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Summary of Contents

  • Page 2

    This product should be used only with the compo- nents supplied or; a cart, rack, or stand that is recommended by Yamaha. If a cart, etc., is used, please observe all safety markings and instruc- tions that accompany the accessory product.

  • Page 3

    Yamaha service personnel. • Use the specified adaptor (PA-3B or an equivalent recommended by Yamaha) only. Using the wrong adaptor can result in damage to the in- strument or overheating. • Before cleaning the instrument, always remove the electric plug from the outlet.

  • Page 4: Table Of Contents

    Congratulations on your purchase of the Yamaha PSR-195/PSR-79 PortaTone! You now own a portable keyboard that combines advanced functions, great sound and exceptional ease-of-use in a highly compact package. Its outstanding features also make it a remarkably expressive and versatile instrument.

  • Page 5

    Yamaha Education Suite The PortaTone features the new Yamaha Education Suite — a set of learning tools that utilize the latest technology to make studying and practicing music more fun and fulfilling than ever before! The Yamaha Education Suite includes: Powerful Melody Guide functions in the Song mode —...

  • Page 6: Front Panel

    Panel Controls and Terminals Front Panel PSR-195 E GUITAR SITAR BRASS SECT DIST GUITAR ALTO SAX BANJO D PIANO UKULELE TENOR SAX 57~58 WOOD BASS FINGER BASS VIBRAPHONE CLARINET Y-TONK MUTE BASS FLUTE MARIMBA O 1~4 SLAP BASS STEEL DRUMS PAN FLUTE STRINGS/MALLET WIND...

  • Page 7

    Power switch (STAND BY/ON) MASTER VOLUME dial This determines the overall volume of the PortaTone. OVERALL, DEMO START buttons (s, t, +, -) These are for selecting the various “overall” functions and setting their values. (See page 23.) They are also used to play the Demo songs.

  • Page 8: Rear Panel

    Panel Controls and Terminals Rear Panel PSR-195 MIDI PSR-79 MIDI DC IN 10-12V jack This is for connection to a PA-3B AC power adaptor. (See page 9.) PHONES/AUX OUT jack This is for connection to a set of stereo head- phones or to an external amplifier/speaker system.

  • Page 9: Power Requirements, Using An Ac Power Adaptor, Using Batteries, Turning On The Power

    DC IN 10-12V jack on the back of your PortaTone. WARNING • Use ONLY a Yamaha PA-3B AC Power Adaptor (or other adaptor specifically recommended by Yamaha) to power your instrument from the AC mains. The use of other adaptors may result in irreparable damage to both the adaptor and the PSR- 195/79.

  • Page 10: Accessory Jacks, Music Stand

    Using a Sustain Footswitch This feature on the PSR-195 lets you use an optional footswitch (Yamaha FC4 or FC5) to sustain the sound of the keyboard voice. This is used in the same way as a damper pedal on an acoustic piano —...

  • Page 11: Getting Started —, Playing The Demo Songs

    Getting Started — Playing the Demo Songs The PortaTone has a huge variety of Demo songs, specially recorded to showcase the dynamic sounds and rhythms and give you an idea of what you can do with the instrument. First, turn on the power. Press the STAND BY/ON button.

  • Page 12: Panel Display Indications

    Panel Display Indications The PortaTone features a large multi-function display that shows all important settings for the instrument. The section below briefly explains the various icons and indications in the display. bar indicator TEMPO MULTI PAD TRANSPOSE TUNING ACMP VOL SONG VOL METRONOME VOL Chord...

  • Page 13: Using The Metronome

    Portable Grand This convenient function lets you automatically exit from any other mode or function and instantly call up the Grand Piano voice. Press the piano-shaped PORTABLE GRAND button. Doing this automatically cancels any other mode or function, and resets the entire instrument for playing the special “Stereo Sampling Piano”...

