion can be dangerous. Even their job when you’re reclined like this. The shoulder belt can’t do its job because it won’t be against your body. Instead, it will be in front of you. In a crash you could go into it, receiving neck or other injuries.

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    Move the switch to ei&r LO or HI to turn on the heating element in the seat. This feature is designed primarily for use on damp and chilly days. The LO setting warms the seatback and cushion until the seat approximates body temperature.

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    SAFETYBELTS: THEY’RE FOR EVERYONE This figure lights up as a reminder to buckle up. (See “Safety Belt Reminder Light” in the Index.) In many states and Canadian provinces, the law says to wear safety belts. Here’s why: They work.

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    You never know if you’ll be in a crash. know it will be bad one. A few crashes are mild, and some crashes can be buckled up a person wouldn’t survive. But most crashes are in between. of them, people who buckle up can survive and sometimes In many away.

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    W % y Safety Belts Work When you ride in or on anything, you go as fast as it goes. For example, if the bike is going 10 mph (16 km/h), so is the child. When the bike hits the block, it stops.

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    Take the simplest vehicle. Suppose it's just a seat on wheels.

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    Get it up to speed. Then stop the vehicle. The rider doesn’t stop. The person keeps going until stopped by something. In a real vehicle, could be the windshield...

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    With safety belts, you slow down as the vehicle does. You get more time to stop. You stop over more distance, and your strongest bones take the forces. That’s why safety belts make such good sense. or the instrument panel or the safety belts!

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    HERE ARE QUESTIONS “ N Y P E O P L E ASKABOUTSAFETYBELTS-AND THE AlVSWERS Won’t I be trapped in .the vehicle after an accident i f I’m wearing a safety belt? You could be whether you’re wearing a safety belt or not. But you can easily unbuckle a safety belt, even if you’re upside down.

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    Be aware that there are special things to know about safety belts and children. And there are different rules for smaller children and babies. If a child will be riding in your Cadillac, see the section after this one, called “Children.” Follow those rules for everyone’s protection.

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    DRIVER POSITION This section describes the driver’s restraint system. Lapshoulder Belt The driver has lap-shoulder belt. Here’s how to wear it properly. 1. Close and lock the door. 2. Adjust the seat (to see how, see “Seats” in the Index) so you can sit up straight.

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    3. Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across you. Don’t let it get twisted. 4. Push the latch plate into the buckle until Pull up on the latch plate to make sure it is secure. If the belt isn’t long enough, see “Safety Belt Extender”...

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    o n the hips, just The lap part the belt should be worn low and snug touching the thighs. In a crash, this applies force to the strong pelvic bones. And you'd be less likely to slide under the lap belt. If slid under it, the belt would apply force at your abdomen.

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    Shoulder Belt Height Adjuster can move tne shoulder belt adjuster to the height that is right for you. To move it up or down, squeeze the release handle. When you release the handle, try to move it down a little to make sure it has locked into position.

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    To help you find a height that is right for you, follow these guidelines: For a tall person: Use the upper or upper-middle position. For a person of average height: Use a position somewhere in the middle. For a short person: Use the lower or lower-middle position. Adjust the height so that the shoulder portion of the belt is...

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    Shoulder Belt Tightness Adjustment Your vehicle has shoulder belt tightness adjustment feature. shoulder belt seems too tight, you can adjust it 1. Sit well back in the seat. like this: 2. Star shol Just before it reaches the end, give it pull.

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    Let the belt go back all the way. sound. you don’t, the adjustment feature won’t set, and you’ll have to start again. 5. Now you can add a small amount sit back. you’ve added more than shoulder belt out as you did before and start again. you move around in the vehicle enough, or if belt, the belt will become tight again.

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    What's wrong with this? The shoulder belt is too loose. It won't give nearly as much protection this way. CAUTION: You can be serious$ hurt if your shoulder belt is too loose. In a crash you would move forward too much, which could increase injury..

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    What’s wrong with this? The belt is buckled in the wrong place. CAUTION: You can be seriously injured if your belt place like this. In a crash, the belt would go up over your abdomen. The belt forces would be there, not at the pelvic bones.

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    The shoulder belt is worn under the arm. It should be worn shoulder at all times. CAUTION You can seriously injured if you wear the shoulder belt under arm. your crash, your body would move too far forward, which would increase the chance of head and neck injury. Also, the belt would apply too much force to the ribs, which aren't strong shoulder bones.

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    What’s wrong with this? The belt twisted across the body. CAUTION: You can be seriously injured by a twisted belt. In a crash, you wouldn’t have the full width of the belt to spread impact forces. If a belt is twisted, make it straight so it can work properly, or ask your dealer to fix it.

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    R E S T M N T SYSTEM (MR BAGS) This section explains the Supplemental Inflatable Restraint (SIR), or “air bag,” system. Your Cadillac has an air bag for both the driver and the right-front passenger. Here are the most important things to know: of the way.

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    Air Bag Readiness Light There is an air bag readiness light on the instrument panel. The system checks for electrical malfunctions, and the light tells you problem. will see this light flash for a few seconds when you turn your ignition to “Run”...

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    How The Air Bag System Works...

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    It is possible that in a crash, only one of the two air bags in your Cadillac will deploy. This is rare, but can happen in a crash just severe enough to make an air bag inflate.

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    How does an air bag restrain? In moderate to severe frontal or near-frontal collisions, even belted occupants can contact the steering wheel or the instrument panel. The air bag supplements the protection provided by safety belts. Air bags distribute the force of the impact more evenly over the occupant’s upper body, stopping the occupant more gradually.

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    Your vehicle is equipped with a diagnostic module, which records information about the air bag system if the air bag deploys in a crash. The module records information about the readiness of the system, which sensors activated the deployment, and whether the driver’s safety belt was in use.

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    Servicing Your Air Bag=Equipped Cadillac Air bags affect how your Cadillac should be serviced. There are parts of the air bag system in several places around your vehicle. You don’t want the system to inflate while someone is working on your vehicle. Your Cadillac dealer and the 1994 Cadillac Service Manual have information about servicing your vehicle and the air bag system.

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    SAFETYBELT USE DURING PREGNANCY Safety belts work for everyone, including pregnant women. Like all occupants, they are more likely to be seriously injured if they don’t wear safety belts. A pregnant woman should wear a lap-shoulder belt, and the lap portion should be worn as low aspossible thr*oughout the-pregnancy.

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    RIGHT FRONT PASSENGER POSITION The right front passenger’s safety belt works the same way as the driver’s safety belt. See “Driver Position,” earlier in this part. When the lap portion of the belt is pulled out all the way, it will lock. If it does, let it go back all the way and start again.

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    Lap Belt If your vehicle has a front split and rear bench seats, someone can sit in the center position. When you sit in a center seating position, you have a lap safety belt, which has no retractor. To make the belt longer, tilt the latch plate and pull it along the belt.

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    Buckle, position and release it the same way as the lap part of a lap-shoulder belt. If the belt isn’t long enough, see “Safety Belt Extender” section. of this Make sure the release button on the buckle is positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the safety belt quickly if you ever had to.

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    Rear Seat Outside Passenger Positions Lap-Shoulder Belt The positions next to the windows have lap-shoulder belts. Here’s how to wear one properly. 2. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks. Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across you.

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    If the belt is not long enough, see “Safety Belt Extender” at the end of this section. Make sure the release button on the buckle is positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the safety belt quickly if you ever had to. If the belt stops before it reaches the buckle, tilt the latch...

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    The lap part of the belt should be worn low and snug on the hips, just touching the thighs. In a crash, this applies force to the strong pelvic bones. And you'd be less likely to slide under the lap belt. If you slid under it, the belt would apply force at your abdomen.

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    To unlatch the belt, just push the button on the buckle. CHILDREN...

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    ‘ ,...

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    CHILD RESTRAINTS Be sure to follow the instructions for the restraint. You may find these instructions on the restraint itself or in a booklet, or both. These restraints use the belt system in your vehicle, but the child also has to be secured within the restraint to help reduce the chance The instructions that come with the infant or child restraint will show you how to do that.

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    Top Strap If you need to have an anchor installed, you can ask your Cadillac dealer to put it in for you. If you want to install an anchor yourself, your dealer can tell you how to do it.

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    Securing a Child Restraint in a Rear Outside Position You’ll be using the lap-shoulder belt. See the earlier section about the top strap if the child restraint has one. on the seat. Follow the instructions for the child 1. Put the restraint restraint.

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    Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the safety belt quickly if you ever had to. 5. To tighten the belt, pull up on the shoulder belt while you push down on the child restraint.

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    To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle’s safety belt and let it go back all the way. Securing a Child Position When you secure a child restraint in a center seating position, you’ll be using the lap belt. Restraint in the Center Rear Seat 6.

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    See the earlier section about the top strap if the child restraint has one. 2. Put the restraint on the seat. Follow restraint. 3. Secure the child in the child restraint as the instructions say. 4. Run the vehicle's safety belt through or around the restraint.'The child restraint instructions will show you how.

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    6. To tighten .the belt, pull its free.end while you push down on the child restraint. 7. Push.and pull the child restraint in different directions-to be sure it is secure. If the child restraint isn't secure, turn the latch-plate over and buckle it again.

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    Securing a Child Restraint in the Right Front Seat Your vehicle has a right-front passenger’s air bag. NEVER put a rear-facing child restraint in this seat. Here’s why: CAUTION A rear-facing,child restraint in the front seat could be pushed into the seatback by the right-front passenger’s air bag if it inflates.

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    If the shoulder belt goes in front of the child’s face or neck, put it behind the child restraint. 5. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the safety belt quickly if you ever had to. 4.

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    6. Pull the rest of lap belt all the way out of the retractor to set the lock. 7. To tighten the belt, feed the lap belt back into the retractor while you push down on the child restraint.

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    To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle’s safety belt and let it go back all the way. The safety belt will move freely again and be ready to work for an adult or larger child passenger. 8. Push and pull the child restraint .in different directions to be...

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    Larger Children Children who have outgrown child restraints should wear the vehicle's safety belts. If you have the choice, a child should sit next to a window so the child can wear a lap-shoulder belt and get the additional restraint a shoulder belt can provide.

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    Children who aren't buckled up can be thrown out in a crash. Children who aren't buckled up can strike other people who are.

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    What if a child small that the shoulder belt is very close to the child’s face or neck? Move the child toward the center of the vehicle, but be sure that the shoulder belt still is on the child’s shoulder, so that in a crash the child’s upper body would.

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    Wherever the child sits, the lap portion o f the belt should be worn low and snug on the hips, just touching the child’s thighs. This applies belt force to the child’s pelvic bones in a crash.

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    SAFETYBELT EXTENDER If the vehicle’s safety belt will fasten around you, you should use it. But if a safety belt isn’t long enough to fasten, your dealer will order you an extender. It’s free. When you go in to order it, take the heaviest coat you will wear, so the extender will be long enough for you.

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    FEATURES AND CONTROLS Here you can learn about the many standard and optional features on your Cadillac, and information on starting, shifting and braking. Also explained are the instrument panel and the warning systems that tell you if everything is working properly -- and what to do if you have a problem.

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    When your Cadillac is delivered, the dealer removes the plugs from the door’keys. The plug has a code on it that tells the dealer or a qualified locksmith how to make extra keys. However, the ignition keys do not have a knock out plug. The ignition keys have a bar code tag attach to them.

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    NOTICE: Your Cadillac has a number of new features that can help prevent theft. But you can have a lot vehicle if you ever lock your keys inside. You may even have to damage your vehicle to get in.

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    There are several ways to lock and unlock your vehicle: If your vehicle has a theft deterrent system and it is armed, unlock the doors only- with the key or Keyless Entry System. This will avoid setting off the alarm. From the outside: your door key.

