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Ruger MINI-14 User Manual

Sturm, ruger & co. hunting equipment user manual.
BLUED &
STAINLESS
STEEL
M I N I - 1 4
NOT FOR USE WITH MINI THIRTY RIFLES (cal. 7.62 x 39mm)
READ THE INSTRUCTIONS AND
WARNINGS IN THIS MANUAL CAREFULLY
BEFORE USING THIS FIREARM
For Product Service on This Model Please Call:
STURM, RUGER & C o m p a n y, Inc.
S o u t h p o rt, Connecticut 06890 U.S.A.
THIS INSTRUCTION MANUAL SHOULD A LWAYS A C C O M PA N Y THIS FIREARM AND BE
TRANSFERRED WITH IT UPON CHANGE OF OWNERSHIP, OR WHEN THE FIREARM IS LOANED OR
I N S T R U C T I O N
M A N U A L
F O R
R U G E R
AUTOLOADING RIFLE
(603) 865-2442 (See p. 33)
PRESENTED TO ANOTHER PERSON.
.223 (5.56mm)
®
R I F L E
®
FOR REFERENCE ONLY
These models are out of
production. They have been
superceded by the Ruger
New Mini-14 Ranch Rifle.
KMS1 & MS1/6-03 R17
CALIBER

   Related Manuals for Ruger MINI-14

   Summary of Contents for Ruger MINI-14

  • Page 1

    For Product Service on This Model Please Call: (603) 865-2442 (See p. 33) STURM, RUGER & C o m p a n y, Inc. S o u t h p o rt, Connecticut 06890 U.S.A. THIS INSTRUCTION MANUAL SHOULD A LWAYS A C C O M PA N Y THIS FIREARM AND BE...

  • Page 2

    Sturm, Ruger sells its products in compliance with applicable laws and regulations. Because our products may be sold in these states, we include the following:...

  • Page 3

    Maine: “ENDANGERING THE WELFARE OF A CHILD IS A CRIME. IF YOU LEAVE A FIREARM AND AMMUNITION WITHIN EASY ACCESS OF A CHILD, YOU MAY BE SUBJECT TO FINE, IMPRISONMENT OR BOTH. KEEP FIREARMS AND AMMUNITION SEPARATE. KEEP FIREARMS AND AMMUNITION LOCKED UP. USE TRIGGER LOCKS.”...

  • Page 4

    New Jersey: “IT IS A CRIMINAL OFFENSE TO LEAVE A LOADED FIREARM WITHIN EASY ACCESS OF A MINOR.” New York City: “THE USE OF A LOCKING DEVICE OR SAFETY LOCK IS ONLY ONE ASPECT OF RESPONSIBLE WEAPONS STORAGE. ALL WEAPONS SHOULD BE STORED UNLOADED AND LOCKED IN A LOCATION THAT IS BOTH SEPARATE FROM THEIR AMMUNITION AND INACCESSIBLE TO CHILDREN AND ANY OTHER...

  • Page 5

    WARNING – LOCKING DEVICES This firearm was originally sold with a key-operated locking device. While it can help provide secure storage for your unloaded firearm, any locking device can fail. All guns are designed to fire if they are loaded and the trigger is pulled.

  • Page 6: Table Of Contents

    Warranty Information ..........48 “RUGER” and “Mini-14”, are registered U.S. trademarks.

  • Page 7: General Information

    The mechanism employs the Ruger fixed piston/moving cylinder gas system in conjunction with a simplified Garand-type rotating bolt. The Mini-14 Rifle can be field stripped for cleaning to its basic subassemblies in seconds without the use of tools. Music wire coil springs are used throughout the mechanism. The safety, located in front of the trigger guard, blocks both the hammer and sear and permits the slide to be cycled with the safety “ON”.

  • Page 8: Operation Of Safety

    convenience in holding the bolt open for loading and inspection. The firing pin is retracted mechanically as the bolt starts to unlock and the rifle will fire only when the bolt is locked. The one-piece American hardwood stock is reinforced with steel liners in stressed and high temperature areas.

  • Page 9: The Bolt Lock

    WARNING – MANUAL SAFETY The Mini-14 Rifle is designed so that the bolt remains open after the last shot has been fired, provided there is a magazine in the rifle. When the magazine is empty, the magazine follower actuates the bolt lock which is designed to retain the bolt and slide in their rearward position.

  • Page 10: Ammunition

    The RUGER ® MINI-14 (5.56mm) cartridge. The Mini-14 Rifle is designed to use either standardized U.S. military, or factory loaded sporting .223 (5.56mm) cartridges manufactured in accordance with U.S. industry practice. See “Ammunition Notice” & “Ammunition Warning”, below.