  • Page 14: Setting The Metronome Time Signature, Adjusting The Metronome Volume

    Portable Grand Setting the Metronome Time Signature The time signature of the Metronome can be set to various quarter-note based meters. NOTE: The time signature changes automatically when a style or song is selected. Simultaneously hold down the METRONOME button and press the button on the numeric keypad that corresponds to the desired time signature (see chart at right).

  • Page 15: Selecting And Playing A Voice

    Selecting and Playing Voices — The Voice Mode The Voice mode features 100 authentic voices that have been created with Yamaha’s sophisticated AWM (Advanced Wave Memory) tone generation system. Many of these voices also have special preset characteristics or embellishments. The voices are divided into various categories depending on their characteristics or the effects used.

  • Page 16

    Selecting and Playing Voices — The Voice Mode There are three ways to select voices: 1) directly entering the voice number with the numeric keypad, 2) using the +/- keys to step up and down through the voices, or 3) pressing the VOICE button to advance through the voice numbers.

  • Page 17

    Play the selected voice. To change to another voice, repeat step 2 above. If the Song or Style mode is active in the background (indi- cated by a C-shaped bar in the display), you can also play songs or styles, respectively, in the Voice mode by simply pressing the START/STOP (>/ ) button.

  • Page 18: Transpose And Tuning, Transpose

    Selecting and Playing Voices — The Voice Mode Transpose and Tuning You can also adjust the tuning and change the transposition (key) of the PortaTone with the Trans- pose and Tuning functions. Transpose Transpose determines the key of both the main voice and the bass/chord accompaniment of the selected style.

  • Page 19: Tuning

    Tuning Tuning determines the fine pitch setting of both the main voice and the bass/chord accompaniment of the selected style. It also determines the pitch of the songs and the Multi Pads. This allows you to accurately match the tuning with that of other instruments. The Tuning settings can be adjusted over a range of 50 (approx.

  • Page 20: Selecting And Playing A Song

    Selecting and Playing Songs — The Song Mode The Song mode features 100 special songs that have been created using the rich and dynamic sounds of the PortaTone. The songs are generally for your listening enjoyment; however, you can also play along with them on the keyboard.

  • Page 21: Changing The Tempo

    StarWars Current melody note If you want to change to another song, repeat step 2 above. Stop the song. Press the START/STOP (>/ ) button. If playback was started by pressing the START/STOP (>/ ) button, the selected song stops automatically. Changing the Tempo The tempo of song (and style) playback can be adjusted over a range of 40 - 240 bpm (beats per minute).

  • Page 22: About The Beat Display

    Selecting and Playing Songs — The Song Mode Change the value. Use the OVERALL +/- buttons to increase or decrease the Tempo value. Holding down either button con- tinuously increases or decreases the value. Restoring the Default Tempo Value Each song and style has been given a default or standard tempo.

  • Page 23: Adjusting The Song Volume

    Adjusting the Song Volume The playback volume of the song can be adjusted. This volume control affects only the song volume. The volume range is 000 - 127. Select the Song Volume function in the Overall menu. Press one of the OVERALL s/t buttons, repeatedly if necessary, until “SongVol”...

  • Page 24: Song Controls, A/b Repeat

    Selecting and Playing Songs — The Song Mode Song Controls When the Song mode is active, the panel buttons below the display function as song controls. Pressing this button alternately starts and This has no function in the Song mode. stops song playback.

  • Page 25

    Set point B (the end point of the section). Press the button once again, at the ending point of the section to be repeated. The selected phrase repeats indefinitely until stopped. Pause or stop playback as needed. Use the Pause ( ) and START/STOP (>/ ) buttons. Stopping playback does not cancel the set A/B points or the A/B Repeat function.

  • Page 26: Melody Guide

    Selecting and Playing Songs — The Song Mode Melody Guide The PortaTone has a special Melody Guide function that makes practice and learning of the 100 songs both fun and easy. During song playback, the PortaTone shows the notes of the melody in the music staves and the keyboard diagram in the display —...