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    Power Door Locks Rear Door Security Lock Your Cadillac is equipped with rear door security locks that help prevent passengers from opening the rear doors of your car from the inside. To use this lock, 1. Move the lever on the door all the way up to the ENGAGED position.

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    3. Do the same thing to the other rear door lock. The rear doors of your vehicle cannot be opened from the inside when this feature is in use. When you want to open a rear door when the security lock is on: 1.

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    Check the distance. You may be too far from your vehicle. This product has a maximum range. Check the location. Other vehicles or objects may be blocking the signal. See your Cadillac dealer or a qualified technician for service. ' 7 2...

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    Changes or modifications to this system by other than an authorized service facility could void authorization to use this equipment. Operation Press this symbol to unlock the driver’s door. Press it again within unlock the other doors. Pressing this button will also disarm the Theft Deterrent System and turn on the...

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    Matching Trunsmitter(s) To Your khicle Each key chain transmitter is coded to prevent another transmitter from unlocking your vehicle. If a transmitter is lost or stolen, a replacement can be purchased through your dealer. Remember to bring any remaining transmitters with you when you go to your dealer. When the dealer matches the replacement transmitter to your vehicle, the remaining transmitters must also be matched.

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    . . . 2. Remove battery and replace with CR2025 or equivalent. Using the wrong size battery can damage the transmitter. ".__... 3. Make sure battery is positioned with " facing cover. "...

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    STORAGE ARMREST The front armrest opens into a storage area. To open it lift the front edge. Inside you will find storage for cassettes or CD’s, a coin holder and a dual cup holder that flips forward for use. GLOW BOX 4.

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    The glove box is directly in front of the front passenger seat. To unlock the door, insert the round key into the lock cylinder and turn it to the left. To lock the door, turn the key to the right and remove the key. The key may be removed in the locked or unlocked position.

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    Convenience Net (Optional) Your vehicle has a convenience net. You can see it ju .st inside th e back wall of the trunk. Us the net to secure small loads like grocery bags. It can help keep them from falling over during sharp turns or quick starts and stops.

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    When not using the net, hook the net to the two tabs securing it to the sill plate. The net is not for larger, heavier loads store such loads in the trunk as far forward as you can. REMOTE TRUNK RELEASE The shift lever must in or in Retained Accessory Power mode.

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    AUTOMATIC PULL-DOWN FEATURE (OPTION) CAUTION Your car has an automatic pull-down feature that helps close the trunk electronically. Your fingers can be trapped under the trunk lid it goes down. Your fingers could iqjured, and you would need someone to help you free them. Keep your fingers away from the trunk lid as you close it and it is going down.

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    If you walk away from your vehicle with the keys inside, it’s an easy target for joy riders or professional thieves -- so don’t do it. When you park your Cadillac and open the driver’s door, you’ll hear a chime reminding you to remove your key fr9m the ignition and take it with you.

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    Do not leave the Remote Keyless Entry key fob, take it with you. Lock all the doors except the driver’s. Then take the door key with you. THEFT DETERRENT (OPTION) If your Cadillac has this option, it has a Theft Deterrent Alarm System. With this system, the “SECURITY”...

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    This light reminds you to arm the theft deterrent system. Here’s how to do it: 1. Open the door. 2. Lock the door with the power door lock switch or Keyless Entry System. The “SECURITY” light should come on and stay on. 3.

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    (see “Fuses and Circuit Breakers” in the Index). If the starter won’t work with the other key, your vehicle needs service. If your vehicle does start, the first ignition key may be faulty. See your Cadillac dealer or a locksmith who can service the PASS-K@II.

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    CAR MAY NOT RESTART message you will be able to restart your engine if you turn it off. Your PASS-Key’II system, however, is not working properly and must be serviced by your Cadillac dealer. Your vehicle is not protected by the PASS-Key’II system.

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    IGNITION KEY POSITIONS Before you put the key in, your ignition will be in the “LOCK’ position. This position locks your ignition, steering wheel and transaxle. It’s an anti-theft feature. The other positions let you perform these functions: ACC: Accessory lets you use things like the radio and the windshield wipers when the engine is off.

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    NOTICE: If your key seems stuck in “Lock” and you can’t turn it, be sure it is all the way in. If it is, then turn the steering wheel left and right while you turn the key hard. But turn the key only with your hand.

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    If you ever have to have your vehicle towed, see the part of this Manual that tells how to do it without damaging your vehicle. See “Towing Your Cadillac” in the Index. D M N G THROUGH DEEP STMDING WATER...

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    Instead of trying to list everything here, we ask that dealer in the area where you’ll be parking your vehicle. The dealer can give you the best advice for that particular area. heavy-duty three-prong extension contact a Cadillac...

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    AUTOlMATIC TRANSAXLE Your automatic transaxle shift lever is located on the steering column. There are several different positions for your shift lever. l...FirstGear Third Gear (Drive) Park Reverse Neutral Overdrive SecondGear...

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    “Towing a Ilrailer” in the Index. Ensure the shift lever is fully in “P7’ (Park) range before starting the engine. Your Cadillac has a brake-transaxle shift interlock. You have to fully apply your regular brakes before you can shift from “P” (Park) when the ignition key is in the “Run”...

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    R (Reverse) Use this gear to back up. NOTICE: Shifting to ‘6R” (Reverse) while your vehicle is moving forward could damage your transaxle. Shift to “R” only after your vehicle stopped. To rock your vehicle back and forth to get out of snow, ice or sand without damaging your transaxle.

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    Automatic Overdrive This position is for normal driving. If you need more power for passing, and you’re: Going less than about 35 mph (56 km/h), push your accelerator pedal about halfway down. - Going about 35 mph (56 km/h) or more, push the accelerator all the way down.

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    2 (Second Gear) This position gives you more power but lower fuel economy. You can use “2” on hills. It can help control your speed as you go down steep mountain roads, but then you would also want to use your brakes off and on.

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    To set the parking brake: Hold the regular brake pedal down with your right foot. Push down the parking brake pedal with your left foot. If the ignition is on, the brake system warning light will come on. When you move out of “P”...

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    NOTICE: Driving with the parking brake on can cause your rear brakes to overheat. You may have to replace them, and you could also damage other parts of your vehicle. If vou are towing a trailer and are parking on any hill: See “Towing a Trailer”...

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    Steering Column Shift Lever 1. Hold the brake pedal down with your right foot. 2. Move the shift lever into “P” (Park) position like this: With your right foot still holding the brake pedal down, set the parking brake. Move the ignition key to “Lock.” Remove the key and take it with you.

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    “P” (Park). SHIFTING OUT OF “P9’ Your Cadillac has a brake-transaxle shift interlock. You have to fully apply your regular brake before you can shift from “P” (Park) when the ignition is in the “Run”...

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    Torque Lock If you are parking on a hill and you don’t shift your transaxle into “P” (Park) properly, the weight of the vehicle may put too much force on the parking pawl in the transaxle. You may find it difficult to pull the shift lever out of “P”...

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    TNGINE EXHAUST...

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    PARK%D It’s better not to park with the engine running. But if you ever have to, here are some things to know. CAUTION: Idling the engine with the air system control off could allow dangerous exhaust into. your vehicle. (See the earlier caution under “Engine Exhaust”.) Also, idling in a closed-in place can let deadly carbon monoxide (CO) into your vehicle even if the fan switch is at the highest...

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    Your vehicle has Retained Accessory Power (RAP). When you stop your vehicle and turn the ignition key to “Off”, you can still use your power ,windows. The electrical power to operate the windows will not shut off until you 0pen.a door or 10 minutes has passed. If you want this power for another 10 minutes, just turn the key to “Run”...

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    Rear Window Lockout Press the right side of the switch to disable rear passenger window switches. This is a useful feature when you have children as passengers. HORN To sound the horn, just press a corner of the air bag located in the center of the steering wheel.

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    TURN SIGNA/MULTIFUNCTION LEVER The lever on the left side of the steering column includes your: Turn Signal and Lane Change Indicator Headlight High-Low Beam To tilt the wheel, hold the steering wheel and pull the lever. Move the steering wheel to a comfortable level, then release the lever to lock the wheel in...

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    Flash-To-Pass Feature Windshield Wipers Windshield Washer Cruise Control Turn Signal and Lane Change Indicator Lever To signal a turn, move the lever all the way up or down. When the turn is finished, the lever will return automatically. A green arrow on the instrument panel will flash in the direction of the turn or lane...

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    To signal a lane change, just raise or lower the lever until the green arrow starts to flash. Hold it there until you complete your lane change. The lever will return by itself when you release it. If for some reason your turn signal is left on, the Driver Information Center will display “TURN SIGNAL ON”...

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    If your headlights are on, but on low beam: The system works normally. Just pull the lever. Your headlights will shift to high beam and stay there. To return to low beam, just pull the lever toward you. If your headlights are on? and on high beam: Your headlights will switch to low beam.

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    Damaged wiper blades may prevent you from seeing well enough to drive safely. To avoid damage, be sure to clear ice and snow from the wiper blades before using them. If they’re frozen to the windshield, carefully loosen or thaw them. If your blades do become damaged, get new blades or blade inserts.

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    NOTICE: When using concentrated washer fluid, follow the manufacturer’s instructions for adding water. Don’t mix water with ready-to-use washer fluid. Water can cause the solution to freeze and damage your washer fluid tank and other parts of the washer system. Also, water doesn’t clean as well as washer fluid.

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    To Set Cruise Control 1. Move the Cruise Control switch to “ON.”...

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    2. Get up to the speed you want. 4. The instrument panel cluster has a “CRUISE ENGAGED” message displayed on the Driver Information-Center, that will come on and goes out after 5 seconds. Take your foot off the accelerator pedal. To Resume Set Speed Suppose you set your Cruise Control at a desired speed and then you...

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    You’ll go right back up to your chosen speed and stay there. Remember, if you hold the switch at ‘‘,/A?’ longer than half a second, the vehicle will keep going faster until you release the switch or apply the brake. You could be startled and even lose control. So unless you want to go faster, don’t hold the switch at “R/A.”...

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    To Reduce Speed m i l e Using Cruise Control There are ways to reduce your speed while using cruise control: the button at the end of the lever until you reach the lower Push speed you want, then release To slow down in very small amounts, push the button for less than half a second.

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    To Get Out o f Cruise Control There are two ways to turn off the Cruise Control: To Erase Speed Memory When you turn off the Cruise Control or the ignition, your Cruise Control set speed memory is erased. Step lightly on the brake pedal;...

  • Page 128

    LIGHTS You’ll find the control on the left side It controls these light systems: Headlights Taillights Parking Lights Instrument Panel Lights License Plate Lights Interior Courtesy Lights Pull the switch out to the first stop to turn on your parking and taillights, side marker lights and instrument panel lights.

  • Page 129

    Lights On Reminder open the door while leaving the lights on, you will hear a warning tone. Interior Lights Turn the headlight switch past HI to turn on the interior lights. Twilight Sentinel The control is next to the headlight switch. It switches your lights on and off by sensing how dark it is outside.

  • Page 130

    Light Sensor Cornering Lights The cornering lights come on when you signal a turn when the headlights or parking lights are on. This will provide more light for cornering. Daytime Running Lights (Canada Only) The Canadian Federal Government has decided that “Daytime Running Lights”...

  • Page 131

    The low beam headlights will come on at reduced brightness in daylight when: The ignition is on The headlight switch is off, and The transaxle is not in “P” (Park). ,t dusk, if the Twilight Sentinel feature is turned on, the exterior ligh will come on automatically and the low beams will change to full brightness.