  • Page 11: Magazines

    For Caliber .223 Ammunition Only Bottom Never attempt to use 7.62 x 39mm ammunition in Ruger Mini-14 rifles, as it will not chamber correctly and will “jam” the action. As with any firearm, always wear safety shooting glasses and adequate hearing protection.

  • Page 12

    RIFLES are sold with 5 round Ruger magazines. MINI-14 The RUGER ® MINI-14 Mini Thirty magazines. Do not use non-Ruger magazines -- they may cause malfunctions. DAMAGED, NON-STANDARD, OR IMPROPERLY ASSEMBLED MAGAZINES SHOULD NOT BE USED. THEY CAN CAUSE THE RIFLE TO MALFUNCTION.

  • Page 13: To Load And Fire (with Magazine)

    TO LOAD AND FIRE (WITH MAGAZINE) Practice this important aspect of gun handling (with an unloaded rifle) until you can perform each of the steps - described below - with skill and confidence. But before you do anything with the rifle, please first read completely through this manual.

  • Page 14

    Immediately following the firing of a shot, and if a subsequent shot is not to be fired at once, put the safety “ON” while the rifle is still pointing in a safe direction down range. soon as firing is completed, and it should be “ON” at all times except when the rifle is on target and being fired.

  • Page 15: To Load And Fire (without Magazine), To Unload

    1. Keep the muzzle pointed in a safe direction at all times and keep the fingers outside the trigger guard. The Mini-14 rifle fires from a closed bolt. Sustained firing can create excessive heat in the barrel and can cause “cook-off” of ammunition (heat-firing of the cartridge in the chamber).

  • Page 16

    2. Remove the magazine. removed, a cartridge remaining in the chamber can still be fired! 3. Pull the slide handle all the way to the rear, extracting and ejecting the cartridge in the chamber. When the bolt is fully retracted, push down on the bolt lock plunger and then allow the slide to move forward until it comes to rest against the bolt stop.

  • Page 17: To Reload The Rifle, To Remove A Bore Obstruction

    TO REMOVE A BORE OBSTRUCTION Rifles like the Mini-14 Rifle which are chambered for small caliber, high velocity cartridges, are particularly susceptible to damage from firing when the bore is obstructed. Excess oil, grease, water, or raindrops may form an obstruction which could cause damage and injury.

  • Page 18

    If the rifle is cocked, move the safety to the “ON” position. b) Remove the magazine from the rifle. B e f o re loading or shooting the Mini-14 rifle, be c e rtain the bore is unobstructed. Firing the rifle...

  • Page 19: To Clear A Malfunction ("jam")

    RELOADERS SHOULD USE ONLY CANNELURED BULLETS AND BE SURE TO CRIMP THEM SECURELY IN THE CARTRIDGE CASE. NOTE: Sturm, Ruger & Co. specifically does not recommend the use of reloaded, hand-loaded or remanufactured cartridges.

  • Page 20: To Minimize Malfunctions ("jams")

    2. When attempting to free a jammed cartridge, do not use any type of tool that is likely to act as a “firing pin” and discharge the cartridge should the tool impact on the primer. Never use a cartridge as a “tool”. 3.

  • Page 21

    Alterations to the rifle or use of non-Ruger magazines and accessories may cause malfunctions. See “Alteration Warning” on page 8.

  • Page 22: Disassembly

    WARNING – DISASSEMBLY Although The Mini-14 Rifle can be disassembled, reassembled, and cleaned in almost any surrounding, it is preferrable to carry out these procedures on a workbench or table which has a covered top. A piece of shallow nap rug or an old blanket is an ideal covering.

  • Page 23

    3. Use a 1/4” diameter steel rod, punch, screwdriver shank, or other suitable instrument inserted into the hole in the rear of the trigger guard as a lever to spring open the trigger guard from its latched position (See Fig. 8). WARNING: Do not use a cartridge to unlatch the trigger guard because of the danger of loosening the bullet in the cartridge case (See Warnings in “Ammunition”...

  • Page 24

    NOTE: The Mini-14 is like the M1 Garand and many other types of autoloading rifles in that the hammer can fall if the trigger is pulled when the bolt is partially retracted. It is important for the shooter to realize that the firing pin cannot contact the cartridge until the bolt is safely locked, regardless of the position of the slide.

  • Page 25: Reassembly

    Attempting to fit the gas block assembly without the required special equipment can result in damage to the components and malfunctioning of the rifle. Further disassembly of the RUGER normal cleaning purposes and should only be performed by a trained armorer who is experienced in firearms repair.

  • Page 26: Removal And Replacement Of Fiberglass Handguard, Magazine Inspection And Care

    3. Final reassembly of rifle: a. Replace stock by inserting its front end into the gas block at a slight angle. When the stock is correctly seated into the gas block, the stock can be swung down into full contact with the receiver. b.