  • Page 27: Voice Change

    Start playback of the song, and play the melody from the keyboard. Start playback in the normal fashion (page 20) and play the melody along with the song. You can also change the Melody Guide setting while the song is playing back by simply pressing the MELODY GUIDE button.

  • Page 28: Selecting And Playing A Style

    Selecting and Playing Styles — The Style Mode The Style mode provides dynamic rhythm/accompaniment patterns — as well as voice settings appropriate for each pattern — for various popular music styles. A total of 100 different styles are available, in several different categories. Each style is made up of separate “sections”...

  • Page 29

    Start the selected style. You can do this in one of the following ways: Pressing the START/STOP button The rhythm starts playing immediately without bass and chord accompaniment. The YNC- TART currently selected Main A or B section will play. (You can select either section by pressing the appropriate button —...

  • Page 30: Style Controls

    Selecting and Playing Styles — The Style Mode Stop the style. You can do this in one of three ways: Pressing the START/STOP button The rhythm/accompaniment stops playing immediately. Using an Ending section Press the INTRO/ENDING button. The style stops after the Ending section is finished.

  • Page 31: Using The Auto Accompaniment Features, Changing The Tempo

    Using the Auto Accompaniment Features Turn on the auto accompaniment. Press the ACMP ON/OFF button to turn on (enable) the auto accompaniment. Select and play a style. Select one of the styles and start playback, as de- scribed in steps 1 - 3 on page 28. Change chords using the auto accompaniment feature.

  • Page 32

    Selecting and Playing Styles — The Style Mode Style Sections (Main A, Main B) and Fill-ins While the style is playing, you can add variation in the rhythm/accompaniment by pressing one of the MAIN A/B (AUTO FILL) buttons. This automatically plays one of four Fill-in sections, and smoothly leads into the next section —...

  • Page 33: Fingered Chords

    Using Auto Accompaniment — Multi Fingering The auto accompaniment function automatically generates bass and chord accompaniment for you to play along with, by using Multi Fingering operation. You can change the chords of the accompa- niment by playing keys in the ACMP section of the keyboard using either the “Single Finger” or “Fingered”...

  • Page 34: What Is A Chord

    Selecting and Playing Styles — The Style Mode What is a Chord? The simple answer: Three or more notes played simultaneously is a chord. (Two notes played together is an “interval” — an interval being the distance between two different notes. This is also referred to as a “harmony.”) Depending on the intervals between the three or more notes, a chord can sound beautiful or muddy and dissonant.

  • Page 35: Writing Chord Names, The Intervals Of The Scale, Other Chords

    Writing Chord Names Knowing how to read and write chord names is an easy yet invaluable skill. Chords are often written in a kind of shorthand that makes them instantly recognizable (and gives you the free- dom to play them with the voicing or inversion that you prefer). Once you understand the basic principles of harmony and chords, it’s very simple to use this shorthand to write out the chords of a song.

  • Page 36: One Touch Setting (ots)

    Selecting and Playing Styles — The Style Mode One Touch Setting (OTS) The One Touch Setting function automatically selects an appropriate voice for playing with the style you select. In other words, when One Touch Setting is on, the voice automatically changes when you change the style.

  • Page 37: Chord Guide, Smart

    Chord Guide The Chord Guide functions of the PortaTone provide powerful, easy-to-use tools for learning chords and chord relationships. Chord Guide features two different types of operation: Smart and Dictio- nary. Smart The Smart type allows you to set the basic key for the chord accompaniment. Once this is set, you can simply press single keys in the scale and have harmonically appropriate chords played automati- cally.

  • Page 38

    Selecting and Playing Styles — The Style Mode Number Key (display indication, actual key) #/b=0 For example, if you want to perform with the following score, set the key to b=1 (F, or Dm) Play the style, and play single note chords (root notes) in the ACMP section.

  • Page 39: Dictionary

    Dictionary The Dictionary type is essentially a built-in “chord book” that shows you the individual notes of chords. It is ideal when you know the name of a certain chord and want to quickly learn how to play With the Style mode active, select the Dictionary Chord Guide.