  • Page 132

    MapIReading Lights If your vehicle.is equipped with the optional astrormf, you can illuminate the rear lights by-pressing the lens; Push it again to turn them off. You have map lights located in the overhead.pane1. Push the button to illuminate the light. The rear interior courtesy lights will come on when you...

  • Page 133

    Rear Taillamp Monitor The rear taillamp monitor is located at the top center over the back glass. You will see it as are looking through your inside rearview mirror. Two red indicators will illuminate to show that your taillights and brake lights are working.

  • Page 134

    Another photocell built into the mirror surface senses the headlights behind you. The mirror will darken gradually to reduce glare. This change may take a few seconds. OnlOff Switch Your Cadillac has an inside automatic electrochromic rearview mirror...

  • Page 135

    Reverse Gear Day Mode The reverse mode is another important feature of the automatic mirror. When the shift lever is placed in “R” ‘(Reverse), the mirror changes to the daytime mode for a bright image in the mirror as you back up. Cleaning Photocells Use a cotton swab and glass cleaner to clean the front and rear photocells that make the mirror work.

  • Page 136

    Front Visor and Auxiliary Sunshade System To block out glare, swing down the visor. You can also remove them from the center mount and swing them to the side, while the auxiliary sunshade remains to block glare from the front. To use one, pull the front shade from the headliner and position...

  • Page 137

    Front Seat Vanity Mirrors Illuminated Front Seat Vanity Mirrors To use one, turn the sunshade down. Then lift the cover up to see the mirror. To use the optional lighted vanity mirrors, turn the sunshade down. Then lift the cover up to see the mirror.

  • Page 138

    The control on the driver's door armrest operates both outside rearview mirrors. Move the center switch to the left to select the driver side mirror, or to the right to select the passenger side mirror. Then press the control pad to adjust each mirror so that you can just see the side of your vehicle. To lock the controls leave the selector switch in the middle position.

  • Page 139

    COlVVEX OUTSIDE MIRROR Your right side mirror is convex. A convex mirror’s surface is curved CAUTION: ff you aren’t used to a convex mirror, you can hit another vehicle. A convex mirror farther away than they realIy are. If you right lane, you could hit a vehicle on your right.

  • Page 140

    The Express Open feature allows you to open the Astroroof automatically without holding the switch. To Open: Press the switch rearward to open the glass panel and sunshade. The sunshade can also be opened by hand. If you want to stop the roof in a partially open position, press the switch in either direction to stop it.

  • Page 141

    NOTICE: Don’t put papers or other flammable things into your ashtrays. Hot cigarettes or other smoking materials could ignite them, causing a damaging fire. Cigarette Lighter It’s near the ashtray. To use the lighter just push it in all the way and let go.

  • Page 142

    GARAGE DOOR OPENER (OPTION) Your Cadillac dealer can tell you about the hand held power pack unit and the installation you’ll need at home to make this work. If your Cadillac is equipped with an Electriclear@ heated windshield, you’ll have...

  • Page 143

    Cadillac- is equipped with handles over each passenger door to assist someone when getting out of the vehicle. There is also a coat hook on each of the rear-handles. FLOOR IMATS Your Cadillac is equipped with rubber-backed front and rear floor mats, keep them clean by vacuuming and using a spot cleaner, if necessary.

  • Page 144

    Speedometer and Odometer Your speedometer lets you see your speed in both miles per hour (mph) and kilometers per hour (km/h). Your odometer shows how far your vehicle has been driven, in either miles (used in the U.S.) or kilometers (used in Canada).

  • Page 145

    System Warning Light This light should come on as you start the vehicle. If then, have it fixed so it will be ready to warn you if there’s a problem. Your Cadillac’s hydraulic brake system is divided into two parts. If one part isn’t...

  • Page 146

    You may notice that the pedal is harder to push. Or, the pedal may go closer to the floor. It may take longer to stop. If the light is still on, have the vehicle towed for service. (See “Towing Your Cadillac” in the Index.) CAUTIEON Your brake system may not be working properly if the brake system warning li’ght is on.

  • Page 147

    If the warning light stays on after you replace the compact spare with a full-size tire, or if it comes on again when you’re driving, your Cadillac needs service.

  • Page 148

    Engine Oil Light (Canadian Only) The light goes on when you turn your key to “Run” or “Start.” It once you start your engine. That’s just a check to be sure the light works. it doesn’t, be sure to have it fixed so it will be there to warn you if something goes wrong.

  • Page 149

    Malfinction Indicator Lamp (Service Engine Soon) A computer monitors operation of your fuel, ignition and emission control systems. This light should come on when the ignition is on, but the engine is not running, as a check to show you it is working. If it does not come on at all, have it fixed right away.

  • Page 150

    Battery Charge Light (Canadian Only) If a light stays on, you need service, and you should take your Cadillac to the dealer at once. To save your battery until you get there, turn off all accessories. Fuel Gage Your fuel gage shows about how much fuel is in your tank. It works only when the ignition is in the “RUN”...

  • Page 151

    If the fuel level is between 1 and 2 gallons (3.9 and 7.6 liters) from being empty the letter “E” is shown. If the fuel supply gets down to approximately 1. gallon (3.9 liter) the “E” will flash, and the LEVEL VERY LOW”...

  • Page 152

    When “AVG MPG” (average mile per gallon) is selected, the total distance is divided by the total fuel used. INST Button When “INST MPG”(1nstantaneous Fuel Economy) is selected, you will see what your fuel economy is at that instant. The computer takes new reading twice every second.

  • Page 153

    Driver Information Center rour Driver Information Center (DIC) display gives you the status of many of your vehicle systems. The DIC is used to display driver selectable information and warning/status messages. If more than one problem is detected, The Driver Information Center will automatically display all current messages.

  • Page 154

    Driver Information Center Control Buttons INFORMATION Button Pressing this button successively will display the AVG MPH, MPG AVG, FUEL USED, OIL LIFE LEFT, and TIMER. RESET Button Pressing this button will reset the AVG MPH, MPG AVG, FUEL USED, OIL LIFE LEFT, and TIMER when each function is displayed TIMER Button The TIMER feature is like a stop watch, in that you can clock the time it takes to get from one point to another.

  • Page 155

    Electronic Climate Control panel for about 5 seconds. Hold the same two buttons again to have this message displayed again. BATTERY NO CHARGE This message will appear if your battery is not being charged. Have your electrical system checked by your Cadillac dealership at your earliest convenience.

  • Page 156

    This message is displayed to inform the driver that the brake reservoir fluid level is low. Check the brake reservoir level and add as needed. Have the brake system serviced by a Cadillac technician as soon as possible. If the brake warning light is on, follow the directions in that section.

  • Page 157

    CHECK OIL LEVEL This message will appear when your engine oil is approximately a quart low. If this message is displayed, check the oil and add as needed. CHECK WASHER FLUID This message will appear for a few seconds indicating that you need washer solvent.

  • Page 158

    This message is displayed to indicate that the Suspension System is not operating properly. To correct this problem have your vehicle serviced at your Cadillac dealership at your earliest convenience. STOP ENGINE ENGINE OVERHEATED This message will appear when your engine has overheated. Stop and turn your engine off immediately to avoid severe engine damage.

  • Page 159

    If this message appears, there is a problem with your Supplemental Inflatable Restraint (Air Bag) system. Let only a qualified technician work on your vehicle. See your Cadillac dealer for service at once. THEFT SYSTEM PROBLEM/CAR MAY NOT RESTART This message means there is a problem in the Personalized Automotive Security System (PASS-Key’II).

  • Page 160

    TURN SIGNAL ON This message is a reminder, after driving about a mile, that you have your turn signal on. TRUNK OPEN This message indicates that your trunk is open when the ignition is ON. VERY LOW REFRIGERANT This message means that the Air Conditioning System detects a refrigerant level that is low enough to cause damage to the A/C compressor.

  • Page 161

    Always keep a written record of the mileage and date when you last changed your oil. For more information on when to change your oil, see the Cadillac Maintenance Schedule Booklet.

  • Page 162

    For a massive air leak, the air compressor will stay on for approximately 7 minutes. You should see your dealer for service, but you can keep driving your Cadillac. it always says to change the oil.

  • Page 163

    COMFORT CONTROLS AND AUDIO SYSTEMS In this section you’ll find out how to operate the comfort control systems and audio systems offered with your Cadillac. Be sure to read about the particular system supplied YOUR CADILLACAIR SYSTEM Outside Air The outside air always flows throggh your vehicle when it is moving. It enters your vehicle through an inlet at the base of the windshield.

  • Page 164

    Electronic Climate Control (ECC) Your vehicle has strategically placed electronic sensors, that feed information to the vehicle’s computer systems. Your vehicle can control the ventilation, heating, and air conditioning automatically year round. The outside temperature, inside temperature setting, fan speeds, and the ECC selection are displayed on a digital screen.

  • Page 165

    Temperature You can select temperatures from 65’F (18°C) to 85°F (29’C). And, at each end, you may choose 60” F (16’C), for maximum cooling, and 90 ’ C), for maximum heating. We recommend when first getting familiar with your vehicle, select 75°F (24’C). You may find that your own personal comfort requires a slightly higher or lower setting.

  • Page 166

    AUTO With this setting, the air conditioning compressor cycles when needed to cool the air and it’s all automatic. In cold weather when the system senses the need for heat, the air flow will be directed out the floor ducts. As the interior temperature approaches the desired setting, the blower speed will decrease and the air flow could be directed through the defroster and floor ducts.

  • Page 167

    Fan Speeds Push the (symbol) button until “AUTO” is displayed on the screen. At this setting, the fan speed is controlled automatically. If it is cold outside, the blower may not run in the maximum high fan speed right away. The system checks the temperature of the coolant to assure it is warm enough to provide heat.

  • Page 168

    REAR WINDOW DEFOGGER Push this button to turn on the rear defogger. With it, your rear window and both outside rearview mirrors are heated. The system will automatically shut off after 10 minutes. If further defrosting is desired, simply push the button again. NOTICE: Scraping the inside of your rear window could cut and damage the heating grids.

  • Page 169

    1. If any snow is piled up on the windshield, brush it away. 2. Start your Cadillac and leave it in P (“Park”). 4. Try not to use other electrical equipment while the system is working. 3. Push the switch. A...

  • Page 170

    The system will go off after a four minute heating cycle. If you shift out of “P” (Park), the system will only cycle for two minutes. If you want it to cycle again, push the switch. It will go on for two minute cycles after that. If it has cleared your windshield before the cycle is over, you can turn it off by just pushing the switch again.

  • Page 171

    includes more station on the AM band. You don’t have to do anything in your radio because Stereo This means the Delco@ system can receive C-QUAM@ stereo broadcasts. Many AM stations around the country use C-QUAM@ to produce stereo, although some do not. (C-QUAM@ is a registered trademark of Motorola, Inc.) If your Delco’...

  • Page 172

    How To Operate Your Sound Systems Your Cadillac will have one of the following Delco@ Radio Systems. Please read about the system that pertains to your vehicle. A W F . ETR Cassette Stereo With Equalizer The Upper Knob The upper knob does these five things: It turns the radio on and off.

  • Page 173

    The Lower Knob Turn the lower knob to choose radio stations. Push the knob to switch from AM or FM. Behind the lower knob is the Fade control. It fades the sound between the front and rear speakers. SCAN When press the SCAN button, the SCAN indicator in the display will light and the radio will find the next station and stay there about 5 seconds.

  • Page 174

    In addition to the 14 stations set as above, up to three additional stations may be present on each band by pressing two adjoining buttons at the same time. Just: Tune in the desired station. Press the SET button. seconds, press any two adjoining pushbuttons at the same Within time.