  • Page 27

    Finally, press the bottom retainer downward and slide the magazine bottom on from the rear. Figure 15. Exploded view of the Mini-14 magazine components. This illustration is included to show the relationship and names...

  • Page 28: Care And Cleaning

    CARE AND CLEANING BEFORE CLEANING, BE CERTAIN THE RIFLE AND ITS MAGAZINE At regular intervals, or whenever the rifle has been exposed to sand, dust, extreme humidity, condensation, immersion in water, or other adverse conditions, disassemble, clean and oil it. Proper periodic maintenance is essential to the reliable functioning of any firearm.

  • Page 29: Storage

    GUNS SHOULD NOT BE STORED LOADED! USE THE LOCKING DEVICE SUPPLIED WITH THE RIFLE FOR STORAGE. Do not store the rifle in a leather case or scabbard. Leather attracts moisture, even though it may appear to be dry. TO RENDER THE RIFLE INOPERATIVE FOR SAFE STORAGE With the muzzle pointed in a safe direction, remove the magazine, retract the slide handle, and retract the bolt fully to the rear.

  • Page 30: Maintenance Of Stainless Steel Rifles, Sight Adjustment

    MAINTENANCE OF STAINLESS STEEL RIFLES Firearms and components made of stainless steel are relatively more resistant to corrosion than those of blued steel. However, in the interest of proper operation and long life of a stainless steel firearm, inspect it frequently and clean, lubricate and apply an appropriate rust preventative.

  • Page 31

    The rear sight is adjustable for both windage and elevation. A small punch, the head of a finishing nail, or other similar instrument can be used to depress the plunger to allow the adjustment to be moved one quarter turn in either direction.

  • Page 32: Service And Parts Policy

    SERVICE AND PARTS POLICY If you have any question with regard to the performance of your RUGER rifle please write or call (603-865-2442) our Product Service MINI-14 ® Department in Newport, New Hampshire 03773, fully describing all circumstances and conditions involved. If you should return your rifle to the...

  • Page 33

    Please contact the New Hampshire Product Service Department for parts availability and current prices. All parts orders for the RUGER rifle should be sent to: Sturm, Ruger & Co., Inc., Product Service Department, 411 Sunapee Street, Newport, New Hampshire 03773, 603-865-2442. We cannot comply with open account or C.O.D.

  • Page 40

    ® ® RUGER MINI-14 RIFLE EXPLODED VIEW SYNTHETIC STOCK MODEL...

  • Page 41: The Basic Rules Of Safe Firearms Handling

    THE BASIC RULES OF SAFE FIREARMS HANDLING We believe that Americans have a right to purchase and use fire a rms for lawful purposes. The private ownership of fire a rms in America is traditional, but that ownership imposes the responsibility on the gun owner to use his fire a rms in a way which will ensure his own safety and that of others.

  • Page 42

    A safe direction must take into account the fact that a bullet may penetrate a wall, ceiling, floor, window, etc., and strike a person or damage property. Make it a habit to know exactly where the muzzle of your gun is pointing whenever you handle it, and be sure that you are always in control of the direction in which the muzzle is pointing, even if you fall or stumble.

  • Page 43

    6. WEAR SHOOTING GLASSES AND HEARING PROTECTORS WHEN YOU SHOOT. All shooters should wear protective shooting glasses and adequate hearing protectors when shooting. Exposure to shooting noise can damage hearing, and adequate eye protection when shooting is essential. 5. BE SURE OF YOUR TARGET BEFORE YOU SHOOT.

  • Page 44

    8. DON’T SHOOT AT A HARD SURFACE, OR AT WAT E R . Bullets can glance off many surfaces like rocks or the surface of water and travel in unpredictable directions with considerable velocity. 10. AVOID ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES WHEN S H O O T I N G . Don’t drink until the day’s shooting is over.

  • Page 45

    Company, Inc., had its beginning in a small machine shop occupying a rented frame building in Southport, Connecticut. In January, 1949, with an initial investment of only $50,000 and an idea, William B. Ruger and Alexander M. Sturm started production of a .22 caliber autoloading pistol–a design which was so successful that it became the cornerstone...

  • Page 46

    WARNINGS WHICH MUST BE UNDERSTOOD BEFORE USING THESE FIREARMS. 22/45”, “Model 96”, “77/17”, “Gold Label”, and “Target Grey” are RUGER TRADEMARKS. “RUGER “, THE STURM, RUGER LOGO, “10/22”, “All-Weather”, “Arms Makers For Responsible Citizens”, “Bearcat”, “Blackhawk”, “GP-100”, “M77”, “Mini Thirty”, “Mini-14”, “Old Army”, “P90”, “P93”, “P94”, “Redhawk”, “77/22”, “77/44”, “77/50”, “SP101”, “Vaquero”, and “Single Six”...

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