  • Page 40: Multi Pads

    Selecting and Playing Styles — The Style Mode Multi Pads These convenient pads let you instantly trigger various musical and rhythmic phrases as you play the PortaTone. There are a total of 40 different sounds or phrases (20 banks, with two pad sounds for each bank).

  • Page 41: About Midi, How Can Midi Be Used

    How Can MIDI be Used? In the simple, yet powerful MIDI application example below, the Yamaha QY-70 Music Sequencer is used to record and play back Selecting and Playing Styles — The Style Mode Transmits MIDI data...

  • Page 42: Troubleshooting

    Troubleshooting Problem When the PortaTone is turned on or off, a popping sound is temporarily produced. The sound of the voices or rhythms seems unusual or strange. There is no sound even when the keyboard is played or when a Song is being played back.

  • Page 43: Index

    Index Misc. +/- keys ... 16 A/B Repeat ... 24 AC adaptor ... 9 accessory jacks ... 10 Accompaniment Volume ... 32 amplifier / stereo system, using an external ... 10 auto accompaniment ... 31 batteries ... 9 beat display ... 22 Chord Guide ...

  • Page 44: Voice List

    VOICE LIST The following voices can be selected when the Voice mode is active, or when the Voice Change function is on. They can also be selected by a connected MIDI device; the corresponding bank select messages are: MSB = 00H, LSB = 70H.

  • Page 45

    The following voices cannot be directly selected from the panel controls; they are special voices programmed into the songs of the PortaTone and are selected automatically in song playback. However, they can be selected by a connected MIDI device; the corresponding bank select messages are: MSB = 00H, LSB = 00H.

  • Page 46: Multi Pad List

    MULTI PAD LIST Name Pianist1 Pianist2 Guitar Play Brass BrassHit Funky Techno1 Techno2 Arpeggio Twinkle1 Twinkle2 Crystal Bird Africa DrumKit Tom_Flam Drum_Seq LatPerc BongoSeq Timbales Pianist1 Pianist2 Gtr.Play Brass BrassHit Funky Techno1 Techno2 Arpeggio Twinkle1 Twinkle2 Crystal Bird Africa DrumKit Tom_Flam Drum_Seq LatPerc...

  • Page 47: Specifications

    SUSTAIN (PSR-195 only) Speakers PSR-195: 12cm x 2 PSR-79: 10cm x 2 Power supply Adaptor: Yamaha PA-3B AC power adaptor Batteries: Six “D” size, SUM-1, R-20 or equivalent batteries Dimensions PSR-195: 931 x 351 x 110 mm (36-2/3" x 13-3/4" x 4-1/3")

  • Page 48: Midi Implementation Chart

    midi implementation chart [Portable Keyboard] Model: PSR-195/PSR-79 Function Basic Default 1~7, 10 Channel Changed Default Mode Messages Altered ************** Note 0~127 Number : True voice ************** Velocity Note ON O 9nH, v=1~127 Note OFF X 9nH, v=0 After key’s Touch Ch’s Pitch Bender Control Change...

  • Page 49

    Compliance with FCC This applies only to products distributed by YAMAHA CORPORATION OF AMERICA. midi implementation chart regulations does not guarantee that interference will not occur in all installations.

  • Page 50

    PSR SERIES OF PORTATONE ELECTRONIC KEYBOARDS If during the first 90 days that immediately follows the purchase date, your new Yamaha product covered by this warranty is found to have a defect in material and/or workmanship, Yamaha and/or its authorized representative will repair such defect without charge for parts or labor.

  • Page 51

    For details of products, please contact your nearest Yamaha or the authorized distributor listed below. Pour plus de détails sur les produits, veuillez-vous adresser à Yamaha ou au distributeur le plus proche de vous figurant dans la liste suivante. NORTH AMERICA CANADA Yamaha Canada Music Ltd.

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