  • Page 175

    To Play A Cassette Tape Turn the radio on. Insert the cassette through the tape door. (The “TAPE” indicator in the display will light.) If you hear nothing or hear just a garbled sound, the cassette may not be in squarely. Push the STOP- EJCT button to remove the tape and start over.

  • Page 176

    PUSH-PROG (Program) Press PUSH-PROG to go from one side of the tape to the other. STOP-EJCT (Stop or Eject Tape) Press this button to stop or remove the tape. The Delco Active Audio Music System with Cassette Player This optional music system is the Delco@ Active Audio System with dual playback.

  • Page 177

    The Upper Knob The upper knob does these five things: It turns the radio on and off. It controls the volume. It lets you see what station you have. (When the radio is on, push the RCL/PROG knob to display the station.) It tells you the time.

  • Page 178

    SEEK This button selects stations, but it doesn’t keep moving as SCAN does. When you push SEEK either up or down the radio will automatically to the next strongest station and stay there. Pushbuttons You can set the pushbuttons to get up to and five more on AM).

  • Page 179

    To Play A Cassette Tape Turn the radio on. Insert the cassette through the tape door. (The “TAPE” indicator in the display will light.) If you hear nothing or hear just a garbled sound, the cassette may not be in squarely. Push the STOP- EJCT button to remove the tape and start over.

  • Page 180

    EJCT (Eject) Press this button to eject the tape. Setting The Clock Turn the ignition on. Then: To Set the Hour: Press SET, and within 5 seconds, Press and hold SEEK. When the clock gets to the correct hour, let go. TQ Set the Minutes: Press SET, and within 5 seconds, Press and hold...

  • Page 181

    eleven Delco@ custom designed speakers with very specific frequency ranges. It also includes a digital clock. The Upper Knob The upper knob does these five things: It turns the radio on and off. It controls the volume. It lets you see what station you have. (When the radio is on, push the RCWPROG knob to display the station).

  • Page 182

    there about 5 seconds. Then it will go to the next station and pause, and keep doing that until you push either the SCAN or upper knob. SEEK This button selects stations, but it doesn’t keep moving as SCAN does. When you push SEEK either up or down the radio will automatically go to the next strongest station and stay there.

  • Page 183

    To Play A Cassette Tape Turn the radio on. Insert the cassette through the tape door. (The “TAPE” indicator in the display will light.) If you hear nothing or hear just a garbled sound, the cassette may not be in squarely. Push the EJCT button to remove the tape and start over. The tape equalization is automatically sensed and set.

  • Page 184

    STIPL (StoplPhy) Press this button in either SEEK, SCAN, FWD or REV to stop tape movement and switch to radio without ejecting the tape. (In ST/PL the radio may be tuned by the tuner knob only.) EJCT (Eject) Press this button to eject the tape. EJCT is operational even when the ignition or the radio is off.

  • Page 185

    Within 5 seconds press it a second time to see how long the CD has been playing. Press it a third time to see the time of day REV (Reverse) Push and hold REV to return rapidly within a track. Release it to play the passage.

  • Page 186

    COMP (Compression) Press this button to make soft and loud passages more nearly equal in volume. for example, classical and jazz music has very quiet and very loud passages in the same tune. The COMP display will light as long as COMP is on.

  • Page 187

    Insert the cassette at least 3 times to ensure thorough cleaning. A scrubbing action cleaning cassette is available through your Cadillac dealership. You may also choose a non-scrubbing action, wet-type cleaner which uses a cassette with a fabric belt to clean the tape head. This type of cleaning cassette will not eject.

  • Page 188

    Power Antenna Mast Care Your power antenna will look its best and work well if it’s cleaned from time to time. To Clean the Antenna Mast: 1. .Turn on the ignition and radio to raise the antenna to full mast extension.

  • Page 189

    D E F E N S m D m N G The best advice anyone can give about driving is: Drive defensively. Please start with a very important safety device in your Cadillac: Buckle up. (See “Safety Belts” in the Index.) Defensive driving really means “be ready for anything.”...

  • Page 190

    Rear-end collisions are about the most preventable of accidents. Yet they are common. Allow enough following distance. It’s the best defensive driving maneuver, in both city and rural driving. You never know when the vehicle in front of you is going to brake or turn suddenly. DRUNKElN DRWZNG Death and injury associated with drinking and driving is a national tragedy.

  • Page 191

    According to the American Medical Association, a 180-pound (82 kg) person who drinks three 12-ounce (355 ml) bottles of beer in an hour will end up with a BAC of about 0.06 percent. The person would reach the same BAC by drinking three 4-ounce (120 ml) glasses of wine or three mixed drinks if each had 1-1/2 ounces or vodka.

  • Page 192

    DRINKING THAT WILL RESULT IN A BAC OF .O5% THE TIME SHOWN NUMBER DR!NKS In plcture) I 0 0 BODY WEIGHT The law in most U.S. states sets the legal limit at a BAC of 0.10 percent. In Canada the limit is 0.08 percent, and in some other countries it’s lower than that.

  • Page 193

    person with a higher BAC might not be able to react quickly enough to avoid the collision. There’s something else about drinking and drivifig that many people don’t know. Medical research shows that alcohol in a person’s system can make crash injuries worse. That’s especially true for brain, spinal cord and heart injuries.

  • Page 194

    Sometimes, as when you're driving on snow or ice, it's easy to ask more those control systems than the tires and road can provide. That means you can lose control of your vehicle. Braking action involves perception time and reaction time. First, you have to decide to push on the brake pedal.

  • Page 195

    Anti-Lock Brakes (ABS) Your Cadillac has an advanced electronic braking system that will help prevent skidding. This light on the instrument panel will go on when you start your vehicle.

  • Page 196

    Here’s how anti-lock works. Let’s say the road is wet. You’re driving safely. Suddenly an animal jumps out in front of you. You slam on the brakes. Here’s what happens with ABS. A computer senses that wheels are slowing down. If one of the wheels is about to stop rolling, the computer will separately work the brakes at each front wheel and at the rear wheels.

  • Page 197

    As you brake, your computer keeps receiving updates on wheel speed and controls braking pressure accordingly. Remember: Anti-lock doesn’t change the time you need to get your foot up to the brake pedal. If you get too close to the vehicle in front of you, you won’t have time to apply your brakes if that vehicle suddenly slows or stops.

  • Page 198

    Braking in Emergencies Use your anti-lock braking system when you need to. With anti-lock, you can steer and brake at the same time. In many emergencies, steering can help you more than even the very best braking. STEEMNG Power Steering If you lose power steering assist because the engine stops or the system is not functioning, you can steer but it will take much more effort.

  • Page 199

    But sometimes you can’t; there isn’t room. That’s the time for evasive action Your Cadillac can perform very well in emergencies like these. First apply your brakes. It is better to remove as much speed as yowan from a possible collision.

  • Page 200

    The fact that such emergency situations are always possible is a good reason to practice defensive driving at all times and wear safety belts properly. OFF=ROAD l2ECO’VE.Y You may find sometime that your right wheels of a road onto the shoulder while you’re driving. the level of the shoulder is only slightly below the pavement, recovery should fairly easy.

  • Page 201

    PASSING The driver of a vehicle about to pass another on a two-lane highway waits for just the right moment, accelerates, moves around the vehicle ahead, then goes back into the right lane again. A simple maneuver? Not necessarily! Passing another vehicle on a two-lane highway is a potentially dangerous move, since the passing vehicle occupies the same lane as oncoming traffic for several seconds.

  • Page 202

    Do not get too close to the vehicle you want to pass while you’re awaiting an opportunity. For one thing, following too closely reduces your area of vision, especially if you’re following a larger vehicle. you won’t have adequate space if the vehicle ahead suddenly slows or stops.

  • Page 203

    “overdriving” those conditions. But skids are always possible. The three types of skids correspond to your Cadillac’s three control systems. In the braking skid your wheels aren’t rolling. In the steering or cornering skid, too much speed or steering in a curve causes tires to slip and lose cornering force.

  • Page 204

    While driving on a surface with reduced traction, try your best to avoid sudden steering, acceleration, or braking (including engine braking by shifting to a lower gear). slide. You may not realize the surface is slippery until skidding. Learn to recognize warning clues -- such as enough water, ice or packed snow on the road to make a “mirrored surface”...

  • Page 205

    Slow down, especially on higher speed roads. Your headlights can light up only so much road ahead. In remote areas, watch for animals. If you’re tired, pull off the road in a safe place and rest. Night Vision No one can see as well at night as in the daytime. But as we get older these differences increase.

  • Page 206

    D m N G IN THE RAlN Rain and wet roads can mean driving trouble. On a wet road you can’t stop, accelerate or turn as well because your tire-to-road traction isn’t as good as on dry roads. And, if your tires don’t have much tread left, you’ll get even less traction.

  • Page 207

    Driving too fast through large water puddles car washes can cause problems, too. The water may affect your brakes. Try to avoid puddles. But if you can’t, try them. or even going through some to slow down before you hit...

  • Page 208

    Hydroplaning Hydroplaning is dangerous. So much water can build up under your tires that they can actually ride on the water. This can happen if the road is wet enough and you’re going fast enough. When your vehicle is hydroplaning, it has little or no contact with the road.

  • Page 209

    One of the biggest problems with city streets is the amount of traffic on them. You’ll want to watch out for what the other drivers are doing and pay attention to traffic signals. Here are ways to increase your safety in city driving: Know the best way to get to where you are going.

  • Page 210

    FREEWAYDRIVTNG Mile for mile, freeways (also called thruways, parkways, expressways, turnpikes, or superhighways) are the safest their own special rules. The most important advice on freeway driving is: Keep up with traffic and keep to the right. Drive at the same speed most of the other drivers are driving.

  • Page 211

    If it needs service, have it done before starting out. Of course, you’ll find experienced and able service experts in Cadillac dealerships all across North America. They’ll be ready and willing to help if you need it.

  • Page 212

    Tires: They are vitally important to a safe, trouble-free trip. Is the tread good enough for long-distance driving? Are the tires all inflated to the recommended pressure? Weather Forecasts: What’s the weamer outlook along your route? Should you delay your trip a short time to avoid a major storm system? Maps: Do you have up-to-date maps? H I G m A Y HKPNOSIS...

  • Page 213

    HILL AND MOUNTMN ROADS Driving on steep hills or mountains is different from driving in flat rolling terrain. If you drive regularly in steep country, or if you’re planning to visit there, here are some tips that can make your trips safer and more enjoyable. Keep your vehicle in good shape.

  • Page 214

    Know how to go uphill. You may want to shift down to a lower gear. The lower gears help cool your engine and transaxle, and you can climb the hill better. Stay in your own lane when driving on two-lane roads in hills or mountains.

  • Page 215

    WNTER D M N G Here are some tips for winter driving: Have your Cadillac in good shape for winter. Be sure your engine coolant m i x is correct. You may want to put winter emergency supplies in your trunk.

  • Page 216

    Include an ice scraper, a small brush or broom, a supply of windshield washer fluid, a rag, some winter outer clothing, a small shovel, a flashlight, a red cloth, and a couple of reflective warning triangles. And, if you will be driving under severe conditions, include a small bag of sand, a piece of old carpet or a couple of burlap bags to help provide traction.

  • Page 217

    What’s the worst time for this? “Wet ice.” Very cold snow or ice can be slick and hard to drive on. But wet ice can be even more trouble because it may offer the least traction of all. You can get “wet ice” when it’s about freezing (32’F;...

  • Page 218

    Watch for slippery spots. The road might be fine until you hit a spot that’s covered with ice. On an otherwise clear road, ice patches may appear in shaded areas where the sun can’t reach: around clumps of trees, behind buildings, or under bridges. Sometimes the surface of a curve or an overpass may remain icy when the surrounding roads are clear.

  • Page 219

    Run your engine only as long as you must. This saves fuel. When you run the engine, make it go a little faster than just idle. That is, push the accelerator slightly. This uses less fuel for the heat that you get and it keeps the battery charged.

  • Page 220

    To pull a trailer correctly, follow the advice in this section. Your Cadillac is a passenger vehicle. It was not designed for many of the demands that trailer towing can add. Trailer towing can change the way your vehicle performs on the road.

  • Page 221

    You can ask your dealer for information or advice, or you can call us at Cadillac (1-800-43 FLEET). In Canada, write to General Motors of Canada Limited, Customer Assistance Center, 1908 Colonel Sam Drive, Oshawa, Ontario...

  • Page 222

    2. Weight of the Railer Tongue When a trailer is connected to your vehicle, the trailer tongue adds to the weight your vehicle is carrying. So, remember to subtract the weight of the trailer tongue from your vehicle’s capacity weight. The trailer tongue (A) should weigh 7-10% of the total loaded trailer weight (B).

  • Page 223

    when you remove the hitch. If you don’t seal them, deadly carbon monoxide (CO) from your exhaust can get into your vehicle (see Index under “Carbon Monoxide”). Dirt and water can, too. The bumpers on your vehicle are not intended for hitches. Do not attach rental hitches or other bumper-type hitches to them.

  • Page 224

    Following Distance Stay at least twice as far behind the vehicle ahead as you would when driving your vehicle without a trailer. This can help you avoid situations that require heavy braking and sudden turns. Passing You’ll need more passing distance up ahead when you’re towing a trailer. And, because you’re a good deal longer, you’ll need to go much farther beyond the passed vehicle before you can return to your lane.

  • Page 225

    Driving On Grades Reduce speed and shift to a lower gear before you start down a long or steep downgrade. If you don’t shift down, you might have to use your brakes so much that they would get hot and no longer work well. On a long uphill grade, shift down and reduce your speed to around 45 mph (70 km/h) or less to reduce the possibility of engine and transaxle overheating.

  • Page 226

    3. Drive slowly until the trailer is clear of the chocks. 4. Stop and have someone pick up and store the chocks. Engine Cooling When Trailering Your cooling system may temporarily overheat during severe operating conditions such as; Climbing grades steeper than 4% at ambient temperatures above 90”...

  • Page 227

    PROBLEMS ON THE ROAD Here you’ll find what to do about some problems that can occur on the road.

  • Page 228

    HAZARD W M Z N G Your hazard warning flashers let you warn others. They also let police know you have a problem. Your front and rear turn signal lights will flash on and off. FLASHERS Press the button in to make your front and rear turn signal lights flash on and off.

  • Page 229

    The light on your instrument panel will flash indicating that the hazard warning flashers are on. Your hazard warning flashers work no matter what position your key is in, and even if the key isn’t in. OTHER W M I N G DEWCES If you carry reflective triangles, you can set one up at the side of the road about 300 feet (100 m) behind your vehicle.

  • Page 230

    Ignoring these steps could result in costly damage to your vehicle that wouldn’t be covered by your warranty. Trying to start your Cadillac by pushing or pulling it won’t work, and it could damage your vehicle. TO JUMP START YOUR CXDILLAC: 1.

  • Page 231

    If they are, it could cause a ground connection you don’t want. You wouldn’t be able to start your Cadillac, and. the bad grounding could damage the electrical systems. 3. Turn off the ignition on both vehicles. Turn off all lights, radio, or any accessories that are in use on both vehicles.

  • Page 232

    Start by removing the red positive (+) terminal cover. 6. Check that the jumper cables don’t have loose or missing insulation. If they do, you could get a shock. The vehicles could be damaged, too. Before you connect the cables, here are some things you should know. Positive (+) will go to positive (+) and negative (-) will go to negative...

  • Page 233

    (-) or a metal engine part. Don’t connect (+) to (-) or you’ll get a short that would damage the battery and maybe other parts, too. 7. Connect the red positive (+) cable to the positive (+) terminal of the vehicle with the dead battery.

  • Page 234

    Attach the cable at least battery, but not near engine parts that good is just as there, but the chance battery is much less. 11. Now start the-vehicle with the good battery and run the engine for awhile. 12. Try to start the vehicle with the dead battery. If it won’t start after a few tries, it probably needs service.

  • Page 235

    TOWING YOUR CiWILLAC Try to have a GM dealer or a professional towing service tow your Cadillac. The usual towing eqfiipment is 13. Remove the cables in reverse order to prevent electrical shorting. Take care that they don't touch each other or any...

  • Page 236

    If your vehicle has been changed or modified since it was factory-new by adding aftermarket items like fog lamps, aero skirting, or special tires and wheels, these instructions and illustrations may not be correct. Before you do anything, turn on the hazard warning flashers. When you call, tell the towing service: That your vehicle cannot be towed from the front or rear with sling-type equipment.

  • Page 237

    When the towing service arrives, let the tow operator know that this manual contains detailed towing instructions and illustrations. The operator may want to see them. CAUTION: To he@ avoid injury to you or others: When your vehicle is being towed, have the ignition key off. The steering wheel should be clamped in a straight-ahead position, with a clamping device designed for towing service.

  • Page 238

    Don't have your vehicle towed on the front wheels, unless you must. If the vehicle must be towed on the front wheels, don't km/h) or farther than 500 miles (804 km) or your transaxle will be damaged. If these limits must be exceeded, then the front wheels have to be supported on a dolly.

  • Page 239

    Steam Is Coming From Your Engine NOTICE: If your engine catches fire because you keep driving with coolant, your vehicle can be badly damaged. The costly repairs would not be covered by your warranty.

  • Page 240

    #‘No Steam Is Coming From Your Engine you get the overheat warning but see or hear no steam, the problem may not be too serious. Sometimes the engine can get a little too hot when you: long hill on Climb Stop after high speed driving.

  • Page 241

    COOLING SYSTEM When you decide it’s safe to lift the hood, here’s what you’ll see: Coolant recovery tank Radiator pressure cap Electric engine fans CAUTION: An electric fan under the hood can start up even when the engine is not running and can injure and tools away from any underhood eIectric fan.

  • Page 242

    The coolant level should be at or above the FULL COLD marking on the coolant recovery tank. If it isn’t, you may have a coolant leak somewhere in the cooling system. NOTICE: Engine damage from running your engine without coolant isn’t covered by your warranty.

  • Page 243

    How to Add Coolant to the Coolant Recovery Tank If you haven’t found a problem yet, but the coolant level isn’t at or near “FULL COLD” on the coolant recovery tank, add a 50/50 mixture of clean water (preferably distilled) and a proper antifreeze at the coolant recovery tank.

  • Page 244

    CAUTION: scalding liquids from Steam out and burn you badly. They are under pressure, and if you turn the coolant surge can come out at high speed. Never turn the cap when the cooling system, including the coolant surge tank pressure cap, is hot. Wait for the cooling system and coolant surge tank pressure cap to cool if you ever have to turn the pressure cap.

  • Page 245

    You can be burned if you spill coolant on hot engine parts, Coolant contains ethylene glycol and it will burn if the engine parts are hot enough. Don’t spill coolant on a hot engine, 1. You can remove the radiator pressure cap when the cap and upper radiator hose are no longer hot.

  • Page 246

    2. Then keep turning the pressure cap, but now push down as you turn it. Remove the pressure cap. Fill the radiator with the proper m i x , up to the base of the filler neck.

  • Page 247

    4. Then coolant recovery tank to the FULL COLD mark. 5. Put the cap back on the coolant recovery tank, but leave the radiator pressure cap off. fill...

  • Page 248

    7. By this time the coolant level inside the radiator filler neck may be lower. If the level is lower, add more of the proper mix to the radiator until the level reaches the base of the radiator filler neck. 6.

  • Page 249

    IFA TIRE GOES FLAT It’s unusual for a tire to “blow out” while you’re driving, especially if you maintain your tires properly. If air goes out of a tire, it’s much more likely to leak out slowly. But if you should ever have a “blowout,” here are a few tips about what to expect and what to do: If a front tire fails, the flat tire will create a drag that pulls the vehicle toward that side.

  • Page 250

    - CHANGING A FLAT TIRE If a tire goes flat, avoid further tire and wheel damage by driving slowly to a level dace. Turn on your hazard warning flashers.

  • Page 251

    The following steps will tell you how to use the jack and change a tire. The equipment you’ll need is in the trunk under the spare tire cover. Rotate the plastic wing nut and remove the .cover.

  • Page 252

    Then remove the wing nut that secures the jack and wheel wrench and .remove them from the trunk. Attach the wheel wrench to the jack bolt and rotate.it clockwise (to the right). That will raise the lift head a little.

  • Page 253

    NOTICE: Be careful not to scratch the aluminum wheel edge. Don’t remove it with your hands. Use the flat end the wheel wrench, gently prying along the edge of the cover until it comes off. Using the wheel wrench, loosen all the wheel nuts.

  • Page 254

    Front Position the jack under the vehicle. Your vehicle has a notch on the underneath near each of the wheels. Fit the lift head into the notch nearest the wheel with the flat tire. Rear...

  • Page 255

    CAUTION: Getting under a-vehicle when it is jacked up is dangerous. If the vehicle slips off the jack, you could be badly injured or killed. Never get under a vehicle when it is supported only by a jack. Remove all the wheel nuts and take Raise the vehicle rotating the wheel wrench clockwise.

  • Page 256

    Remove any rust or dirt from the wheel bolts, mounting surfaces and spare wheel. Place the spare on the wheel mounting surface. CAUTION: Never use oiI or grease might come loose* accident. on studs or nuts, If you do, the nuts Your could fa11 off, causing a wheel...

  • Page 257

    Tighten the wheel nut firmly in a criss-cross sequence as shown. Lower the vehicle by rotating the wheel wrench counterclockwise. Lower the jack completely.

  • Page 258

    Don’t try to put a wheel cover on your compact spare tire. It won’t fit. cover in Store wheel replaced. NOTICE: Wheel covers won’t fit on your compact spare. If you wheel cover on your compact spare, you could damage the cover or the spare.

  • Page 259

    NOTICE:...

  • Page 260

    If that doesn’t get you out after a few tries, you may need to be towed out. If you do need to be towed out, see “Towing Your Cadillac” in the Index. you shift, and press lightly on the while “...

  • Page 261

    Your Cadillac dealer knows your vehicle best and wants you to be happy with it. We hope you’ll go to your dealer for all your service needs. You’ll get genuine GM parts and GM-trained and supported service people.

  • Page 262

    You should keep a record with all parts receipts and list the mileage and the date of any service work you perform. the Index. NOTICE: If you try to do your own service work without knowing enough about it, your vehicle could be damaged. FUEL Use premium unleaded gasoline rated at 91 octane or higher.

  • Page 263

    MTBE is “methyl tertiary-butyl ether.” Fuel that is no more than 15% MTBE is fine for your Cadillac. Ethanol is ethyl or grain alcohol. Properly-blended fuel that is no more than 10% ethanol is fine for your Cadillac. Methanol is methyl or wood alcohol. NOTICE: Fuel that is more than 5% methanol is bad for your vehicle.

  • Page 264

    These readings were adjusted and printed on the fuel economy window sticker which was attached to your new Cadillac when it was delivered and in the Gas Mileage Guide which is available from your dealership.

  • Page 265

    treadmill. These procedures ensure that each identical conditions. There are two different fuel economy estimates for each vehicle, one for city driving and one for highway driving. To develop these two estimates, separate tests are used to represent typical everyday city and rural driving.

  • Page 266

    In the lower left corner of the fuel economy window sticker from your vehicle is the range of city and highway fuel economy you can expect to get from your Cadillac. If you are doing everything to raise your fuel economy, but are still not within this range, your vehicle may need service.

  • Page 267

    FILLING YOUR TANK The cap is behind a hinged door on the left side of your vehicle.

  • Page 268

    The release button is located next to the headlight switch. The switch only works in P (Park) or when in the Retained Accessory Power mode. Or you can use the manual door release override in the trunk.

  • Page 269

    To take off the cap, turn it slowly to the left (counterclockwise). When you put the clicking noise,. NOTICE: a new cap, be sure to get the right type. Your If you need can get one for you. If you get the wrong type, it may not your fuel tank and emissims system might be damaged.

  • Page 270

    CHECKING THINGS UNDER THE HOOD Hood Release To open the hood, first pull the lever inside the vehicle located at the lower left side the instrument panel. Then go the front of the vehicle and release the secondary hood release and lift the hood.

  • Page 271

    CAUTION: electric fan under the hood can start up and injure when the engine is not running. Keep hands, clothing and tools away from underhood electric fan. CAUTION: Things that burn can get on hot engine parts and start These include liquids like gasoline, oil, coolant, brake fluid, windshiefd washer and other fluids, and plastic or rubber, You or others could be burned, Be careful not to drop or spill things that will burn onto a hot engine.

  • Page 272

    ENGINE OIL A CHECK OIL LEVEL message will appear when the engine oil is approximately a quart low. If the message is displayed, check the dipstick level and add oil as needed. It’s a good idea to check your engine oil every time you get fuel. In order to get an accurate reading, the oil must be warm and the vehicle must be on level ground.

  • Page 273

    To Check Engine Oil Pull out the dipstick and clean it with a paper towel or cloth, then push it back in all the way. Remove it again, keeping the tip lower, and check the level. When to Add Oil If the oil is at or below the ADD line, then you’ll need to add some oil.

  • Page 274

    To remove, turn the oil fill cap counterclockwise. Just fill it enough to put the level somewhere in the proper operating range. Push the dipstick all the way back in when you’re through. Kind of Oil to Use What Beginning midyear 1993, oils of the proper quality for your vehicle will be identified with this new “starburst”...

  • Page 275

    You should also use the proper viscosity oil for your vehicle, as shown in the following chart: RECOMMENDED SAE VISCOSITY GRADE ENGINE OILS FOR BEST FUEL ECONOMY AND COLD STARTING, SELECT THE LOWEST SAE VISCOSITY GRADE O I L FOR THE EXPECTED TEMPERATURE RANGE. WEATHER + l o o - - .

  • Page 276

    If you cannot find oils with the new “starburst” symbol on the front of the container, should look for and use oils containing the following three things: S H o r SG “SH” or “SG” must be-on the oil container, either by itself or combined with other quality designations, such as “SH/CD,”...

  • Page 277

    Engine Oil Additives Don’t add anything to your oil. Your Cadillac dealer is ready to advise if you think something should be added. M e n to Change Engine Oil Your Cadillac has an “Oil Life Indicator.” This feature will let you know when to change your oil -- usually between 3,000 miles ( 5 000 km) and 7,500 miles (12 500 km) since your last oil change.

  • Page 278

    What Do with Used Oil Did you know that used engine oil contains certain elements that may be unhealthy for your skin and could even cause cancer? Don’t let used oil stay on your skin for very long. Clean your skin and nails with soap and water, or a good hand cleaner.

  • Page 279

    How to Check Because this operation can be a little difficult, you may choose to have this done at your Cadillac dealership Service Department. If you do it yourself, be sure to follow all the instructions here, or you could get a false reading on the dipstick.

  • Page 280

    NOTICE: Too much or too little fluid can damage your transaxle. Too much can mean that on hot engine parts or exhaust system, starting a fire. Be sure to get an accurate reading if you check your transaxle fluid. Wait at least 30 minutes before checking the transaxle fluid level if you have been driving: When outside temperatures are above 90"...

  • Page 281

    Then, without shutting off the engine, follow these steps: 1. Pull out the dipstick and wipe it with a clean rag or paper towel. 2. Push it back in all the way, wait three seconds and then pull it back out again.

  • Page 282

    4. If the fluid.leve1 is in the acceptable range, push the dipstick back in all the way. Add Fluid Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine what kind fluid to use. See “Recommended Fluids and Lubricants” in the Index. If the fluid level is low, add only enough of the proper fluid to bring the level into the cross-hatched area on the dipstick.

  • Page 283

    If you have a problem with engine overheating, see “Engine Overheating” in the Index. The proper coolant for your Cadillac will: Give freezing protection down to -34°F (-37OC) Give boiling protection up to 262 F (128 C) Prote-ct against rust and corrosion.

  • Page 284

    CAUTION: Adding only plain water to your cooling system can be dangerous. Plain water, or some-other liquid like alcohol, can ’ boil before the proper coolant .mix ,will. Your vehicle’s coolant warning system is set-for the proper coolant mix. With plain water or the wrong mix, your engine could get too hot but you .wouldn’t get the overheat warning.

  • Page 285

    CAUTION: b r n i n g the radiator pressure cap are hut can allow steam and scalding liquids to blow out and burn you badly. With the coolant recovery tank, you will almost never have to add coolant radiator pressure cap radiator are hot.

  • Page 286

    THERMOSTAT Engine coolant temperature is controlled by a thermostat in the engine coolant system. The thermostat stops the flow of coolant through the radiator until the coolant reaches a preset temperature. When you replace your thermostat, an AC@ thermostat is recommended. POKER STEERIING FLUID...

  • Page 287

    To Check Power Steering Fluid Unscrew the cap and wipe the dipstick and completely tighten it. Then remove the cap again and look at the fluid level on the dipstick. What to Add Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine what kind of fluid to use.

  • Page 288

    WINDSHIELD WASHER FLUID To Add: NOTICE: When using concentrated washer fluid, follow the manufacturer instructions for adding water. Don’t mix water with ready to use washer fluid. Water can cause the solution to freeze and damage your washer fluid tank and other parts of the washer system. Also, water doesn’t clean as well as washer fluid.

  • Page 289

    Brake Master Cylinder Your brake master cylinder is here. It is filled with DOT-3 brake fluid. There are only two reasons why the brake flul, leve cylinder might go down. The first is that the brake fluid-goes down to an acceptable level during normal brake lining wear.

  • Page 290

    When your brake fluid falls to a FLUID” message will display on the Driver Information Center and your brake warning light will come on. See “Brake System Warning Light” the Index. To Check Brake Fluid Remove the cap. When your brake fluid falls to a low level, your brake warning light will come on.

  • Page 291

    If yondo, wash it off immediately.,See “Appearance Care” in the Index Brake- Wear Your Cadillac has four-wheel disc brakes. Disc brake pads have built-in wear indicators that make a high-pitched warningsound when-.the brake pads are worn and new pads are needed.

  • Page 292

    Vehicles we design and test have top-quality GM brake parts in them, as your Cadillac does when it is new. When you replace parts of your braking system -- for example, when your brake linings wear down and you have to have new ones put in -- be sure you get new genuine GM replacement parts.

  • Page 293

    BATTERY Every new Cadillac has a Delco Freedom@ battery. You never have to add water to one of these. When it’s time for a new battery, we recommend a Delco Freedom@ battery. Get one that has the catalog number shown on the original battery’s label.

  • Page 294

    U O G E N BULBS EXTERIOR NOTICE: Your Cadillac’s lamp housings are designed with small vents so moisture will be removed when the lights are on, or after driving for a short time. If an excessive amount of moisture is present which does not clear, see your Cadillac dealer for service.

  • Page 295

    HEmLIGHT BULB REMOVAL Here is how to change the halogen headlight bulb. Disconnect the socket from the harness by separating the locking NOTICE: Do not touch glass portion of the new halogen bulb! The oil from your fingers will shorten the life of your new halogen bulb. Rotate the headlight housing socket clockwise...

  • Page 296

    Install the new bulb and socket to the wiring harness connector. Make sure that the harness is locked to the bulb socket. Now reinstall into the lamp assembly. CORiVEMNG 1. Open the hood to gain access to the mounting screw. BULB REPLACEMENT 2.

  • Page 297

    4. Remove the socket by rotating it counterclockwise slightly, then replace the bulb and reinstall. 5. When instaliing the cornering lamp housing be sure that the two guide pins are aligned with the holes.

  • Page 298

    TMLLIGHT BULB REPUCEMENT Gently tilt the top portion of the taillight h ~ u s i n g to access the bulb sockets. (If you can’t access t h e lower bulb socket: remove the taillight housing completely.) 1. Loosen the upper Torex@ screw, but don’t remove it.

  • Page 299

    5. Reinstall taillamp housing. Be sure to insert tab (located on the lower portion of the housing) into extension housing if completely. Center.High Mounted Stop Lamp Bulb Replacement Gently pry up on the trim cover. 4. Replace bulb by pressing and turning bulb counterclockwise.

  • Page 300

    ....^,._ _.., Twist the socket counterclockwise and remove the socket and bulb from the housing. Replace the bulb, and reinstall. Position the windshield wipers on the windshield in the “mid” wipe position.

  • Page 301

    Do the same with the passenger side wiper blade assembly. To install the wiper blade, align the wiper arm pin with the hole on the wiper blade assembly and snap it into place. If you only want to replace the wiper inserts follow these steps: 1.

  • Page 302

    LOADING YOUR VEHICLE TIRE-LOADING INFORMATION OCCUPANTS VEHICLE CAP. FRT. CTR. MAX. LOADING & GVWR SAME AS VEHICLE CAPACITY WEIGHT TIRE SIZE F RT. SPA. IF TIRES ARE HOT. ADD 4PSV28KPa SEE OWNER‘S MANUAL INFORMATION Two labels on your vehicle show how much weight it may properly carry. The Tire-Loading Information label found on the driver’s door tells you the proper size, speed rating and recommended inflation pressures for the tires on your vehicle.

  • Page 303

    M F D BY GENERAL MOTORS CORP DATE GVWR GAWR THIS VEHICLE CONFORMS TO ALL APPLI- CABLE U.S. FEDERAL MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY, BUMPER, AND THEFT TION STANDARDS IN DATE OF MANUFACTURE SHOWN ABOVE. The other label is the Certification label, found on the rear edge of the driver’s door.

  • Page 304

    NOTICE: Your warranty does not cover parts or components that because of overloading. If you put things inside your vehicle anything else they will go as fast as the vehicle goes. If you have to stop or turn quickly, or if there is a crash, they'll keep going. like suitcases, tools, packages, or fail...

  • Page 305

    We don’t make tires. Your new vehicle comes with high quality tires made by a leading tire manufacturer. These tires are warranted manufacturers and their warranties are delivered with every new Cadillac. If your spare tire is a different brand than your road tires, you will have a tire warranty folder from each of these manufacturers.

  • Page 306

    NOTICE: Don’t let anyone tell you that underinflation all right. It’s not. If your tires don’t have enough air (underinflation) you can get: Too much flexing Too much heat Tire overloading Bad wear Bad handling Bad fuel economy. If your tires have too much air (overinflation), you can get: Unusual wear Bad handling Rough ride...

  • Page 307

    If your tires have valve caps, be sure to put them back on. They help prevent leaks by keeping out dirt and moisture. Tire Inspection -and Rotation To make your tires last longer, have them inspected andxotated. at the mileages recommended in the Maintenance Schedule. After the tires have been rotated, adjust the front and rear inflation pressure as shown on the Tire-Loading Information label.

  • Page 308

    When It3 Time for New Tires You need a new tire i f You can see the indicators at three or more places around the tire. You can see cord or fabric showing through the tire’s rubber. The tread or sidewall is cracked, cut or snagged deep enough to show cord or fabric.

  • Page 309

    The tire has a puncture, cut, or other damage that can’t be repaired well because of the size or location of the damage. Buying New Tires To find out what kind and size of tires you need, look at the Tire-Loading Information label.

  • Page 310

    Treadwear The treadwear grade is a comparative rating based on the wear rate of the tire when tested under controlled conditions on a specified government test course. For example, a tire graded 150 would wear one and a half (1 1/2) times as well on the government course as a tire graded 100.

  • Page 311

    If the wheel leaks air, replace it (except some aluminum wheels, which can sometimes be repaired). See your Cadillac dealer if any of these conditions exist. Your dealer will know the kind of wheel you need.

  • Page 312

    Using the wrong replacement wheels, wheel bolts, or wheel nuts on your vehide can be dangerous. It could affect the braking and handling of your vehicle, make your tires lose air and make you lose control. You could have a collision in which you or others could be iqjured.

  • Page 313

    Some are dangerous if you breathe their fumes in a closed space. When you use anything from a container to follow the manufacturer’s warnings and instructions. And always open your doors or windows when you’re cleaning the inside. damage your vehicle. clean your Cadillac, be sure size for your...

  • Page 314

    Use a vacuum cleaner often to get rid of dust and loose dirt. Wipe vinyl or leather with a clean, damp cloth. Your Cadillac dealer has two GM cleaners, a solvent-type spot lifter and a foam-type powdered cleaner. They will clean normal spots and stains very well.

  • Page 315

    Here are some cleaning tips: Always read the instructions on the cleaner Clean up stains as soon as you can Use a clean cloth or sponge, and change to a clean area often. A soft brush may be used if stains are stubborn. Use solvent-type cleaners in a well-ventilated area only.

  • Page 316

    Don’t rub it roughly. As soon as you’ve cleaned the section, use a sponge to remove the suds. Rinse the section with a clean, wet sponge. Wipe off what’s left with a slightly damp paper towel or cloth. Then dry it immediately with a blow dryer or a heat lamp. NOTICE: Be careful with a hair dryer or heat lamp.

  • Page 317

    Special Cleaning Problems Greasy or Oily Stains Such as grease, oil, butter, margarine, shoe polish, coffee with cream, chewing gum, cosmetic creams, vegetable oils, wax crayon, tar and asphalt. Carefully scrape off excess stain. Follow the solvent-type instructions described earlier. Shoe polish, wax crayon, tar and asphalt will stain if left on a vehicle seat fabric.

  • Page 318

    Cleaning Vinyl Use warm water and a clean cloth. Rub with a clean, damp cloth to remove dirt. You may have to do it more than once. Things like tar, asphalt and shoe polish will stain if you don’t get them off quickly.

  • Page 319

    GLASS Glass should be cleaned often. GM Glass Cleaner (GM Part No. 1050427) or a liquid household glass cleaner will remove normal tobacco smoke and dust films. Don’t use abrasive cleaners on glass, because they may cause scratches. Avoid placing decals on the inside rear window, since they may have to be scraped off later.

  • Page 320

    High pressure car washes may cause water to enter your vehicle. Finish Care Occasional waxing or mild polishing of your Cadillac may be necessary to remove residue from the paint finish. You can get GM approved cleaning products from your dealer. (See “Appearance Care” in the Index.) Your Cadillac has a “ba~ec~at/clearc~at”...

  • Page 321

    WHITE S I D E W a L TIRES Your Cadillac dealer has a GM White Sidewall Tire Cleaner. You can use a stiff brush with the cleaner. WEATHERSTRlpS Silicone lubricant on weatherstrips will allow them to last longer, seal better, and not stick or squeak.

  • Page 322

    Although no defect in the paint job causes this, Cadillac will repair, at no charge to the owner, the surfaces of new vehicles damaged by this fallout condition within 12 months or 12,000 miles (20 000 km) of purchase, whichever comes first.

  • Page 323

    A P E M C E CARElMtlTERLALS CHART SIZE 1052277 12 (0.354 105291 (0.354 3634770 1 (0.028 10501 72 16 (0.473 10501 73 16 (0.473 10501 74 16 (0.473 1050214 32 (0.946 1050429 6 (2.72 1052349 (0.354 8 OZ. 1050729 (0.237 1052870 16 (0.473...

  • Page 324

    VEHICLE IDENTIFICATION NUMBER (VI.) lG6KD52BXRU200001 1 G 6 MANUFACTURER G = GENERAL MOTORS MAKE 6 = CADILIAC CARLINE/SERIES SEDAN DEVILLE VIN BODY CODE BODY TYPE 69SEDAN4DOOR KD 5 2 B X R U 2 0 0 0 0 1 CHECK DIGIT ENGINE CODE = 4.9 LITER RESTRAINT SYSTEM:...

  • Page 325

    This is the legal identifier for your Cadillac. It appears on a plate in the front corner of the instrument panel, on the driver’s side. You can see it if you look through the windshield from outside your vehicle. The VIN also appears on the Vehicle Certification and Service Parts labels and the certificates of title and registration.

  • Page 326

    Your vehicle has an air bag system. Before attempting to add anything electrical to your Cadillac, see “Servicing Your Air Bag-Equipped Cadillac” in the Index. Retained Accessory Power When you stop your Cadillac and turn the key to Off, you can use these accessories for 10 more minutes: Radio Power Windows...

  • Page 327

    M m i FuseslRelay Center The maxi fuse and relays are located next to the engine compartment fuse block. If a maxi fuse should blow, have your vehicle serviced by your Cadillac dealer immediately. To gain cover. access, lift the...

  • Page 328

    DlSTR (IGN) ]mmmmmmri (BAT) RTD BATT ~ m n m m m m HDLP R HDLP HDLP ENGINE COMPARTMENT FUSE BLOCK DISTR - IGNITION CONTROL MODULE SIR 20A DIAGNOSTIC/ENERGY RESERVE MODULE (DERM) - DUAL POLE ARMING SENSOR PCM IGN) P6WERTRAIN CONTROL MODULE (PCM) - PASS-Key@ DECODER MODULE...

  • Page 329

    LH MAXI8 FUSE BLOCK FUSE 1 (50 AMP) (STRG 1-2) RETAINED ACCESSORY POWER (RADIO/WIPERS) STARTER - TRUNK COMF FUSES B11 AND 813 FUSE 2 (60 AMP) (BODY) ENGINE COMF! B11 ROAD SENSING SUSPENSION FOG LIGHTS TRUNK COMF! FUSE C1, C3, C5, C7, C9, AND TRUNK COMI? FUSE C13 (EXPORT) REAR FOG LIGHT (EXPORT) CIRCUIT BREAKER 3 (30 AMP) (SEAT)

  • Page 330

    Trunk Compartment Fuse Block Pull the cover off to gain access.

  • Page 331

    (IGN) WASH (IGN) WIPER L PRK R PRK (BAT) TRUNK DEVILLE TRUNK COMPARTMENT FUSE BLOCK CRANK (10 AMP) RAP/ILLUMINATED ENTRY MODULE DlAGNOSTlClENERGY RESERVE MODULE (DERM) TRANSAXLE RANGE SWITCH (NSSS) ION 1 (10 AMP) TRUNWFUEL DOOR RELEASE INHIBIT RELAY FUEL LEVER SENSOR ELECTROCHROMIC MIRROR RAP/ILLUMINATED ENTRY MODULE THEFT DETERRENT MODULE...

  • Page 332

    Headlights The headlight wiring is protected by a circuit breaker in the light switch. electrical overload will cause the lights to cases to remain off. If this happens, have your headlight wiring checked right away. Windshield Wipers The windshield wiper motor is protected by a circuit breaker and a fuse. If the motor overheats due to heavy snow, etc., the wiper will stop until the motor cools.

  • Page 333

    SPECIFICATIONS 4.9 Liter Engine The 4.9 Liter transverse engine is an overhead valve 90 degree V-8 design. The cylinder bore diameter and the piston stroke provide a piston displacement of 300 cubic inches (4.9Liter). This engine utilizes an aluminum crankcase with a separate aluminum lifter carrier and removable cast iron cylinder liners.

  • Page 334

    The cast aluminum pistons use two compression rings and one oil control ring. The pistons are tin plated to provide a non-scuffing surface when the engine is new. A steel camshaft is supported by five steel backed babbit bearings. It is driven by the crankshaft through a chain at the front of the engine.

  • Page 335

    The torque converter houses a pump, turbine, pressure plate which is splined to the turbine, and a stator assembly, serving as a fluid coupling, it smoothly transmits power from the engine to the transaxle. It also hydraulically provides the pressure plate provides a mechanical torque when required. When applied, the pressure plate provides a mechanical direct drive coupling of the engine to the transaxle.

  • Page 336

    Rubber bushings are used at the lower control arm pivots. The upper end of the strut is isolated by a rubber mount which contains a bearing to allow for wheel turning. The Speed Sensing Suspension automatically controls the damping rate of the struts. The lower end the steering knuckle pivots on a ball joint riveted to the control arm.

  • Page 337

    The control arms and toe link are attached to the suspension support on the inboard side, and to a suspension knuckle on the outboard side. The hub and bearing assembly is mounted to the knuckle and is a single, non-serviceable unit which eliminates the need for wheel bearing adjustment.

  • Page 338

    Speed Sensitive Steering This system varies the amount of steering effort proportionate to your vehicle speed. Steering is easier at a lower speed for increased maneuverability and parking ease. As your vehicle speed increases, the steering effort is also increased to provide a manual like steering feel for maximum control and enhanced vehicle stability.

  • Page 339

    4.9 LITER ENGINE Displacement No. of Cylinders Power (Acc. to S A E 51349) Torque (Acc. to SAE 51349) Bore Stroke Compression Ratio Cylinder Block Cylinder Heads Intake Manifold Lifter Trpe Intake Valve Head Diameter Exhaust Valve Head Diameter Pistons Firing Order Left Bank Right Bank...

  • Page 340

    ENGINE COOLING SYSTEM Radiator Cap Relief Pressure Thermostat Starts To Open Water Pump Type Drive Belt Radiator Core Radiator Cooling Fans (2) FUEL SYSTEM Induction Type System Pressure Idle Speed Filter Type Fuel Pump ....Fuel Required AUTOMATIC TRANSAXLE Trade Name...

  • Page 341

    Refrigerant-R134a Not all air conditioning refrigerants are the same. If the air conditioning system in your vehicle needs refrigerant, be sure the proper refrigerant is used. If you’re not sure, ask your Cadillac dealership. FLUID CAPACITIES Transaxle (4T60E) Engine Oil...

  • Page 342

    N O W M N T E N N C E REPLACEMENT PARTS Air Cleaner Element Batte Fuel Filter Element Engine Oil Filter PCV Valve Spark Plugs Serpentine Drive Belt Surge Tank Cap Thermostat Upper Radiator Hose Lower Radiator Hose TransFilter TransPanGasket VEHICLE DIMENSIONS...

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    NOTES...

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    NOTES...

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    NOTES...

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    NOTES...

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    We employ technicians certified by the National lnstltute AUTOMOTIVE SERVICE EXCELLENCE Let us show you their credentials Catalog Number H-31.24 Part Number 3542659-B...

  • Page 350

    TYPE ASSISTANCE Phone Advisor Dealer Technician Towing Battery Jump Start Lockout Assistance Fuel Delivery Cadillac Roadside Service Privilegessm that leads to peace of mind. luxury all day and night, weekends and holidays. SERWCE A VAZLABILITY DAILY INCLUDING a.m. is just one...

  • Page 351

    Cadillac Roadside Service provides several Cadillac Owner Privilegessm at charge", throughout your 1994 or 50,000 Miles/80,000 Kilometers. EMERGENCY ROAD SERVICE following situations: TOWING SERWCE BA'ITF,RY JUMP START LOCK FUEL FLAT Tire replacement/warranty coverage tire manufacturer. Owner Privileges Cadillac Warranty Period...

  • Page 352

    Items covered are hotel, meals and rental TRIP ROUTING during the 48 months or 50,000 miles/80,000 kilometers warranty period. Within a week of contacting Roadside Service with your travel plans, Cadillac routing. Along Rand McNdy North American Road Atlas.

  • Page 353

    If a dealership Service Technician travels to your location, and the $emir is not covered under warranty, there is a nominal service cover the technician's travel charged at one and half times the Cadillac dealership retail labor rate, minute minimum. There is also a charge for any parts with a...

  • Page 354

    Roadside Service Advisor will assist following information: description of the problem Name, home ad&ess, home telephone number Location of your Cadillac, and number you are cailing from The model year, vehicle identification number, and date of delivery the United States or Canada, an advisor is...

  • Page 355

    Tow services are provided by independent companies, Cadillac is not responsible for the tow company. During the 48 months 50,000 miles/8O,OOO kilometers warranty period, towing services are covered for any disablement.

  • Page 356

    Telecommunication Devices for the Service Center. Any customer who has access to a TDD or a conventional teletypewriter communicate with Cadillac by dialing from the United States or Canada: 1-800-TDD-CMCC or 1-800-833-2622 Wtat If You Do Not Speak English Fluently...

  • Page 357

    Our Cadillac Dealer Technician network ready and able to assist Cadillac customers at roakide. 5eruce TOLL-FREE HOTLINE 1-800-882-1112...

  • Page 358

    >...

  • Page 360

    One of your Cadillac Owner Privileges is Gold Key Courtesy Transportation. It’s one more example of Cadillac’s commitment to provide the services you expect and deserve as a Cadillac owner. Gold Key Courtesy Transportation helps you get where you need to be when your Cadillac is in the dealership for warranty service.

  • Page 361

    Courtesy Gold Key Courtesy Transportation provides you with a late model Cadillac or other GM vehicle if your car requires two warranty repairs and must be kept overnight. Your dealer will provide you with a courtesy vehicle if one is available.

  • Page 362

    Gold Key Courtesy Transportation provides shuttle service for same day warranty work. Your Cadillac Dealer can get you where you need to be with minimal interruption of your daily schedule. Another option is a taxi. If the warranty repairs require two or more...

  • Page 363

    Plan Ahead When Possible Whenever possible, schedule an appointment for your vehicle’s warranty work. Your Cadillac Dealer can then prepare to meet your alternative transportation needs and minimize inconveniences typically associated with warranty repairs..

  • Page 364

    In many cases your own auto insurance policy may provide primary coverage for the courtesy vehicle, similar check with your insurance company to be certain what's covered. Gold Key Courtesy Transportation---Just one more way your Cadillac are required to provide insurance to rental car agreements. Please, Dealer committed to you.

  • Page 365

    Duration Warranty Repair Same Day Repair Overnight Repair (2.0 hours minimum warranty repair required) *Please ask about the specijic Gold Key Courtesy Transportation benefits ofered by your Cadillac Dealer. Cadillac Alternatives* Courtesy Transportation Type Shuttle Service Courtesy Cadillac (if available)

  • Page 368

    This section will explain how to contact Cadillac if you need assistance. It also tells you how to obtain service publications and how to report any safety defects. This section includes the following: Customer Satisfaction Procedure Customer Assistance for Hearing/Speech Impaired...

  • Page 369

    Your written notification should be sent to the Cadillac Customer Relations Center. Please see Page XX for the address.

  • Page 370

    From time to time, check with your Cadillac Dealership or the Cadillac Customer Relations Center to determine whether any special policy adjustment program is applicable to your vehicle.

  • Page 371

    AUTO LINE, but you may contact the BBB at any time. The BBB will attempt to resolve the complaint by serving as an intermediary between you and Cadillac. If this mediation is unsuccessful, an informal hearing will be scheduled where eligible customers may present their case to an impartial third-party arbitrator.

  • Page 372

    Cadillac regularly sends its dealers useful service bulletins products. Cadillac monitors product performance in the field. We then prepare bulletins for servicing our products better, Now, you can get these bulletins too. it may open an investigation, and if it finds 536 kg).

  • Page 373

    Index: What You’ll A list of all PSPs published by Cadillac in a model year (1991 or later). PSPs covering all models of Cadillac cars are listed in the same index. Ordering information so you can buy the specific PSPs you may want.

  • Page 374

    1-800-551-4123. Copies at Participating Dealers Copies of Indexes and individual PSPs are at your Cadillac dealership. You can ask to see them. A VERY IMPORTANT REMINDER: These PSPs are meant for technicians. They are not meant for the ‘do-it-yourselfer’. Technicians have the equipment, tools, safety instructions, and training to do a job quickly and safely.

  • Page 375

    CPCH-094 Order Form for Past Model Service Manuals Prior CPCH-094 Order Prior NOTE: Owner Literature Portfolios, Vehicle and Owner Information Labels and Gold Keys are available by contacting your Cadillac dealership. SERVICE MANUALS (Available after May, 1994) Fleetwood Service Information Manual DeVille/Concours/Eldorado/Seville Service Information Manual (Includes Book 1 &...

  • Page 376

    DESCRIPTION PSP Per Order In Same Order DESCRIPTION Subscription to all Product Service Publications released by Cadillac throughout the Model Year (September 1 through August 31). PSP’s mailed quarterly. 3-Ring Binder for Product Service Publications. Includes set of Index Tabs.

  • Page 378

    NOTE: Please Cadillac Service Publications Office Box Post ORDER TOLL FREE: 1-800-782-4356 Mondav-Fridav 8:OO A.M.-6:00 P.M. Prices are subject to change without notice and without incurring obligation. Orders for Individual Product Service Publications cannot be filled without the appropriate bulletin numbers. These numbers may be found in the PSP Index. Your first Product Service Publication costs $4.00;...

  • Page 380

    7"...

  • Page 382

    DEVILLE INDEX Acc (Ignition Key Position) Accessory Power. Retained Active Audio Music System Adding Brake Fluid Electrical Equipment Engine Coolant Engine Oil Power Steering Fluid Transaxle Fluid Additives. Engine Oil Adjustment. Brake Adult Safety Belt Usage Air Bag Air Cleaner Air Cleaner Replace Air Cleaner Filter Replacement Air Conditioner...

  • Page 383

    Astroroof Automatic Air Conditioning System Automatic Door Lock Automatic Overdrive Automatic Pull-Down Feature Automatic Transaxle Automatic Transaxle Fluid Baby Restraint Battery Battery Cables. Starting With Battery Charge Light Battery Power Loss Beam. Headlight. High-Low Switch Belt Lap-Shoulder Rear Seat Blizzard. If You’re Caught In A Block Heater.

  • Page 384

    Cleaner. Air Cleaning Aluminum Wheels Fabric Glass Leather Vinyl Safety Belts The Inside Of Your Cadillac The Outside Of Your Cadillac The Power Antenna The Top of the Instrument Panel The Underbody Of Your Car See Maint See Maint 158. 313 158.

  • Page 385

    The Windshield and Wiper Blades Weatherstrips Clock. Setting The Climate Control. Electronic Closed-In Places. Don’t Idle In COInYourExhaust Comfort Controls and Audio Systems Compact Disc Player. Care Of Your Compact Disc Sound Systems Compact Spare Tire Computer That Shows Fuel Economy Contents.

  • Page 386

    Driver Information Center Messages Driver’s Side S.I.R. (“Air Bag”) Driving AndtheRoad. Your AtNight Defensive Hill and Mountain InCities On Snow Or Ice In The Rain In Winter On A Long Trip ....... . . On The Freeway OnCurves Through Deep Standing Water...

  • Page 387

    Express Down Window (Driver’s Side) Expressway Driving Extender. Safety Belt Exterior Appearance Fabric. Foam-Type Cleaner On Fabric. Solvent-Type Cleaner On Fasteners. Replacement Features And Controls Fetus. Risk To . . From Safety Belt Use Filling Your Fuel Tank Filter. Oil Finish Damage First Gear.

  • Page 388

    Garage Door Opener Gear Positions Gearshift Lever. Positions Of Gasoline Gasoline Tank. Filling Your Glasscleaning GloveBox Graphic Symbols Guard Against Theft Guide En Francais Halogen Bulbs Halogen Headlight Bulb Removal Hazard Warning Flashers Headlight Bulb Removal Headlight High-Low Beam Headlight On Warning Head Restraints Heated Front Seat Feature Heated Windshield...

  • Page 389

    Ice. If You’re Stuck In Identification Label. Service Parts Identification Number. Vehicle IdlingYourEngine If A Tire Goes Flat Ignition Key Positions Illuminated Entry System Indicator. Bulbs For Turn Signal Indicators. Warning. On Instrument Panel ........Infant Restraint Inflatable Restraint Light Inflation.

  • Page 390

    Light. Air Bag Readiness Light. Battery Charge Light. Safety Belt Reminder Light. Service Engine Soon Light. Engine Oil Light. Engine Temp Light. Turn Signal Indicator Lighter. Cigarette Lights Lights. Battery Charge Lights. Interior Lights. Operation of Lights. Reading Lights. Warning. On Instrument Panel Loading .

  • Page 391

    MTBE In Gasoline Mud. If You’re Stuck In “N” (Neutral) Gear Position Net. Convenience New Vehicle “Break-In” Night. Driving At Nightvision Notices About Damage Occupant Restraint Octane Required For Your Car Odometer Odometer And Speedometer Odometer. Trip Off (Ignition Key Position) Off Road Recovery Oil.

  • Page 392

    Pedal Travel. Brake Perception Time. In Braking Polishing and Waxing Possible Damage to Your Cadillac. Notices About Possible Injury To People. Cautions About Power Antenna. Cleaning The DoorLocks ........

  • Page 393

    ....to General Motors to U.S. Gov’t Remote Trunk Release Restarting Your Car When It’s Moving ........Restraint, Infant Restraint, Occupant Restraint Systems, Checking Your...

  • Page 394

    Service Station Checks Servicing Cadillac with the Air Bag System ......

  • Page 395

    ....... . Storing Your Vehicle Stuck, If Your Ignition Key Is Stuck, If Car Is In Sand, Mud, Ice Or Snow Subscribing to Cadillac Prod Supplemental Inflatable Restraint (S.I.R.) Symbols, Vehicle Table Of Contents Taillight Bulb Replacement Tape Player Care Temperature.

  • Page 396

    ......Transaxle Service Travel. Brake Pedal Trip Odometer Trunk Release. Remote Trunk Security Override Turn Signal and Lane Change Indicator Turn Signal/Headlight Beam Twilight Sentinel Twisted Safety Belts...

  • Page 397

    Wet Road Driving Wheel Alignment And Tire Balance Wheel Nut Torque Wheel Replacement Why Safety Belts Work Why Wear Safety Belts? Wiidow Express Down. Driver’s Side Windows. Power Windshield Cleaning The Washer Washer Fluid Wipers Wiper Blade Replacement Wipers: If They Stop Winter Driving Working On Your Vehicle Worn Tires...

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